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Journal Articles

Deexcitation dynamics of muonic atoms revealed by high-precision spectroscopy of electronic $$K$$ X rays

Okumura, Takuma*; Azuma, Toshiyuki*; Bennet, D. A.*; Caradonna, P.*; Chiu, I. H.*; Doriese, W. B.*; Durkin, M. S.*; Fowler, J. W.*; Gard, J. D.*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 127(5), p.053001_1 - 053001_7, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:45.66(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We observed electronic $$K$$X rays emitted from muonic iron atoms using a superconducting transition-edge-type sensor microcalorimeter. The energy resolution of 5.2 eV in FWHM allowed us to observe the asymmetric broad profile of the electronic characteristic $$K$$$$alpha$$ and $$K$$$$beta$$ X rays together with the hypersatellite $$K$$$$alpha$$ X rays around 6 keV. This signature reflects the time-dependent screening of the nuclear charge by the negative muon and the $$L$$-shell electrons, accompanied by electron side-feeding. Assisted by a simulation, this data clearly reveals the electronic $$K$$- and $$L$$-shell hole production and their temporal evolution during the muon cascade process.

Journal Articles

Progress of divertor simulation research toward the realization of detached plasma using a large tandem mirror device

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Oki, Kensuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:85.29(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Deuterium retention in tungsten coating layers irradiated with deuterium and carbon ions

Fukumoto, Masakatsu; Nakano, Tomohide; Ueda, Yoshio*; Itami, Kiyoshi; Kubo, Hirotaka

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 462, p.354 - 359, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:28.28(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Roles of argon seeding in energy confinement and pedestal structure in JT-60U

Urano, Hajime; Nakata, Motoki; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Honda, Mitsuru; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Yoshida, Maiko; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 55(3), p.033010_1 - 033010_9, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:87.13(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Physics picture of improving energy confinement with argon seeding at high density has been investigated in JT-60U. Better confinement is sustained at high density by argon seeding accompanied by higher core and pedestal temperatures. Peaked density profiles are kept with argon seeding. Density peaking and dilution effects lower the pedestal density at a given averaged density. The pedestal density in the argon seeded plasmas which is relatively lower than that in a single deuterium puff enables the pedestal temperature to be higher. The density peaking is a key factor of sustaining better confinement in argon seeded H-mode plasmas.

Journal Articles

Impurity, radiation, and plasma spectroscopy in divertor/SOL plasmas

Kubo, Hirotaka

Genshiryoku, Ryoshi, Kakuyugo Jiten, 1, p.196 - 197, 2014/12

Explanation about impurity, radiation, and plasma spectroscopy in divertor/SOL plasmas is presented as an article of an introductory encyclopedia on atomic power, quantum and nuclear fusion. Impurity control using divertor/SOL plasmas is essential to improve performance of fusion plasmas and prevent erosion of plasma facing components. Spatial distribution, ionization, excitation, and radiation of impurity in divertor/SOL plasmas is determined by their production, transport, and atomic processes. Here, we describe radiation loss coefficients as a brief explanation of the radiation processes and impurity flux measurement as a simple example of the plasma spectroscopy.

Journal Articles

Dismantlement of large fusion experimental device JT-60U

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Sakasai, Akira; Hanada, Masaya; Akino, Noboru; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; Kubo, Hirotaka; Kobayashi, Kazuhiro; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 13(4), p.167 - 178, 2014/12

The JT-60U torus was disassembled so as to newly install the superconducting tokamak JT-60SA torus. The JT-60U used the deuterium for 18 years, so the disassembly project of the JT-60U was the first disassembly experience of a fusion device with radioactivation in Japan. All disassembly components were stored with recording the data such as dose rate, weight and kind of material, so as to apply the clearance level regulation in future. The lessons learned from the disassembly project indicated that the cutting technologies and storage management of disassembly components were the key factors to conduct the disassembly project in an efficient way. After completing the disassembly project, efforts have been made to analyze the data for characterizing disassembly activities, so as to contribute the estimation of manpower needs and the radioactivation of the disassembly components on other fusion devices.

Journal Articles

Safe disassembly and storage of radioactive components of JT-60U torus

Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Okano, Fuminori; Hanada, Masaya; Sakasai, Akira; Kubo, Hirotaka; Akino, Noboru; Chiba, Shinichi; Ichige, Hisashi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Kiyono, Kimihiro; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(9-10), p.2018 - 2023, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Disassembly of the JT-60U torus was started in 2009 after 18-years D$$_{2}$$ operations, and was completed in October 2012. The JT-60U torus was featured by the complicated and welded structure against the strong electromagnetic force, and by the radioactivation due to D-D reactions. Since this work is the first experience of disassembling a large radioactive fusion device in Japan, careful disassembly activities have been made. About 13,000 components cut into pieces with measuring the dose rates were removed from the torus hall and stored safely in storage facilities by using a total wokers of 41,000 person-days during 3 years. The total weight of the disassembly components reached up to 5,400 tons. Most of the disassembly components will be treated as non-radioactive ones after the clearance verification under the Japanese regulation in future. The assembly of JT-60SA has started in January 2013 after this disassembly of JT-60U torus.

Journal Articles

Development of divertor simulation research in the GAMMA 10/PDX tandem mirror

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Oki, Kensuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Direct imaging of vortex polygons and vortex shells in mesoscopic squares of a weak pinning superconducting thin film

Kokubo, Nobuhito*; Okayasu, Satoru; Nojima, Tsutomu*; Tamochi, Hirotaka*; Shinozaki, Bunju*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 83(8), p.083704_1 - 083704_5, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:67.22(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Magnification of a polarization angle with a Littrow layout brazed grating

Sasao, Hajime; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; Kubo, Hirotaka; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(8), p.086106_1 - 086106_3, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:11.99(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Role of seed impurity for H-mode plasmas in JT-60U

Urano, Hajime; Nakata, Motoki; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Honda, Mitsuru; Yoshida, Maiko; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (Internet), 38F, p.P4.018_1 - P4.018_4, 2014/06

This paper reports the analysis result of heat transport and pedestal structure in H-mode plasmas with and without argon seeding on JT-60U.

Journal Articles

The Emission rates of CH, CD and C$$_{2}$$ spectral bands and a re-evaluation of the chemical sputtering yield of the JT-60U carbon divertor plates

Nakano, Tomohide; Higashijima, Satoru; Kubo, Hirotaka; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Fukumoto, Masakatsu

Nuclear Fusion, 54(4), p.043004_1 - 043004_10, 2014/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:11.29(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

We have determined the CH photon emission rate defined as the number of photons over dissociation and/or ionization event of $$mbox{CH}_4$$, from the ratio of the measured emission intensity of CH spectral band to the $$mbox{CH}_4$$ injection rate into the divertor plasma of JT-60U. Similar photon emission rates of CD for $$mbox{CD}_4$$, CH and $$mbox{C}_2$$ for $$mbox{C}_2mbox{H}_4$$ and $$mbox{C}_2mbox{H}_6$$ have also been determined. Interestingly, during the $$mbox{CH}_4$$ and the $$mbox{CD}_4$$ injection, the $$mbox{C}_2$$ spectral band intensity increases, suggesting that injected $$mbox{CH}_4$$ reacts with the carbon divertor plates to form heavier hydrocarbons. From the determined emission rates, previously published chemical sputtering yields, have been reevaluated. The reevaluated total chemical sputtering yield becomes lower ($$sim6%$$) compared to the original ($$sim8%$$) and the dependence on the incident ion flux and energy becomes weaker.

Journal Articles

Assembly study for JT-60SA tokamak

Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kamiya, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Masaki, Kei; Saeki, Hisashi; Sakurai, Shinji; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.705 - 710, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:63.62(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Contribution of Ne ions to radiation enhancement in JT-60U divertor plasmas

Nakano, Tomohide; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; JT-60 Team

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 438, p.S291 - S296, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:84.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

It is already concluded that neon injection is more effective than argon injection in order to enhance the radiative power from the divertor plasmas in JT-60U. In this study, we have investigated radiation processes of neon ions in low-temperature and high-density divertor plasmas with spectroscopic technique. It was observed that the emission intensities of Ne VII spectral lines became high during plasma detachment. A collisional-radiative model analysis with the intensity ratio of Ne VII emission lines gave an electron temperature of 100 eV and a radiative power of only 5% of total radiative power, measured with a bolometer. Because C IV emission intensity was low, it is probable that the radiative power of C IV was also low. Therefore, it is possible that neon and carbon ions at other charge states contribute much to the total radiative power from the divertor plasma.

Journal Articles

Storage and safety management of radioactive components for disassembly of JT-60 tokamak device

Nishiyama, Tomokazu; Okano, Fuminori; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Kubo, Hirotaka; Miya, Naoyuki; Oikawa, Akira; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Sakasai, Akira

Heisei-22-Nendo Kumamoto Daigaku Sogo Gijutsu Kenkyukai Hokokushu (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2011/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Highly charged tungsten spectra observed from JT-60U plasmas at $$T_{mbox{e}} approx$$ 8 and 14 keV

Yanagibayashi, Jun*; Nakano, Tomohide; Iwamae, Atsushi; Kubo, Hirotaka; Hasuo, Masahiro*; Itami, Kiyoshi

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 43(14), p.144013_1 - 144013_6, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:73(Optics)

We observe the vacuum ultraviolet spectra of highly charged tungsten ions in plasmas at electron temperatures of 8 keV and 14 keV. The observed emission lines in a wavelength range of 2.6 $$sim$$ 3.2 nm for the plasma at 8 keV are identified to be the $$3mbox{p}_{3/2}-3mbox{d}_{5/2}$$ transitions of $$mbox{W}^{47+}-mbox{W}^{54 +}$$. The observed emission lines at 2.0 nm and 2.3 nm at 14 keV are identified to be the $$mbox{3p}_{1/2}-mbox{3d}_{3/2}$$ transitions of $$mbox{W}^{55 +}-mbox{W}^{61+}$$ and $$mbox{3s}_{1/2}-mbox{3p}_{3/2}$$ transitions of $$mbox{W}^{60 +}-mbox{W}^{63+}$$, respectively.

Journal Articles

Development of a lithium beam probe and measurement of density pedestal in JT-60U

Kojima, Atsushi; Kamiya, Kensaku; Fujita, Takaaki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Iguchi, Harukazu*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Suzuki, Takahiro; Kamada, Yutaka; JT-60 Team

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 5, p.015_1 - 015_7, 2010/04

A lithium beam probe (LiBP) has been developed for the measurement of electron density profiles with high spatial and temporal resolutions in JT-60U. Using an electron beam heating ion source with a capability of 10 mA extraction, a 5.5 mA beam has been injected to the plasmas. Using the LiBP, time evolutions of pedestal density profiles during type I and grassy edge localized modes (ELMs) have been obtained for the first time. After a type I ELM crash, the drop of the line-integrated density measured by an interferometer delays by 2 ms later than that of the pedestal density. Comparing the line-integrated density to the line integration of the edge density profile measured by the LiBP, it is found that the recovery from the type I ELM crash is correlated with the reduction of core plasma density. Compared with the type I ELM, grassy ELMs have smaller density crashes than that of type I ELMs, which is mainly derived from the narrower ELM affected area.

Journal Articles

Zeeman polarimetry measurement for edge current density determination using Li-beam probe on JT-60U

Kamiya, Kensaku; Fujita, Takaaki; Kojima, Atsushi; Kubo, Hirotaka

Review of Scientific Instruments, 81(3), p.033502_1 - 033502_8, 2010/03

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:56.99(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Zeeman polarimetry system has been developed for the edge current density measurement in the JT-60U tokamak. The diagnostic has 20-ch viewing chords covering the plasma peripheral region with a spatial resolution of 1cm. Li-beam injection with beam current of up to 5mA has been achieved. The edge current density profile with the local peak at $$r$$/$$a$$ 0.9 has been identified in the H-mode plasma, which is correlated with large pressure gradient in the pedestal region.

Journal Articles

Temporal evolutions of electron temperature and density with edge localized mode in the JT-60U divertor plasma

Nakano, Tomohide; Kubo, Hirotaka; Asakura, Nobuyuki

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 43(14), p.144014_1 - 144014_7, 2010/00

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:37.49(Optics)

The temporal evolutions of the electron temperature and density with ELM, determined from intensity ratios of the three He I lines measured at 20 kHz, start to increase 450 $$mu$$s before the peak of $$mbox{D}_alpha$$ intensity, which is an ELM indicator. At the peak of $$mbox{D}_alpha$$ intensity, the electron temperature starts to decrease while the electron density starts to decrease in 300 $$mu$$s. The temporal evolution of the electron temperature is ascribed to heating by the ELM plasma and to energy loss for ionization of recycled neutrals, and that of the electron density is ascribed to electrons supplied in the ionization of the neutrals.

Journal Articles

Fast dynamics of type I and grassy ELMs in JT-60U

Kojima, Atsushi; Oyama, Naoyuki; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Kamada, Yutaka; Urano, Hajime; Kamiya, Kensaku; Fujita, Takaaki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Aiba, Nobuyuki; JT-60 Team

Nuclear Fusion, 49(11), p.115008_1 - 115008_8, 2009/11

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:58.2(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

In order to understand the physics of the ELM trigger and determining the ELM size, the fast ELM dynamics of type I and grassy ELMs have been studied in JT-60U, using new fast diagnostics with high spatial and temporal resolutions. The evolution of the ion pressure profile in the pedestal region is evaluated for the first time by detailed edge profile measurements. Type I ELMs observed in co-rotating plasmas exhibited larger and wider ELM affected area than ctr-rotating plasmas. Just before type I ELM crash, the pedestal ion pressure and its maximum gradient in co-rotating plasmas are 20% and 12% higher than those in ctr-rotating plasmas, respectively. It is found that the radial extent of the ion pressure gradient at the pedestal region in co-rotating plasmas is 14% wider than that in ctr-rotating plasmas. The experimental results suggest that the ELM size is determined by the structure of the plasma pressure in the whole pedestal region.

269 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)