Sublet, J.-Ch.*; Bondarenko, I. P.*; Bonny, G.*; Conlin, J. L.*; Gilbert, M. R.*; Greenwood, L. R.*; Griffin, P. J.*; Helgesson, P.*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Khryachkov, V. A.*; et al.
European Physical Journal Plus (Internet), 134(7), p.350_1 - 350_50, 2019/07
Nuclear reaction with nuclear data is the origin of defects produced by cascade damage in irradiated materials. Therefore, it is important to consider nuclear reaction correctly for calculations of the damage energy of Primary Knock on Atom (PKA) and the number of Displacement Per Atom (DPA). Here, radiation damage metrics considering nuclear reaction enables us to simulate transport of each defect and clustering defects in the irradiated material. This paper reviews the theory of nuclear reaction and damage energy and describes the latest methodologies about uncertainty propagation and quantification in nuclear data and damage calculations based on molecular dynamics.
Mller-Gatermann, C.*; Dewald, A.*; Fransen, C.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Beckers, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; Braunroth, T.*; Cullen, D. M.*; Fruet, G.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054325_1 - 054325_7, 2019/05
no abstracts in English
Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.
Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02
The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - U, U, Pu, Fe, O and H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.
Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Pigni, M.*; Dunn, M.*; Leal, L.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.02001_1 - 02001_9, 2017/09
The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides (O, Fe, U and Pu) that significantly impact criticality in nuclear technologies with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality.
Li, B.; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Liu, Y.*; Wang, M.*; Matsuura, Masato*; Shibata, Kaoru; Kawamura, Seiko; Yamada, Takeshi*; Lin, S.*; Nakajima, Kenji; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.16086_1 - 16086_9, 2017/06
Hata, Kuniki; Lin, M.*; Yokoya, Akinari*; Fujii, Kentaro*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Muroya, Yusa*; Katsumura, Yosuke*
Hoshasen Kagaku (Internet), (103), p.29 - 34, 2017/04
Reactivity of edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one), which is known to show high antioxidative properties, with oxidative species, such as hydroxyl radical (OH) and azide radical (N), was investigated by a pulse radiolysis experiment, and generation behavior of edaravone radicals produced through these reactions were observed. It was shown that OH-adducts are produced by the reaction with OH in contrast to the other oxidative radicals, which react with edaravone by an electron transfer reaction. Chemical repair properties of edaravone against DNA lesions produced by reactions of DNA with oxidative species were also investigated by a pulse radiolysis experiment with deoxyguanosine monophosphate (dGMP) and a -radiolysis experiment with plasmid DNA solutions. It was observed that edaravone reduced dGMP radicals just after produced in a dilute aqueous solution and inhibited some base lesions on plasmid DNA more effectively than single strand breaks. These results show that edaravone may protect living system from oxidative stress, such as radiation, by not only scavenging oxidative species but also reducing precursors of DNA leisons.
Lic, R.*; Rotaru, F.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Grvy, S.*; Negoita, F.*; Poves, A.*; Sorlin, O.*; Andreyev, A.; Borcea, R.*; Costache, C.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 95(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_6, 2017/02
Konki, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Uusitalo, J.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Block, M.*; Briselet, R.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dasgupta, M.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 764, p.265 - 270, 2017/01
Kim, H.*; Lin, S.-Z.*; Graf, M.*; Miyata, Yoshinori*; Nagai, Yuki; Kato, Takeo*; Hasegawa, Yukio*
Physical Review Letters, 117(11), p.116802_1 - 116802_5, 2016/09
no abstracts in English
Nowak, K.*; Wimmer, K.*; Hellgartner, S.*; Mcher, D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Gernhuser, R.*; Iwanicki, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044335_1 - 044335_10, 2016/04
Matthi, D.*; Ehresmann, B.*; Lohf, H.*; Khler, J.*; Zeitlin, C.*; Appel, J.*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Slaba, T. C.*; Martin, C.*; Berger, T.*; et al.
Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (Internet), 6, p.A13_1 - A13_17, 2016/03
The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) has been measuring the radiation environment on the surface of Mars since August 6th 2012. In this work, several models such as GEANT4, PHITS, and HZETRN/OLTARIS are used to predict the radiation environment caused by galactic cosmic rays on Mars in order to compare and validate them with the experimental results. Although good agreement is found in many cases for GEANT4, PHITS and HZETRN/OLTARIS, some models still show large, sometimes order of magnitude, discrepancies in certain particle spectra. We have found that RAD data is helping make better choices of input parameters and physical models. These results help to predict dose rates for future manned missions as well as to perform shield optimization studies.
Sambi, S.*; Raabe, R.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Caamano, M.*; Damoy, S.*; Fernndez-Domnguez, B.*; Flavigny, F.*; Fynbo, H.*; Gibelin, J.*; Grinyer, G. F.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 51(3), p.25_1 - 25_7, 2015/03
Hata, Kuniki; Urushibara, Ayumi*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Lin, M.*; Muroya, Yusa*; Shikazono, Naoya; Yokoya, Akinari; Fu, H.*; Katsumura, Yosuke*
Journal of Radiation Research, 56(1), p.59 - 66, 2015/01
Lin, M.; Muroya, Yusa*
Genshiryoku, Ryoshi, Kakuyugo Jiten, 4, p.104 - 105, 2014/12
We are invited to write the item "radiation chemistry of aqueous solutions" for the dictionary titled "Nuclear Engineering, Quantum, and nuclear fusion for the beginners" which will be published by Maruzen. Following with an introduction about its importance in various research fields, the history, the reaction mechanism, and the affected factors of water radiolysis are introduced, with easy-to understand explanation about the effects of LET, temperature, etc.
Bolton, P.; Borghesi, M.*; Brenner, C.*; Carroll, D. C.*; De Martinis, C.*; Fiorini, F.*; Flacco, A.*; Floquet, V.*; Fuchs, J.*; Gallegos, P.*; et al.
Physica Medica; European Journal of Medical Physics, 30(3), p.255 - 270, 2014/05
Balkin, E. R.*; Hamlin, D. K.*; Gagnon, K.*; Chyan, M.-K.*; Pal, S.*; Watanabe, Shigeki; Wilbur, D. S.*
Applied Sciences (Internet), 3(3), p.636 - 655, 2013/09
Pitcher, C. S.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Encheva, A.*; Feder, R.*; Friconneau, J. P.*; Hu, Q.*; Levesy, B.*; Loesser, G. D.*; Lyublin, B.*; et al.
Fusion Science and Technology, 64(2), p.118 - 125, 2013/08
The port-based plasma diagnostic infrastructure on ITER is described, including the port plugs, the interspace support structure and port cell structure. These systems are modular in nature with standardized dimensions. The design of the equatorial and upper port plugs and their modules is discussed, as well as the dominant loading mechanisms. The port infrastructure design has now matured to the point that port plugs are now being populated with multiple diagnostics supplied by a number of ITER partners - two port plug examples are given.
Rubert, J.*; Dorvaux, O.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Asfari, Z.*; Piot, J.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Asai, Masato; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; et al.
Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 420, p.012010_1 - 012010_10, 2013/03
The first prompt in-beam -ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element, Rf, has been performed successfully. A development of an intense isotopically enriched Ti beam using the MIVOC method enabled us to perform this experiment. A rotational band up to a spin of 20 has been discovered in Rf, and its moment of inertia has been extracted. These data suggest that there is no evidence of a significant deformed shell gap at = 104.
Flavigny, F.*; Gillibert, A.*; Nalpas, L.*; Obertelli, A.*; Keeley, N.*; Barbieri, C.*; Beaumel, D.*; Boissinot, S.*; Burgunder, G.*; Cipollone, A.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 110(12), p.122503_1 - 122503_5, 2013/03
no abstracts in English
Sato, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Konno, Chikara; Morota, Hidetsugu*; Nasif, H.*; Tanaka, Masanobu*; Polunovskiy, E.*; Loughlin, M.*
Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03
Detailed nuclear analyses for the latest ITER NB system are required to ensure that NB design conforms to the nuclear regulations for the ITER building and licensing. A variety of nuclear analyses was started for ITER NB system including a tokamak building of 50m 35m 20m and outside the building by using a Monte Carlo code MCNP in 2009. MCNP geometry input data were successfully produced from simplified NB CAD data with the improved GEOMIT code, which automatically converts CAD data to MCNP geometry input data. We have performed calculations of the effective dose rates during DT operation and after shutdown, and activation of the NB components, etc.