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Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:156 Percentile:99.42(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:52.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutral mesons in $$p$$ + $$p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV and scaling properties of hadron production

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Y.*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, K.*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review D, 83(5), p.052004_1 - 052004_26, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:149 Percentile:98.49(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The PHENIX experiment at RHIC has measured the invariant differential cross section for production of $$K^0_s$$, $$omega$$, $$eta'$$ and $$phi$$ mesons in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 GeV. The spectral shapes of all hadron transverse momentum distributions are well described by a Tsallis distribution functional form with only two parameters, $$n$$ and $$T$$, determining the high $$p_T$$ and characterizing the low $$p_T$$ regions for the spectra, respectively. The integrated invariant cross sections calculated from the fitted distributions are found to be consistent with existing measurements and with statistical model predictions.

Journal Articles

Verification of LSD spikes prepared in Japan from a MOX source material

Sumi, Mika; Abe, Katsuo; Kageyama, Tomio; Nakazawa, Hiroaki; Kurosawa, Akira; Yamamoto, Masahiko; Mason, P.*; Neuhoff, J.*; Doubek, N.*; Balsley, S.*; et al.

Proceedings of INMM 51st Annual Meeting (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2010/07

Large Size Dried (LSD) spikes are currently used in many facilities in Japan (and around the world) for U and Pu accountancy analysis by Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS). Because of the large quantity of plutonium standard materials are needed to support Japanese facilities for nuclear fuel cycle and expected difficulties in the long term supply and transport of Pu reference materials, JAEA decided to evaluate the possibility of using MOX stored at Plutonium Fuel Development Center (PFDC) as a source of Pu standard material for LSD spike preparation. At PFDC, Pu nitrate solution was prepared from MOX and two types of the LSD spikes were prepared. The samples of each spike were distributed for verification measurements to international and domestic laboratories. Details of the Pu make-up value evaluation, the LSD spike preparation and the evaluation of the verification results will be presented.

JAEA Reports

Model Analysis on the Colloid and Radionuclide Retardation Experiment at the Grimsel Test Site

Kurosawa, Susumi; Ibaraki, Motomu*; Scott, J.*; Yui, Mikazu; Russell, A.*

JNC TN8400 2004-016, 35 Pages, 2004/09

JNC-TN8400-2004-016.pdf:1.18MB

To evaluate the influence of colloids on radionuclide transport through the fractured rock, the colloid and radionuclide retardation experiment project were carried out in a shear zone in the Grimsel Test Site on one of JNC-NAGRA internatinal collaboration programs. In this study, the results of the transport experiments were analyzed by numerical simulation code of radionuclide transport, COLFRAC, which describe colloid-facilitated solute transport in fractured media.

JAEA Reports

Development of Pu analysis in high active liquid waste (JASPAS JC-13)

; ; Jitsukata, Shu*; Kurosawa, A.; Ikeda, Hisashi

JNC TN8410 2001-017, 75 Pages, 2001/06

JNC-TN8410-2001-017.pdf:1.87MB

It has been required from IAEA to determine a small amount of plutonium in the high active liquid waste solutions (HALW) in the tokai reprocessing plant. High performance spectrophotometer (HPSP), which could be obtained lower detection limit than conventional spectrophotometer, is studied to be applied the inspection and verification analysis. The results of applicability test are described in this report, [Cold Test] Neodymium, showing an absorption peak near the absorption wavelength of plutonium (VI), was used as an alternative element to plutonium, in order to review the calculation method of the peak intensity. [Hot Test] Plutonium nitrate solution was used for the fundamental test of this method. Since the method is known to be influenced by acidity, suspended sludge and coexistent elements in a sample, each dependency was examined. It was found that measurement results varied about 14% at a nitric acid concentration of 2-4 mol/L. Sludge could be removed by filtration before the measurement. The effect of coexisting elements could be eliminated adjusting the optical balance between reference and sample beam intensity. In the case of measuring a low concentration plutonium solution, a ratio of the peak intensity to the background intensity (S/B ratio) was not enough to the measured low concentration of Plutonium. Therefore a method should be improved the S/B ratio by analyzing the obtained spectra. Data accumulation method, simple moving average method and Fourier transform analysis was tested. The results showed that a combination of the accumulated average method and the moving average method was the optimum method fbr the purpose. Linearity of the calibration curve was found between 0-11 mgPu/L. Synthetic sample solution, which simulated the actual constituents of the HALW with plutonium, showed a good linear relation at 0-11 mgPu/L. The detection limit for plutonium concentration was 0.07 mgPu/L. When the synthetic HALW solution containing plutonium was m

JAEA Reports

Development of analytical method for plutonium in high active liquid waste solution by high performance spectrophotometry

Jitsukata, Shu*; *; ; ; Kurosawa, A.

JNC TN8410 2001-002, 66 Pages, 2000/12

JNC-TN8410-2001-002.pdf:2.03MB

It was required from IAEA to determine a small amount of plutonium in the high active liquid waste solutions (HALW) in the tokai reprocessing plant. High performance spectrophotometer (HPSP), which could be obtained lower detection limit than conventional spectrophotometer, is studied to be applied to the inspection and verification analysis by the IAEA. [Cold Test] Neodymium, showing an absorption peak near the absorption wavelength of plutonium (VI), was used as an alternative element to plutonium, in order to review the calculation method of the peak intensity. As a result, the three-point correction method was found to be simple and effective. [Hot Test] Plutonium nitrate solution was used the fundamental test of this method. Since the method is known to be influenced by acidity, suspended sludge and coexistent elements in a sample, each dependency was examined. It was found that measurement results varied about 14% at a nitric acid concentration of 2-4 mol/L. Sludge should be removed by filtration before the measurement. The effect of coexisting elements could be eliminated adjusting the optical balance between reference and sample beam intensity. In the case of measuring a low concentration plutonium solution sample, a ratio of the peak intensity to the background intensity (S/B ratio) is relatively small. Therefore a method should be improved the S/B ratio by analyzing the obtained spectra. Accumulated average method, moving average method and Fourier transform method was tested. The results showed that a combination of the accumulated average method and the moving average method was the optimum method for the purpose. Linearity of the calibration curve was found between 0-11 mgPu/L. Synthetic sample solution, which simulated the actual constituents of the HALW with plutonium showed a good linear relation at 0-11 mgPu/L. The detection limit for plutonium concentration was 0.07 mgPu/L. When the synthetic HALW solution containing plutonium was measured, the de

JAEA Reports

Determination of low concentration Pu by liquid scintillation and powdered solid scintillation counting method in spent fuel reprocessing solution

; ; Kurosawa, A.; Ikeda, Hisashi

JNC TN8400 99-026, 48 Pages, 1999/09

JNC-TN8400-99-026.pdf:7.97MB

Application of liquid and powdered solid scintillation alpha-counting method were studied for measurement of low concentration Pu in spent fuel reprocessing plant solution. Principle of those methods is count photons from mixture of scintillator and sample solution. Advantage of those methods is unnecessary of heating by high temperature, which is estimated to be main cause of analytical error and a fire, as the conventional ZnS(Ag) scintillation counting. Since liquid and solid scintillator are treated as a burnable waste, this method is effective concerning of reduction of wastes as well. Liquid scintillation method, whose sample volume is 0.5mL, is confirmed effectiveness for determination of Pu concentration in aqueous sample. Powdered solid scintillation method is applicable both aqueous and organic solutions. It is confirmed that this method is adopted in analysis of reprocessing solution instead of the conventional method. Pu concentration in actual reprocessing sample, 97-1 campaign, were measured by solid scintillation method. Results were agreed with those measured by the conventional method under the good precision. It is achieved sample, accurate and safety analytical procedure by applying powdered solid scintillation method.

JAEA Reports

None

; ; ; ; Kurosawa, A.; ; Maki, Akira

JNC TN8410 99-022, 136 Pages, 1999/07

JNC-TN8410-99-022.pdf:46.42MB

None

JAEA Reports

None

; ; *; *; Kurosawa, A.

JNC TN8400 99-001, 90 Pages, 1998/09

JNC-TN8400-99-001.pdf:7.74MB

None

JAEA Reports

Investigation of operating condition; The report for investigation of bituminization demonstration facility incident(4/7)

; ; Kurosawa, A.; Hayashi, Naomi; ; ; Sato, Yoshihiko

PNC TN8410 98-047, 278 Pages, 1998/02

PNC-TN8410-98-047.pdf:19.5MB

The fire and explosion incident occurred at the Bituminization Demonstration Facility of the Tokai Reprocessing Plant on march 11th, 1997. For investigation of Bituminization Demonstration Facility Incident and prevention relapse, Investigation Group for Bituminization Demonstration Facility incident was set up. It has been investigated the situation at the time of incident was occurred. The result of investigated was presented for Science and Technology Agency. This report is arranged the result of investigated the situation for investigation and prevention relapse.

JAEA Reports

JASPAS JC-11(A556); Non-destructive Assay for Uranium and Plutonium in Reprocessing Input Solutions -Hybrid K-edge/XRF Densitometer- (JASPAS JC-11 Final)

Surugaya, Naoki; Abe, Katsuo; Kurosawa, A.; Ikeda, Hisashi ; Kuno, Yusuke

PNC TN8410 97-211, 156 Pages, 1997/05

PNC-TN8410-97-211.pdf:4.1MB

As a part of JASPAS programme, a non-radioactive assay system for the accountability of uranium and plutonium in input dissolver solutions of a spent fuel reprocessing plant, called Hybrid K-edge/XRF Densitometer, has been developed at the Tokai Reprocessing plant (TRP) since 1991. The instrument is the one of the hybrid type combined K-edge densitometry (KED) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis. The KED is used to determine the uranium concentration and the XRF is used to determine the U/Pu ratio. These results give the plutonium concentration in consequence. It is considered that the instrument has the capability of timely on-site verification for input accountancy. The instrument had been installed in the analytical hot cell at the TRP and the experiments comparing with Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (IDMS) method have been carried out. As the results of measurements for the actual input solutions in the acceptance and performance tests, it was typically confirmed that the precision for determining uranium concentration by the KED was within 0.2%, whereas the XRF for Plutonium performed within 0.7%. This final report summarizes the design information and performance data so as to end the JASPAS programme.

JAEA Reports

None

; *; Kurosawa, A.; Kuno, Yusuke; *

PNC TY8605 95-001, 37 Pages, 1995/06

PNC-TY8605-95-001.pdf:3.47MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

None

Kurosawa, A.; Abe, Katsuo; Kaminaga, Kazuhiro; Kuno, Yusuke; ;

PNC TN8410 93-031, 191 Pages, 1993/03

PNC-TN8410-93-031.pdf:3.91MB

So far, samples have been taken by both Japan Government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) from the feed accounting tank of the Reprocessing Plant. Upon transporting the samples, one A-type transport container per batch sample has been required. To simplify the transport of samples, the resin bead technique requiring the trace amounts of samples (several mg for uranium and for plutonium) has been developed with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA being the center. This technique was introduced into the Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC) as part of the TASTEX project, and then has been incorporated into the JASPAS project as one of the joint researches between the PNC and the IAEA, in which the PNC has played a leading role. Up to now, joint experiments have been performed seven times, and the resin bead technique may have reached a certain technical level with a few technical problems. In these joint experiments, the PNC prepared and transported samples, whereas the IAEA analysed them. In addition, the PNC has investigated the resin bead technique independently. As mentioned above, the most outstanding merit of the resin bead technique lies in the simplified transport of samples. The technique is also provided with another merit by which uranium and plutonium can be measured without separating them from each other, leading to the necessity of research and development of it on the part of the Reprocessing Plant. This paper describes the results of investigation on the measurement technique of uranium and plutonium by means of the resin bead technique, together with the results from the 3rd to 7th PNC-IAEA joint experiments.

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