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Journal Articles

Penetration factor and indoor deposition rate of elementary and particulate iodine in a Japanese house for assessing the effectiveness of sheltering for radiation exposures

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Kato, Nobuyuki*; Matsui, Yasuto*; Yoneda, Minoru*

Journal of Radiological Protection, 41(3), p.S139 - S149, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Environmental Sciences)

Sheltering is one of the countermeasures for protection against radiation exposures in nuclear accidents. The effectiveness of sheltering is often expressed by the reduction factor, that is the ratio of the indoor to the outdoor cumulative radioactivity concentrations or doses. The indoor concentration is mainly controlled by the air exchange rate, penetration factor, and indoor deposition rate. The penetration factor and indoor deposition rate depend on the surface and opening materials. We investigated experimentally these parameters of I$$_{2}$$ and particles. The experiment was performed in two apartment houses, three single-family houses, and chambers. The obtained penetration factor ranged 0.3 $$sim$$ 1 for particles of 0.3 $$sim$$ 1 $$mu$$m and 0.15 $$sim$$ 0.7 for I$$_{2}$$ depending on the air exchange rate. The indoor deposition rate for a house room ranged 0.007 $$sim$$ 0.2 h$$^{-1}$$ for particles of 0.3$$sim$$1 $$mu$$m and 0.2$$sim$$1.5 h$$^{-1}$$ for I$$_{2}$$ depending on floor materials.

Journal Articles

Investigation on the influence of additional protective measures on sheltering effectiveness for internal exposure

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Munakata, Masahiro

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2019 (ASRAM 2019) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2019/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of reduction factor of internal exposure for sheltering in Japan

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Munakata, Masahiro

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2018 (ASRAM 2018) (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2018/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Factors affecting the effectiveness of sheltering in reducing internal exposure

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Masatoshi*; Munakata, Masahiro

Proceedings of Asian Symposium on Risk Assessment and Management 2017 (ASRAM 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2017/11

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Examination of the decreasing effect on internal exposure by sheltering, 3; Investigation of penetration factor in real houses

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Watanabe, Masatoshi*; Munakata, Masahiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Examination of the decreasing effect on internal exposure by sheltering, 5; Investigation of deposition rate in real houses

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Munakata, Masahiro; Kimoto, Shigeru*; Yoneda, Minoru*; Matsui, Yasuto*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Examination of parameters on reduction effects of internal exposures in vehicles evacuation after nuclear accident

Hirouchi, Jun; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Takahara, Shogo; Munakata, Masahiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Investigation of the leakage when wearing protective equipment

Hirouchi, Jun; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Takahara, Shogo; Munakata, Masahiro

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Penetration factor and indoor deposition rate of elementary and particulate iodine in a Japanese house for assessing the effectiveness of sheltering for radiation exposures

Hirouchi, Jun; Takahara, Shogo; Komagamine, Hiroshi*; Kato, Nobuyuki*; Matsui, Yasuto*; Yoneda, Minoru*

no journal, , 

Sheltering is one of the countermeasures for protection against radiation exposures in nuclear accidents. The effectiveness of sheltering is often expressed by the reduction factor, that is the ratio of the indoor to the outdoor cumulative radioactivity concentrations or doses. The indoor concentration is mainly controlled by the air exchange rate, penetration factor, and indoor deposition rate. The penetration factor and indoor deposition rate depend on the surface and opening materials. We investigated experimentally these parameters of I$$_{2}$$ and particles. The experiment was performed in two apartment houses, three single-family houses, and chambers. The obtained penetration factor ranged 0.3 $$sim$$ 1 for particles of 0.3 $$sim$$ 1 $$mu$$m and 0.1 $$sim$$ 0.6 for I$$_{2}$$ depending on the air exchange rate. The indoor deposition rate for a house room ranged 0.007 $$sim$$ 0.2 h$$^{-1}$$ for particles of 0.3$$sim$$1 $$mu$$m and 0.2$$sim$$1.5 h$$^{-1}$$ for I$$_{2}$$ depending on floor materials.

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