Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 32

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

A Review of separation processes proposed for advanced fuel cycles based on technology readiness level assessments

Baron, P.*; Cornet, S. M.*; Collins, E. D.*; DeAngelis, G.*; Del Cul, G.*; Fedorov, Y.*; Glatz, J. P.*; Ignatiev, V.*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Khaperskaya, A.*; et al.

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 117, p.103091_1 - 103091_24, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:88.22(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The results of an international review of separation processes for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) recycling in future closed fuel cycles with the evaluation of Technology Readiness Level are reported. This study was made by the Expert Group on Fuel Recycling Chemistry (EGFRC) organised by the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). A unique feature of this study was that processes were classified according to a hierarchy of separations aimed at different elements within spent fuel (uranium; uranium-plutonium co-recovery; minor actinides; high heat generating radionuclides) and also the Head-end processes, used to prepare the SNF for chemical separation, were included. Separation processes covered both wet (hydrometallurgical) and dry (pyro-chemical) processes.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of apparent standard potentials of curium in LiCl-KCl eutectic melt

Shibata, Hiroki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Koyama, Tadafumi*

Denki Kagaku Oyobi Kogyo Butsuri Kagaku, 83(7), p.532 - 536, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Electrochemistry)

The electrochemical properties of curium in a LiCl-KCl eutectic melt were studied in the temperature range of 718-823 K. A small electrochemical cell used in this study was designed for the electrochemical measurement with a small amount (1-20 mg) of the highly radioactive minor actinides contained in molten salts achieved in a hot cell. Our data of apparent standard potentials of a Cm$$^{3+}$$/Cm couple are reasonably in agreement with Osipenko's data (2011) and are lower than Martinot's data (1975). The validity of our data and the reported apparent standard potentials were discussed.

Journal Articles

Syntheses and thermal analyses of curium trichloride

Hayashi, Hirokazu; Takano, Masahide; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Koyama, Tadafumi*

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 297(1), p.139 - 144, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.53(Chemistry, Analytical)

Curium trichloride was synthesized by the solid state reaction of curium nitride with cadmium chloride heated from room temperature to 748K in a dynamic vacuum. The product was hexagonal $$^{244}$$CmCl$$_3$$, of which lattice parameters were determined to be a= 0.7385$$pm$$0.0005 and c= 0.4201$$pm$$0.0005 nm. The melting temperature of the $$^{244}$$CmCl$$_3$$ sample was determined to be 970$$pm$$3 K by differential thermal analyses using a gold crucible. These values are close to those reported in literatures. The results show that mg-scale CmCl$$_3$$ samples for thermochemical measurements were prepared from the purified oxide sample without the use of corrosive reagents.

Journal Articles

Electrochemical properties of curium ions in LiCl-KCl eutectic melts

Shibata, Hiroki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Koyama, Tadafumi*

Proceedings of 4th Asian Conference on Molten Salt Chemistry and Technology & 44th Symposium on Molten Salt Chemistry, Japan, p.257 - 263, 2012/09

The electrochemical properties of curium ions in LiCl-KCl eutectic melts were studied in the temperature range from 718 to 823 K. A small electrochemical cell used in the present study was designed for the electrochemical measurement of a small amount (1-20 mg) of the highly radioactive minor actinides contained in molten salts in a hot cell. Our data of apparent standard potentials of Cm$$^{3+}$$/Cm couple are reasonably agreement with Osipenko's data (2011) and are lower than Martinot's data (1975). The validity of the reported apparent standard potentials was discussed.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel elements for the irradiation test at experimental fast test reactor Joyo

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Arai, Yasuo; Uozumi, Koichi*; Hijikata, Takatoshi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.245 - 256, 2011/12

Sodium-bonded metallic fuel elements were fabricated for the first time in Japan for the irradiation test in the experimental fast test reactor JOYO. U-20Pu-10Zr fuel slugs of 200 mm in length and approximately 5 mm in diameter were fabricated in a small-scale injection casting furnace. Each fuel slug was loaded into the ferritic martenstic stainless steel (PNC-FMS) cladding tube with the sodium thermal bond, thermal insulator and reflector in a helium gas atmosphere glove box. After top-end plug welding to the cladding tube and heat treatment of the welding area, each fuel element was subjected to the sodium bonding process. After the inspection such as element length, gas plenum length and helium-leak tightness, six metallic fuel elements are transported to the JOYO site for the coming irradiation test.

Journal Articles

J-ACTINET activities of training and education for actinide science research

Minato, Kazuo; Konashi, Kenji*; Yamana, Hajimu*; Yamanaka, Shinsuke*; Nagasaki, Shinya*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Sato, Seichi*; Arita, Yuji*; Idemitsu, Kazuya*; Koyama, Tadafumi*

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2011/12

Actinide science research is indispensable to maintain sustainable development of innovative nuclear technology. For actinide science research, special facilities with containment and radiation shields are needed to handle actinide materials. The number of facilities for actinide science research has been decreased, especially in universities, due to the high maintenance cost. J-ACTINET was established in 2008 to promote and facilitate actinide science research and to foster many of young scientists and engineers in actinide science. The research program was carried out, through which young researchers were expected to learn how to make experiments with advanced experimental tools and to broaden their horizons. The summer schools and computational science school were held to provide students and young researchers with the opportunities to come into contact with actinide science research. The overseas dispatch program was also carried out.

Journal Articles

Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel elements for irradiation test at Joyo

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Iwai, Takashi; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Arai, Yasuo; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Itagaki, Wataru; Soga, Tomonori; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/12

CRIEPI and JAEA have fabricated sodium-bonded metallic fuel elements for the first time in Japan as a collaborative research, for use in the irradiation test at the experimental fast test reactor Joyo. The irradiation test aims to assess the irradiation behavior of the fuel and the internal wastage of the stainless-steel cladding by rare-earth fission products at a maximum cladding temperature above 873 K. U-20 wt% Pu-10 wt% Zr alloy fuel slugs of 200 mm length were fabricated in an injection-casting furnace using U metal, U-Pu alloy and Zr metal. Two types of fuel slug were fabricated, i.e., 5.05 mm and 4.95 mm in diameter, and loaded into a ferritic-martensitic stainless-steel cladding tubes, respectively. After top-end-plug welding to the cladding tube, each fuel element was subjected to sodium bonding to fill the annular gap between the fuel slug and the cladding with melted sodium. The fabrication results indicated that the characteristics of the fuel elements were within the required specifications.

Journal Articles

Japanese programs in development of pyro-processing fuel cycle technology for sustainable energy supply with reduced burdens

Koyama, Tadafumi*; Ogata, Takanari*; Myochin, Munetaka; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

State of the art of pyroprocessing technology in Japan

Inoue, Tadashi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Asian Nuclear Prospects 2010 (ANUP 2010) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2010/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Research and development of pyroprocessing technology in Japan

Inoue, Tadashi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Myochin, Munetaka; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of 2008 Joint Symposium on Molten Salts (USB Flash Drive), p.851 - 856, 2008/10

Recent progress of pyrochemical reprocessing technology based on metal electrorefining process and nitride electrorefining process is introduced. This technology can be applied to oxide fuel as well as metal fuel by adding the oxide reduction process. In addition to the development of process technology for electrorefining, thermodynamic database of actinides and lanthanides in molten salt or liquid metal has been prepared. The progress of pyrochemical reprocessing technology, which has the advantage of proliferation resistance and whole recovery of minor actinides, has been demonstrated.

Journal Articles

Pyroprocessing technology development in Japan

Inoue, Tadashi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Myochin, Munetaka; Arai, Yasuo

Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Systems (Global 2007) (CD-ROM), p.728 - 737, 2007/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Integrated experiments of electrometallurgical pyroprocessing with using plutonium oxide

Koyama, Tadafumi*; Hijikata, Takatoshi*; Usami, Tsuyoshi*; Inoue, Tadashi*; Kitawaki, Shinichi; Shinozaki, Tadahiro; Fukushima, Mineo; Myochin, Munetaka

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.382 - 392, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:81.84(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Electrometallurgical pyroprocessing is a promising technology to realize actinide fuel cycle. Integrated experiments to demonstrate electrometallurgical pyroprocessing of plutonium oxide in continuous operation were carried out. In each test, 10 to 20 g of PuO$$_{2}$$ was reacted with Li reductant to form metal product. The reduction products were charged in the anode basket of the electrorefiner with LiCl-KCl-UCl$$_{3}$$ electrolyte. With using the anodes, deposition of uranium on the solid cathode was carried out, when PuCl$$_{3}$$ concentration was low. After Pu/U ratio in salt electrolyte was increased enough, plutonium and uranium were recovered simultaneously on the liquid cadmium cathode. By heating up the deposits for distillation of the salt and the cadmium, U metal or Pu-U alloyed metal were obtained as residues in the crucible. It was first result to demonstrate the recovery of metal actinides in the continuous operation of pyroprocessing of oxide fuels.

Journal Articles

Recovery test of metal product from oxide fuel by electrometallurgical pyroprocess

Kitawaki, Shininchi; Shinozaki, Tadahiro; Fukushima, Mineo; Hijikata, Takatoshi*; Usami, Tsuyoshi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2005/10

Electrometallurgical pyroprocess is a key innovative technology to realize closed actinides cycle with keeping high proliferation-resistance and economy. JNC and CRIEPI have been carrying out the integrated tests of electrometallurgical reprocessing of metal and oxide Pu-containing fuel to demonstrate whole process in continuous operation. After intensive cold test to confirm the functions of experimental apparatus and the test conditions, recovery test of actinide metal product from actinide oxide fuels has started as a first series of the integrated tests. In this report, result of the recovery test is described to elucidate the material flow in the process.

Oral presentation

Development of metal electrorefining reprocessing technology; Status of FaCT project and other activities

Myochin, Munetaka; Koyama, Tadafumi*

no journal, , 

JAEA is conducting the development of pyrochemical reprocessing technology in FaCT project in cooperation with CRIEPI that has a lot of relating activities other than FaCT project. JAEA and CRIEPI are cooperating in preparing the check and review of FaCT project in 2010.

Oral presentation

Development of metal fuel cycle technology for closing FBR fuel cycle, 1; Master plan

Koyama, Tadafumi*; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Fujii, Toshiyuki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Training and education under the Japan actinide network (J-ACTINET)

Minato, Kazuo; Konashi, Kenji*; Yamana, Hajimu*; Yamanaka, Shinsuke*; Nagasaki, Shinya*; Fujii, Toshiyuki*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Sato, Seichi*; Arita, Yuji*; Idemitsu, Kazuya*; et al.

no journal, , 

To promote and facilitate the actinide research, close cooperation with the facilities and sharing of technical and scientific information must be very important and effective. The Japan Actinide Network, J-ACTINET, has been established since March 2008. One of the main activities of the J-ACTINET is the training and education of young scientists and graduate students. The J-ACTINET summer school 2009 and 2010 were held in Ibaraki and Kansai, respectively, where graduate students and young scientists had an experience in actinide handling and experiments. In the framework of "The training and education of nuclear energy under the Japan actinide network", which started in December, 2010 and will end in March, 2013, J-ACTINET winter school for simulation and modeling and summer school for actinide experiments will be held for graduate students and young scientists, and J-ACTINET will give them chances to attend the summer school in Europe and international scientific conferences.

Oral presentation

Fabrication of metallic fuel for irradiation test at JOYO, 4; Fabrication of metallic fuel elements

Nakamura, Kinya*; Kikuchi, Hironobu; Ogata, Takanari*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo; Uozumi, Koichi*; Hijikata, Takatoshi*; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Itagaki, Wataru; Soga, Tomonori

no journal, , 

Irradiation test of metallic fuel at fast test reactor JOYO is planned. By using techniques of casting, fabrication, analysis and inspection, metallic fuel elements were made for the first time in Japan. In this paper, fabrication technique of metallic fuel elements is reported. After filling up thermal bond (Na), a reflector element, a thermal shelter element and a fuel slug, the upper plug was welded. Sodium bonding treatment was carried out by vibrating the fuel element under heating. By inspection, it was confirmed that the specifications were satisfied.

Oral presentation

Fabrication of metallic fuel for irradiation test at JOYO, 3; Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel slug

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Itagaki, Wataru; Soga, Tomonori

no journal, , 

Irradiation test of metallic fuel at fast test reactor JOYO is planned. By using techniques of casting, fabrication, analysis and inspection, metallic fuel elements were made for the first time in Japan. In this paper, results of fabrication of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel slug by emit casting method. Using U metal, U-Pu alloy metal and Zr metal as raw materials, fuel slugs were fabricated by emit casting apparatus in argon gas atmosphere glove box. By inspection, it was confirmed that the specifications were satisfied.

Oral presentation

Development of metal fuel cycle technology for closing FBR fuel cycle, 10; Extraction behavior from low to high concentration in reductive extraction step

Nakayoshi, Akira; Kitawaki, Shinichi; Kano, Yoshiharu; Tayama, Toshimitsu; Nagai, Takayuki; Koyama, Tadafumi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fabrication of metallic fuel elements for irradiation test at JOYO, 2; Fabrication of U-Pu-Zr metallic fuel slug

Nakamura, Kinya*; Ogata, Takanari*; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Kato, Tetsuya*; Iwai, Takashi; Arai, Yasuo; Koyama, Tadafumi*; Itagaki, Wataru; Soga, Tomonori

no journal, , 

Irradiation test of metallic fuel elements at fast test reactor JOYO is planned. By the development of fabrication technique of casting, structure, analysis and inspection, metallic fuel elements were fabricated. In this paper, the results of fabrication of U-Pu-Zr alloy fuel slugs are reported. The fuel slugs were fabricated using U metal, U-Pu alloy and Zr metal as raw materials by a casting equipment in an argon gas atmosphere glove box. By inspection, it was confirmed that the specifications were satisfied.

32 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)