Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; 大津 秀暁*; 櫻井 博儀*; Ahn, D. S.*; 合川 正幸*; 福田 直樹*; 磯部 忠昭*; 川上 駿介*; 小山 俊平*; et al.
Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06
理化学研究所RIビームファクトリーにて逆運動学法を使用し、核子当たり168MeVの陽子, 重陽子, 炭素イオン入射によるXeのスポレーションおよびフラグメンテーション反応からの同位体生成断面積を測定した。炭素イオンの場合は全運動エネルギーが高くなるため、質量数の小さな同位体の生成断面積が大きくなった。また、今回新たに測定されたデータを以前により高い入射エネルギーで測定されたデータと比較することで、同位体生成断面積の入射エネルギー依存性を調査した。さらに、測定データをPHITS, SPACS, EPAX, DEURACSの計算値と比較した。本研究で測定したデータは、理論計算の良いベンチマークになると考えられる。
Chen, Z. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Hua, H.*; 渡邉 寛*; Yuan, C. X.*; Zhang, S. Q.*; Lorusso, G.*; Orlandi, R.; 他60名*
Physical Review Letters, 122(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2019/05
-delayed -ray spectroscopy of the neutron-rich isotopes Ag was carried out at RIBF, RIKEN. The long predicted 1/2 emitting isomers were identified in both nuclei for the first time. The new experimental results extend the systematic trend of energy spacing between the lowest 9/2 and 1/2 levels in Ag isotopes up to N=78, providing a clear signal for the reduction of the Z=40 subshell gap in Ag towards N=82. The tensor force is found to play a key role in the reduction of the Z=40 sub-shell gap.
渡邉 寛*; Wang, H. K.*; Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Orlandi, R.; 他47名*
Physics Letters B, 792, p.263 - 268, 2019/05
The isotopes Pd and Pd, respectively with 79 and 81 neutrons, are key isotopes to understand the evolution of the N=82 shell closure below Pd. These nuclei were studied at RIBF (RIKEN). New isomeric states with half-lives of 144(4) ns and 39(6) s were assigned spins and parities of (23/2) and (19/2) in Pd and Pd, respectively. The assignment was carried out based on the results of the -ray intensity balance analysis and the measured transition strengths with the aid of a shell-model calculation. The isomoer in Pd was ascribed predominantly to three neutron-hole excitations in the N=50-82 shell. The 19/2 state in Pd is expected to involve the coupling of proton and neutron configurations. The new data will provide important benchmarks for a better understanding of -process nucleosynthesis.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 772, p.483 - 488, 2017/09
A new high-spin isomer in the neutron-rich nucleus Cd was populated in the projectile fission of a U beam at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory at RIKEN. A half-life of T = 6.3(8) ms was measured for the new state which was tentatively assigned a spin/parity of (15). The isomeric state decays via the emission of a 309-keV ray with multipolarity. The experimental results are compared to shell model calculations performed using state-of-the-art realistic effective interactions and to the neighbouring nucleus Cd. The comparison with calculations shows that adjustments of the pairing and multipole parts of the effective interaction derived from the CD-Bonn nucleon-nucleon potential are required in order to describe the properties of nuclei in the region around Sn.
Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; 角田 佑介*; Otsuka, T.*; 西村 俊二*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 765, p.328 - 333, 2017/02
The level schemes of neutron-rich isotopes Co and Ni were populated in the decay of Fe and studied using -delayed -ray spectroscopy of the decay, at the RIBF in RIKEN, Japan. The experimental results were compared to state-of-the-art shell-model calculations, and indicate a dominance of prolate deformation in the low-lying states, coexisting with spherical states. The decay of the isobars is shown to progress in accordance to a new type of shell evolution, the so-called Type II, which involves many particle-hole excitations across energy gaps.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P. A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2016/08
The decay of the semi-magic nucleus Cd has been studied at the RIBF facility at the RIKEN Nishina Center. The high statistics of the present experiment allowed for a revision of the established level scheme of In and the observation of additional feeding to high lying core-excited states in In. The experimental results are compared to shell-model calculations employing a model space consisting of the full major neutron and proton shells, and good agreement is found.
Jungclaus, A.*; Gargano, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_6, 2016/04
For the first time, the decay of excited states in a nucleus situated "south-east" of Sn have been observed, in a region where experimental information is limited to ground-state properties. Six rays from Cd, produced in the fragmentation of a U beam at RIBF at RIKEN. The rays were studied using the EURICA array of Ge detectors. The new experimental information is compared to results from realistic shell-model calculations, which are the first in this region far from stability. Comparison with calculations suggests that at least four out of six new transitions can be attributed to the particle-hole configuration of one neutron in the and one proton hole in the orbits, respectively. This work constitutes an important first step towards the exploration of nuclear structure in this unknown region of the nuclear chart.
Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; Lorusso, G.*; Patel, Z.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034328_1 - 034328_14, 2016/03
Low-lying excited states in Ni have been investigated at RIKEN by studying the decay of Co to Ni. Co was separated with BigRIPS, implanted into the WaS3ABi Silicon array, and the ray measured using the EURICA spectrometer. From the analysis, 60 new -ray transitions and 21 new levels in Ni were observed. The new experimental information is compared to shell-model calculations which include neutron excitation across the shell. The calculations reproduce rather well the observed states, implying that a clear understanding of these low-lying excitations has been achieved.
Benzoni, G.*; Morales, A. I.*; Watanabe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Coraggio, L.*; Itaco, N.*; Gargano, A.*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 751, p.107 - 112, 2015/12
The decays of Mn have been measured at the RIBF facility at RIKEN using the EURICA spectrometer combined with an active stopper consisting of a stack of Si detectors. Half-lives and -delayed neutron emission probabilities have been extracted for these decays, together with first experimental information on excited states populated in Fe. The data indicate a continuously increasing deformation for Fe isotopes up to A=70, and interpreted to be due to the interplay between quadrupole correlation of specific neutron orbitals and the monopole component of the proton-neutron interaction.
Steiger, K.*; 西村 俊二*; Li, Z.*; Gernhuser, R.*; 宇都野 穣; Chen, R.*; Faestermann, T.*; Hinke, C.*; Krcken, R.*; 西村 美月*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 51(9), p.117_1 - 117_9, 2015/09
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054324_1 - 054324_11, 2015/05
The decay of Cd, produced in relativistic fission of a U beam, was studied at the RIKEN Nishina Center. From the -ray analysis, 31 excited states and 69 ray transitions were established in the level scheme of In, and compared with state-of-the-art shell-model calculations. It was found that the decay of Cd is dominated by Gamow teller transitions, but a non-negligible contribution to the decay is also made by first-forbidden transitions. To estimate the contribution of first-forbidden transitions is important for calculations of the -decay half-lives of nuclei in this region.
Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Watanabe, H.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 114(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2015/05
The -decay half-lives of 110 neutron-rich isotopes of the elements from Rb to Sn were measured at the RIBF Facility at RIKEN, Japan. The new data demonstrate the persistence of shell structure far from stability and have direct implications for the -process calculations. In particular, the new half-lives have a global impact on the calculated -process elemental abundances, and alleviate the underproduction of isotopes just above and below the A=130 peak, which in the past required the introduction of shell structure modifications. Reaction-network calculations based on the new data reinforce the notion that the r-process abundance pattern may result from the freeze-out of a (n,)(,n) equilibrium.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Ncher, E.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 738, p.223 - 227, 2014/11
The decay of an isomeric state in the neutron-rich nucleus Cd was observed via the detection of internal conversion and Compton electrons. This measurement provided the first experimental information on excited states in this nucleus. The isomer was populated in the projectile fission of a U beam at the RIBF facility at RIKEN. From the measured yields of rays and internal conversion electrons, E3 multipolarity was tentatively assigned to the isomeric transition. A half-life of 3.6(2) ms was determined for this new state which, by comparison with shell-model calculations, was tentatively assigned a spin of (21/2).
Simpson, G. S.*; Gey, G.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Sieja, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(13), p.132502_1 - 132502_6, 2014/09
Delayed -ray cascades, originating from the decay of 6 isomeric states, in the very neutron-rich, semimagic isotopes Sn were observed following the projectile fission of a U beam at RIBF, RIKEN. The wave functions of these isomeric states are proposed to be predominantly a fully aligned pair of f neutrons. Shell-model calculations, performed using a realistic effective interaction, reproduce well the energies of the excited states of these nuclei and the measured transition rates, with the exception of the 2;6) rate of Sn, which deviates from a simple seniority scheme. Empirically reducing the orbit matrix elements produces a 4+1 state with almost equal seniority 2 and 4 components, correctly reproducing the experimental 2;6) rate of Sn. These data provide a key benchmark for shell-model interactions far from stability.
Watanabe, H.*; Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Otsuka, T.*; Ogawa, K.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Li, Z.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(4), p.042502_1 - 042502_6, 2014/07
A new isomer with a half-life of 23.0(8) ms has been identified in Pd at 2406 keV excitation. The proposed spin and parity configuration is 10, with maximally aligned configuration of two neutron hole. -decay from the long-lived isomer was also observed to populated excited states at high spins in Ag. The small energy difference between the 10 and 7 isomers in Pd was interpreted in the frame of the monopole shift of the 1 neutron orbit. The effects of the monopole interaction on the evolution of single-neutron energies below Sn are discussed in terms of central and tensor forces.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 112(13), p.132501_1 - 132501_6, 2014/04
A low-lying state in In, the one-proton hole nucleus with respect to double magic Sn, was observed by its decay to the beta emitting isomer. The new state, which was populated both in the beta decay of Cd and after beta-delayed neutron emission from Cd, was identified, at an excitation energy of 1353 keV, as the previously unknown single-hole state with respect to the Sn core. Exploiting this crucial new experimental information, shell-model calculations were performed to study the structure of experimentally inaccessible =82 isotones below Sn. The results evidence a surprising absence of proton subshell closures along the chain of =82 isotones. This finding bears consequences on the evolution of the =82 shell gap along the r-process path.