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Journal Articles

Development of magnetic sensors for JT-60SA

Takechi, Manabu; Matsunaga, Go; Sakurai, Shinji; Sasajima, Tadayuki; Yagyu, Junichi; Hoshi, Ryo*; Kawamata, Yoichi; Kurihara, Kenichi; JT-60SA Team; Nishikawa, T.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.985 - 988, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:46.24(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

The Cauchy-condition surface (CCS) method for plasma equilibrium shape reproduction

Kurihara, Kenichi; Itagaki, Masafumi*; Miyata, Yoshiaki; Nakamura, Kazuo*; Urano, Hajime

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 91(1), p.10 - 47, 2015/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Feeder components and instrumentation for the JT-60SA magnet system

Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kamiya, Koji; Honda, Atsushi; Onishi, Yoshihiro; Furukawa, Masato; Asakawa, Shuji; Kuramochi, Masaya; Kurihara, Kenichi

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.1499 - 1504, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:47.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The modifying of the JT-60U magnet system to the superconducting coils (JT-60SA) is progressing as a satellite facility for ITER by both parties of Japanese government and European commission (EU) in the Broader Approach agreement. The magnet system for JT-60SA consists of 18 Toroidal Field (TF) coils, a Central Solenoid (CS) with 4 modules, and 6 Equilibrium Field (EF) coils. The manufacturing of the JT-60SA magnet system is in progress in EU and Japan. The JT-60SA superconducting magnet system generates an average heat load of 3.2 kW at 4 K to the cryoplant, from nuclear and thermal radiation, conduction and electromagnetic heating, and requires current supplies 20 kA for 4 CS modules and 6 EF coils, 25.7 kA to 18 TF coils. The helium flow to remove this heat, consisting of supercritical helium at pressures up to 0.5 MPa and temperature between 4.4-4.8 K, is distributed to the coils and structures through the valve box (VB) from the cryoline connecting to the auxiliary cold box located outside the torus hall. The feeders also contain the electrical supplies from the current lead transitions to room temperature to the coil. The feeder components consist of the in-cryostat feeders with flexible parts to allow coil operational displacements from the connection pipes out of the cryostat, including S-bend conductor to allow differential thermal contraction and the coil terminal boxes (CTBs) with HIS current leads. A measurement and control system is required to monitor and control these coils and feeders for safety and optimal operational availability. For each coil, both current and supercritical helium are supplied from external systems and are controlled from a central system as part of the regular operation with plasma pulses. Quench detection instruments for superconducting coils, feeders and HTS current leads are provided as a separate, stand alone system.

Journal Articles

A Survey of spin-offs from state-of-the-art technology created in fusion research and development

Kurihara, Kenichi; Ogawa, Yuichi*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 55(4), p.225 - 230, 2013/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of erosion test methods on underexpanded inert-gas impinging jets injected in liquid sodium

Kudo, Hideyuki*; Ota, Junki*; Sugiyama, Kenichiro*; Narabayashi, Tadashi*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kurihara, Akikazu

Hozengaku, 11(4), p.90 - 97, 2013/01

When a heat transfer tube wall in a steam generator of a sodium-cooled fast reactor fails, high-pressure steam leaks into low-pressure liquid sodium side. Then the high-temperature and highly corrosive reaction jet causes secondary failures of neighboring heat transfer tubes. The objective of the present study is to develop an experimental method to obtain data that is necessary to validate and improve a safety evaluation code on the sodium-water reaction. In the present paper, a method of sodium-droplet erosion test at the position of the local structure in underexpanded inert-gas impinging jets using the visualization method, which was developed in our previous study, was reported. The erosion phenomena observed in the sodium-droplet entrained region, where intensive erosion is expected, were found to be discussed using the existing knowledge of liquid droplet impingement (LDI) obtained in water experiments.

Journal Articles

Visualization on the behavior of inert gas jets impinging on a single glass tube submerged in liquid sodium

Kudo, Hideyuki*; Sugiyama, Kenichiro*; Narabayashi, Tadashi*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kurihara, Akikazu

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 50(1), p.72 - 79, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:53.31(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to accurately model sodium-water reaction jets in steam generators of fast breeder reactors, knowledge of size distributions or mean diameters of liquid sodium droplets entrained into the reaction jets are prerequisite. In the present study, argon-gas jet behaviors, without chemical reaction, injected into liquid sodium were successfully visualized using an endoscope and a glass tube, and the size distributions and mean diameters of liquid sodium droplets entrained into the gas jet were also obtained in the bubbling regime.

Journal Articles

Void fraction distributions of inert gas jets across a single cylinder with non-wetting surface in liquid sodium

Kudo, Hideyuki*; Zhao, D.*; Sugiyama, Kenichiro*; Narabayashi, Tadashi*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kurihara, Akikazu

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 49(12), p.1175 - 1185, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.12(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Little work on the void fraction behaviors along structural materials with poor-wettability for liquid metals has been performed. In the present study, void fraction behaviors around a single cylinder with non-wetting surface condition were quantitatively discussed by using a gas jet-cylinder system where the impinging jet flow, the boundary layer flow, the separation flow, and the wake flow appear. The characteristics in each flow field as well as the relationship between flow fields, which have not been quantitatively discussed so far, are obtained. The local void fraction around a single cylinder with wetting condition or non-wetting condition was measured by using resistivity probes.

Journal Articles

Break-even plasma test facilities JT-60; The Significance in the history of technology development

Kurihara, Kenichi

Denki Gakkai Kenkyukai Shiryo, Denki Gijutsushi Kenkyukai (HEE-12-016$$sim$$023), p.29 - 33, 2012/09

Breakeven plasma test facilities JT-60, as a large scale electrical device, has been developed in accordance with great technological advances of electrical applications such as power electronics, large energy storage with a motor generator, high power microwaves, high energy neutral beam, etc. JT-60 demonstrated efficient and continuous nuclear fusion reactions as well as a break-even plasma in a tokamak, and opened up the prospect of a fusion power plant in the future. In this article, the significance of JT-60 is considered from the viewpoint of the history of technology development in electrical engineering.

Journal Articles

Visualization on inert gas jets impinging to a glass tube submerged in liquid sodium

Kudo, Hideyuki*; Sugiyama, Kenichiro*; Narabayashi, Tadashi*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kurihara, Akikazu

Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering and the ASME 2012 Power Conference (ICONE-20 & POWER 2012) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2012/07

For the sodium-water reaction accident, it is important to grasp the structure of gas jets submerged in liquid sodium and associated droplet size. In this study, we successfully obtained visualized images of inert gas jets injected into liquid sodium. Formation processes of liquid sodium droplets entrained into the gas jets and drop-size distributions are discussed.

Journal Articles

Manufacture of the winding pack and development of key parts for the JT-60SA poloidal field coils

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Kurihara, Kenichi; Hasegawa, Mitsuru*; Kuno, Kazuo*; Nomoto, Kazuhiro*; Horii, Hiroyuki*

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4202304_1 - 4202304_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:57.71(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Eddy current-adjusted plasma shape reconstruction by Cauchy condition surface method on QUEST

Nakamura, Kazuo*; Jiang, Y.*; Liu, X.*; Mitarai, Osamu*; Kurihara, Kenichi; Kawamata, Yoichi; Sueoka, Michiharu; Hasegawa, Makoto*; Tokunaga, Kazutoshi*; Zushi, Hideki*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.1080 - 1084, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:61.89(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Study of plasma current decay in the initial phase of high poloidal beta disruptions in JT-60U

Shibata, Yoshihide*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Okamoto, Masaaki*; Isayama, Akihiko; Kurihara, Kenichi; Oyama, Naoyuki; Nakano, Tomohide; Kawano, Yasunori; Matsunaga, Go; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 6, p.1302136_1 - 1302136_4, 2011/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Conduction-band electronic states of YbInCu$$_4$$ studied by photoemission and soft X-ray absorption spectroscopies

Utsumi, Yuki*; Sato, Hitoshi*; Kurihara, Hidenao*; Maso, Hiroyuki*; Hiraoka, Koichi*; Kojima, Kenichi*; Tobimatsu, Komei*; Okochi, Takuo*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Takeda, Yukiharu; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(11), p.115143_1 - 115143_7, 2011/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:66.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied conduction-band (CB) electronic states of a typical valence-transition compound YbInCu$$_4$$ by means of temperature-dependent hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HX-PES), soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), and soft X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (SX-PES) of the valence band. We have described the valence transition in YbInCu$$_4$$ in terms of the charge transfer from the CB to Yb 4$$f$$ states.

Journal Articles

Event structure and double helicity asymmetry in jet production from polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 84(1), p.012006_1 - 012006_18, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:29.37(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We report on the event structure and double helicity asymmetry ($$A_{LL}$$) of jet production in longitudinally polarized $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. Photons and charged particles were measured by the PHENIX experiment. Event structure was compared with the results from PYTHIA event generator. The production rate of reconstructed jets is satisfactorily reproduced with the next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculation. We measured $$A_{LL}$$ = -0.0014 $$pm$$ 0.0037 at the lowest $$P_T$$ bin and -0.0181 $$pm$$ 0.0282 at the highest $$P_T$$ bin. The measured $$A_{LL}$$ is compared with the predictions that assume various $$Delta G(x)$$ distributions.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:142 Percentile:0.63(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:137 Percentile:1.54(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Introduction; Plasma profile control is the key to a fusion reactor

Kurihara, Kenichi

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(9), p.517 - 518, 2010/09

While construction of the ITER aiming at full D-T burning has just started in Southern France, activities in DEMO reactor design and fusion nuclear research are now eagerly progressing. The design/manufacturing of the satellite tokamak JT-60SA has been also conducted under the Japan-EU Broader Approach collaboration on fusion research. To attain a steady state, high performance plasma, profile control of plasma current, density, temperature, and toroidal rotation is considered a key issue for a burning high-beta plasma. In Section 1, contents of the following sections are briefly presented as an introduction to this special issue together with difficulties and interest in this research area.

Journal Articles

Closing remarks; Future prospect of plasma profile control toward a fusion reactor

Kurihara, Kenichi

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(9), P. 541, 2010/09

While construction of the ITER aiming at full D-T burning has just started in Southern France, activities in DEMO reactor design and fusion nuclear research are now eagerly progressing. The design/manufacturing of the satellite tokamak JT-60SA has been also conducted under the Japan-EU broader approach collaboration on fusion research. To attain a steady state, high performance plasma, profile control of plasma current, density, temperature, and toroidal rotation is considered a key issue for a burning high-beta plasma. In this section, the future prospect of the profile control is discussed as closing remarks of this issue.

Journal Articles

Study of current decay time during disruption in JT-60U tokamak

Shibata, Yoshihide*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Okamoto, Masaaki*; Ono, Noriyasu*; Isayama, Akihiko; Kurihara, Kenichi; Nakano, Tomohide; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kawano, Yasunori; Matsunaga, Go; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 50(2), p.025015_1 - 025015_7, 2010/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:54.09(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Conceptual design of the quench protection circuits for the JT-60SA superconducting magnets

Gaio, E.*; Novello, L.*; Piovan, R.*; Shimada, Katsuhiro; Terakado, Tsunehisa; Kurihara, Kenichi; Matsukawa, Makoto

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), p.804 - 809, 2009/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:25.41(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper deals with the conceptual design of the Quench Protection Circuits (QPC) of JT-60SA which have to provide a fast removal of the energy stored in the superconducting coils in case of quench. The core of the QPC units is constituted by a dc current breaker, which diverts the coil current into a resistor for a fast machine de-energization. In this paper, a hybrid solution, composed of a mechanical bypass switch paralleled to a static switch based on Integrated Gate Commutated Thyristor (IGCT) technology, has been chosen and worked out; a pyrobreaker is added in series to the hybrid switch as a backup protection. The resulting design allows benefiting from the fast breaking and very low maintenance requirement of the static switches, besides maintaining the advantage of the much lower power losses of the mechanical bypass in normal operation.

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