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Journal Articles

Optimized TES microcalorimeters with 14 eV energy resolution at 30 keV for $$gamma$$-ray measurements of the $$^{229}$$Th isomer

Muramatsu, Haruka*; Hayashi, Tasuku*; Yuasa, Naoki*; Konno, Ryohei*; Yamaguchi, Atsushi*; Mitsuda, Kazuhisa*; Yamasaki, Noriko*; Maehata, Keisuke*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Takimoto, Misaki; et al.

Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 200(5-6), p.452 - 460, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Problems of DPA cross-sections above 20 MeV in FENDL-3.1d found in A-FNS neutronics analysis

Kwon, Saerom*; Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Kasugai, Atsushi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(3), p.344 - 351, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We found out that there was a questionable iron DPA value just above 20 MeV neutron energy in neutronics analyses of A-FNS using FENDL-3.1d. Our detailed investigation on the iron data in FENDL-3.1d figured out that residual nucleus production yield data of $$^{56}$$Fe just above 20 MeV had a problem, which caused a sharp spike just above 20 MeV in the DPA cross section of $$^{56}$$Fe. Thus we modified the yield data of $$^{56}$$Fe and verified that the questionable DPA value disappeared using the modified data. We also examined DPA cross sections of other nuclei in FENDL-3.1d. It was found out that DPA cross sections of more than 70% of nuclei in FENDL-3.1d have similar problems as that of $$^{56}$$Fe.

Journal Articles

TENDL-2017 benchmark test with iron shielding experiment at QST/TIARA

Kwon, Saerom*; Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Ochiai, Kentaro*; Sato, Satoshi*; Kasugai, Atsushi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 144, p.209 - 214, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We performed a TENDL-2017 benchmark test with iron shielding experiments by using 40 and 65 MeV neutrons, in order to verify a nuclear data library above 20 MeV for neutronics analyses of A-FNS. We found out that the calculated neutron spectra with TENDL-2017 unnaturally increased near 30 MeV. We figured out that incorrect secondary neutron spectrum data in $$^{54}$$Fe, $$^{56}$$Fe and $$^{58}$$Fe at 30 MeV caused the increase of the neutron flux. Similar problems occurred in a lot of nuclei of TENDL-2017, TENDL-2015 and FENDL-3.1d from TENDL-2010 and TENDL-2011.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:72.31(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:98.49(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Free volume in Zr-based bulk glassy alloys studied by positron annihilation techniques

Ishii, Akito*; Iwase, Akihiro*; Yokoyama, Yoshihiko*; Konno, Toyohiko*; Kawasuso, Atsuo; Yabuuchi, Atsushi; Maekawa, Masaki; Hori, Fuminobu*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012020_1 - 012020_6, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:87.1

To reveal the relationship between mechanical properties and microscopic structure of Zr-based amorphous metals, we performed positron annihilation measurements on specimens with different Zr contents. Although the positron lifetimes were nearly the same for all the specimens, the Doppler broadening of annihilation radiation spectra were significantly different for the specimens at and above the eutectic point. This indicates that both the structure and composition of free volumes depend on the Zr-content.

Journal Articles

Measurement of DT and DD neutrons with a TOF spectrometer for determination of fuel ion density ratio in ITER

Okada, Koichi*; Kondo, Keitaro; Ochiai, Kentaro; Sato, Satoshi; Konno, Chikara; Okamoto, Atsushi*; Kobuchi, Takashi*; Kitajima, Sumio*; Sasao, Mamiko*

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.8, p.666 - 669, 2009/09

Measurement of fuel ion density ratio, $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$, is required for burning control on ITER. The measured $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$ ratio must be fed back in real time. A neutron measurement system to measure $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$ should be operable at high counting rate. It is estimated that the number of emitted DT neutrons is 200 times higher than that of DD neutrons under the condition of ITER standard operation. A neutron measurement system was developed using a DT/DD generator, where DT neutrons are dominant and DD neutrons are contaminated slightly in the neutron beam. The measurement instrument was a TOF spectrometer. Signals originating from each neutron must be distinguished in order to measure the fuel ratio. We developed a circuit system with discrimination windows to distinguish each signal pulse, and DT and DD neutrons were measured separately and simultaneously with this system. The experimental result indicates a possibility that this system is suitable for measurement of fuel ion density ratio on ITER.

Journal Articles

SR-PES and STM observation of metastable chemisorption state of oxygen on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface

Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Takahashi, Yuya*; Konno, Atsushi*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Asaoka, Hidehito; Suemitsu, Maki*

Applied Surface Science, 254(19), p.6232 - 6234, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:23.21(Chemistry, Physical)

The room temperature adsorbed state of oxygen molecules on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface and the structural change after a mild annealing has been investigated by synchrotron radiation photoemission spectroscopy. As a result, despite the very small dosage of oxygen, Si$$^{2+}$$ and Si$$^{3+}$$ components already appear in addition to Si$$^{1+}$$. This is likely to be caused by a selective adsorption of O$$_{2}$$ molecules into the vicinity of already oxidized sites. After annealing, we found that binding energy of Si$$^{2+}$$ and Si$$^{3+}$$ increase and approach to their corresponding peak positions of a thermally-grown oxide, and this increase indicates relaxation of the Si-O bond length and Si-O-Si bond angle of metastable oxygen atoms.

Journal Articles

XPS real-time monitoring on the development of Si suboxides during formation of thermal oxides on Si(110) surface

Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Konno, Atsushi*; Matsumoto, Mitsutaka*; Kato, Atsushi*; Saito, Eiji*; Suemitsu, Maki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

Shingaku Giho, 108(80), p.65 - 70, 2008/06

The growth process of thermal oxides on Si(110) surface and the development of their interfacial bonding structures have been investigated by using real-time synchrotron radiation photoemission spectroscopy. As a result, it was clarified that the Si$$^{3+}$$ component in the Si 2p core-level spectra is always much higher than that of Si$$^{4+}$$ for 0-1 mono-layer (ML) oxides on Si(110) surface. Observations on the time-evolution of the O 1s core-level spectrum indicates that the autocatalytic-reaction model proposed for the Si(001) oxidation can be also applicable to the Si(110) oxidation.

Journal Articles

Observation of initial oxidation on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface by scanning tunneling microscopy

Togashi, Hideaki*; Takahashi, Yuya*; Kato, Atsushi*; Konno, Atsushi*; Asaoka, Hidehito; Suemitsu, Maki*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 46(5B), p.3239 - 3243, 2007/05

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:48.98(Physics, Applied)

On Si(110) surface, the hole mobility is enhanced as compared with that on Si(001) surface. This surface is also to be used in the next-generation three-dimensional devices. We conducted scanning-tunneling-microscopy (STM) observation on the initial oxidation of Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface. The present result suggests less occurrence of etching under the oxidation condition. There is a possibility to form an abrupt oxide/Si interface on the Si(110) surface.

Journal Articles

Real-time observation of initial thermal oxidation on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surfaces by O 1s photoemission spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation

Suemitsu, Maki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Konno, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Narita, Yuzuru*; Enta, Yoshiharu*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1, 46(4B), p.1888 - 1890, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:46.58(Physics, Applied)

Initial oxidation of Si(110) surface has been investigated by using real-time X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. The time evolution of the O 1s spectrum shows occurrence of rapid oxidation just after the introduction of the oxygen molecules, which is evidenced by the considerable peak intensity corresponding to oxygen exposure of as low as 1.5L (1L=1.33$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ Pa s). This initial oxide is dominated by a state with a relatively low binding energy, which is gradually replaced by a state with a relatively high binding energy with the increase of the oxygen exposure, resulting in the low-KE shift of the O 1s peak. Comparison with previously reported O 1s spectra from dry-oxidized Si(111) surface suggests oxidation at or around the adatoms of Si(110)-16$$times$$2 clean surface as a likely oxidation state for this low-binding-energy peak.

Journal Articles

XPS and STM studies on initial oxidation of Si(110)-16$$times$$2

Suemitsu, Maki*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Takahashi, Yuya*; Konno, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Asaoka, Hidehito

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.996, p.19 - 25, 2007/00

From its high hole mobility, as well as its inevitable usage as an active layer in multi-gated FETs, Si(110) surface is expected to play a crucial role in the next generation CMOS devices. We have investigated the initial oxidation of Si(110) surface by using SR-XPS and STM. Reflecting its atomistic structure of the 16$$times$$2 reconstruction, initial oxidation of Si(110) surface shows a unique behavior which is not observed on other surfaces like (111) and (001).

Journal Articles

Comparison of initial oxidation between Si(110) and Si(100) surfaces; From real-time photoemission spectroscopy

Suemitsu, Maki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Konno, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Narita, Yuzuru*

Shingaku Giho, 106(108), p.61 - 63, 2006/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Real-time observation of initial thermal oxidation on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface by photoemission spectroscopy

Suemitsu, Maki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Konno, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Enta, Yoshiharu*; Narita, Yuzuru*

ECS Transactions, 3(2), p.311 - 316, 2006/00

Initial thermal oxidation of Si(110) surface has been investigated by using real-time X-ray photoemission spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation. The Si(110) initial oxidation is characterized by presence of a rapid oxidation just after the introduction of gaseous oxygen molecules. Peak separation of the O1s photoemission spectra suggests the presence of at least two distinct oxidation sites on the surface, which may reflect the complicated surface structure of the Si(110)-16$$times$$2 reconstruction.

Oral presentation

Initial oxidation of Si(110) as evaluated with real-time XPS

Suemitsu, Maki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Konno, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Narita, Yuzuru*

no journal, , 

Initial kinetics in dry oxidation of Si(110) surface, a key technology in the next-generation CMOS technology, has been investigated by using synchrotron-radiation photoemission spectroscopy. As a result, the uptake curve of the Si(110) oxide in its high-pressure-low-temperature reaction regime is found to consist of three characteristic time domains, in sharp contrast with the single domain obtained on Si(001). The difference is understood in terms of the different atomistic arrangement on the surface.

Oral presentation

Comparison of initial oxidation between Si(110) and Si(100) surfaces; From real-time photoemission spectroscopy

Suemitsu, Maki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Konno, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Narita, Yuzuru*

no journal, , 

By using real-time photoemission spectroscopy, kinetics of initial oxidation of Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface has been investigated and is compared with that of Si(100) surface. Dry oxidation of Si(110) shows rapid initial oxidation just after introduction of the oxygen, which is associated with an O1s state with a weaker binding energy. As the oxidation proceeds, another O1s state with a stronger binding energy develops. The rapid initial oxidation is related to oxidation at or around the Si(111)-like Si adatoms, which are reportedly present in the 16$$times$$2 reconstruction of the Si(110) surface.

Oral presentation

Observation of initial oxidation process on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 by real-time photoemission spectroscopy, 1

Togashi, Hideaki*; Kato, Atsushi*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Konno, Atsushi*; Suemitsu, Maki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Narita, Yuzuru*

no journal, , 

Initial oxidation processes of Si(110) surface have not been studied although they are important for the next generation device. Now we observed time evolution of oxygen coverage at the Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface in the initial oxidation region by using real-time photoemission spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation. As a conclusion, rapid initial oxidation processes, in which several tens per cent of the surface was oxidized just after oxygen exposure, were found in experimental conditions of 813 K and oxygen pressure of 1.1$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ Pa. Such a rapid initial oxidation process has not been observed in the initial oxidation of Si(100)-2$$times$$1 surface. This phenomenon may be related with adatom clusters, which exist periodically on the Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface. For example, An adatom cluster, which consists of five Si atoms, shares 0.25 ML on the Si(110)-16$$times$$2 reconstruction surface in the pentagon-pair model. This model consistents with the initial oxygen coverage obtained in this experiment.

Oral presentation

Observation of initial oxidation process on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 by real-time photoemission spectroscopy, 2

Kato, Atsushi*; Togashi, Hideaki*; Yamamoto, Yoshihisa*; Konno, Atsushi*; Narita, Yuzuru*; Suemitsu, Maki*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka

no journal, , 

Initial oxidation processes of ultra-thin oxide layers on Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surfaces have not been studied yet. Making clear the chemical reaction mechanisms is, however, important for device fabrication. We observed time evolution of oxide coverage on the Si(110)-16$$times$$2 surface at room temperature. The O1s photoemission spectrum increased with increasing oxygen dose and the peak position shifted to higher binding energy side at oxygen pressure of 1.1$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ Pa. This peak shift is responsible to two kinds of peak components and their independent time evolutions. Time evolution of each component, behaviour of Si2p spectrum, and thermal stability of the surface reveal that the oxidation of Si(110) surface has different characters in compared with that of Si(100) surface. These facts can be understood on the basis of adatom clusters on the Si(110) surface.

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