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Journal Articles

Establishment of guideline for credibility assessment of nuclear simulations in the Atomic Energy Society of Japan

Tanaka, Masaaki; Kudo, Yoshiro*; Nakada, Kotaro*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.1473 - 1484, 2019/08

Verification and validation (V&V) including uncertainty quantification on modeling and simulation activities has been very much focused on. Due to increase of requirement for standardization of the procedures on the V&V and prediction process to enhance the simulation credibility, "Guideline for Credibility Assessment of Nuclear Simulations (AESJ-SC-A008: 2015)" was published on July 2016 from the AESJ through ten-year discussion. The paper describes brief history of discussion in the AESJ to the publication and introductory explanation of the procedures in the five major elements and one scheme described in the Guideline. And also, a practical experience of the V&V activity according to the fundamental concept indicated in the Guideline is introduced.

Journal Articles

State-of-the-art approach and issue to establish simulation credibility

Nakada, Kotaro*; Kudo, Yoshiro*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Tanaka, Masaaki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 60(3), p.173 - 177, 2018/03

The Atomic Energy Society of Japan (AESJ) published "Guideline for Credibility Assessment of Nuclear Simulations 2015" in June, 2016 which specifies the concepts on methodology for the prediction with uncertainty quantification and the quality management based on the concept of verification and validation (V&V) of modeling and simulation. In this report, the outlines of activities in AESJ for publication of the guideline and the expectation for effective implementation of the guideline are described including that of the lectures with major respondents of the questionnaires.

Journal Articles

New AESJ thermal-hydraulics roadmap for LWR safety improvement and development after Fukushima accident

Nakamura, Hideo; Arai, Kenji*; Oikawa, Hirohide*; Fujii, Tadashi*; Umezawa, Shigemitsu*; Abe, Yutaka*; Sugimoto, Jun*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.5353 - 5366, 2015/08

Journal Articles

Detailed analyses of key phenomena in core disruptive accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors by the COMPASS code

Morita, Koji*; Zhang, S.*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Inoue, Fusao*; Yugo, Hiroaki*; Naito, Masanori*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 241(12), p.4672 - 4681, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:31.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A five-year research project has been initiated in 2005 to develop a code based on the MPS (Moving Particle Semi-implicit) method for detailed analysis of key phenomena in core disruptive accidents (CDAs) of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). The code is named COMPASS (Computer Code with Moving Particle Semi-implicit for Reactor Safety Analysis). The key phenomena include (1) fuel pin failure and disruption, (2) molten pool boiling, (3) melt freezing and blockage formation, (4) duct wall failure, (5) low-energy disruptive core motion, (6) debris-bed coolability, (7) metal-fuel pin failure. Validation study of COMPASS is progressing for these key phenomena. In this paper, recent COMPASS results of detailed analyses for the several key phenomena are summarized. The present results demonstrate COMPASS will be useful to understand and clarify the key phenomena of CDAs in SFRs in details.

Journal Articles

COMPASS code development; Validation of multi-physics analysis using particle method for core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; Uehara, Yasushi*; et al.

Proceedings of 8th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-8) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2010/10

In this paper, FY2009 results of the COMPASS code development are reported. Validation calculations for melt freezing and blockage formation, eutectic reaction of metal fuel, duct wall failure (thermal-hydraulic analysis), fuel pin failure and disruption and duct wall failure (structural analysis) are shown. Phase diagram calculations, classical and first-principles molecular dynamics were used to investigate physical properties of eutectic reactions: metallic fuel/steel and control rod material/steel. Basic studies for the particle method and SIMMER code calculations supported the COMPASS code development. COMPASS is expected to clarify the basis of experimentally-obtained correlations used in SIMMER. Combination of SIMMER and COMPASS will be useful for safety assessment of CDAs as well as optimization of the core design.

Journal Articles

Detailed analyses of specific phenomena in core disruptive accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors by the COMPASS code

Morita, Koji*; Zhang, S.*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Inoue, Fusao*; Yugo, Hiroaki*; et al.

Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-18) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2010/05

A five-year research project has been initiated in 2005 to develop a code based on the MPS (Moving Particle Semi-implicit) method for detailed analysis of specific phenomena in core disruptive accidents (CDAs) of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). The code is named COMPASS (Computer Code with Moving Particle Semi-implicit for Reactor Safety Analysis). The specific phenomena include (1) fuel pin failure and disruption, (2) molten pool boiling, (3) melt freezing and blockage formation, (4) duct wall failure, (5) low-energy disruptive core motion, (6) debris-bed coolability, and (7) metal-fuel pin failure. Validation study of COMPASS is progressing for these key phenomena. In this paper, recent COMPASS results of detailed analyses for the several specific phenomena are summarized.

Journal Articles

Validation for multi-physics simulation of core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors by COMPASS code

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-13) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2009/09

Dispersion and freezing of molten core material was calculated by the COMPASS code to compare with the experimental data of GEYSER. Molten core material flowed up with freezing on the pipe inner surface. As a molten pool behavior, CABRI-TPA2 experiment was analyzed, where a sphere of solid steel was surrounded by solid fuel. Power was injected to cause melting and boiling of the steel sphere. SCARABEE-BE+3 test was analyzed by COMPASS as a validation of failure of duct walls.

Journal Articles

Next generation safety analysis methods for SFRs, 3; Thermal hydraulics models of COMPASS code and experimental analyses

Yamamoto, Yuichi*; Hirano, Etsujo*; Oue, Masaya*; Shimizu, Sensuke*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Morita, Koji*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Tobita, Yoshiharu

Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-17) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2009/06

The COMPASS code is designed to analyze multi-physics problems involving thermal hydraulics, structure and phase change, in a unified framework of MPS method. In FY2006 and 2007, development of the basic functions of COMPASS was completed and fundamental verification calculations were carried out. In FY2007, the integrated verification program using available experimental data for key phenomena in CDAs was also started. In this paper, we show the basic verification calculations for the phase change model of COMPASS and the results of experimental analyses, together with the outline of the formulation of MPS method and the conceptual design of the COMPASS code.

Journal Articles

Next generation safety analysis methods for SFRs, 6; SCARABEE BE+3 analysis with SIMMER-III and COMPASS codes featuring duct-wall failure

Uehara, Yasushi*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Naito, Masanori*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; Yamano, Hidemasa; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamamoto, Yuichi*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*

Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-17) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2009/06

A mesoscopic approach with the COMPASS code is expected to advance the understanding of key phenomena during event progression in core disruptive accidents. In this paper, the overall analysis of SCARABEE-BE+3 test with the SIMMER-III is described as well as the simulation with COMPASS, focusing on the duct wall failure in a small temporal and spatial window cut from the SIMMER-III analysis results.

Journal Articles

COMPASS code development and validation; A Multi-physics analysis of core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors using particle method

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Liu, J.*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 2009 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '09) (CD-ROM), 1 Pages, 2009/05

A computer code, named COMPASS, is developed for multi-physics analysis of core disruptive accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). A meshless method, called MPS method, is employed since complex thermal-hydraulics and structural problems with various phase change processes have to be analyzed. Verification for separeted basic processes and validation for practical phenomena are carried out. COMPASS is also expected to investigate molten fuel discharge to avoid re-criticality in large size SFR cores. Both MOX and metal fuels are considered. Eutectic reactions between the metal fuel and the cladding material are investigated by phase diagram calculation, classical and first-principles molecular dynamics. Basic studies relevant to the numerical methods support the code development of COMPASS. Parallel processing is implemented by OpenMP to treat large-scale problems. A visualization tool is also prepared by using AVS.

Journal Articles

Code development for multi-physics and multi-scale analysis of core disruptive accidents in fast reactors using particle methods

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Naito, Masanori*; Okada, Hidetoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 16th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC-16) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2008/10

A computer code, named COMPASS, is being developed for various complex phenomena of core disruptive accidents (CDAs) in sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). The COMPASS is designed to analyze multi-physics problems involving thermal hydraulics, structure and phase change, in a unified framework of the MPS (Moving Particle Semi-implicit) method. The project has been carried out by six organizations for five years from FY2005 to FY2009. In this paper, the outcomes of the project in FY2007 are presented. Three validation calculations were completed by following the validation plan: melt freezing and blockage formation, molten pool boiling, and duct wall failure. The COMPASS code development was supported by basic studies of the numerical method, material science for eutectic reaction of the metal fuel, and SIMMER-III analyses.

Journal Articles

Code development for core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Liu, J.*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Zhang, S.*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Naito, Masanori*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of IAEA Topical Meeting on Advanced Safety Assessment Methods for Nuclear Reactors (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2007/10

A computer code, named COMPASS (Computer Code with Moving Particle Semi-implicit for Reactor Safety Analysis), is being developed for various complex phenomena of core disruptive accidents (CDAs) in sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs). Theoretical studies are performed about a unified algorithm for compressible and incompressible flows, fluid flow with solid debris, and algorithm improvement for free surface flows. Code verification and validation procedures are established by exploiting the past experiences in those of SIMMER-III code. COMPASS will be used for separated phenomena in CDAs, while the whole core will be analyzed by SIMMER-III. COMPASS is expected to clarify the detailed process in duct wall failure and fuel discharge to avoid re-criticality during CDAs in large size SFRs.

Journal Articles

Multi-physics and multi-scale simulation for core disruptive accidents in fast breeder reactors

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Liu, J.*; Morita, Koji*; Arima, Tatsumi*; Tobita, Yoshiharu; Yamano, Hidemasa; Ito, Takahiro*; Shirakawa, Noriyuki*; Hosoda, Seigo*; Araki, Kazuhiro*; et al.

Proceedings of 5th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-5), p.472 - 479, 2006/11

A 5-year research project started in FY2005 in the framework of Innovative Nuclear Research and Development Program funded by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan. A computer code, named COMPASS (Computer Code with Moving Particle Semi-implicit for Reactor Safety Analysis), is being developed using the Moving Particle Semi-implicit (MPS) method for various complex phenomena of severe accidents in fast breeder reactors. Both MOX and metal fuels are considered. Eutectic reactions between the metal fuel and the cladding material are being investigated by molecular dynamics and molecular orbital methods. The molten metal flow with solidification was analyzed by MPS. The elastic analysis of a hexagonal wrapper tube was analyzed by the MPS method as well. The results were compared with an experiment and an calculation using an commercial code. Eutectic reactions were calculated by molecular dynamics and compared with the references. We found that the combination of the above numerical methods was useful for multi-physics and multi-scale phenomena of core disruptive accidents in fast breeder reactors.

Journal Articles

Rationalization of the fuel integrity and transient criteria for the super LWR

Yamaji, Akifumi*; Oka, Yoshiaki*; Ishiwatari, Yuki*; Liu, J.*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Suzuki, Motoe

Proceedings of 2005 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '05) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2005/05

Ensuring the fuel integrities is one of the most fundamental parts in the High Temperature Supercritical-Pressure Light Water Reactor. Most abnormal transient events of SCLWR-H last for a short period of time and the fuel rods are replaced after being irradiated in the core. In this study, the fuel integrity criteria are rationalized based on the fact that the fuel rod mechanical failures can be represented by the strain of the fuel rod cladding. A new fuel rod is designed with a Stainless Steel cladding. It is internally pressurized to reduce the stress on the cladding and also to increase the gap conductance between the pellet and the cladding. The fuel integrities both at normal operation and abnormal transient conditions are evaluated using the fuel analysis code FEMAXI-6 of JAERI.

JAEA Reports

Numerical Simulation of Multi-Phase Flow in Sodium-Water Reaction using MPS Method; Numerical Investigation of Droplet Breakup and Flow Regime (Final report of the JNC cooperative research shceme on the nuclear fuel cycle)

Duan, R.-O.*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*; Takata, Takashi; Yamaguchi, Akira

JNC-TY9400 2004-009, 90 Pages, 2004/07

JNC-TY9400-2004-009.pdf:6.02MB

The JNC cooperative research scheme on the nuclear fuel cycle with The University of Tokyo has been carried out to investigate a flow regime and interfacial area density of multi-phase flow in sodium-water reaction using the Moving-Particle Semi-implicit (MPS) method.

Journal Articles

Startup thermal considerations for supercritical-pressure light water-cooled reactors

Nakatsuka, Toru; Oka, Yoshiaki*; Koshizuka, Seiichi*

Nuclear Technology, 134(3), p.221 - 230, 2001/06

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:24.09(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

Okawachi, Yasushi; ; Koshizuka, Seiichi*

JNC-TY9400 2001-017, 117 Pages, 2001/05

JNC-TY9400-2001-017.pdf:3.3MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; *; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Akira

JNC-TY9400 2001-009, 127 Pages, 2001/03

JNC-TY9400-2001-009.pdf:3.41MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

Koshizuka, Seiichi*; *; Okano, Yasushi; *; Yamaguchi, Akira

JNC-TY9400 2000-012, 91 Pages, 2000/03

JNC-TY9400-2000-012.pdf:2.82MB

no abstracts in English

33 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)