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Journal Articles

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier in LHD heliotron and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Yoshinuma, Mikiro*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nagaoka, Kenichi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Oyama, Naoyuki; Osakabe, Masaki*; Yokoyama, Masayuki*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(9), p.095024_1 - 095024_9, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:72.4(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Dynamics of ion internal transport barrier (ITB) formation and impurity transport both in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and JT-60U tokamak are described. Significant differences between heliotron and tokamak plasmas are observed. The location of the ITB moves outward during the ITB formation regardless of the sign of magnetic shear in JT-60U and the ITB becomes more localized in the plasma with negative magnetic shear. In LHD, the low Te/Ti ratio ($$<$$ 1) of the target plasma for the high power heating is found to be necessary condition to achieve the ITB plasma and the ITB location tends to expand outward or inward depending on the condition of the target plasmas. Associated with the formation of ITB, the carbon density tends to be peaked due to inward convection in JT-60U, while the carbon density becomes hollow due to outward convection in LHD. The outward convection observed in LHD contradicts the prediction by neoclassical theory.

Journal Articles

Dynamic transport study of the plasmas with transport improvement in LHD and JT-60U

Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Inagaki, Shigeru*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Isayama, Akihiko; Matsunaga, Go; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(1), p.015005_1 - 015005_7, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:49.07(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Transport analysis during the transient phase of heating (a dynamic transport study) applied to the plasma with internal transport barriers (ITBs) in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and the JT-60U tokamak is described. In the dynamic transport study the time of transition from the L-mode plasma to the ITB plasma is clearly determined by the onset of flattening of the temperature profile in the core region and a spontaneous phase transition from a zero curvature ITB (hyperbolic tangent shaped ITB) or a positive curvature ITB (concaved shaped ITB) to a negative curvature ITB (convex shaped ITB) and its back-transition are observed. The flattening of the core region of the ITB transition and the back-transition between a zero curvature ITB and a convex ITB suggest the strong interaction of turbulent transport in space.

Journal Articles

Research and development of imaging bolometers

Peterson, B. J.*; Konoshima, Shigeru; Kostryukov, A. Y.*; Seo, D. C.*; Liu, Y.*; Miroshnikov, I. V.*; Ashikawa, Naoko*; Parchamy, H.*; Kawashima, Hisato; Iwama, Naofumi*; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 2, p.S1018_1 - S1018_4, 2007/11

An overview of the research and development of imaging bolometers giving a perspective on the applicability of this diagnostic to a fusion reactor is presented. Traditionally the total power lost from a high temperature has been measured using one dimensional arrays of resistive bolometers. The large number of signal wires associated with these resistive bolometers poses hazards not only at the vacuum interface, but also in the loss of electrical contacts that has been observed in the presence of fusion reactor levels of neutron flux. Infrared imaging video bolometers (IRVB), on the other hand, use the infrared radiation from the absorbing metal foil to transfer the signal through the vacuum interface and out from behind a neutron shield. The IRVB can provide hundreds of channels of bolometric signal in an image of the plasma radiation. Recently a prototype IRVB has been deployed on the JT-60U tokamak which demonstrates the ability of this diagnostic to operate in a reactor environment.

Journal Articles

Application of tomographic imaging to multi-pixel bolometric measurements

Liu, Y.*; Tamura, Naoki*; Peterson, B. J.*; Iwama, Naofumi*; Konoshima, Shigeru; LHD Experimental Group*; JT-60 Team

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 2, p.S1124_1 - S1124_4, 2007/11

Two improved tomographic algorithms, including a linear (Tikhonov-Phillips) and a nonlinear (maximum entropy) regularisation method, have been employed for multi-pixel bolometric measurements in order to get as much information as possible while keeping the assumptions to a minimum. The most important features of these improved methods are the capability of reconstructing radiation distributions without any symmetry assumptions, built-in smoothing, and useful reconstructions with relatively few detectors. Furthermore, the effects of finite detector size have been taken into account with a full three dimensional treatment of the detector geometry. The application of tomographic imaging was implemented to a two-array X-ray camera on the Large Helical Device (LHD) and a two-dimensional infrared imaging bolometric pinhole camera on JT-60U. Pertinent examples of the results are presented both to illustrate the analysis techniques and to demonstrate the wealth of physics which can be studied.

Journal Articles

Comparison of transient electron heat transport in LHD helical and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Inagaki, Shigeru*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Ida, Katsumi*; Isayama, Akihiko; Tamura, Naoki*; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shimozuma, Takashi*; Kamada, Yutaka; Kubo, Shin*; Miura, Yukitoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(1), p.133 - 141, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:53 Percentile:87.2(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Comparison of transient electron heat transport in LHD helical and JT-60U tokamak plasmas

Inagaki, Shigeru*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Ida, Katsumi*; Isayama, Akihiko; Tamura, Naoki*; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shimozuma, Takashi*; Kamada, Yutaka; Kubo, Shin*; Miura, Yukitoshi; et al.

Proceedings of 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

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