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Journal Articles

Corrosion property of container using hybrid material for thermal decomposition process of sulfuric acid

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kawai, Daisuke*; Yokota, Hiroki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Kubo, Shinji

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2020/08

A thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur processes (IS process) is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen using heat from solar power. Severe corrosive environment which is thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. A hybrid material with the corrosion-resistance and the ductility was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The specimen had excellent corrosion resistance in the condition of 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. This was attributed to the formation of SiO$$_{2}$$ on the surface. The container using the hybrid material was experimentally made. The pre-oxidized container using hybrid technique was prepared for the corrosion test in boiling sulfuric acid to evaluate the corrosion characteristics of the container. There was no detaching of the surface with the weld part and the R processing. We proposed the calculation method of corrosion rate from the ions dissolved in the sulfuric acid solution after the corrosion test.

Journal Articles

Study of container using hybrid technique for sulfuric acid decomposition of thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Kawai, Daisuke*; Yokota, Hiroki*; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 7(3), p.19-00377_1 - 19-00377_11, 2020/06

A thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur processes (IS process) is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen with high cost performance. Severe corrosive environment which is thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. A hybrid material with the corrosion-resistance and the ductility was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The specimen had excellent corrosion resistance in the condition of 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. This was attributed to the formation of SiO$$_2$$ on the surface. To confirm the production characteristics of a container using the hybrid material, the container which has a welded part, a chamfer, a curved surface was experimentally made. There was no detachment in the plasma spraying and laser treated layer of the container after the laser treatment. It was confirmed that the construction of the container with high corrosion resistance in sulfuric acid was possible in the hybrid technique.

Journal Articles

Research and development on membrane IS process for hydrogen production using solar heat

Myagmarjav, O.; Iwatsuki, Jin; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Noguchi, Hiroki; Kamiji, Yu; Ioka, Ikuo; Kubo, Shinji; Nomura, Mikihiro*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Sawada, Shinichi*; et al.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 44(35), p.19141 - 19152, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:35.73(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Development of container using plasma sprayed and laser treated material for sulfuric acid decomposition of thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2019/05

A thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur processes (IS process) is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen using heat from solar power. Severe corrosive environment which is thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. A hybrid material with the corrosion-resistance and the ductility was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The specimen had excellent corrosion resistance in the condition of 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. This was attributed to the formation of SiO$$_{2}$$ on the surface. To confirm the production characteristics of a container using the hybrid material, the container which has a welded part, a chamfer, a curved surface was experimentally made. There was no detachment in the plasma spraying and laser treated layer of the container after the laser treatment.

Journal Articles

Characteristics of hybrid tube with Fe-high Si alloy lining by centrifugal casting for thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Katsuyama, Jinya; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 3(3), p.15-00619_1 - 15-00619_8, 2016/06

The IS process for hydrogen production has been developed by JAEA as application of a high-temperature gas cooled reactor. The IS process includes a severe corrosion environment which is made to boil and decompose concentrated sulfuric acid. The two-layer pipe consisted of the Fe-high Si alloy with boiling sulfuric acid-resistant and the carbon steel with the ductility was produced by centrifugal casting. The evaluation of characteristics was carried out. The Fe-high Si alloy lining showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid. As evaluation of the Fe / Fe-high Si alloy interface, thermal cycle test was executed. There was no detachment of the interface though the cracks were generated in the vicinity of the interface. It is believed that the cracks parallel to the interface is attributed to the tensile stress during the thermal cyclic test using FEM analysis and the flake graphite precipitate. It was confirmed that the interface possessed the enough strength.

Journal Articles

Development research of corrosion-resistant structural material using Fe-Si alloy lining centrifugal cast-iron for thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2015/05

The thermochemical water-splitting (IS process) for hydrogen production has been developed by JAEA as application of a high-temperature gas cooled reactor. The IS process includes a severe corrosion environment which is made to boil and decompose concentrated sulfuric acid. Two kinds of brittleness materials, SiC and Fe-high Si alloy, are reported as materials having enough corrosion resistance in this corrosion environment. The two-layer pipe consisted of the Fe-high Si alloy with boiling sulfuric acid-resistant and the carbon steel with the ductility was produced by centrifugal casting. The evaluation of characteristics was carried out. The Fe-high Si alloy lining showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid. As evaluation of the Fe / Fe-high Si alloy interface, thermal cycle test (100$$^{circ}$$C-900$$^{circ}$$C) was executed. There was not the interface detachment and it was confirmed to have enough interfacial strength.

Journal Articles

Compatibility test between molten salts for high temperature heat storage and alloys

Shiina, Yasuaki; Kuriki, Yoshiro*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 2(3), p.375 - 378, 2003/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Compatibility tests between molten salts and metal materials, 2

Shiina, Yasuaki; Kuriki, Yoshiro*

JAERI-Tech 2003-070, 47 Pages, 2003/08

JAERI-Tech-2003-070.pdf:14.83MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Compatibility test between molten salts and metal materials, 1

Shiina, Yasuaki; Kuriki, Yoshiro*

JAERI-Tech 2002-065, 58 Pages, 2002/08

JAERI-Tech-2002-065.pdf:17.5MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Corrosion tests of iron-silicon alloys in boiling sulfuric acid

Ioka, Ikuo; Onuki, Kaoru; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Nagoshi, Masayasu*; Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo

Ryusan To Kogyo, 52(4), p.1 - 6, 1999/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Corrosion resistance of Fe-Si alloys in boiling sulfuric acid

Ioka, Ikuo; Onuki, Kaoru; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; *; Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo

Zairyo, 46(9), p.1041 - 1045, 1997/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Corrosion test of compositionally graded Fe-Si alloy in boiling sulfuric acid

Futakawa, Masatoshi; Onuki, Kaoru; Ioka, Ikuo; Nakajima, Hayato; Shimizu, Saburo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Nagoshi, Masayasu*

Zairyo To Kankyo, 46(10), p.669 - 674, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of Fe-high Si alloy lining tube by centrifugal casting

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*

no journal, , 

The thermochemical water-splitting (IS process) for hydrogen production has been developed by JAEA as application of a high-temperature gas cooled reactor. The IS process includes a severe corrosion environment which is made to boil and decompose concentrated sulfuric acid. Two kinds of brittleness materials, SiC and Fe-high Si alloy, are reported as materials having enough corrosion resistance in this corrosion environment. The two-layer pipe consisted of the Fe-high Si alloy with boiling sulfuric acid-resistant and the carbon steel with the ductility was produced by centrifugal casting. The evaluation of characteristics was carried out. The Fe-high Si alloy lining showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid. As evaluation of the Fe / Fe-high Si alloy interface, thermal cycle test (100$$^{circ}$$C-900$$^{circ}$$C) was executed. There was not the interface detachment and it was confirmed to have enough interfacial strength.

Oral presentation

Development of hybrid material using plasma spraying and laser treatment for thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

no journal, , 

IS process is composed of the Bunsen reaction, thermal decomposition of hydrogen iodide and thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid. By carrying out three reactions sequentially, water can be decomposed into hydrogen and oxygen. Evaluation of materials for the sulfuric acid decomposition has revealed that high silicon alloys have excellent corrosion resistance. The material is brittle, so it's difficult to use them independently as structural materials. So, we have developed a hybrid material with the corrosion-resistant and the ductility. In this work, the hybrid material was made by the plasma spraying and laser treatment. Corrosion tests on the hybrid material were carried out. The evaluation that paid attention to cracks of the surface layer was performed using OM and SEM/EDX. The surface of the hybrid material showed corrosion resistance in boiling 47% sulfuric acid though some cracks were observed in the surface layer from the cross section observation.

Oral presentation

Development of hybrid material using plasma spraying for thermo-chemical hydrogen production IS process

Iwatsuki, Jin; Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

no journal, , 

JAEA has pursued the development of a thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process (IS process) to realize hydrogen production systems for high temperature gas cooled reactors. The IS process is a chemical process to produce hydrogen and oxygen from water by combining chemical reactions of iodine (I) and sulfur (S). One of important tasks is to develop corrosion-resistant structural materials because the process uses very corrosive chemicals such as sulfuric acid. A surface reforming technique forming a corrosion-proof coating was introduced to develop a material which is provided with workability, strength, and corrosion resistance. Specimens was fabricated using a silicon plasma spraying, which were examined for corrosion resistance in sulfuric acid solution, concentrations of 47wt% and 95wt%, at temperature of the boiling points. Test results showed the technique is promising to improve corrosion resistance in such harsh environment.

Oral presentation

Corrosion resistance of plasma sprayed and laser treated material with curvature for thermochemical water-splitting iodine-sulfur process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

no journal, , 

Hydrogen is one of the promising major energy sources in the future. IS process is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen using heat from solar power. Severe corrosive environment which is thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. To achieve a massive hydrogen production system, one of the key factors is the development of structural materials. A hybrid material that combined the corrosion-resistant and the pressure-resistant functions was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The flat specimen of the hybrid material showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid. To confirm the applicability of the hybrid material as the structural material, corrosion tests were performed in 98 wt.% boiling sulfuric acid using round bar specimens with the curved surface. The specimens showed enough corrosion resistance in boiling sulfuric acid though some cracks were observed in the surface layer from the cross section observation.

Oral presentation

Effect of pre-oxidation on corrosion resistance of plasma sprayed and laser treated material for thermochemical water-splitting process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

no journal, , 

IS process is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen. Thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. A hybrid material with the corrosion-resistance and the ductility was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The specimen had excellent corrosion resistance in the condition of 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. The corrosion rate of the specimen in 47 mass% boiling sulfuric acid was fifty times higher than that in 95 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. It seems that the cracks of the surface layer weren't sealed up perfectly in the condition of 47 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. To improve the corrosion resistance of the specimen, the specimen was treated with a thermal treatment for pre-oxidation. The pre-oxidized specimen got superior corrosion resistance in the condition of 47 mass% boiling sulfuric acid. It was confirmed that the pre-oxidation was effective in improving corrosion resistance of the specimen.

Oral presentation

Effect of post heat treatment on corrosion resistance of surface modified material for thermochemical water-splitting process

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

no journal, , 

A hybrid material with high corrosion resistance for boiling sulfuric acid has been developed for IS process. To improve the corrosion resistance of the hybrid material, the specimen was treated with a post heat treatment. The specimen got superior corrosion resistance in the condition of boiling sulfuric acid.

Oral presentation

Improvement of corrosion resistance of plasma sprayed and laser treated material for boiling sulfuric acid process by pre-oxidation

Ioka, Ikuo; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Kubo, Shinji; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

no journal, , 

IS process is one of candidates for the large-scale production of hydrogen. Severe corrosive environment which is thermal decomposition of sulfuric acid exists in the IS process. A hybrid material with the corrosion-resistance and the ductility was made by a plasma spraying and laser treatment. The specimen had excellent corrosion resistance in the condition of 95% boiling sulfuric acid. On the other hand, the corrosion rate of the specimen in 47% boiling sulfuric acid was fifty times higher than that in 95% boiling sulfuric acid. It seems that the cracks of the surface layer weren't sealed up perfectly in the condition of 47% boiling sulfuric acid. To improve the corrosion resistance of the specimen in 47% boiling sulfuric acid, the specimen was treated with a thermal treatment for pre-oxidation. The pre-oxidized specimen got superior corrosion resistance in the condition of 47% boiling sulfuric acid. It was confirmed that the pre-oxidation was effective in improving corrosion resistance of the specimen.

Oral presentation

Corrosion behavior of weld joint of carbon steel overpack under geological environment, 2; Corrosion behavior of engineering scale testing

Yamazaki, Kazutoshi*; Takao, Hajime*; Kikuchi, Takahiro*; Kuriki, Yoshiro*; Kobayashi, Masato*; Kawakubo, Masahiro*; Shirase, Mitsuyasu*; Iwata, Yumiko*; Tochigi, Yoshikatsu*; Nakayama, Gen*; et al.

no journal, , 

Among factors affecting the corrosion behavior of carbon steel overpack, in order to consider materials (size) and realistic environmental factors which are difficult to reproduce in the laboratory scale test, engineering scale tests in the underground environment were carried out. A mock-up test of the same scale was also carried out on the ground with the aim of controlling and evaluating factors that govern the corrosion phenomenon. As a result of the test for about 3 years, there was no big difference between the average corrosion amount and the maximum corrosion amount of the simulated overpack base metal and the welded part. On the other hand, unlike the laboratory scale test, localization of corrosion due to the adhesion between the buffer material and the simulated overpack was also confirmed during the initial transient period.

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