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Journal Articles

Search for elements 119 and 120

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(6), p.064602_1 - 064602_9, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:97.22(Physics, Nuclear)

A search for production of the superheavy elements with atomic numbers 119 and 120 was performed in the $$^{50}$$Ti+$$^{249}$$Bk and $$^{50}$$Ti+$$^{249}$$Cf fusion-evaporation reactions, respectively, at the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA. Over four months of irradiation, neither was detected at cross-section sensitivity levels of 65 and 200 fb, respectively. The non-observation of elements 119 and 120 is discussed within the concept of fusion-evaporation reactions including various theoretical predictions on the fission-barrier heights of superheavy nuclei in the region of the island of stability.

Journal Articles

Fusion reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk leading to formation of the element Ts (Z=117)

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054306_1 - 054306_16, 2019/05


 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:91.35(Physics, Nuclear)

We have performed an experiment to synthesize the element 117 (Ts) with the $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction. Four $$alpha$$-decay chains attributed to the element 117 were observed. Two of them were long decay chains which can be assigned to the one originating from the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{294}$$Ts. The other two were short decay chains which are consistent with the one originating from the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{293}$$Ts. We have compared the present results with the literature data, and found that our present results mostly confirmed the literature data, leading to the firm confirmation of the synthesis of the element 117.

Journal Articles

Hydroformylation of olefins by a rhodium single-atom catalyst with activity comparable to RhCl(PPh$$_{3}$$)$$_{3}$$

Lang, R.*; Li, T.*; Matsumura, Daiju; Miao, S.*; Ren, Y.*; Cui, Y.-T.*; Tan, Y.*; Qiao, B.*; Li, L.*; Wang, A.*; et al.

Angewandte Chemie; International Edition, 55(52), p.16054 - 16058, 2016/12

Journal Articles

Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120

Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; M$"u$nzenberg, G.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, W.*; Burkhard, K. G.*; Dahl, L.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 52(6), p.180_1 - 180_34, 2016/06

 Times Cited Count:155 Percentile:93.43(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Remarks on the fission barriers of super-heavy nuclei

Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; M$"u$nzenberg, G.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, W.*; Dahl, L.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Grzywacz, R.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 52(4), p.116_1 - 116_12, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:88.31(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

$$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction leading to element Z = 117; Long-lived $$alpha$$-decaying $$^{270}$$Db and discovery of $$^{266}$$Lr

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Ackermann, D.*; Andersson, L.-L.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Boll, R. A.*; Brand, H.*; Cox, D. M.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(17), p.172501_1 - 172501_5, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:201 Percentile:98.5(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The superheavy element with atomic number 117 was produced in the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{249}$$Bk fusion reaction using the gas-filled recoil separator TASCA at GSI in Germany. This result verified the previous result of the discovery of new element 117 reported by Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions in Russia, which makes certain the synthesis and discovery of element 117 in human history. On the other hand, the last nucleus in the $$alpha$$ decay chain from the element 117 was assigned to be the unknown nucleus $$^{266}$$Lr instead of the previously reported $$^{270}$$Db, and $$^{270}$$Db was found to be the $$alpha$$-decaying nucleus with very long half-life.

Journal Articles

The Reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$116$$^{*}$$ studied at the GSI-SHIP

Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, B.*; Block, M.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.62_1 - 62_23, 2012/05

 Times Cited Count:157 Percentile:98.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

IFMIF specifications from the users point of view

Garin, P.*; Diegele, E.*; Heidinger, R.*; Ibarra, A.*; Jitsukawa, Shiro; Kimura, Haruyuki; M$"o$slang, A.*; Muroga, Takeo*; Nishitani, Takeo; Poitevin, Y.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.611 - 614, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:87.87(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper summarizes the proposals and findings of the IFMIF Specification Working Group established to update the Users requirements and top level specifications for the Facility. Special attention is given to the different roadmaps of fusion path way towards power plants, of materials R&D and of facilities and their interactions. The materials development and validation activities on structural materials, blanket functional materials and non-metallic materials are analyzed and specific objectives and requirements to be implemented in IFMIF are proposed. Emphasis is made in additional potential validation activities that can be developed in IFMIF for ITER TBM qualification as well as for DEMO-oriented mock-up testing.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in blanket materials development in the Broader Approach Activities

Nishitani, Takeo; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nozawa, Takashi; Jitsukawa, Shiro; Nakamichi, Masaru; Hoshino, Tsuyoshi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Baluc, N.*; M$"o$slang, A.*; Lindou, R.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.1331 - 1335, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:72.96(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

As a part of the Broader Approach (BA) activities, the research and development on blanket related materials and tritium technology have been initiated toward DEMO by Japan and EU. Recently, those five R&D items have progressed substantially in Japan and EU. As a preparatory work aiming at the RAFM steel muss-production development, a 5-ton heat of RAFM steel (F82H) was procured with the Electro Slag Re-melting as a secondary melting. The result of the double notch tensile test method for the NITE-SiC$$_{f}$$/SiC specimen indicated notch insensitivity and very minor size effect on proportional limit tensile stress and fracture strength. For the fabrication technology development of beryllide neutron multiplayer pebbles, Be- Ti inter-metallic pebbles have been sintered directly from the mixed powder of Be and Ti in Japan.

Journal Articles

Status and key issues of reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels as the structural material for a DEMO blanket

Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Shiba, Kiyoyuki; M$"o$slang, A.*; Stoller, R. E.*; Lindau, R.*; Sokolov, M. A.*; Odette, G. R.*; Kurtz, R. J.*; Jitsukawa, Shiro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 417(1-3), p.9 - 15, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:127 Percentile:99.58(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

ITER construction was started, and R&D toward DEMO shifted to more practical stage. On this stage, the candidate material for DEMO blanket have to be the one which have sound engineering bases to be ready for engineering designing activity for DEMO reactor in 10 years. Reduced activation ferritic/martensitic (RAFM) steels, such as F82H (Fe-8Cr-2W-0.2V-0.04Ta) or EUROFER97 (Fe-9Cr-1W-0.2V- 0.12Ta), is the only material which currently have enough potential to meet this requirement, and selected as the target material in the R&D on materials engineering for DEMO blanket under the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) project in the Broader Approach (BA) activities between EU and Japan. In this paper, current status of RAFM R&D is overviewed especially on fabrication technology, inspection/testing technology, and material database. Overview on irradiation effect study is also provided.

Journal Articles

Fusion materials development program in the Broader Approach activities

Nishitani, Takeo; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Jitsukawa, Shiro; Nozawa, Takashi; Hayashi, Kimio; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; M$"o$slang, A.*; Baluc, N.*; Pizzuto, A.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 386-388, p.405 - 410, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:31 Percentile:88.51(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The establishment of the breeding blanket technology is one of the most important engineering issues on the DEMO development. For the DEMO blanket, developments of the structural materials and functional materials such as tritium breeder and neutron multiplier. Which should be used under the savior circumstance such as high neutron fluence, high temperature and strong magnetic field, are urgent issues. In the Broader Approach activities initiated by EU and Japan, developments of reduced activation ferritic martensitic steels as a DEMO blanket structural material, SiC/SiC composites, advanced tritium breeders and neutron multiplier for DEMO blankets, are planed as common interest issues of EU and Japan. This paper describes the overview of the development program.

Journal Articles

Status of development of functional materials with perspective on beyond-ITER

Shikama, Tatsuo*; Knitter, R.*; Konys, J.*; Muroga, Takeo*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; M$"o$slang, A.*; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Nagata, Shinji*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.976 - 982, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:90.53(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Functional materials should play an important role not only in ITER but also in fusion machines beyond ITER, though it is occasionally claimed that future fusion plants should have much more simple structures and they should be free from auxiliary systems such as diagnostics. Studies on test blanket modules (TBM) clearly show the importance of functional materials there. The paper will review the present status of studies and developments of functional ceramics for nuclear fusion applications, with a perspective on their application in electric-power generating fusion power plant, namely DEMO.

Journal Articles

Study of structural change in CeO$$_{2}$$ irradiated with high-energy ions by means of X-ray diffraction measurement

Ishikawa, Norito; Chimi, Yasuhiro; Michikami, Osamu*; Ota, Yasuyuki*; Ohara, Kota; Lang, M.*; Neumann, R.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 266(12-13), p.3033 - 3036, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:42 Percentile:92.44(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Cerium dioxide films are irradiated with high-energy heavy ions with the energy range of 150 MeV to 2.7 GeV, and X-ray diffraction profile is examined. As a result, the data can be explained by creation of nanometer-size ion track with disordered lattice structure, and the ion track is oxygen deficient.

Journal Articles

Influence of ion-charge state on damage morphology of ion tracks in dark mica

Lang, M.*; Hasenkamp, W.*; Ishikawa, Norito; Medvedev, N.*; Neumann, R.*; Papal$'e$o, R.*; Trautmann, C.*; Voss, K.-O.*; Yamaki, Tetsuya

GSI Report 2007-1, P. 313, 2007/06

We report how the ion charge state affects the track morphology of phlogopite, a dark mica mineral. The phlogopite samples were irradiated with nickel-58 ions at three different accelerators (GSI, Tokai/JAEA, and Takasaki/JAEA). The charge state of the Ni beams from both the JAEA accelerators was non-equilibrium, whereas at GSI it was adjusted to the equilibrium by passing the ions through three Al-foils. After chemical etching in a hydrogen fluoride aqueous solution, the tracks from different charge states of +15 (388 MeV) and +23 (373 MeV) were inspected by scanning force microscopy. The significant difference in etch-pit size and shape indicates the direct influence of the charge state in the track morphology.

Journal Articles

Progress in the ITER physics basis, 4; Power and particle control

Loarte, A.*; Lipschultz, B.*; Kukushkin, A. S.*; Matthews, G. F.*; Stangeby, P. C.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Counsell, G. F.*; Federici, G.*; Kallenbach, A.*; Krieger, K.*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(6), p.S203 - S263, 2007/06

 Times Cited Count:827 Percentile:96.49(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Progress, since the ITER Physics Basis publication (1999), in understanding the processes that will determine the properties of the plasma edge and its interaction with material elements in ITER is described. Significant progress in experiment area: energy and particle transport, the interaction of plasmas with the main chamber material elements, ELM energy deposition on material elements and the transport mechanism, the physics of plasma detachment and neutral dynamics, the erosion of low and high Z materials, their transport to the core plasma and their migration at the plasma edge, retention of tritium in fusion devices and removal methods. This progress has been accompanied by the development of modelling tools for the physical processes at the edge plasma and plasma-materials interaction. The implications for the expected performance in ITER and the lifetime of the plasma facing materials are discussed.

Journal Articles

Edge localized mode physics and operational aspects in tokamaks

B$'e$coulet, M.*; Huysmans, G.*; Sarazin, Y.*; Garbet, X.*; Ghendrih, P.*; Rimini, F.*; Joffrin, E.*; Litaudon, X.*; Monier-Garbet, P.*; An$'e$, J.-M.*; et al.

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 45(12A), p.A93 - A113, 2003/12

 Times Cited Count:84 Percentile:91.49(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Staged deployment of the international fusion materials irradiation facility (IFMIF)

Takeuchi, Hiroshi; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Nakamura, Hiroo; Yutani, Toshiaki*; Ida, Mizuho*; Jitsukawa, Shiro; Kondo, Tatsuo; Matsuda, Shinzaburo; Matsui, Hideki*; Shannon, T. E.*; et al.

Fusion Energy 2000 (CD-ROM), 5 Pages, 2001/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Safety design of the international fusion materials irradiation facility (IFMIF)

Konishi, Satoshi; Yamaki, Daiju; Katsuta, Hiroji; M$"o$slang, A.*; R.Jameson*; Martone, M.*; Shannon, T. E.*

JAERI-Tech 97-056, 9 Pages, 1997/11


no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fusion technology activities through the Broader Approach IFMIF-EVEDA project

Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Knaster, J.*; Heidinger, R.*; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Ibarra, A.*; Mosnier, A.*; Heinzel, V.*; Massaut, V.*; Micciche, G.*; M$"o$slang, A.*

no journal, , 

The International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) Engineering Design and Engineering Validation Activities (EVEDA) started in 2007 under the framework of the Broader Approach (BA) Agreement between EU and Japan with the objective of developing a complete engineering design of the IFMIF together with accompanying sub projects to validate the major elements of the technologies essential for the IFMIF Plant. The validation sub projects include design and construction of the prototype deuteron beam accelerator, Lithium Loop Test Facility, and irradiation test of samples in Rigs for High Flux Test Modules. The recent achievements from these activities will be presented.

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