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Journal Articles

Neutron-induced damage simulations; Beyond defect production cross-section, displacement per atom and iron-based metrics

Sublet, J.-Ch.*; Bondarenko, I. P.*; Bonny, G.*; Conlin, J. L.*; Gilbert, M. R.*; Greenwood, L. R.*; Griffin, P. J.*; Helgesson, P.*; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Khryachkov, V. A.*; et al.

European Physical Journal Plus (Internet), 134(7), p.350_1 - 350_50, 2019/07

Nuclear reaction with nuclear data is the origin of defects produced by cascade damage in irradiated materials. Therefore, it is important to consider nuclear reaction correctly for calculations of the damage energy of Primary Knock on Atom (PKA) and the number of Displacement Per Atom (DPA). Here, radiation damage metrics considering nuclear reaction enables us to simulate transport of each defect and clustering defects in the irradiated material. This paper reviews the theory of nuclear reaction and damage energy and describes the latest methodologies about uncertainty propagation and quantification in nuclear data and damage calculations based on molecular dynamics.

Journal Articles

Shape coexistence in $$^{178}$$Hg

M$"u$ller-Gatermann, C.*; Dewald, A.*; Fransen, C.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Beckers, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; Braunroth, T.*; Cullen, D. M.*; Fruet, G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054325_1 - 054325_7, 2019/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

CIELO collaboration summary results; International evaluations of neutron reactions on uranium, plutonium, iron, oxygen and hydrogen

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Talou, P.*; Plompen, A. J.*; Schillebeeckx, P.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 148, p.189 - 213, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:4(Physics, Nuclear)

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides that significantly impact criticality in nuclear facilities - $$^{235}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{16}$$O and $$^{1}$$H - with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality. This report summarizes our results and outlines plans for the next phase of this collaboration.

Journal Articles

The CIELO collaboration; Progress in international evaluations of neutron reactions on Oxygen, Iron, Uranium and Plutonium

Chadwick, M. B.*; Capote, R.*; Trkov, A.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Herman, M. W.*; Brown, D. A.*; Hale, G. M.*; Pigni, M.*; Dunn, M.*; Leal, L.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 146, p.02001_1 - 02001_9, 2017/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:0.6

The CIELO collaboration has studied neutron cross sections on nuclides ($$^{16}$$O, $$^{56}$$Fe, $$^{235,238}$$U and $$^{239}$$Pu) that significantly impact criticality in nuclear technologies with the aim of improving the accuracy of the data and resolving previous discrepancies in our understanding. This multi-laboratory pilot project, coordinated via the OECD/NEA Working Party on Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC) Subgroup 40 with support also from the IAEA, has motivated experimental and theoretical work and led to suites of new evaluated libraries that accurately reflect measured data and also perform well in integral simulations of criticality.

Journal Articles

Polar rotor scattering as atomic-level origin of low mobility and thermal conductivity of perovskite CH$$_{3}$$NH$$_{3}$$PbI$$_{3}$$

Li, B.; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Liu, Y.*; Wang, M.*; Matsuura, Masato*; Shibata, Kaoru; Kawamura, Seiko; Yamada, Takeshi*; Lin, S.*; Nakajima, Kenji; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.16086_1 - 16086_9, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:5.65(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Reactivity of an antioxidant, edaravone, with reactive oxygen species and its chemical repair properties against oxidative damage on DNA

Hata, Kuniki; Lin, M.*; Yokoya, Akinari*; Fujii, Kentaro*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Muroya, Yusa*; Katsumura, Yosuke*

Hoshasen Kagaku (Internet), (103), p.29 - 34, 2017/04

Reactivity of edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one), which is known to show high antioxidative properties, with oxidative species, such as hydroxyl radical ($${}^{bullet}$$OH) and azide radical (N$$^{bullet}$$$$_{3}$$), was investigated by a pulse radiolysis experiment, and generation behavior of edaravone radicals produced through these reactions were observed. It was shown that OH-adducts are produced by the reaction with $${}^{bullet}$$OH in contrast to the other oxidative radicals, which react with edaravone by an electron transfer reaction. Chemical repair properties of edaravone against DNA lesions produced by reactions of DNA with oxidative species were also investigated by a pulse radiolysis experiment with deoxyguanosine monophosphate (dGMP) and a $$gamma$$-radiolysis experiment with plasmid DNA solutions. It was observed that edaravone reduced dGMP radicals just after produced in a dilute aqueous solution and inhibited some base lesions on plasmid DNA more effectively than single strand breaks. These results show that edaravone may protect living system from oxidative stress, such as radiation, by not only scavenging oxidative species but also reducing precursors of DNA leisons.

Journal Articles

Identification of the crossing point at $$N$$ = 21 between normal and intruder configurations

Lic$u{a}$, R.*; Rotaru, F.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Gr$'e$vy, S.*; Negoita, F.*; Poves, A.*; Sorlin, O.*; Andreyev, A.; Borcea, R.*; Costache, C.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(2), p.021301_1 - 021301_6, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:18.72(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Towards saturation of the electron-capture delayed fission probability; The New isotopes $$^{240}$$Es and $$^{236}$$Bk

Konki, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Uusitalo, J.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Auranen, K.*; Badran, H.*; Block, M.*; Briselet, R.*; Cox, D. M.*; Dasgupta, M.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 764, p.265 - 270, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:18.72(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Electrical conductivity through a single atomic step measured with the proximity-induced superconducting pair correlation

Kim, H.*; Lin, S.-Z.*; Graf, M.*; Miyata, Yoshinori*; Nagai, Yuki; Kato, Takeo*; Hasegawa, Yukio*

Physical Review Letters, 117(11), p.116802_1 - 116802_5, 2016/09

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:23.6(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Spectroscopy of $$^{46}$$Ar by the ($$t,p$$) two-neutron transfer reaction

Nowak, K.*; Wimmer, K.*; Hellgartner, S.*; M$"u$cher, D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Gernh$"a$user, R.*; Iwanicki, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(4), p.044335_1 - 044335_10, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:31.2(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

The Martian surface radiation environment; A Comparison of models and MSL/RAD measurements

Matthi$"a$, D.*; Ehresmann, B.*; Lohf, H.*; K$"o$hler, J.*; Zeitlin, C.*; Appel, J.*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Slaba, T. C.*; Martin, C.*; Berger, T.*; et al.

Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (Internet), 6, p.A13_1 - A13_17, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:3.61(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD) on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) has been measuring the radiation environment on the surface of Mars since August 6th 2012. In this work, several models such as GEANT4, PHITS, and HZETRN/OLTARIS are used to predict the radiation environment caused by galactic cosmic rays on Mars in order to compare and validate them with the experimental results. Although good agreement is found in many cases for GEANT4, PHITS and HZETRN/OLTARIS, some models still show large, sometimes order of magnitude, discrepancies in certain particle spectra. We have found that RAD data is helping make better choices of input parameters and physical models. These results help to predict dose rates for future manned missions as well as to perform shield optimization studies.

Journal Articles

$$^{12}$$C + p resonant elastic scattering in the Maya active target

Sambi, S.*; Raabe, R.*; Borge, M. J. G.*; Caamano, M.*; Damoy, S.*; Fern$'a$ndez-Dom$'i$nguez, B.*; Flavigny, F.*; Fynbo, H.*; Gibelin, J.*; Grinyer, G. F.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 51(3), p.25_1 - 25_7, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:45.25(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Chemical repair activity of free radical scavenger edaravone; Reduction reactions with dGMP hydroxyl radical adducts and suppression of base lesions and AP sites on irradiated plasmid DNA

Hata, Kuniki; Urushibara, Ayumi*; Yamashita, Shinichi*; Lin, M.*; Muroya, Yusa*; Shikazono, Naoya; Yokoya, Akinari; Fu, H.*; Katsumura, Yosuke*

Journal of Radiation Research, 56(1), p.59 - 66, 2015/01

AA2014-0383.pdf:0.93MB

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:75.84(Biology)

Journal Articles

Radiation chemistry of aqueous solutions; Radiolysis of water and aqueous solutions

Lin, M.; Muroya, Yusa*

Genshiryoku, Ryoshi, Kakuyugo Jiten, 4, p.104 - 105, 2014/12

We are invited to write the item "radiation chemistry of aqueous solutions" for the dictionary titled "Nuclear Engineering, Quantum, and nuclear fusion for the beginners" which will be published by Maruzen. Following with an introduction about its importance in various research fields, the history, the reaction mechanism, and the affected factors of water radiolysis are introduced, with easy-to understand explanation about the effects of LET, temperature, etc.

Journal Articles

Instrumentation for diagnostics and control of laser-accelerated proton (ion) beams

Bolton, P.; Borghesi, M.*; Brenner, C.*; Carroll, D. C.*; De Martinis, C.*; Fiorini, F.*; Flacco, A.*; Floquet, V.*; Fuchs, J.*; Gallegos, P.*; et al.

Physica Medica; European Journal of Medical Physics, 30(3), p.255 - 270, 2014/05

Journal Articles

Evaluation of a wet chemistry method for isolation of cyclotron produced [$$^{211}$$At] astatine

Balkin, E. R.*; Hamlin, D. K.*; Gagnon, K.*; Chyan, M.-K.*; Pal, S.*; Watanabe, Shigeki; Wilbur, D. S.*

Applied Sciences (Internet), 3(3), p.636 - 655, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:44.92(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Port-based plasma diagnostic infrastructure on ITER

Pitcher, C. S.*; Barnsley, R.*; Bertalot, L.*; Encheva, A.*; Feder, R.*; Friconneau, J. P.*; Hu, Q.*; Levesy, B.*; Loesser, G. D.*; Lyublin, B.*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 64(2), p.118 - 125, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:62.81(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The port-based plasma diagnostic infrastructure on ITER is described, including the port plugs, the interspace support structure and port cell structure. These systems are modular in nature with standardized dimensions. The design of the equatorial and upper port plugs and their modules is discussed, as well as the dominant loading mechanisms. The port infrastructure design has now matured to the point that port plugs are now being populated with multiple diagnostics supplied by a number of ITER partners - two port plug examples are given.

Journal Articles

First prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element; The $$^{256}$$Rf

Rubert, J.*; Dorvaux, O.*; Gall, B. J. P.*; Greenlees, P. T.*; Asfari, Z.*; Piot, J.*; Andersson, L. L.*; Asai, Masato; Cox, D. M.*; Dechery, F.*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 420, p.012010_1 - 012010_10, 2013/03

 Percentile:100

The first prompt in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of a superheavy element, $$^{256}$$Rf, has been performed successfully. A development of an intense isotopically enriched $$^{50}$$Ti beam using the MIVOC method enabled us to perform this experiment. A rotational band up to a spin of 20 $$hbar$$ has been discovered in $$^{256}$$Rf, and its moment of inertia has been extracted. These data suggest that there is no evidence of a significant deformed shell gap at $$Z$$ = 104.

Journal Articles

Limited asymmetry dependence of correlations from single nucleon transfer

Flavigny, F.*; Gillibert, A.*; Nalpas, L.*; Obertelli, A.*; Keeley, N.*; Barbieri, C.*; Beaumel, D.*; Boissinot, S.*; Burgunder, G.*; Cipollone, A.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 110(12), p.122503_1 - 122503_5, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:10.28(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Nuclear analyses for ITER NB system

Sato, Satoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Konno, Chikara; Morota, Hidetsugu*; Nasif, H.*; Tanaka, Masanobu*; Polunovskiy, E.*; Loughlin, M.*

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

Detailed nuclear analyses for the latest ITER NB system are required to ensure that NB design conforms to the nuclear regulations for the ITER building and licensing. A variety of nuclear analyses was started for ITER NB system including a tokamak building of 50m $$times$$ 35m $$times$$ 20m and outside the building by using a Monte Carlo code MCNP in 2009. MCNP geometry input data were successfully produced from simplified NB CAD data with the improved GEOMIT code, which automatically converts CAD data to MCNP geometry input data. We have performed calculations of the effective dose rates during DT operation and after shutdown, and activation of the NB components, etc.

211 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)