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Journal Articles

Ecological and genomic profiling of anaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in a deep granitic environment

Ino, Kohei*; Hernsdorf, A. W.*; Konno, Yuta*; Kozuka, Mariko*; Yanagawa, Katsunori*; Kato, Shingo*; Sunamura, Michinari*; Hirota, Akinari*; Togo, Yoko*; Ito, Kazumasa*; et al.

ISME Journal, 12(1), p.31 - 47, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:93.55(Ecology)

In this study, we found the dominance ofanaerobic methane-oxidizing archaea in groundwater enriched in sulfate and methane from a 300-m deep underground borehole in granitic rock.

Journal Articles

The Role of low-temperature organic matter diagenesis in carbonate precipitation within a marine deposit

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Ishii, Eiichi; Hirota, Akinari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Ikeya, Kosuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*

Applied Geochemistry, 76, p.218 - 231, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.44(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Deep microbial life in high-quality granitic groundwater from geochemically and geographically distinct underground boreholes

Ino, Kohei*; Konno, Yuta*; Kozuka, Mariko*; Hirota, Akinari*; Togo, Yoko*; Fukuda, Akari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*; Tanabe, Akifumi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; et al.

Environmental Microbiology Reports (Internet), 8(2), p.285 - 294, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:67.66(Environmental Sciences)

To understand the subsurface biosphere, borehole investigation was conducted for 300-m deep granitic rocks at the Mizunami underground research laboratory, Japan. The initial biomass was the highest with the flourish of aerobic H$$_{2}$$-oxidizing Hydrogenophaga spp., whereas an uncultivated lineage of the phylum Nitrospirae became predominant after three years with decreasing biomass. The common occurrence of many species of Nitrospirae and Chlorobi phyla at the geographically distinct sites and the exclusive detection of their phylogenetically related environmental sequences from deep groundwaters and terrestrial hot springs, suggest that these bacteria are indigenous and potentially adapted to the deep terrestrial subsurface.

Journal Articles

Biogeochemical signals from deep microbial life in terrestrial crust

Suzuki, Yohei*; Konno, Yuta*; Fukuda, Akari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Hirota, Akinari*; Watanabe, Katsuaki*; Togo, Yoko*; Morikawa, Noritoshi*; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Aosai, Daisuke*; et al.

PLOS ONE (Internet), 9(12), p.e113063_1 - e113063_20, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:36.08(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We present multi-isotopic evidence of microbially mediated sulfate reduction in a granitic aquifer, a representative of the terrestrial crust habitat. Deep groundwater of meteoric origin was collected from underground boreholes drilled into the Cretaceous Toki granite, central Japan. A large sulfur isotopic fractionation of 20-60 permil diagnostic to microbial sulfate reduction is associated with the investigated groundwater containing sulfate below 0.2 mM. In contrast, a small carbon isotopic fractionation ($$<$$ 30 permil) is not indicative of methanogenesis. Our results demonstrate that the deep biosphere in the terrestrial crust is metabolically active and playing a crucial role in the formation of reducing groundwater even under low energy fluxes.

Journal Articles

Occurrence and potential activity of denitrifiers and methanogens in groundwater at 140 m depth in Pliocene diatomaceous mudstone of northern Japan

Katsuyama, Chie*; Nashimoto, Hiroaki*; Nagaosa, Kazuyo*; Ishibashi, Tomotaka*; Furuta, Kazuki*; Kinoshita, Takeshi*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Aoki, Kazuhiro; Asano, Takahiro*; Sasaki, Yoshito; et al.

FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 86(3), p.532 - 543, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:26.35(Microbiology)

Anaerobic microbial activity has a major influence on the subsurface environment, and should be considered in subsurface activities including the construction of radioactive waste repositories. We investigated denitrification and methanogenesis in anoxic groundwater from 140 m depth in two boreholes, where the redox potential fluctuated. The average maximum potential denitrification rates, measured under anaerobic conditions in the two boreholes using an $$^{15}$$N tracer. Methanogenesis candidates were detected by 16S rRNA gene analysis. Although the stable isotope signatures suggested that some of the dissolved methane was of biogenic origin, no potential for methane production was evident during the incubations. The groundwater at 140 m depth did not contain oxygen, had an Eh ranging from -144 to 6.8 mV, and was found to be a potential field for denitrification.

Journal Articles

Magneto-electric effect in charge-ordered LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Kambe, Takashi*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Hayakawa, Hiroki*; Oishi, Daisuke*; Hanasaki, Noriaki*; Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 200, p.012077_1 - 012077_4, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:83.16

A magneto-electric effect (ME) was observed in a charge-ordered ferroelectric LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$. The dielectric response in a three-dimensional charge-ordered phase is strongly influenced by magnetic field, especially around the ferri-magnetic ordering temperature. We also show the relation between the oxygen stoichiometry and the ME signal character above the magnetic transition temperature.

Journal Articles

Stoichiometric study of the dielectric and magnetic properties in charge frustrated system LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Yokota, Yusuke*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Hayakawa, Hironori*; Kuroda, Tomoko*; Maeda, Daisuke*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Mori, Shigeo*; Yoshii, Kenji; Hanasaki, Noriaki*; et al.

Ferroelectrics, 378(1), p.175 - 180, 2009/00

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:62.21(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have synthesized the samples of LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$, which shows the ferroelectricity due to charge ordering of Fe ions, under several different reducing conditions using a CO$$_{2}$$-CO flow. The reducing condition was changed by changing a flow ratio of CO$$_{2}$$ and CO. It was found that the flow ratio of CO$$_{2}$$/CO of about 5 provided the sample with the highest magnetic transition temperature of 240-250 K. This sample showed the dielectric constant of 10000 at room temperature. The imaginary part of the dielectric response offered the activation energy of 0.4-0.5 eV, which is slightly larger than that reported previously (about 0.3 eV). We will perform further investigation of the physical properties of this sample to clarify full details and their origin of LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and dielectric properties of HoFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ and R$$_{1-x}$$R'$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R, R': rare earths)

Yoshii, Kenji; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Maeda, Daisuke*; Yokota, Yusuke*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Mori, Shigeo*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(9), p.7599 - 7602, 2008/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:35.16(Physics, Applied)

We have investigated the physical properties of HoFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ and R$$_{1-x}$$R'$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R, R': rare earths). Dielectric measurements showed their dielectric constants of 1000 at around room temperature, which is characteristic of the RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ series (R: rare earths). However, the magnetic transition temperatures and the coherency in dielectric response were found to be different from those of RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ reported so far. Interestingly, these materials suggested higher ferroelectric temperatures than those reported so far, suggesting a possibility of application of these materials.

Journal Articles

Work of plant data acquisition system for "MONJU"

Hashimoto, Daisuke*; Komatsu, Keiichi*; Eguchi, Kenji*; Morizono, Koji

FAPIG, (175), p.23 - 28, 2007/07

The fast breeder reactor "MONJU" (hereafter "MONJU") is equipped with the system called "MONJU Integrated Data Acquisition System (MIDAS)" to effectively acquire, accumulate and analyze relevant real-plant process data gathered from the system start-up test. At present, "MONJU" has been suspended due to a sodium leak accident that occurred in 1995. However, the main part of remodeling construction to prevent sodium leaks was completed in May, 2007 and "MONJU" is highly expected to resume its operations, stepping into the practical testing phase. In this situation, "MIDAS" has been replaced with an upgraded version before the system start-up test was resumed. This paper describes overview of the new "MIDAS" system.

Oral presentation

Magnetocapacitance of electronic ferroelectric LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Komatsu, Takuma*; Kambe, Takashi*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Hayakawa, Hironori*; Oishi, Daisuke*; Hanasaki, Noriaki*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Yoshii, Kenji

no journal, , 

LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ is a ferroelectric material arising from the real-space ordering of Fe charges below 330 K. In this paper, we measured the magnetic-field dependence of dielectric response in this material. We report a change of dielectric constant depending on the measurement temperature and applied magnetic field.

Oral presentation

Hydrogen and carbon isotope geochemistry of freshwater aquifers at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory; Implications for ongoing biogeochemical processes in granitic rocks

Konno, Yuta*; Fukuda, Akari; Kozuka, Mariko*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*; Aosai, Daisuke; Mizuno, Takashi; Suzuki, Yohei*

no journal, , 

Our knowledge of biogeochemical processes mediated in those associated with freshwater should be integrated. We collected the groundwater samples from 200 m to 1150 m depths below ground level at Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory located in central Japan. We measured the concentration and both hydrogen and carbon isotopic compositions of dissolved methane, total inorganic carbon (TIC) and molecular hydrogen. The origin of methane could be speculated to be not biogenic CO$$_{2}$$ reduction or acetate fermentation but thermogenic or abiogenic. In contrast, C1/C2+C3 ratios supported biogenic methane production. The 300 m deep samples were enriched in hydrogen and acetate and depleted in sulfate, which is characteristic of acetogenesis. From these results, it is suggested that the production of acetate rather than methane could be dominant biogeochemical processes in the reducing portions of freshwater aquifers in granitic rocks.

Oral presentation

Shifts in microbial sulfate reduction to CO$$_{2}$$ reduction depending on groundwater flow characteristics in deep granitic aquifers

Konno, Yuta*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Nishimura, Shusaku*; Fukuda, Akari; Aosai, Daisuke; Mizuno, Takashi; Nagao, Seiya*; Tsunogai, Urumu*; Suzuki, Yohei*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Generation processes of methane and carbon dioxide at deep underground of Horonobe area, Hokkaido, Japan

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Mizuno, Takashi; Hirota, Akinari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Relative burial-depth-profiles of carbon isotope ratios of methane and carbon dioxide preserved for up to 1 million years

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Mizuno, Takashi; Ishii, Eiichi; Hirota, Akinari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Ikeya, Kosuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Microbial CO$$_{2}$$ reduction continuing for millions years in Neogene mudstone resulting in extreme $$^{13}$$C-enrichment

Miyakawa, Kazuya; Ishii, Eiichi; Mizuno, Takashi; Hirota, Akinari*; Komatsu, Daisuke*; Ikeya, Kosuke*; Tsunogai, Urumu*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

15 (Records 1-15 displayed on this page)
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