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Journal Articles

REDOX state analysis of platinoid elements in simulated high-level radioactive waste glass by synchrotron radiation based EXAFS

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Nakada, Masami; Komamine, Satoshi*; Ochi, Eiji*; Akabori, Mitsuo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 471, p.110 - 115, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:49.98(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) analyses were performed to evaluate REDOX (REDuction and OXidation) state of platinoid elements in simulated high-level nuclear waste glass samples prepared under different conditions of temperature and atmosphere. At first, EXAFS functions were compared with those of standard materials such as RuO$$_2$$. Then structural parameters were obtained from a curve fitting analysis. In addition, a fitting analysis used a linear combination of the two standard EXAFS functions of a given elements metal and oxide was applied to determine ratio of metal/oxide in the simulated glass. The redox state of Ru was successfully evaluated from the linear combination fitting results of EXAFS functions. The ratio of metal increased at more reducing atmosphere and at higher temperatures. Chemical form of rhodium oxide in the simulated glass samples was RhO$$_2$$ unlike expected Rh$$_2$$O$$_3$$. It can be estimated rhodium behaves according with ruthenium when the chemical form is oxide.

Journal Articles

High-temperature X-ray imaging study of simulated high-level waste glass melt

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

Denki Kagaku Oyobi Kogyo Butsuri Kagaku, 81(7), p.543 - 546, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:14.09(Electrochemistry)

The molten state of simulated high-level waste glass and the behavior of ruthenium element in the melt were investigated by using synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. Melting, generating and moving of bubbles, condensation and sedimentation of ruthenium element were observed dynamically in continuous 12-bit gray-scale images from the CCD camera. X-ray intensity was obtained easily by digitizing gray-scale values in the image. The existence of ruthenium element is emphasized as a black color in the CCD image at X-ray energy higher than the Ru K-absorption edge. Position sensitive imaging X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurement was also performed to clarify the chemical state of ruthenium element in the melt.

Journal Articles

High-temperature X-ray imaging study of simulated high-level waste glass melt

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

Proceedings of 4th Asian Conference on Molten Salt Chemistry and Technology & 44th Symposium on Molten Salt Chemistry, Japan, p.47 - 52, 2012/09

The molten state of the simulated high-level waste glass and the behavior of ruthenium element in the melt were investigated by using synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. Melting, generating and moving of bubbles, condensation and sedimentation of ruthenium element were observed dynamically in continuous 12-bit gray-scale images from the CCD camera. The existence of ruthenium in the X-ray CCD image was emphasized over the energy of Ru K-absorption edge. X-ray intensity was obtained easily by digitalizing gray-scale values in the image. Position sensitive imaging X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurement was performed to clarify the chemical state of ruthenium element in the melt.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron radiation-based X-ray imaging study of ruthenium in simulated high-level waste glass

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 11(2), p.127 - 132, 2012/06

Distribution and the chemical state of Ru element in the simulated high-level waste glass were examined by using the synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. In this technique, a direct X-ray CCD camera is used in place of an ion chamber. Position sensitive X-ray absorption spectra were obtained by analyzing gray scale in images of the X-ray CCD camera. At first, we measured a test sample containing RuO$$_2$$ and Ru metal powder. We successfully obtained information on the Ru distribution in the sample. In addition, the chemical state (oxide or metal ?) of each small Ru-rich spot was evaluated by the corresponding position sensitive XAFS spectrum. The imaging XAFS technique was applied to some simulated high-level waste glass samples. The Ru distribution of the glass sample and their chemical state were confirmed by image analyses. It can be seen that Ru element scattered in the glass sample exists as oxide RuO$$_2$$.

Oral presentation

Chemical state analysis of metals in imitative glasses by using Imaging XAFS technique

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Minato, Kazuo; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

no journal, , 

Chemical state analysis of Ru element scattered in an imitative glass matrix was performed by using the Imaging XAFS technique. Information on distribution of Ru element in the matrix was obtained from contrast values of CCD images before and after the Ru K-absorption edge. It is confirmed that the feature of the distributed element can be examined by getting XAFS spectra from the contrast information. We can get two kinds of XAFS spectra corresponding to Ru metal and oxide separately in the Imaging XAFS analysis.

Oral presentation

Synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging study of simulated high-level waste glass

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Minato, Kazuo; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; et al.

no journal, , 

Distribution and the chemical state of Ru element in the simulated high-level waste glass were examined by using the synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. In this technique, a direct X-ray CCD camera is used in place of an ion chamber. Position sensitive X-ray absorption spectra were obtained by analyzing gray scale in images of the X-ray CCD camera. It can be seen that Ru element scattered in the glass sample exists as oxide RuO$$_2$$.

Oral presentation

Properties of insoluble residue generated at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant, 5; Oxidation behavior of insoluble residue

Takano, Masahide; Yamagishi, Isao; Akabori, Mitsuo; Minato, Kazuo; Yoshioka, Masahiro*; Ochi, Eiji*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Komamine, Satoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Properties of insoluble residue generated at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant, 1; Introduction

Minato, Kazuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Yoshioka, Masahiro*

no journal, , 

Characteristics of the fine produced during the reprocessing of the spent fuel in the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant are inevitable data to understand the behavior of the fine in the glass melter. It is also necessary to obtain the characteristic data of the fine to judge the validity of vitrification tests with simulated fine in KMOC facility. The property measurements and chemical reaction tests with simulated fine are valuable to obtain fundamental data that is necessary for the development of a new type of glass melter. With these objectives, the fine was transported from the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant to the Tokai Research Center of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency and the fine and simulated fine were characterized.

Oral presentation

Study on Noble Metals sedimentation and viscosity of molten glass

Miyauchi, Atsushi; Nakajima, Masayoshi; Morikawa, Yo; Masaki, Toshio; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Yamashita, Teruo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Properties of insoluble residue generated at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant, 4; EPMA analysis of real and simulated insoluble residue

Akabori, Mitsuo; Takano, Masahide; Yamagishi, Isao; Minato, Kazuo; Yoshioka, Masahiro*; Ochi, Eiji*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Komamine, Satoshi*

no journal, , 

Properties of real insoluble residues generated at Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant were measured by using SEM/EPMA. The simulated insoluble residues were prepared by conventional powder metallurgy technique, and properties such as particle size were compared with those of real ones.

Oral presentation

Influence of long-term melting on the noble metals shape and glass viscosity

Morikawa, Yo; Miyauchi, Atsushi; Nakajima, Masayoshi; Masaki, Toshio; Kobayashi, Hidekazu; Yamashita, Teruo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Synchrotron radiation based imaging XAFS analysis of simulated high-level waste glass

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

no journal, , 

Distribution and the chemical state of fission product elements like Zr, Mo and Ru in the simulated high-level waste glass were examined by using the synchrotron radiation based X-ray imaging technique. We used the high resolution imaging system and the high-speed CCD camera for imaging XAFS measurement of the glass sample at molten state. Position sensitive X-ray absorption spectra were obtained by analyzing gray scale in images of the CCD camera.

Oral presentation

Properties and behavior of insoluble residue in the cold cap, 2; High temperature chemical form of simulated residue coexisting with nitrates

Takano, Masahide; Yamagishi, Isao; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on the noble metals sedimentation behavior in the melted glass

Morikawa, Yo; Miyauchi, Atsushi; Nakajima, Masayoshi; Oyama, Koichi; Yamashita, Teruo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Properties and behavior of insoluble residue in the cold cap, 1; Outline and reaction behavior in the cold cap

Akabori, Mitsuo; Yamagishi, Isao; Takano, Masahide; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Properties and behavior of insoluble residue in the cold cap, 3; Imaging and XAFS analysis of simulated high-level waste glass

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Nakada, Masami; Takano, Masahide; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

Chemical properties and behavior of insoluble residue in the cold cap of simulated high-level waste glass was examined by using synchrotron radiation based imaging and XAFS analyses. From XAFS analyses of Zr, Mo and Ce, (1) Zr is in a complex oxide like ZrSiO$$_4$$ or Zr(MoO$$_4$$)$$_2$$, (2) The complex MoO$$_4$$$$^{2-}$$ ion is predominant for Mo element, (3) Redox state for cerium element was evaluated from Ce L$$_3$$-edge XAFS, and (4) Chemical state of cerium was determined from Ce K-edge XAFS. Chemical state and bubble growth at molten state was investigated by using X-ray imaging analysis.

Oral presentation

Properties and behavior of insoluble residue in the cold cap, 4; REDOX properties of simulated glasses by $$^{57}$$Fe M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

Nakada, Masami; Takano, Masahide; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Chemical analysis of simulated high-level waste glass by using imaging XAFS technique

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Nakada, Masami; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*; Nitani, Hiroaki*; Nomura, Masaharu*

no journal, , 

The high level liquid waste (HLLW) generated in the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels is disposed of as vitrified waste mixed with borosilicate glass. Chemical state of noble metals like Ru in simulated glasses was investigated by using the synchrotron based X-ray imaging analysis in the present work. The X-ray imaging measurement was performed at the NW10A of PF-AR and the BL-27B of PF, KEK. The imaging system is composed of the beam monitor (AA40 and AA50) and the CCD camera (high-speed type C9300-221 and high resolution type C11440-10C). X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spetcra of Ru K-edge for very small area were obtained from the imaging intensity data. It can be seen by comparing with standard materials that Ru in the small area exists as RuO$$_2$$.

Oral presentation

Properties and behavior of Insoluble Residue in the fused glass, 2; Chemical analysis by synchrotron XAFS technique

Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Nakada, Masami; Takano, Masahide; Akabori, Mitsuo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Fukui, Toshiki*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

Synchrotron based X-ray absorption fine structure analysis of Mn, Ce, Zr, Mo, Ru, Rh and Pd was performed to evaluate chemical state and the local structure in the simulated glass samples. Redox state and chemical state were confirmed from X-ray near edge structure (XANES) analysis. Information on the local structure was obtained from the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis.

Oral presentation

Influence of long-term melting on the noble metals shape and glass viscosity, 2

Oyama, Koichi; Morikawa, Yo; Miyauchi, Atsushi; Nakajima, Masayoshi; Yamashita, Teruo; Komamine, Satoshi*; Ochi, Eiji*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

30 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)