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Journal Articles

High temperature gas-cooled reactors

Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Aihara, Jun; Aoki, Takeshi; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ho, H. Q.; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Imai, Yoshiyuki; et al.

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02

As a general overview of the research and development of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in JAEA, this book describes the achievements by the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) on the designs, key component technologies such as fuel, reactor internals, high temperature components, etc., and operational experience such as rise-to-power tests, high temperature operation at 950$$^{circ}$$C, safety demonstration tests, etc. In addition, based on the knowledge of the HTTR, the development of designs and component technologies such as high performance fuel, helium gas turbine and hydrogen production by IS process for commercial HTGRs are described. These results are very useful for the future development of HTGRs. This book is published as one of a series of technical books on fossil fuel and nuclear energy systems by the Power Energy Systems Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Journal Articles

Devil's staircase transition of the electronic structures in CeSb

Kuroda, Kenta*; Arai, Yosuke*; Rezaei, N.*; Kunisada, So*; Sakuragi, Shunsuke*; Alaei, M.*; Kinoshita, Yuto*; Bareille, C.*; Noguchi, Ryo*; Nakayama, Mitsuhiro*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.2888_1 - 2888_9, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:42.38(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:62.37(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Experimental determination of the topological phase diagram in Cerium monopnictides

Kuroda, Kenta*; Ochi, Masayuki*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Hirayama, Motoaki*; Nakayama, Mitsuhiro*; Noguchi, Ryo*; Bareille, C.*; Akebi, Shuntaro*; Kunisada, So*; Muro, Takayuki*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 120(8), p.086402_1 - 086402_6, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:89.19(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Radiation monitoring using an unmanned helicopter in the evacuation zone around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Sanada, Yukihisa; Kondo, Atsuya*; Sugita, Takeshi*; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Yuki, Yoichi*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Shoji, Yasunori*; Torii, Tatsuo

Exploration Geophysics, 45(1), p.3 - 7, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:71.34(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 generated a series of large tsunami waves that resulted serious damage to the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) and a large amount of radioactive materials were discharged from the NPP to the environment. In recent years, technologies for an unmanned helicopter have been developed and applied to various fields. In expectation of the application of the unmanned helicopter to airborne radiation monitoring, we had developed a radiation monitoring system. Then, we measured the radiation level by using unmanned helicopter in soil contaminated areas by radioactive cesium emitted from the NPP to evaluate ambient dose-rate distribution around the areas. Here, we reports on the measurement technique and the result.

Journal Articles

Deformation-driven $$p$$-wave halos at the drip-line; $$^{31}$$Ne

Nakamura, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Sato, Yoshiteru*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Gibelin, J.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_5, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:89.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Aerial radiation monitoring in Japan after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Sanada, Yukihisa; Sugita, Takeshi; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Kondo, Atsuya*; Torii, Tatsuo

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 4, p.76 - 80, 2014/04

The ambient dose-rate and the deposition concentration of radioactive cesium was measured by using helicopters in the whole area of Japan to investigate the influence of the radioactivity that released in the atmosphere due to the disaster of the Fukushima Daiichi NPP (Nuclear Power Plant), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), occurred by the East Japan earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. As a result, the deposition of radioactive cesium on the ground discharged from the Fukushima Daiichi NPP was obtained, and it was clarified that the scattered range of the cesium had been almost limited from the southern part of Tohoku to Kanto areas. The variation distribution of the dose-rate of Japan was also revealed in this measurement.

JAEA Reports

Radiation monitoring using the unmanned helicopter after the accident of the nuclear power plant

Sanada, Yukihisa; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Yamada, Tsutomu; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Matsui, Masashi*; Tsuchida, Kiyofumi; Sato, Yoshiharu; Hirayama, Hirokatsu; Takamura, Yoshihide; Nishihara, Katsuya; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-049, 129 Pages, 2014/03

JAEA-Research-2013-049.pdf:15.5MB

By the nuclear disaster of Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the East Japan earthquake and the following tsunami occurred on March 11, 2011, a large amount of radioactive materials was released from the NPP. In recent years, technologies for autonomous unmanned helicopters (AUHs) have been developed and applied to natural disasters. In expectation of the application of the AUHs to aerial radiation monitoring, we had developed a remote radiation monitoring system. Then, we measured the radiation level by using unmanned helicopter in soil contaminated areas by radioactive cesium emitted from the NPP to evaluate ambient dose-rate distribution around the areas and to investigate the decontamination effect by the measurements before and after decontamination treatment. Here, we reports on the measurement technique and the result.

Journal Articles

Temperature influence on performance degradation of hydrogenated amorphous silicon solar cells irradiated with protons

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Progress in Photovoltaics; Research and Applications, 21(7), p.1499 - 1506, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:30.5(Energy & Fuels)

Proton degradation behaviors of hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) solar cells irradiated with protons at 331 K are compared with that at 298 K (room temperature). Variations with time in the post-irradiation electrical properties are also investigated. It is found that the radiation degradation of the electrical properties at 331 K is significantly smaller than that at room temperature. Also, all the electrical properties (short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage, output maximum, and fill factor) recover with time after irradiation even at room temperature. The characteristic time of thermal annealing of short-circuit current is larger as the temperature is higher. These results indicate that temperature during irradiation and elapsed time from irradiation to measurement is an important parameter for radiation degradation of a-Si:H solar cells. Therefore, these parameters should be controlled in conducting the ground radiation tests.

JAEA Reports

Investigation of radionuclide distribution using aircraft for surrounding environmental survey from Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Torii, Tatsuo; Sanada, Yukihisa; Sugita, Takeshi; Kondo, Atsuya*; Shikaze, Yoshiaki; Takahashi, Masaki; Ishida, Mutsushi; Nishizawa, Yukiyasu; Urabe, Yoshimi

JAEA-Technology 2012-036, 182 Pages, 2012/12

JAEA-Technology-2012-036.pdf:41.89MB

We carried out aerial radiation monitoring (ARM) of all Japan area in order to investigate the influence of the radio cesium which was emitted into the atmosphere by disaster of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant of Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc.. AMS can measure a $$gamma$$ ray quickly by flight from 300 m height above the ground. Moreover, ARM has an advantage which can grasp self-possessed quantity distribution of an air dose rate and radioactive cesium in "field", and is visually intelligible. Although there were apparatus and the technique of ARM in our country, sufficient preparations for wide area monitoring were not made. Therefore, it fixed based on the method of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) about the method of the conversion to all radiation dose, and the conversion method to radiocesium deposition and the method of mapping. It is possible to discriminate from a background (cosmic-ray, self-contamination and natural nuclides) at the time of western-part-of-Japan measurement by improving of the method in parallel to data acquisition. By this monitoring, it was able to check about the distribution situation of the air dose rate of the Japanese whole region, or the radioactive cesium deposition. Here, the measurement technique and a result are described.

Journal Articles

Distribution of radioactive cesium measured by aerial radiation monitoring

Sanada, Yukihisa; Kondo, Atsuya; Sugita, Takeshi; Torii, Tatsuo

Hoshasen, 38(3), p.137 - 140, 2012/12

We have measured the ambient dose-rate and the deposition amount of radioactive cesium by using four helicopters in the whole area of Japan to investigate the influence of the radioactivity that released in the atmosphere due to the disaster of the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP (Nuclear Power Plant), Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), caused by the Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake and tsunami on March 11, 2011. We report on the measurement technique and the result.

Journal Articles

Temporal electric conductivity variations of hydrogenated amorphous silicon due to high energy protons

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 358(17), p.2039 - 2043, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:34.5(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Electrical conductivity variations of undoped, n-type and p-type hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) thin films irradiated with various energy protons are systematically investigated in this study. Dark conductivity (DC) and photoconductivity (PC) of the undoped samples increased at first due to proton irradiation and then decrease dramatically with increasing proton fluence. However, increased PC was metastable and gradually decreased with time. Similar results were observed in the n-type a-Si:H, whereas the monotonic decrease was observed in the p-type one. The degrees of the DC and the PC decreases became lower as the irradiated proton energy was higher. The increases of both DC and PC are attributed to the temporal donor like center generation, although the additional proton irradiation decrease both the DC and PC by the accumulation of radiation-induced defects, which are act as deep traps and compensate carriers.

Journal Articles

Anomalous enhancement in radiation induced conductivity of hydrogenated amorphous silicon semiconductors

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 286, p.29 - 34, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:58.08(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Electric conductivity variations of undoped hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) semiconductors induced by swift protons are investigated. The results show that the conductivity drastically increases at first and then decreases on further irradiation. The conductivity enhancement observed only in the low fluence regime lasts for a prolonged period of time when proton irradiation stops in this fluence regime. On the other hand, the photosensitivity has a minimum value around the conductivity peak. This fact indicates that non-equilibrium carriers do not play a dominant role in the electric conduction in this fluence regime. It is found that the anomalous conductivity enhancement is dominated by donor center generation in the low fluence regime. At higher fluences the variation in electric conductivity becomes dominated by non-equilibrium carriers as the generated donor centers disappear. This is a general interpretation of radiation induced conductivity in semiconductors.

Journal Articles

Electric properties of undoped hydrogenated amorphous silicon semiconductors irradiated with self-ions

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 285, p.107 - 111, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:48.57(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Temporal donor generation in undoped hydrogenated amorphous silicon induced by swift proton bombardment

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Applied Physics Express, 4(6), p.061401_1 - 061401_3, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:33.93(Physics, Applied)

Seebeck coefficient variations of undoped hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) semiconductors due to swift proton irradiation were investigated using an in-situ thermoelectric power measurement system. Undoped a-Si:H irradiated with 3.0 MeV protons at a fluence regime of 3.1$$times$$10$$^{11}$$ - 5.0$$times$$10$$^{12}$$/cm$$^2$$ showed a negative Seebeck coefficient although the Seebeck effect was not observed at fluences above 5.3$$times$$10$$^{13}$$ /cm$$^2$$. These results suggest that donor like centers are generated by low fluence proton irradiation, whereas the donor centers are compensated by radiation-induced defects or themselves disappear after high fluence proton irradiation. These effects decay with time, giving the donor centers a temporal nature.

Journal Articles

Electron and proton irradiation effects on substrate-type amorphous silicon solar cells

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Proceedings of 37th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC-37) (CD-ROM), p.001615 - 001619, 2011/06

Journal Articles

Prompt in-line diagnosis of single bunch transverse profiles and energy spectra for laser-accelerated ions

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Yogo, Akifumi; Katagiri, Masaki*; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 3(12), p.126401_1 - 126401_3, 2010/11

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:36.82(Physics, Applied)

Many applications of laser-accelerated ions will require beamlines with diagnostic capability for validating simulations and machine performance at the single bunch level as well as for the development of controls to optimize machine performance. We demonstrated prompt, in-line, single bunch transverse profile and energy spectrum detection using a thin luminescent diagnostic and scintillator-based time-of-flight spectrometer simultaneously. The Monte Carlo code, particle and heavy ion transport code systems (PHITS) simulation is shown to be reasonably predictive at low proton energy for the observed transverse profiles measured by the thin luminescent monitor and also for single bunch energy spectra measured by time-of-flight spectrometry.

Journal Articles

Electric conductivity of device grade hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin films irradiated with protons

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Proceedings of 9th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-9), p.183 - 186, 2010/10

Journal Articles

Proton-induced photoconductivity increment and the thermal stability of a-Si:H thin film

Sato, Shinichiro; Sai, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Takeshi; Imaizumi, Mitsuru*; Shimazaki, Kazunori*; Kondo, Michio*

Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 356(41-42), p.2114 - 2119, 2010/09

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:61.22(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Photoconductivity (PC) variations of device-grade a-Si:H thin films due to proton irradiation are investigated in this paper. We performed in-situ measurements of the PC variations induced by 0.10, 1.0 and 10 MeV proton irradiations. The irradiation initially caused an increase in PC in all sample. However, continued irradiation resulted in a dramatic decrease as the irradiation fluence increased. The results obtained in this study suggest that the PC increment is caused not by accumulation of displacement damage. The results of the temperature dependence of PC for a-Si:H before and after 10 MeV proton irradiation showed that such a proton-induced PC increment consisted of two components: one thermally stable and one metastable. The thermally metastable component disappeared in the temperature region of 300 to 340 K. On the contrary, radiation-induced defects were annealed above 340 K.

Journal Articles

Test beam-line for laser-driven proton therapy

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Orimo, Satoshi; Kondo, Kiminori; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.312 - 315, 2010/08

The beam transport test is carried out through the test beam line of the laser-driven proton accelerator which consists of the phase rotation cavity, PMQ, and bending magnet. The laser system used is J-KAREN at JAEA. The final transmitted bunch duration and transverse profile are well predicted by the PARMILA particle transport code by assuming relatively low initial current of the proton beam. The most probable explanation for this is the space charge neutralization by the laser-plasma-electrons.

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