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Journal Articles

Production of $$^{266}$$Bh in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5$$n$$)$$^{266}$$Bh reaction and its decay properties

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Fan, F.*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Komori, Yukiko*; Kondo, Narumi*; Kudo, Hisaaki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.024625_1 - 024625_12, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Study of quasielastic barrier distributions as a step towards the synthesis of superheavy elements with hot fusion reactions

Tanaka, Taiki*; Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Boll, R. A.*; Brewer, N. T.*; Van Cleve, S.*; Dean, D. J.*; Ishizawa, Satoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(5), p.052502_1 - 052502_6, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:30.13(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Extraction behavior of rutherfordium as a cationic fluoride complex with a TTA chelate extractant from HF/HNO $$_{3}$$ acidic solutions

Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Kitayama, Yuta*; Fukuda, Yoshiki*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Murakami, Masashi*; Komori, Yukiko*; Yano, Shinya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Toyoshima, Atsushi*

Radiochimica Acta, 107(1), p.27 - 32, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:58.8(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Online chemical adsorption studies of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces in preparation for chemical investigations on Cn, Nh, and Fl at TASCA

Lens, L.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Asai, Masato; Ballof, J.*; Block, M.*; David, H. M.*; Despotopulos, J.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 106(12), p.949 - 962, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:75.54(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Online gas-solid adsorption studies with single atom quantities of Hg, Tl, and Pb on SiO$$_{2}$$ and Au surfaces were carried out using short-lived radioisotopes with half-lives in the range of 4-49 s. This is a model study to measure adsorption enthalpies of superheavy elements Cn, Nh, and Fl. The short-lived isotopes were produced and separated by the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI. The products were stopped in He gas, and flushed into gas chromatography columns made of Si detectors whose surfaces were covered by SiO$$_{2}$$ or Au. The short-lived Tl and Pb were successfully measured by the Si detectors with the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface at room temperature. On the other hand, the Hg did not adsorb on the SiO$$_{2}$$ surface, but adsorbed on the Au surface. The results demonstrated that the adsorption properties of short-lived Hg, Tl, and Pb could be studied with this setup, and that this method is applicable to the experiment for Cn, Nh, and Fl.

Journal Articles

Determination of fusion barrier distributions from quasielastic scattering cross sections towards superheavy nuclei synthesis

Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:26.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb, and $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb and $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

Journal Articles

Study of the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$Lv$$^{ast}$$ at RIKEN-GARIS

Kaji, Daiya*; Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Gan, Z.*; Geissel, H.*; Hasebe, Hiroo*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:18.84(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The fusion reaction of $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$Lv$$^{ast}$$ was studied using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS at RIKEN. A total of seven $$alpha$$ and spontaneous-fission decay chains were observed, which would originate from the reaction products of the element 116, $$^{292}$$Lv and $$^{293}$$Lv. Decay properties observed in the chains are in good agreement with the previously published ones. However, one of the chains showed a discrepancy, indicating the new spontaneous-fission branch in $$^{285}$$Cn or the production of the new isotope $$^{294}$$Lv.

Journal Articles

Complex chemistry with complex compounds

Eichler, R.*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Chiera, N. M.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dressler, R.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Even, J.*; Fangli, F.*; Goetz, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.07005_1 - 07005_7, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.2

In recent years gas-phase chemical studies assisted by physical pre-separation allowed for the productions and investigations of fragile single molecular species of superheavy elements. The latest highlight is the formation of very volatile hexacarbonyl compound of element 106, Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. Following this success, second-generation experiments were performed to measure the first bond dissociation energy between the central metal atom and the surrounding ligand. The method using a tubular decomposition reactor was developed and successfully applied to short-lived Mo(CO)$$_{6}$$, W(CO)$$_{6}$$, and Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta for chemical studies of element 105, Db, using the GARIS gas-jet system

Huang, M.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Murakami, Masashi*; Asai, Masato; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Komori, Yukiko*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 304(2), p.845 - 849, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:63.46(Chemistry, Analytical)

A technique to utilize radioisotopes of Nb and Ta was developed for chemical studies of element 105, Db, by coupling a gas-jet transport system to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator (GARIS). The short-lived $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta were produced with nuclear reactions using a $$^{19}$$F beam whose energy was the same as that to produce $$^{262}$$Db. Then, they were separated with GARIS and extracted to a chemistry laboratory with the gas-jet transport system. By changing only magnetic field of GARIS and inserting an energy degrader and a shutter for recoil ions, we could deliver the $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta to a chemistry device for $$^{262}$$Db without changing other experimental conditions.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{262}$$Db in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{19}$$F,5$$n$$)$$^{262}$$Db reaction and decay properties of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Murakami, Masashi*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sakai, Ryutaro*; et al.

Physical Review C, 89(2), p.024618_1 - 024618_11, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:18.34(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution

Li, Z.*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Pershina, V.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 100(3), p.157 - 164, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:34.7(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{265}$$Sg in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$)$$^{265}$$Sg reaction and decay properties of two isomeric states in $$^{265}$$Sg

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Sakai, Ryutaro*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

Physical Review C, 85(2), p.024611_1 - 024611_11, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:9.33(Physics, Nuclear)

Two isomeric states in $$^{265}$$Sg, i.e, $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ and $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$ were produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$) reaction. Decay properties of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a,b}$$ were investigated with a rotating-wheel apparatus for $$alpha$$ and spontaneous fission (SF) spectrometry under low background condition attained by a gas-jet transport system coupled to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator. Based on genetically correlated $$alpha$$-$$alpha$$ (-$$alpha$$) and $$alpha$$-SF decay chains, 18 and 24 events were assigned to $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ and $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$, respectively. The half-life and $$alpha$$-particle energy of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{a}$$ were measured to be $$8.5^{+2.6}_{-1.6}$$ s and $$8.84 pm 0.05$$ MeV, respectively, and those of $$^{265}$$Sg$$^{b}$$ were $$14.4^{+3.7}_{-2.5}$$ s and $$8.69 pm 0.05$$ MeV.

Journal Articles

Decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm + $$^{23}$$Na reaction

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(6), p.064201_1 - 064201_6, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:20.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Decay properties of an isotope $$^{266}$$Bh and its daughter nucleus $$^{262}$$Db produced by the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5$$n$$) reaction were studied by using a gas-filled recoil separator coupled with a position-sensitive semiconductor detector. $$^{266}$$Bh was clearly identified from the correlation of the known nuclide, $$^{262}$$Db. The obtained decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db are consistent with those observed in the $$^{278}$$113 chain, which provided further confirmation of the discovery of $$^{278}$$113.

Oral presentation

Production of $$^{261}$$Rf for chemical studies using the gas-jet transport system coupled to GARIS

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kudo, Yuki*; Komori, Yukiko*; Sato, Nozomi; Shinohara, Atsushi*; Morita, Kosuke*; et al.

no journal, , 

A gas-jet transport system for superheavy element chemistry has been coupled to the gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS at the RIKEN linear accelerator. In this work, we have investigated the performance of the system using $$^{261}$$Rf produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5$$n$$)$$^{261}$$Rf reaction. The present result demonstrates that the GARIS/gas-jet system is a promising approach to explore new frontiers in SHE chemistry: (1) the background radioactivities originating from unwanted reaction products are strongly suppressed, (2) the intense primary heavy-ion beam is absent in the gas-jet chamber, and hence high gas-jet transport efficiency is achieved, and (3) the beam-free conditions also make it possible to investigate new chemical systems that were not accessible before.

Oral presentation

Production and decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and its daughter nuclei

Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

A nuclide, $$^{266}$$Bh, is the great-grand-daughter of $$^{278}$$113 that is produced in the $$^{209}$$Bi + $$^{70}$$Zn reaction. The identification was based on a genetic link to the known daughter nucleus $$^{262}$$Db by alpha-decays. The main purpose of this work is to provide further confirmation of the production and identification of the isotope $$^{278}$$113. As a present result, a state in $$^{266}$$Bh, which decays by an alpha emission with the energies ranging from 9.05 to 9.23 MeV, feeds a state in $$^{262}$$Db, which decays by alpha emission and by SF with a previously known half-life. The result provided a further confirmation of the production and identification of the isotope of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, studied by a research group at RIKEN.

Oral presentation

Production and decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and its daughter nuclei

Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M)

Li, Z.; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Liang, X. H.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Cation-exchange behavior of $$^{261}$$Rf (T$$_{1/2}$$ = 78 s) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O, 5n) reaction was studied on a "one-atom-at-a-time" scale in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ (0.15-0.69 M)/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solutions ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M) using an automated ion-exchange separation apparatus coupled with the detection system for alpha-spectroscopy. It was found that adsorption probability (%ads) of $$^{261}$$Rf on cation-exchange resin decreases with increasing [HSO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$], showing a successive formation of its sulfate complexes. Rf exhibited much weaker formation of the complexes than the lighter homologues Zr and Hf, which is qualitatively in good agreement with theoretical calculations including relativistic effects.

Oral presentation

Solvent extraction of heavy actinides (III) with HDEHP

Takayama, Reona*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Komori, Yukiko*; Fujisawa, Hiroyuki*; Kuriyama, Ai*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Yoshimura, Takashi*; Takahashi, Naruto*; et al.

no journal, , 

The extraction behavior of trivalent actinides (Am, Cm, Cf, Es, and Fm) into di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid, HDEHP, in benzene from HNO$$_{3}$$ was studied together with lanthanides. The extraction constants, $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$ values, of lanthanides, Am, Cm, Cf, and Es were determined by a batch method using stable lanthanide isotopes and radiotracers of $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Cm, $$^{249}$$Cf, and $$^{253}$$Es, respectively, while that of Fm was measured with $$^{250}$$Fm which was produced in the $$^{238}$$U($$^{16}$$O,4n) reaction and was on-line supplied by a gas-jet method at the AVF cyclotron of RCNP, Osaka University. The $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$ values were determined by the slope analysis for the variation of the distribution ratio as a function of the concentration of HDEHP. We found that the $$it K$$$$_{ex}$$of Fm is smaller than that of Dy in spite of the similar ionic radii while those of other actinides are almost the same as those of each lanthanide with a similar ionic radius.

Oral presentation

Production of $$^{265}$$Sg via the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$)$$^{265}$$Sg reaction

Haba, Hiromitsu*; Oe, Kazuhiro*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kudo, Hisaaki*; Kudo, Yuki*; Komori, Yukiko*; Sato, Nozomi; et al.

no journal, , 

RIKEN group has investigated the performance of the system using an isotope of element 106, $$^{265}$$Sg, produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$) reaction. Alpha-particles of $$^{265}$$Sg separated with a GAs-filled Recoil Ion Separator (GARIS) and extracted to a chemistry laboratory were successfully identified with a rotating wheel system for $$alpha$$-spectrometry under low background conditions. As a result, two isomeric states in $$^{265}$$Sg, $$^{265a}$$Sg ($$alpha$$-particle energy $$E_{alpha} = 8.84$$ MeV, half-life $$T_{1/2} = 6.7$$ s) and $$^{265b}$$Sg ($$E_{alpha} = 8.69$$ MeV, $$T_{1/2} = 15$$ s), were identified. The cross sections for the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{22}$$Ne,5$$n$$) reactions at 118 MeV were roughly evaluated to be 200 pb for $$^{265a}$$Sg and 170 pb for $$^{265b}$$Sg.

Oral presentation

Confirmations of the synthesis of $$^{278}$$113 produced by the $$^{209}$$Bi($$^{70}$$Zn,n)$$^{278}$$113 reaction

Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sato, Nozomi; Sumita, Takayuki*; Yoneda, Akira*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

We performed the experiment to synthesize an isotope of the element 113 produced by a $$^{209}$$Bi($$^{70}$$Zn,n)$$^{278}$$113 reaction using a gas-filled recoil ion separator (GARIS) at RIKEN. Two decay chains were observed, and assigned to those originating from an isotope $$^{278}$$113. Both chains were connected into the previously known decays of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db via previously unknown decays of $$^{278}$$113, $$^{274}$$Rg, and $$^{270}$$Mt. Although the $$^{266}$$Bh was known nuclide, a number of atoms reported so far was limited. In order to study more precise decay property of the $$^{266}$$Bh, we performed the direct production of $$^{266}$$Bh by the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{23}$$Na,5n)$$^{266}$$Bh reaction. In this experiment, the $$^{266}$$Bh was clearly identified from the correlation of the nuclide, $$^{262}$$Db. The obtained decay properties of $$^{266}$$Bh and $$^{262}$$Db are consistent with those observed in the $$^{278}$$113 chain, which provided further confirmation of the discovery of $$^{278}$$113.

Oral presentation

Cation-exchange behavior of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M)

Li, Z.; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Liang, X. H.*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; et al.

no journal, , 

Cation-exchange behavior of $$^{261}$$Rf (T$$_{1/2}$$ = 78 s) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O,5n) reaction was studied on a "one-atom-at-a-time" scale in 0.15-0.69 M H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solutions ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M) using an automated ion-exchange separation apparatus coupled with a detection system for alpha-spectroscopy (AIDA). It was found that adsorption probabilities (%ads) of Rf on the cation-exchange resin decrease with increasing [HSO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$], showing successive formation of Rf sulfate complexes. Rf exhibits a weaker complex formation than the lighter homologues Zr and Hf.

33 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)