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Journal Articles

Japanese Evaluated Nuclear Data Library version 5; JENDL-5

Iwamoto, Osamu; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Kunieda, Satoshi; Minato, Futoshi; Nakayama, Shinsuke; Abe, Yutaka*; Tsubakihara, Kosuke*; Okumura, Shin*; Ishizuka, Chikako*; Yoshida, Tadashi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 60(1), p.1 - 60, 2023/01

Journal Articles

JENDL-5 benchmark test for shielding applications

Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Kwon, Saerom*; Onishi, Seiki*; Yamano, Naoki*; Sato, Satoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 24 Pages, 2023/00

 Times Cited Count:0

JENDL-5 was validated from a viewpoint of shielding applications under the Shielding Integral Test Working Group of the JENDL Committee. The following benchmark experiments were selected: JAEA/FNS in-situ experiments, Osaka Univ./OKTAVIAN TOF experiments, ORNL/JASPER sodium experiments, NIST iron experiment and QST/TIARA experiments. These experiments were analyzed with MCNP and nuclear data libraries (JENDL-5, JENDL-4.0 or JENDL-4.0/HE, ENDF/B-VIII.0 and JEFF-3.3). The analysis results demonstrate that JENDL-5 is comparable to or better than JENDL-4.0 or JENDL-4.0/HE, ENDF/B-VIII.0 and JEFF-3.3.

Journal Articles

Problem on gammas emitted in capture reaction of TENDL-2019 and JEFF-3.3

Konno, Chikara; Kwon, Saerom*

JAEA-Conf 2022-001, p.123 - 128, 2022/11

We found that a lot of nuclei in TENDL-2019 had no high-energy gamma peaks in secondary gamma spectra from the capture reaction and several nuclei in JEFF-3.3 also have. This problem causes not only drastically small damage energy production cross sections for radiation damage calculations at incident neutron energies below a few keV but also smaller gamma productions in shielding calculations. The problematic energy distribution data for secondary gammas in TENDL-2019 and JEFF-3.3 should be revised.

Journal Articles

MATXS multigroup file problem due to NJOY unresolved resonance processing

Konno, Chikara; Tada, Kenichi; Kwon, Saerom*

Proceedings of 14th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and 21st Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (ICRS-14/RPSD 2022) (Internet), p.440 - 443, 2022/11

Neutron spectra inside a sphere of 1 m in radius, made of one natural isotope with unresolved resonance data, with an isotropic neutron source of 20 MeV at the center were calculated with the ANISN code and JENDL-4.0 MATXS file MATXSLIB-J40. Then unphysical neutron spectra produced in unresolved resonance data processing with the NJOY code were obtained. We examined its reasons and specified that unrealistic cross sections in dips between resonances caused the unphysical neutron spectra. We also demonstrated that this problem was solved by modifying NJOY.

Journal Articles

Problems on neutron production data of Be-9 in TENDL-2017 and -2019 deuteron sub-libraries

Kwon, Saerom*; Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Sato, Satoshi*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 169, p.108932_1 - 108932_7, 2022/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:71.47(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Recently, it was reported that one of three ENDF files of Be-9 in the TENDL-2017 alpha sub-library included strange neutron production data. Thus we have tested three ENDF files of Be-9 in the TENDL-2017 deuterium sub-library for nuclear designs of a new fusion neutron source A-FNS. As a result, we found out that neutron production cross sections and secondary neutron spectra were different among three ENDF files and specified reasons. We confirmed that the latest TENDL, TENDL-2019, still had some of the issues.

Journal Articles

SCALE6.2 ORIGEN library produced from JENDL/AD-2017

Konno, Chikara; Kochiyama, Mami; Hayashi, Hirokazu

JAEA-Conf 2021-001, p.132 - 137, 2022/03

A SCALE6.2 ORIGEN library was produced with the AMPX-6 code from JENDL Activation Cross Section File for Nuclear Decommissioning 2017 (JENDL/AD-2017). For validation of the libraries, JPDR activation calculation was performed with ORIGEN and the libraries, which demonstrated the library had no problem.

Journal Articles

Development of multi-group neutron activation cross-section library from JENDL/AD-2017

Konno, Chikara

JAEA-Conf 2020-001, p.193 - 197, 2020/12

JENDL Activation Cross Section File for Nuclear Decommissioning 2017 (JENDL/AD-2017) was released in 2018. This file includes the data of neutron-induced nuclear reactions for 311 nuclides from 10$$^{-5}$$ eV to 20 MeV. Thus a multi-group neutron activation cross-section library (MAXS/AD-2017) with the same format as MAXS-2015 by Dr. Okumura has been developed from JENDL/AD-2017 with PREPRO 2018 for activation calculations in nuclear facility decommissioning. MAXS/AD-2017 will be converted to ORIGEN libraries and be tested with the JPDR decommissioning data. Then MAXS/AD-2017 will be released.

Journal Articles

A Negative probability table problem of heating number in FENDL-3.1d ACE file

Konno, Chikara; Kwon, Saerom*

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.320 - 325, 2020/10

We found out that p-table data in the FENDL-3.1d ACE file included negative values for 33 nuclei. Thus, we studied why p-tables for heating number included negative. As a result, it was found out that partial KERMA factors became too large because the energy-balance was broken in the 33 nuclei and that FENDL-3.1d adopted kinematics KERMA factors. Then NJOY could not process adequately the 33 nuclei data, which led to negative p-tables for heating number. We prosed two solutions for this issue, produced new ACE files of FENDL-3.1d with the above two methods and confirmed that the new ACE files had no negative p-tables of the heating number.

JAEA Reports

Development of inventory calculation modules using ORIGEN-S for decommissioning

Matsuda, Norihiro; Konno, Chikara; Ikehara, Tadashi; Okumura, Keisuke; Suyama, Kenya*

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-003, 33 Pages, 2020/03


Data handling modules for the radioactivity calculation code, ORIGEN-S, are developed for the reliable evaluations of radioactivity inventory. By using these modules, an activation cross-section data library for the ORIGEN-S code is updated easily and effectively based on a facility-specific neutron spectrum and multi-group neutron activation cross-section library for decommissioning of nuclear facilities, MAXS2015. In order to guarantee the reliability of the radioactivity calculations, functions of data verification in a visual way and numerical comparison between before and after the data processing are also prepared.

Journal Articles

Problems of DPA cross-sections above 20 MeV in FENDL-3.1d found in A-FNS neutronics analysis

Kwon, Saerom*; Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Kasugai, Atsushi*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(3), p.344 - 351, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We found out that there was a questionable iron DPA value just above 20 MeV neutron energy in neutronics analyses of A-FNS using FENDL-3.1d. Our detailed investigation on the iron data in FENDL-3.1d figured out that residual nucleus production yield data of $$^{56}$$Fe just above 20 MeV had a problem, which caused a sharp spike just above 20 MeV in the DPA cross section of $$^{56}$$Fe. Thus we modified the yield data of $$^{56}$$Fe and verified that the questionable DPA value disappeared using the modified data. We also examined DPA cross sections of other nuclei in FENDL-3.1d. It was found out that DPA cross sections of more than 70% of nuclei in FENDL-3.1d have similar problems as that of $$^{56}$$Fe.

Journal Articles

IRDFF-II; A New neutron metrology library

Trkov, A.*; Griffin, P. J.*; Simakov, S. P.*; Greenwood, L. R.*; Zolotarev, K. I.*; Capote, R.*; Aldama, D. L.*; Chechev, V.*; Destouches, C.*; Kahler, A. C.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 163, p.1 - 108, 2020/01

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:99.69(Physics, Nuclear)

The version II of the International Reactor Dosimetry and Fusion File (IRDFF-II) has been released as a consistent set of nuclear data for fission and fusion neutron metrology applications up to 60 MeV neutron energy. The library is intended to support: (a) applications in research reactors; (b) safety and regulatory applications in the nuclear power generation in commercial fission reactors; and c) material damage studies in support of the research and development of advanced fusion concepts. The paper describes the contents of the library, documents the thorough verification process used in its preparation, and provides an extensive set of validation data gathered from a wide range of neutron benchmark fields. The new library is expected to become the international reference in neutron metrology for multiple applications.

Journal Articles

Problems of TENDL-2015 official ACE files

Konno, Chikara; Kwon, Saerom*

JAEA-Conf 2019-001, p.167 - 172, 2019/11

TENDL (TALYS-based Evaluated Nuclear Data Library) has been used as a standard nuclear data library worldwide, particularly in Europe. Since 2016 we also have used the official ACE files of TENDL-2015 for our study, where we found two problems. (1) There are no probability table data in the neutron sub-library ACE files of most of the nuclei with unresolved resonance data. Calculated results are not correct in the case that the self-shielding effect in the unresolved resonance region is large. (2) There are no secondary gamma data in a lot of the ACE files not only of the neutron sub-library but also of the proton, deuteron, triton, and helium sub-libraries. This is due to an inadequate NJOY input. MCNP reads particle production data in the official ACE files as gamma production data incorrectly and produces wrong secondary gammas. It is noted that the official ACE files in the latest TENDL-2017 still have these problems except for those of main nuclei, which have been revised based on our study.

Journal Articles

TENDL-2017 benchmark test with iron shielding experiment at QST/TIARA

Kwon, Saerom*; Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Ochiai, Kentaro*; Sato, Satoshi*; Kasugai, Atsushi*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 144, p.209 - 214, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:39.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We performed a TENDL-2017 benchmark test with iron shielding experiments by using 40 and 65 MeV neutrons, in order to verify a nuclear data library above 20 MeV for neutronics analyses of A-FNS. We found out that the calculated neutron spectra with TENDL-2017 unnaturally increased near 30 MeV. We figured out that incorrect secondary neutron spectrum data in $$^{54}$$Fe, $$^{56}$$Fe and $$^{58}$$Fe at 30 MeV caused the increase of the neutron flux. Similar problems occurred in a lot of nuclei of TENDL-2017, TENDL-2015 and FENDL-3.1d from TENDL-2010 and TENDL-2011.

Journal Articles

AMPX MG library of JENDL-4.0

Konno, Chikara

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.117 - 121, 2019/01

SCALE6.2.1 was released in 2016 and has been used worldwide. It includes new AMPX format files (AMPX MG libraries) of ENDF/B-VII.0 and ENDF/B-VII.1 and a new nuclear data processing code AMPX-6, which produces AMPX MG libraries. Thus we produce an AMPX MG library of JENDL-4.0 in order to disseminate JENDL-4.0. Neutron and $$gamma$$ spectra inside an iron or other material sphere of 1 m in radius with a 20 MeV neutron source at the center were calculated with a one-dimensional Sn code ANISN for testing the JENDL-4.0 AMPX MG library. As a result, it was verified that the JENDL-4.0 AMPX MG library had no problems. Note that the self-shielding correction for AMPX MG libraries was still inadequate in shielding calculations.

Journal Articles

ACE library of JENDL-4.0/HE

Matsuda, Norihiro; Kunieda, Satoshi; Okamoto, Tsutomu*; Tada, Kenichi; Konno, Chikara

Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 6, p.225 - 229, 2019/01

Journal Articles

Effect of IAEA patch for TRANSX2.15

Konno, Chikara; Kwon, Saerom*; Fischer, G.*

ANS RPSD 2018; 20th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division of ANS (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2018/08

IAEA released two patches for TRANSX2.15 for the MATXS file of FENDL-2.0 in 1998. The first patch is required for all MATXS files, but it is not known well because it is not officially included to TRANSX2.15. Recently we investigated effects of the patch with a simple calculation. As a result, it is found out that the patch solves an overestimation problem of neutron fluxes in Sn calculations with self-shielding corrected multigroup libraries generated with the original TRANSX code. This patch should be officially included to TRANSX2.15 because it is essential.

Journal Articles

Shielding performance of newly developed boron-loaded concrete for DT neutrons

Sato, Satoshi*; Konno, Chikara; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Shionaga, Ryosuke*; Nose, Hiroyuki*; Ito, Yuji*; Hashimoto, Hirohide*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(4), p.410 - 417, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:13.31(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to enhance the neutron shielding performance, we developed concrete with boron of more than 10 wt%. We performed a neutron shielding experiment using the mockup of the newly developed boron-loaded concrete and DT neutrons at FNS in JAEA, and measured the reaction rates of the $$^{93}$$Nb(n,2n)$$^{92m}$$Nb and $$^{197}$$Au(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{198}$$Au reactions in the mockup. The calculations were conducted by using MCNP-5.14 and FENDL-2.1. The calculation results agreed well with the measured ones, and we confirmed that the accuracy was very good on the atomic composition data of the boron-loaded concrete and their nuclear data. In addition, we calculated effective dose rates and reaction rates of the $$^{59}$$Co(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Co and $$^{151}$$Eu(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{152}$$Eu reactions in the boron-loaded concrete and other concretes. It is concluded that the boron-loaded concrete has much better shielding performance for DT neutrons than other concretes.

Journal Articles

Cutting-edge studies on nuclear data for continuous and emerging need, 6; Processing and validation of nuclear data

Tada, Kenichi; Kosako, Kazuaki*; Yokoyama, Kenji; Konno, Chikara

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 60(3), p.168 - 172, 2018/03

The neutronics calculation codes cannot treat the evaluated nuclear data file directly. The nuclear data processing is required to use the nuclear data file in the neutronics calculation codes. The nuclear data processing is not just a converter but also many processes to evaluate the physical values for the neutronics calculation codes. In this paper, we describe the overview of the nuclear data processing and validation of the nuclear data.

Journal Articles

FENDL-3.1b test

Konno, Chikara; Kwon, Saerom*; Ota, Masayuki*; Sato, Satoshi*

JAEA-Conf 2017-001, p.117 - 122, 2018/01

The revised version of FENDL-3, FENDL-3.1b was released in October, 2015. Thus we have tested FENDL-3.1b neutron sub-library for the problems we reported to IAEA before. Most of the MATXS files above 20 MeV had no scattering matrix data of non-elastic scattering, but this problem was fixed by re-processing FENDL-3 with NJOY2012.50. As for the problem on KERMA factors and DPA data, IAEA revised the wrong Q value of the capture reaction in $$^{15}$$N and re-calculated KERMA factors and DPA data with NJOY2012.50. It was confirmed that most of the KERMA factors and DPA data were revised correctly except for huge gas production cross-section data. However a new problem on NJOY processing of gas production data was found out. It was pointed out that this problem was due to a bug of NJOY. Additionally we investigated a trouble on $$^{116}$$Sn and $$^{117}$$Sn NJOY processing at IAEA and specified that one of NJOY patches caused this trouble.

Journal Articles

ENDF/B-VIII$$beta$$2 benchmark test with shielding experiments at QST/TIARA

Kwon, Saerom*; Konno, Chikara; Ota, Masayuki*; Sato, Satoshi*; Ochiai, Kentaro*

JAEA-Conf 2017-001, p.123 - 128, 2018/01

The $$beta$$-version of ENDF/B-VIII, ENDF/B-VIII$$beta$$2, was released in August, 2016. Thus we studied whether the overestimation problems due to the $$^{16}$$O and $$^{56}$$Fe data of ENDF/B-VII.1 were corrected in the iron and concrete shielding experiments with 40 and 65 MeV neutrons at TIARA. We produced the ACE files of ENDF/B-VIII$$beta$$2 with the NJOY2012.50 code and used the MCNP-5 code for this analysis. The nuclear data libraries, ENDF/B-VII.1, FENDL-3.1b and JENDL-4.0/HE, were also used for comparison. The following results were obtained; (1) the drastic overestimation of around 40 MeV due to the 5$$^{56}$$Fe data was improved, (2) the overestimation for around 65 MeV due to the $$^{56}$$Fe data was also slightly improved, though it was worse than that with FENDL-3.1b, (3) the drastic overestimation due to the $$^{16}$$O data was not improved. The final version of ENDF/B-VIII should also be modified based on these results.

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