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Journal Articles

Electronic structure in heavy fermion compound UPd$$_2$$Al$$_3$$ through directional Compton profile measurement

Koizumi, Akihisa*; Kubo, Yasunori*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Sakurai, Yoshiharu*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 88(3), p.034714_1 - 034714_6, 2019/03

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:16.59(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalyst to be used for tritium oxidation reactors

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Edao, Yuki; Taniuchi, Junichi*

Fusion Science and Technology, 68(3), p.596 - 600, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:11.16(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We have newly developed the hydrophobic platinum honeycomb catalysts applicable to tritium oxidation reactor since the honeycomb-shape catalyst can decrease the pressure drop. Two types of hydrophobic honeycomb catalyst have been test-manufactured. One is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a metal honeycomb. The other is the hydrophobic platinum catalyst on a ceramic honeycomb made of silicon carbide. The fine platinum particles around a few nanometers significantly improve the catalytic activity for the oxidation tritium at a tracer concentration. The hydrogen concentration in the gaseous feed slightly affects the overall reaction rate constant for hydrogen oxidation. Due to the competitive adsorption of hydrogen and water molecules on platinum surface, the overall reaction rate constant has the bottom value. The hydrogen concentration for the bottom value is 100 ppm under the dry feed gas. We have experimentally confirmed the activity of these honeycomb catalysts is as good as that of pellet-shape hydrophobic catalyst. The results support the hydrophobic honeycomb catalysts are applicable to tritium oxidation reactor.

Journal Articles

Catalyst technology of Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo

Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Iwai, Yasunori

JETI, 63(10), p.33 - 36, 2015/09

Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo provides a broad range of precious metals products and technologies. Tanaka Kikinzoku Kogyo and Japan Atomic Energy Agency have jointly developed a new method of manufacturing catalysts involving hydrophobic processing with an inorganic substance base. As a result, previous technological issues were able to be solved with the development of a catalyst that exhibited no performance degradation in response to radiation application of 530 kGy, a standard for radiation resistance, and maintenance of thermal stability at over 600$$^{circ}$$C, which is much higher than the 70$$^{circ}$$C temperature that is normally used. The application of this catalyst to the liquid phase catalytic exchange process is expected to overcome significant technological hurdles with regards to improving the reliability and efficiency of systems for collecting tritium from tritiated water. It is also anticipated that the hydrophobic platinum catalyst manufacturing technology used for this catalyst could be applied to a wide range of fields other than nuclear fusion research. It was verified that if applied to a hydro oxidation catalyst, hydrogen could be efficiently oxidized, even at room temperature. This catalyst can also contribute to improving safety at non-nuclear plants that use hydrogen in general by solving the aforementioned vulnerability issue.

Journal Articles

Development of hydrophobic platinum catalyst for the effective collection of tritium in fusion plants

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*

Isotope News, (736), p.12 - 17, 2015/08

We have successfully developed a new hydrophobic platinum catalyst for collecting tritium at nuclear fusion reactors. Catalysts used to collect tritium are called hydrophobic precious metal catalysts. In Japan, hydrophobic precious metal catalysts manufactured from polymers have been used for heavy water refinement.However, this catalyst has issues related to embrittlement to radiation and thermal stability. These technological issues needed to be solved to allow for its application to nuclear fusion reactors requiring further enrichment from highly-concentrated tritiated water. We developed a new method of manufacturing catalysts involving hydrophobic processing with an inorganic substance base. As a result, previous technological issues were able to be solved with the development of a catalyst that exhibited no performance degradation in response to radiation application of 530kGy, a standard for radiation resistance, and maintenance of thermal stability at over 600$$^{circ}$$C, which is much higher than the 70$$^{circ}$$C temperature that is normally used. The catalyst created with this method was also confirmed to have achieved the world's highest exchange efficiency, equivalent to 1.3 times the previously most powerful efficiency. The application of this catalyst to the liquid phase catalytic exchange process is expected to overcome significant technological hurdles with regards to improving the reliability and efficiency of systems for collecting tritium from tritiated water.

Journal Articles

Successful development of a new catalyst for efficiently collecting tritium; A Breakthrough toward realization of fusion reactors

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Oshima, Yusuke*

Kagaku, 70(5), p.35 - 40, 2015/05

We have successfully developed a new hydrophobic platinum catalyst for collecting tritium at nuclear fusion reactors. Catalysts used to collect tritium are called hydrophobic precious metal catalysts. In Japan, hydrophobic precious metal catalysts manufactured from polymers have been used for heavy water refinement. However, this catalyst has issues related to embrittlement to radiation and thermal stability. These technological issues needed to be solved to allow for its application to nuclear fusion reactors requiring further enrichment from highly-concentrated tritiated water. We developed a new method of manufacturing catalysts involving hydrophobic processing with an inorganic substance base. As a result, previous technological issues were able to be solved with the development of a catalyst that exhibited no performance degradation in response to radiation application of 530 kGy, a standard for radiation resistance, and maintenance of thermal stability at over 600$$^{circ}$$C, which is much higher than the 70$$^{circ}$$C temperature that is normally used. The catalyst created with this method was also confirmed to have achieved the world's highest exchange efficiency, equivalent to 1.3 times the previously most powerful efficiency. The application of this catalyst to the liquid phase catalytic exchange process is expected to overcome significant technological hurdles with regards to improving the reliability and efficiency of systems for collecting tritium from tritiated water.

Journal Articles

Magnification of a polarization angle with a Littrow layout brazed grating

Sasao, Hajime; Arakawa, Hiroyuki*; Kubo, Hirotaka; Kawano, Yasunori; Itami, Kiyoshi

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(8), p.086106_1 - 086106_3, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.46(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Hydrophobic Pt catalyst for combustion of hydrogen isotopes at low temperatures

Iwai, Yasunori; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Sato, Katsumi; Oshima, Yusuke*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Taniuchi, Junichi*

Proceedings of 7th Tokyo Conference on Advanced Catalytic Science and Technology (TOCAT-7) (USB Flash Drive), 2 Pages, 2014/06

Hydrophobic platinum catalysts have been developed especially for combustion of hydrogen isotopes released in a nuclear facility. A new type of hydrophobic hydrogen combustion catalyst commercially named TKK-KNOITS catalyst is hardly susceptible to water mist and water vapor in the atmosphere and water produced by hydrogen combustion. It is capable of maintaining the activity even at relatively low temperatures. The TKK-KNOITS catalyst is superior to other previous hydrophobic catalysts in applicability to wide range of hydrogen concentration from very thin to dense. The catalyst which carrier is composed of inorganic oxide has thermal stability up to 873 K.

Journal Articles

Characteristic heavy fermion properties in YbCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and YbT$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$ (T: Co, Rh, Ir)

Onuki, Yoshichika; Yasui, Shinichi*; Matsushita, Masaki*; Yoshiuchi, Shingo*; Oya, Masahiro*; Hirose, Yusuke*; Dung, N. D.*; Honda, Fuminori*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Settai, Rikio*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.A), p.SA003_1 - SA003_6, 2011/12

Journal Articles

Room-temperature reactor packed with hydrophobic catalysts for the oxidation of hydrogen isotopes released in a nuclear facility

Iwai, Yasunori; Sato, Katsumi; Taniuchi, Junichi*; Noguchi, Hiroshi*; Kubo, Hitoshi*; Harada, Nobuo*; Oshima, Yusuke*; Yamanishi, Toshihiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(8), p.1184 - 1192, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:90.7(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The inorganic-based hydrophobic Pt-catalyst named H1P has been developed especially for efficient oxidation of a tracer level of tritium in the ambient temperature range even in the presence of saturated water vapor. The overall reaction rate constant for H1P catalyst in the ambient temperature range was considerably larger than that for traditionally applied Pt/Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ catalyst. Moreover, the decrease in reaction rate for H1P in the presence of saturated water vapor compared with in the absence of water vapor was slight due to its excellence in hydrophobic performance. Oxidation reaction on the catalyst surface is the rate-controlling step in the ambient temperature range and diffusion in a catalyst substratum above 313 K due to its fine porosity. The overall reaction rate constant in the ambient temperature range was dependent on the space velocity and hydrogen concentration in carrier.

Journal Articles

Metamagnetic behavior in heavy-fermion compound YbIr$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$

Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Yasui, Shinichi*; Toda, Masatoshi*; Matsushita, Masaki*; Yoshiuchi, Shingo*; Oya, Masahiro*; Katayama, Keisuke*; Hirose, Yusuke*; Yoshitani, Naohisa*; Honda, Fuminori*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 79(6), p.064609_1 - 064609_15, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:83.87(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Heavy fermion state in YbIr$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$

Yoshiuchi, Shingo*; Toda, Masatoshi*; Matsushita, Masaki*; Yasui, Shinichi*; Hirose, Yusuke*; Oya, Masahiro*; Katayama, Keisuke*; Honda, Fuminori*; Sugiyama, Kiyohiro*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(12), p.123711_1 - 123711_4, 2009/12

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:83.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Characteristics of post-disruption runaway electrons with impurity pellet injection

Kawano, Yasunori; Nakano, Tomohide; Isayama, Akihiko; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Tamai, Hiroshi; Kubo, Hirotaka; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Bakhtiari, M.; Ide, Shunsuke; Kondoh, Takashi; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 81(8), p.593 - 601, 2005/08

An experiment to investigate mitigation effects of impurity pellet injection on disruption generated runaway electrons was carried out in the JT-60U tokamak device. Deposition of impurity neon pellets into a post-disruption runaway plasma was observed with increment of bulk electron density. At the impurity pellet injection, decay time of runaway current became shorter as factor of $$sim$$2. There was an approximately linear relationship between changes in decay rate of runaway current and a photo-neutron signal which indicated loss of runaway electrons from the plasma. Consequently, enhanced loss of runaway electrons from a tokamak plasma, hence mitigation effect on them, by injection of impurity neon pellets was found.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of runaway plasmas in JT-60U

Kawano, Yasunori; Nakano, Tomohide; Isayama, Akihiko; Hatae, Takaki; Konoshima, Shigeru; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kondoh, Takashi; Tamai, Hiroshi; Kubo, Hirotaka; Asakura, Nobuyuki; et al.

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (CD-ROM), 29C, 4 Pages, 2005/00

In order to mitigate the post-disruption runaway electrons, experiments has been carried out with impurity pellet injection. As a result, we have observed the prompt exhaust of the runaway electrons and the reduction of runaway plasma. We have presented one possible explanation for basic behavior of the runaway plasma current that it follows the balance of the avalanche generation of runaway electrons and their slowing down predicted by the model, including effects by synchrotron radiation. On the other hand, standing on the fact that the current quench time is extended by runaway electrons, the experiment for avoiding the current quench by runaway electrons has been carried out. The runaway electrons reinforced the discharge to survive against the low Te of less than several tens eV and an additional impurity pellet injection, and thus the plasma current was maintained and terminated as programmed. To study the dynamics of runaway electrons precisely, a new active and direct diagnostic concept using the laser inverse Compton scattering has been proposed.

Journal Articles

Diagnostics system of JT-60U

Sugie, Tatsuo; Hatae, Takaki; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fujita, Takaaki; Kusama, Yoshinori; Nishitani, Takeo; Isayama, Akihiko; Sato, Masayasu; Shinohara, Koji; Asakura, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.482 - 511, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:3.03(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic system of JT-60U (JT-60upgrade) is composed of about 50 individual diagnostic devices. Recently, the detailed radial profile measurements of plasma parameters have been improved, so that the internal structure of plasmas has been explored. The understanding of plasma confinement has been enhanced by density and temperature fluctuation measurements using a mm-wave reflectometer and electron cyclotron emission measurements respectively. In addition, the real-time control experiments of electron density, neutron yield, radiated power and electron temperature gradient have been carried out successfully by corresponding diagnostic devices. These measurements and the real time control contribute to improving plasma performance. Diagnostic devices for next generation fusion devices such as a CO2 laser interferometer/polarimeter and a CO2 laser collective Thomson scattering system have been developed.

Journal Articles

Fusion plasma performance and confinement studies on JT-60 and JT-60U

Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ide, Shunsuke; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shirai, Hiroshi; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fukuda, Takeshi; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.185 - 254, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:48.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

With the main aim of providing physics basis for ITER and the steady-state tokamak reactors, JT-60/JT-60U has been developing and optimizing the operational concepts, and extending the discharge regimes toward sustainment of high integrated performance in the reactor relevant parameter regime. In addition to achievement of the equivalent break-even condition (QDTeq up to 1.25) and a high fusion triple product = 1.5E21 m-3skeV, JT-60U has demonstrated the integrated performance of high confinement, high beta-N, full non-inductive current drive with a large fraction of bootstrap current in the reversed magnetic shear and in the high-beta-p ELMy H mode plasmas characterized by both internal and edge transport barriers. The key factors in optimizing these plasmas are profile and shape controls. As represented by discovery of various Internal Transport Barriers, JT-60/JT-60U has been emphasizing freedom and restriction of profiles in various confinement modes. JT-60U has demonstrated applicability of these high confinement modes to ITER and also clarified remaining issues.

Journal Articles

Tritium decontamination of TFTR D-T plasma facing components using ultra violet laser

Shu, Wataru; Kawakubo, Yukio*; Ohira, Shigeru; Oya, Yasuhisa; Hayashi, Takumi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Iwai, Yasunori; Nishi, Masataka; Gentile, C. A.*; Skinner, C. H.*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 41(3), p.690 - 694, 2002/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Steady state high performance in JT-60U

Kamada, Yutaka; Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Neyatani, Yuzuru; Naito, Osamu; Ozeki, Takahisa; Kawano, Yasunori; Yoshino, Ryuji; Kubo, Hirotaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

IAEA-CN-60/A5-5, 0, p.651 - 661, 1995/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Impurity and particle recycling reduction by boronization in JT-60U

Higashijima, Satoru*; Sugie, Tatsuo; Kubo, Hirotaka; Tsuji, Shunji; Shimada, Michiya; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Kawano, Yasunori; Nakamura, Hiroo; Itami, Kiyoshi; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 220-222, p.375 - 379, 1995/00

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:93.28(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance of the JT-60 ICRF antenna with an open type Faraday shield

Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Saigusa, Mikio; Kimura, Haruyuki; Moriyama, Shinichi; ; Kawano, Yasunori; *; Kubo, Hirotaka; Nishitani, Takeo; *; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 19, p.213 - 223, 1992/00

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:53.82(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Impurity profiles and transport characteristics in JT-60U

Sakasai, Akira; Koide, Yoshihiko; Kubo, Hirotaka; Sugie, Tatsuo; Shimada, Michiya; Hirayama, Toshio; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kawano, Yasunori; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Nakamura, Hiroo

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 196-198, p.472 - 475, 1992/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:35.99(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

36 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)