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Journal Articles

Analysis of particles containing alpha-emitters in stagnant water at torus room of Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station's Unit 2 reactor

Yomogida, Takumi; Ouchi, Kazuki; Oka, Toshitaka; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Konno, Katsuhiro*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 12(1), p.7191_1 - 7191_10, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:65.28(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Particles containing alpha ($$alpha$$) nuclides were identified from sediment in stagnant water at the torus room of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Station (FDiNPS)'s Unit 2 reactor. Several uranium-bearing particles were identified by SEM observation. These particles contained Zr and other elements which constituted fuel cladding and structural materials. The $$^{235}$$U/$$^{238}$$U isotope ratio in the solid fractions that included U particles was consistent with the nuclear fuel in the Unit 2 reactor, which indicated that the U particles had been derived from nuclear fuel. The particles with alpha-emitters detected by alpha track analysis were several tens to several hundred $$mu$$m in size. The EDX spectra showed that these particles mainly comprised iron, which indicated Pu, Am, and Cm were adsorbed on the Fe-baring particles. This study clarifies that the major morphologies of U and other $$alpha$$-nuclides were differed in the sediment of stagnant water in the torus room of FDiNPS's Unit 2 reactor.

Journal Articles

Ten years after the NPP accident at Fukushima; Review on fuel debris behavior in contact with water

Grambow, B.; Nitta, Ayako; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Takami, Ryu*; Fueda, Kazuki*; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Jegou, C.*; Laffolley, H.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(1), p.1 - 24, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:74.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

General overview of the research project investigating the radionuclide solution behavior in mock mortar matrix modeled after conditions at the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Igarashi, Go*; Haga, Kazuko*; Yamada, Kazuo*; Aihara, Haruka; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Maruyama, Ippei*

Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 19(9), p.950 - 976, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:45.24(Construction & Building Technology)

Journal Articles

Stochastic estimation of radionuclide composition in wastes generated at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station using Bayesian inference

Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Nakabayashi, Ryo*; Tanaka, Shingo*; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takahatake, Yoko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(4), p.493 - 506, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:19.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

A Project focusing on the contamination mechanism of concrete after the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Yamada, Kazuo*; Maruyama, Ippei*; Haga, Kazuko*; Igarashi, Go*; Aihara, Haruka; Tomita, Sayuri*; Kiran, R.*; Osawa, Norihisa*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Shibuya, Kazutoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Waste Management Symposia 2021 (WM2021) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2021/03

Journal Articles

Selective removal of radiocesium from micaceous clay for post-accident soil decontamination by temperature-controlled Mg-leaching in a column

Yin, X.; Zhang, L.*; Meng, C.*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Wang, X.*; Nitta, Ayako; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takeshita, Kenji*

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 387, p.121677_1 - 121677_10, 2020/04

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:57.97(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

The Current status on analysis of radioactive waste at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Koma, Yoshikazu

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 26(2), p.133 - 136, 2019/12

At Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, radioactive waste has been generated due to progress of decommissioning. This review outlines analysis of the waste at the site for R&D concerning waste management technologies.

Journal Articles

Effort for management of radioactive waste with unknown quality and amount

Koma, Yoshikazu; Niibori, Yuichi*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai-Shi, 122(1211), p.21 - 23, 2019/10

International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research was held in March 2019 by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Atomic Energy Society of Japan. Result of track for waste management technologies among 5 tracks is outlined.

Journal Articles

Development of calculation methodology for estimation of radionuclide composition in wastes generated at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Nakabayashi, Ryo*; Koma, Yoshikazu; Takahatake, Yoko; Tsukamoto, Masaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(9-10), p.881 - 890, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:43.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Contamination of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station with actinide elements

Koma, Yoshikazu; Murakami, Erina

Radiochimica Acta, 107(9-11), p.965 - 977, 2019/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.88(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, which is owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company, suffered from the great earthquake and Tsunami on 11 March 2011, and serious contamination with radioactive nuclides occurred. To investigate methodologies of waste management, contaminated materials have been radiochemically analyzed. This paper reviews the analytical data for actinide elements. Actinide nuclides are detected in the contaminated water. The contaminated water is chemically decontaminated, although actinide concentration does not decrease with time. This suggests that actinides come from the damaged fuel with slow dissolution. From the topsoil at the site, Pu, Am and Cm were detected and come from the damaged fuel, whereas U from natural. TRU would slowly move to deeper. Contamination of rubble is nonuniform and actinides are detected as well as fission products. For vegetation, TRU nuclides were found from fallen leaves near the reactor buildings.

Journal Articles

Investigation of the contamination on the operation floor of unit 2 based on the radiochemical analysis data

Takahatake, Yoko; Koma, Yoshikazu

Proceedings of International Topical Workshop on Fukushima Decommissioning Research (FDR 2019) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2019/05

Journal Articles

New project on the analysis of contamination mechanisms of concrete at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Yamada, Kazuo*; Maruyama, Ippei*; Koma, Yoshikazu; Haga, Kazuko*; Igarashi, Go*; Shibuya, Kazutoshi*; Aihara, Haruka

Proceedings of International Waste Management Symposia 2019 (WM2019) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2019/03

JAEA Reports

Proceedings of the Fukushima Research Conference on Development of Analytical Techniques in Waste Management (FRCWM 2018); June 19th and 20th, Tomioka Town Art & Media Center, Tomioka, Futaba, Fukushima, Japan

Saegusa, Jun; Koma, Yoshikazu; Ashida, Takashi

JAEA-Review 2018-017, 259 Pages, 2018/12


Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS) is responsible to promote international cooperation in the R&D activities on the decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station and to develop the necessary human resources. CLADS held the Fukushima Research Conference on Development of Analytical Techniques in Waste Management (FRCWM 2018) on 19th and 20th June, 2018. This report compiles the abstracts and the presentation materials in the above conference.

Journal Articles

Control of fine particles accumulation in the extraction chromatography column system for minor actinide recovery

Watanabe, So; Goto, Ichiro; Sano, Yuichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Koma, Yoshikazu

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04

JAEA Reports

Analytical data on contaminated water, rubble and other collected at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Asami, Makoto*; Takahatake, Yoko; Myodo, Masato; Tobita, Takeshi; Kobayashi, Kiwami; Hayakawa, Misa; Usui, Yuka; Watahiki, Hiromi; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; et al.

JAEA-Data/Code 2017-001, 78 Pages, 2017/03


At Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station owned by Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Incorporated (TEPCO), contaminated water (accumulated, treated) secondary waste from water treatment, rubble and soil were collected and analyzed. The data already opened to public was collected as this report. The analytical data reported by TEPCO, Japan Atomic Energy Agency and International Research Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning until the end of March, 2016, was collected. Information on the samples and values of radioactive nuclide concentration and others were tabulated, besides figures, which show change in radioactive nuclide concentration for major nuclides, are contained. And, English translation and the collected data are provided as electric data.

Journal Articles

Radioactive contamination of several materials following the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident

Koma, Yoshikazu; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Ashida, Takashi

Nuclear Materials and Energy (Internet), 10, p.35 - 41, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:90.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Due to the accident of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (NPS) of Tokyo Power Electric Co. in 2011, radioactive nuclides were released to environment and heavily contaminated the NPS site itself. Analytical concentration of radionuclides for contaminated materials including the accumulated water, rubble, soil and vegetation which already opened were utilized to discuss contamination behavior of some radionuclides. The concentration ratio of a radionuclide to that of $$^{137}$$Cs was normalized with composition of the damaged reactor fuels referred to as "transport ratio" to investigate elemental behavior. The transport ratio of Sr to rubble and soil compared with which was assumed to be via air was approximately 10$$^{-2}$$ to 10$$^{-3}$$, and the successive transport to the accumulated water was comparable to Cs except for the initial release. Transport of Pu, Am and Cm were scarce relative to Cs regardless of transport process by means of air and water, whereas those of iodine, selenium and tellurium were comparable or greater. Contamination with $$^{3H}$$ and $$^{14}$$C was independent of $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{90}$$Sr and TRU nuclides and would be a result of different transport process.

Journal Articles

Estimation of the inventory of the radioactive wastes in Fukushima Daiichi NPS with a radionuclide transport model in the contaminated water

Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Oi, Takao

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(12), p.1933 - 1942, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:86.53(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Inventory estimation for accident waste generated at the Fukushima Daiichi NPS

Koma, Yoshikazu; Sugiyama, Daisuke*; Ashida, Takashi

Proceedings of International Conference on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Internet), p.153_1 - 153_4, 2016/11

To investigate accident waste management at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, a methodology of inventory estimation for whole waste including those generated through D&D is indispensable and requires a calculation model. At early stage with insufficient analytical data of waste, a model should be developed by using knowledge of past experience from literature. Uncertainty in estimation shall be decreased based on analytical data available.

Journal Articles

Particle induced X-ray emission-computed tomography analysis of an adsorbent for extraction chromatography

Sato, Takahiro; Yokoyama, Akihito; Kitamura, Akane; Okubo, Takeru; Ishii, Yasuyuki; Takahatake, Yoko; Watanabe, So; Koma, Yoshikazu; Kada, Wataru*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 371, p.419 - 423, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:56.37(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Safety operation of chromatography column system with discharging hydrogen radiolytically generated

Watanabe, So; Sano, Yuichi; Nomura, Kazunori; Koma, Yoshikazu; Okamoto, Yoshihiro

EPJ Nuclear Sciences & Technologies (Internet), 1, p.9_1 - 9_8, 2015/12

203 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)