Yomogida, Takumi; Ouchi, Kazuki; Oka, Toshitaka; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Konno, Katsuhiro*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 12(1), p.7191_1 - 7191_10, 2022/05
Particles containing alpha () nuclides were identified from sediment in stagnant water at the torus room of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station (FDiNPS)'s Unit 2 reactor. Several uranium-bearing particles were identified by SEM observation. These particles contained Zr and other elements which constituted fuel cladding and structural materials. The U/U isotope ratio in the solid fractions that included U particles was consistent with the nuclear fuel in the Unit 2 reactor, which indicated that the U particles had been derived from nuclear fuel. The particles with alpha-emitters detected by alpha track analysis were several tens to several hundred m in size. The EDX spectra showed that these particles mainly comprised iron, which indicated Pu, Am, and Cm were adsorbed on the Fe-baring particles. This study clarifies that the major morphologies of U and other -nuclides were differed in the sediment of stagnant water in the torus room of FDiNPS's Unit 2 reactor.
Grambow, B.; Nitta, Ayako; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Takami, Ryu*; Fueda, Kazuki*; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Jegou, C.*; Laffolley, H.*; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(1), p.1 - 24, 2022/01
Igarashi, Go*; Haga, Kazuko*; Yamada, Kazuo*; Aihara, Haruka; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Maruyama, Ippei*
Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 19(9), p.950 - 976, 2021/09
Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Nakabayashi, Ryo*; Tanaka, Shingo*; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takahatake, Yoko
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(4), p.493 - 506, 2021/04
Yamada, Kazuo*; Maruyama, Ippei*; Haga, Kazuko*; Igarashi, Go*; Aihara, Haruka; Tomita, Sayuri*; Kiran, R.*; Osawa, Norihisa*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Shibuya, Kazutoshi*; et al.
Proceedings of International Waste Management Symposia 2021 (WM2021) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2021/03
Yin, X.; Zhang, L.*; Meng, C.*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Wang, X.*; Nitta, Ayako; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takeshita, Kenji*
Journal of Hazardous Materials, 387, p.121677_1 - 121677_10, 2020/04
Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(2), p.133 - 136, 2019/12
At Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, radioactive waste has been generated due to progress of decommissioning. This review outlines analysis of the waste at the site for R&D concerning waste management technologies.
Koma, Yoshikazu; Niibori, Yuichi*
Nihon Kikai Gakkai-Shi, 122(1211), p.21 - 23, 2019/10
International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research was held in March 2019 by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Atomic Energy Society of Japan. Result of track for waste management technologies among 5 tracks is outlined.
Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Nakabayashi, Ryo*; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takahatake, Yoko; Tsukamoto, Masaki*
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.881 - 890, 2019/09
Koma, Yoshikazu; Murakami, Erina
Radiochimica Acta, 107(9-11), p.965 - 977, 2019/09
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, which is owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company, suffered from the great earthquake and Tsunami on 11 March 2011, and serious contamination with radioactive nuclides occurred. To investigate methodologies of waste management, contaminated materials have been radiochemically analyzed. This paper reviews the analytical data for actinide elements. Actinide nuclides are detected in the contaminated water. The contaminated water is chemically decontaminated, although actinide concentration does not decrease with time. This suggests that actinides come from the damaged fuel with slow dissolution. From the topsoil at the site, Pu, Am and Cm were detected and come from the damaged fuel, whereas U from natural. TRU would slowly move to deeper. Contamination of rubble is nonuniform and actinides are detected as well as fission products. For vegetation, TRU nuclides were found from fallen leaves near the reactor buildings.
Takahatake, Yoko; Koma, Yoshikazu
Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05
Yamada, Kazuo*; Maruyama, Ippei*; Koma, Yoshikazu; Haga, Kazuko*; Igarashi, Go*; Shibuya, Kazutoshi*; Aihara, Haruka
Proceedings of International Waste Management Symposia 2019 (WM2019) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2019/03
Saegusa, Jun; Koma, Yoshikazu; Ashida, Takashi
JAEA-Review 2018-017, 259 Pages, 2018/12
Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS) is responsible to promote international cooperation in the R&D activities on the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station and to develop the necessary human resources. CLADS held the Fukushima Research Conference on Development of Analytical Techniques in Waste Management (FRCWM 2018) on 19th and 20th June, 2018. This report compiles the abstracts and the presentation materials in the above conference.
Watanabe, So; Goto, Ichiro; Sano, Yuichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Koma, Yoshikazu
Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04
Asami, Makoto*; Takahatake, Yoko; Myodo, Masato; Tobita, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Kiwami; Hayakawa, Misa; Usui, Yuka; Watahiki, Hiromi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; et al.
JAEA-Data/Code 2017-001, 78 Pages, 2017/03
At Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Incorporated (TEPCO), contaminated water (accumulated, treated) secondary waste from water treatment, rubble and soil were collected and analyzed. The data already opened to public was collected as this report. The analytical data reported by TEPCO, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning until the end of March, 2016, was collected. Information on the samples and values of radioactive nuclide concentration and others were tabulated, besides figures, which show change in radioactive nuclide concentration for major nuclides, are contained. And, English translation and the collected data are provided as electric data.
Koma, Yoshikazu; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Ashida, Takashi
Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 10, p.35 - 41, 2017/01
Due to the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS) of Tokyo Power Electric Co. in 2011, radioactive nuclides were released to environment and heavily contaminated the NPS site itself. Analytical concentration of radionuclides for contaminated materials including the accumulated water, rubble, soil and vegetation which already opened were utilized to discuss contamination behavior of some radionuclides. The concentration ratio of a radionuclide to that of Cs was normalized with composition of the damaged reactor fuels referred to as "transport ratio" to investigate elemental behavior. The transport ratio of Sr to rubble and soil compared with which was assumed to be via air was approximately 10 to 10, and the successive transport to the accumulated water was comparable to Cs except for the initial release. Transport of Pu, Am and Cm were scarce relative to Cs regardless of transport process by means of air and water, whereas those of iodine, selenium and tellurium were comparable or greater. Contamination with and C was independent of Cs, Sr and TRU nuclides and would be a result of different transport process.
Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Oi, Takao
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.1933 - 1942, 2016/12
Koma, Yoshikazu; Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Ashida, Takashi
Proceedings of International Conference on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Internet), p.153_1 - 153_4, 2016/11
To investigate accident waste management at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, a methodology of inventory estimation for whole waste including those generated through D&D is indispensable and requires a calculation model. At early stage with insufficient analytical data of waste, a model should be developed by using knowledge of past experience from literature. Uncertainty in estimation shall be decreased based on analytical data available.
Sato, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitamura, Akane; Okubo, Takeru; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Takahatake, Yoko; Watanabe, So; Koma, Yoshikazu; Kada, Wataru*
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 371, p.419 - 423, 2016/03
Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Koma, Yoshikazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro
EPJ Nuclear Sciences & Technologies (Internet), 1, p.9_1 - 9_8, 2015/12