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Journal Articles

Space weather benchmarks on Japanese society

Ishii, Mamoru*; Shiota, Daiko*; Tao, Chihiro*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Fujiwara, Hitoshi*; Ishii, Takako*; Ichimoto, Kiyoshi*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Koga, Kiyokazu*; Kubo, Yuki*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 73(1), p.108_1 - 108_20, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:72.01(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

We surveyed the relationship between the scale of space weather events and their occurrence rate in Japan and we discussed the social impact of these phenomena during the Project for Solar-Terrestrial Environment Prediction (PSTEP). The information was compiled for domestic users of space weather forecasts for appropriate preparedness against space weather disasters. This paper gives a comprehensive summary of the survey, focusing on the fields of electricity, satellite operations, communication and broadcasting, satellite positioning usage, aviation, human space activity, and daily life on the Earth's surface, using the cutting-edge knowledge of space weather. Quantitative estimations of the economic impact of space weather events on electricity and aviation are also given.

Journal Articles

Meteorological aspects of gamma-ray glows in winter thunderstorms

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Kubo, Mamoru*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Shinoda, Taro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; Sawano, Tatsuya*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Ushio, Tomoo*; Sato, Yosuke*; et al.

Geophysical Research Letters, 48(7), 11 Pages, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

During three winter seasons from November 2016 to March 2019, 11 gamma-ray glows were detected at a single observation site of our ground-based gamma-ray monitoring network in Kanazawa, Japan. These events are analyzed with observations of an X-band radar network, a ceilometer, a disdrometer, and a weather monitor. All the detected glows were connected to convective high-reflectivity regions of more than 35 dBZ, developed up to an altitude of $$>$$2 km. They were also accompanied by heavy precipitation of graupels. Therefore, graupels in the lower layer of thunderclouds that correspond to high-reflectivity regions can form strong electric fields producing gamma-ray glows. Also, these events are compared with a limited sample of nondetection cases, but no significant differences in meteorological conditions were found between detection and nondetection cases in the present study.

Journal Articles

Nowcast and forecast of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) and solar energetic particle (SEP) fluxes in magnetosphere and ionosphere; Extension of WASAVIES to earth orbit

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Shiota, Daiko*; Kubo, Yuki*; Ishii, Mamoru*; Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Miyake, Shoko*; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi*; Ueno, Haruka*; Nagamatsu, Aiko*

Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (Internet), 9, p.A9_1 - A9_11, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:38.57(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Real-time estimation of astronaut doses during solar particle events (SPE) is one of the most challenging tasks in cosmic-ray dosimetry. We therefore develop a new computational method that can nowcast the solar energetic particle (SEP) as well as galactic cosmic-ray (GCR) fluxes on any Earth orbit during a large SPE associating with ground level enhancement. It is an extended version of WArning System for AVIation Exposure to Solar Energetic Particle, WASAVIES. The extended version, called WASAVIES-EO, can calculate the GCR and SEP fluxes outside a satellite based on its two-line element data. Moreover, organ dose and dose-equivalent rates of astronauts in the International Space Station (ISS) can be estimated using the system, considering its shielding effect. The accuracy of WASAVIES-EO was validated based on the dose rates measured in ISS, as well as based on high-energy proton fluxes observed by POES satellites.

Journal Articles

Real time and automatic analysis program for WASAVIES; Warning system for aviation exposure to solar energetic particles

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Shiota, Daiko*; Kubo, Yuki*; Ishii, Mamoru*; Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Miyake, Shoko*; Park, I.*; Miyoshi, Yoshizumi*

Space Weather, 16(7), p.924 - 936, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:75.28(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

A physics-based warning system of aviation exposure to solar energetic particles, WASAVIES, is improved to be capable of real-time and automatic analysis. In the improved system, the count rates of several neutron monitors (NM) at the ground level, as well as the proton fluxes measured by the GOES satellite are continuously downloaded at intervals of 5 min and used for determining the model parameters. The performance of WASAVIES is examined by analyzing the three major GLE events of the 21st century. A web-interface of WASAVIES is also developed and will be released in the near future through the public server of NICT.

Journal Articles

Termination of electron acceleration in thundercloud by intracloud/intercloud discharge

Wada, Yuki*; Bowers, G. S.*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Kamogawa, Masashi*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Smith, D.*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; et al.

Geophysical Research Letters, 45(11), p.5700 - 5707, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:79.35(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Progress of divertor simulation research toward the realization of detached plasma using a large tandem mirror device

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Oki, Kensuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; Imai, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:88.2(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of divertor simulation research in the GAMMA 10/PDX tandem mirror

Nakashima, Yosuke*; Sakamoto, Mizuki*; Yoshikawa, Masayuki*; Oki, Kensuke*; Takeda, Hisahito*; Ichimura, Kazuya*; Hosoi, Katsuhiro*; Hirata, Mafumi*; Ichimura, Makoto*; Ikezoe, Ryuya*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

Progress on the plant design concept of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Hishida, Masahiko*; Kubo, Shigenobu; Konomura, Mamoru; Toda, Mikio*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.303 - 308, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:74.96(Nuclear Science & Technology)

An innovative concept of sodium-cooled fast reactor, named JNC Sodium Cooled FR (JSFR) has been created and modified through the Feasibility Study on Commercialized FR Cycle System, aiming at full satisfaction of the development targets. A modified concept of JSFR applied double-wall straight tube type steam generator (SG) which is excelling in safety for sodium-water reaction has been developed. In addition, decay heat removal system suitable for the straight tube SG has been selected and in-service inspection and repair capabilities have been improved. As the result of this study, the potential to realize this plant concept has been obtained through evaluation concerning safety and economics.

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Design of the shift bump magnets for the beam injection of the 3-GeV RCS in J-PARC

Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Watanabe, Masao; Ueno, Tomoaki*; Yamazaki, Yoshishige; Irie, Yoshiro; Kishiro, Junichi; Sakai, Izumi*; Kawakubo, Toshimichi*; Tounosu, Shigeki*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 16(2), p.1366 - 1369, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:42.11(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

The injection system of the 3-GeV RCS in J-PARC is composed of four main orbit bump magnets (shift bump) to merge the injection beam with the circulating beam. The magnetic field design and the structural analysis of the shift bump magnets have been performed using 3D magnetic and mechanical codes. In this paper, the design of the bending magnets is reported.

Journal Articles

Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Fujita, Takaaki; Takase, Yuichi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kurita, Genichi; Morioka, Atsuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:44.28(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) facility program is a domestic research program for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U incorporating Japanese university accomplishments. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility and mobility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability for the demonstration of the high-b steady state.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.64(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:48.09(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

Journal Articles

Conceptual Design Study of Small Sized Sodium Cooled Reactor

Usui, Shinichi; Chikazawa, Yoshitaka; Konomura, Mamoru; Tanaka, Toshihiko; Hori, Toru*; Ohkubo, Toshiyuki*

Proceedings of 2005 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '05) (CD-ROM), 0 Pages, 2005/05

The Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute and the Electric Utilities have been studying for concepts of commercialized FBR plant system. In this study, a small sized sodium cooled reactor has been studied from standpoints of having a potential to use a power source applicable to diversified social needs and reduced capital risks. The concept is pursued to satisfy various requirements: economical competitiveness, reactor safety, very long lived core, etc. The electrical power is set to 165 MWe based on previous studies of small sized sodium cooled reactor which was aim of cost reduction of the plant pursued. A three regional Zr concentration with one Pu enrichment core has been designed. The burn-up reactivity is kept 1.17% dk/k and the core refueling occurs after 20 years operation with 77,000 MWd/t average burn-up. The reactor system is enhanced a passive safety to avoid a core melt even an ATWS and the design has possible capability to withstand UTOP and ULOHS events, although it requires reactor shutdown action by operator within a certain time. Tank-type primary system has been designed. A circular type IHX and a primary EMP are located in series inside of the reactor vessel. The steam generator and the secondary EMP are located outside of the reactor vessel and connected to the IHX by piping. A diameter of the core is minimized in order to reduce a reactor vessel size. Two PRACS driven by natural circulation is chosen as a decay heat removal system in order to satisfy a heat removal condition of Category IV in Japanese standard.The construction cost of the whole plant evaluates to be achieved an economical goal considering a mass production.

JAEA Reports

Study on plant concept for Gas Cooled Fast Reactor

Moribe, Takeshi; Kubo, Shigenobu; Saigusa, Toshiie; Konomura, Mamoru

JNC TY9400 2004-007, 408 Pages, 2004/06

JNC-TY9400-2004-007.pdf:26.6MB

In "Feasibility Study on Commercialized Fast Reactor Cycle System", technological options including various coolant (sodium, heavy metal, gas, water, etc.), fuel type (MOX, metal, nitride) and output power are considered and classified, and commercialized FBR that have economical cost equal to LWR are pursued. In FY2003, in order to define the prospect for technical feasibility of the helium gas cooled FR using coated particle fuel (He GFR), which has been selected as a prospective concept in FY2001, the preliminary conceptual designs of the core and plant are conducted, and a concept of gas cooled plant is established and data required for the interim evaluation of Phase 2 are prepared. This report summarizes the results of the plant design study and the preparation of data for "Multi-Criteria Evaluation" in FY2003. The result of study: (1)The plant specifications and main equipment concept design were studied for preliminary plant design. In this study, effectiveness of the thermal insulators in the reactor structure, seismic evaluation of the gas turbines and integrity of structure in the core catcher were studied. The plant layout was reviewed based on the results of plant designs. (2)The result of study for the preparation of data for "Multi-Criteria Evaluation" : ISI procedure (draft) for the primary system equipment of He GFR was set up, and the inspection processes were reviewed, according to the ISI standard for LWR. The amount of wastes produced in decommissioning and operation was roughly estimated.Major R&D items concerning the He GFR plant design were proposed including the required methods and schedules. (3)The data required for construction cost evaluation was prepared, and the construction cost of He GCR was 10% above the target cost.

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Commercialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle Systems Interim Report of Phase II; Technical Study Report for Reactor Plant Systems

Konomura, Mamoru; Ogawa, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Murakami, Tsutomu; Takaki, Naoyuki; Nishiguchi, Youhei; Sugino, Kazuteru; Naganuma, Masayuki; Hishida, Masahiko; et al.

JNC TN9400 2004-035, 2071 Pages, 2004/06

JNC-TN9400-2004-035.pdf:76.42MB

The attractive concepts for Sodium-, lead-bismuth-, helium- and water-cooled FBRs have been created through using typical plant features and employing advanced technologies. Efforts on evaluating technological prospects of feasibility have been paid for these concepts. Also, it was comfirmed if these concepts satisfy design requierments of capability and performance presumed in the feasibilty study on commertialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Systems. As results, it was concluded that the selection of sodium-cooled reactor was most rational for practical use of FBR technologies in 2015.

Journal Articles

Progress in physics and technology developments for the modification of JT-60

Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Kudo, Yusuke; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(1), p.2141 - 2150, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:6.89(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The dominant issue for the the modification program of JT-60 (JT-60SC) is to demonstrate the steady state reactor relevant plasma operation. Physics design on plasma parameters, operation scenarios, and the plasma control method are investigated for the achievement of high-$$beta$$. Engineering design and the R&D on the superconducting magnet coils, radiation shield, and vacuum vessel are performed. Recent progress in such physics and technology developments is presented.

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Chujo, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

Ishida, Shinichi; Abe, Katsunori*; Ando, Akira*; Cho, T.*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Goto, Seiichi*; Hanada, Kazuaki*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Hino, Tomoaki*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 43(7), p.606 - 613, 2003/07

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:71.47(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study on plant concept for gas cooled fast reactor

Moribe, Takeshi; Kubo, Shigenobu; Saigusa, Toshiie; Konomura, Mamoru

JNC TY9400 2003-007, 188 Pages, 2003/05

JNC-TY9400-2003-007.pdf:7.62MB

In (Feasibility Study on Commercialized Fast Reactor Cycle System), technological options including various coolant (sodium,heavy metal, gas, water,etc.), fuel type (MOX, metal, nitride) and output power are considered and classified, and commercialized FBR that have economical cost equal to LWR are pursued. In conceptual study on gas cooled FBR in FY2002, to identify the prospect of the technical materialization of the helium cooled FBR using coated particle fuel which is an attractive concept extracted in the year of FY2001, the preliminary conceptual design of the core and entire plant was performed. This report summarizes the results of the plant design study in FY2002. The result of study is as follows. (1)For the passive core shutdown equipment, the curie point magnet type self-actuated device was selected and the device concept was set up. (2)For the reactor block, the concept of the core supporting structure, insulators and liners was set up. For the material of the heat resistant structure, SiC was selected as a candidate. (3)For the seismic design of the plant, it was identified that a design concept with three-dimensional base isolation could be feasible taking the severe seismic condition into account. (4)For the core catcher, an estimation of possible event sequences under severe core damage condition was made. A core catcher concept which may suit the estimation was proposed. (5)The construction cost was roughly estimated based on the amount of materials and its dependency on the plant output power was evaluated. The value for a small sized plant exceeds the target construction cost about 20%.

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