※ 半角英数字
 年 ~ 
検索結果: 764 件中 1件目~20件目を表示


Initialising ...



Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...


Initialising ...



Elastic properties of nuclear pasta in a fully three-dimensional geometry

Xia, C.-J.*; 丸山 敏毅; 安武 伸俊*; 巽 敏隆*; Zhang, Y.-X.*

Physics Letters B, 839, p.137769_1 - 137769_5, 2023/04

Realistic estimations on the elastic properties of neutron star matter are carried out with a large strain ($$varepsilon$$ $$_sim^{<}$$ 0.5) in the framework of relativistic-mean-field model with Thomas-Fermi approximation, where various crystalline configurations are considered in a fully three-dimensional geometry with reflection symmetry. Our calculation confirms the validity of assuming Coulomb crystals for the droplet phase above neutron drip density, which nonetheless does not work at large densities since the elastic constants are found to be decreasing after reaching their peaks. Similarly, the analytic formulae derived in the incompressible liquid-drop model give excellent description for the rod phase at small densities, which overestimates the elastic constants at larger densities. For slabs, due to the negligence on the variations of their thicknesses, the analytic formulae from liquid-drop model agree qualitatively but not quantitatively with our numerical estimations. By fitting to the numerical results, these analytic formulae are improved by introducing dampening factors. The impacts of nuclear symmetry energy are examined adopting two parameter sets, corresponding to the slope of symmetry energy L = 41.34 and 89.39 MeV. Even with the uncertainties caused by the anisotropy in polycrystallines, the elastic properties of neutron star matter obtained with L = 41.34 and 89.39 MeV are distinctively different, results in detectable differences in various neutron star activities.



Lu, K.; 勝山 仁哉; 高見澤 悠; Li, Y.

JAEA-Research 2022-012, 39 Pages, 2023/02





高見澤 悠; Lu, K.; 勝山 仁哉; 眞崎 浩一*; 宮本 裕平*; Li, Y.

JAEA-Data/Code 2022-006, 221 Pages, 2023/02


原子炉圧力容器(RPV: Reactor Pressure Vessel)は原子炉冷却材圧力バウンダリを構成する重要機器の1つであり、中性子照射等に伴う高経年化を考慮した構造健全性確保が極めて重要である。国立研究開発法人日本原子力研究開発機構(JAEA: Japan Atomic Energy Agency)では、RPVの構造健全性評価に関する研究の一環として、確率論的破壊力学(PFM: Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics)解析コードPASCAL(PFM Analysis of Structural Components in Aging LWR)の開発を進めている。本コードは、加圧水型軽水炉(PWR: Pressurized Water Reactor)及び沸騰水型軽水炉(BWR: Boiling Water Reactor)を対象に、影響因子が持つ不確実さを考慮し、加圧熱衝撃(PTS: Pressurized Thermal Shock)事象や低温過圧事象(LTOP: Low-Temperature Over Pressure)等の過渡によるRPVの炉心領域部の破損確率や破損頻度を求めるものである。破壊力学や確率論的計算手法等に関する最新知見や国内RPVに適した評価手法・評価モデルを踏まえ、新規解析機能の導入を進めるとともに、系統的なコード検証活動を通じて信頼性向上を図ってきた。平成12年度に公開したPASCALでは、PWRのPTS事象を対象に、RPVの破損確率を解析する基本的な枠組みを整備した。平成18年度に公開したPASCAL2では、内部亀裂の評価手法や様々な非破壊検査による亀裂の検出性に関する評価モデル等を導入し、過渡事象データベースを整備した。平成22年度に公開したPASCAL3では、肉盛溶接クラッド部に着目して、亀裂の評価機能等を改良した。平成29年度に公開したPASCAL4では、応力拡大係数解や破壊靭性の不確実さを考慮した評価モデル等の改良により解析機能の高度化を図るとともに、影響因子の不確実さを認識論的不確実さと偶然的不確実さに分類し、不確実さを考慮した信頼度評価機能等を整備した。平成30年度以降は、これまでPWRのPTS事象を対象としたRPV内面側亀裂の評価機能に加えて、BWRの起動事象、LTOP事象等を想定したRPV外面側亀裂の評価機能等の整備を進めてきた。これらの機能整備を踏まえ、国内PWR及びBWRのRPVを対象とした確率論的健全性評価に資する解析コードとして、PASCAL5へとバージョンアップした。PASCAL5はPFM解析モジュールであるPASCAL-RV、PASCAL-RVの入力データの生成やRPV炉心領域部を対象とした破損頻度の算出を行うモジュールであるPASCAL-Manager、付録として附属する簡易的な熱応力解析を


Study of the $$N=32$$ and $$N=34$$ shell gap for Ti and V by the first high-precision multireflection time-of-flight mass measurements at BigRIPS-SLOWRI

飯村 俊*; Rosenbusch, M.*; 高峰 愛子*; 角田 佑介*; 和田 道治*; Chen, S.*; Hou, D. S.*; Xian, W.*; 石山 博恒*; Yan, S.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 130(1), p.012501_1 - 012501_6, 2023/01

The atomic masses of $$^{55}$$Sc, $$^{56,58}$$Ti, and $$^{56-59}$$V have been determined using the high-precision multireflection time-of-flight technique. The radioisotopes have been produced at RIKEN's Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory (RIBF) and delivered to the novel designed gas cell and multireflection system, which has been recently commissioned downstream of the ZeroDegree spectrometer following the BigRIPS separator. For $$^{56,58}$$Ti and $$^{56-59}$$V, the mass uncertainties have been reduced down to the order of 10 keV, shedding new light on the $$N=34$$ shell effect in Ti and V isotopes by the first high-precision mass measurements of the critical species $$^{58}$$Ti and $$^{59}$$V. With the new precision achieved, we reveal the nonexistence of the $$N=34$$ empirical two-neutron shell gaps for Ti and V, and the enhanced energy gap above the occupied $$nu$$p$$_{3/2}$$ orbit is identified as a feature unique to Ca. We perform new Monte Carlo shell model calculations including the $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ and $$nu$$g$$_{9/2}$$ orbits and compare the results with conventional shell model calculations, which exclude the $$nu$$g$$_{9/2}$$ and the $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ orbits. The comparison indicates that the shell gap reduction in Ti is related to a partial occupation of the higher orbitals for the outer two valence neutrons at $$N = 34$$.


Closed-form stress intensity factor solutions for circumferential and axial surface cracks with large aspect ratios in pipes

東 喜三郎*; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(6), p.061303_1 - 061303_13, 2022/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Mechanical)

In this paper, we investigate the influence of the stress intensity factor at the maximum point for a circumferential crack and an axial crack with a large aspect ratio in a cylinder. First, we obtained the influence coefficients Gi for the stress intensity factor at the surface point, the deepest point, and the maximum point by finite element analysis, and developed a series of closed-form Gi solutions. Then, we proposed methods for evaluating the stress intensity factor for a crack with a large aspect ratio in a manner that characterizes the influence of the solutions at the maximum point.


Improvement of the return mapping algorithm based on the implicit function theorem with application to ductile fracture analysis using the GTN model

真野 晃宏; 今井 隆太*; 宮本 裕平*; Lu, K.; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 199, p.104700_1 - 104700_13, 2022/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Multidisciplinary)



Recent improvements of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL for reactor pressure vessels

Lu, K.; 高見澤 悠; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 199, p.104706_1 - 104706_13, 2022/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:65.32(Engineering, Multidisciplinary)

A probabilistic fracture mechanics (PFM) analysis code PASCAL was developed in Japan for probabilistic integrity assessment of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs) in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) considering neutron irradiation embrittlement and pressurized thermal shock (PTS) transients. To strengthen the practical applications of PFM methodology in Japan, PASCAL has been upgraded to a new version, PASCAL5, which enables PFM analyses of RPVs in both PWRs and boiling water reactors (BWRs) subjected to a broad range of transients, including PTS and normal operational transients. In this paper, the recent improvements in PASCAL5 are described such as the incorporated stress intensity factor solutions and corresponding calculation methods for external surface cracks and embedded cracks near the RPV outer surface. In addition, the analysis conditions and evaluation models recommended for PFM analyses of Japanese RPVs in BWRs are investigated. Finally, PFM analysis examples for core region of a Japanese BWR-type model RPV subjected to two transients (i.e., low-temperature over pressure and heat-up transients) are presented using PASCAL5.


A Safer preprocessing system for analyzing dissolved organic radiocarbon in seawater

乙坂 重嘉*; Jeon, H.*; Hou, Y.*; 渡邊 隆広; 阿瀬 貴博*; 宮入 陽介*; 横山 祐典*; 小川 浩史*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 527, p.1 - 6, 2022/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)



Two-step Mott transition in Ni(S,Se)$$_2$$; $$mu$$SR studies and charge-spin percolation model

Sheng, Q.*; 金子 竜也*; Yamakawa, Kohtaro*; Guguchia, Z.*; Gong, Z.*; Zhao, G.*; Dai, G.*; Jin, C.*; Guo, S.*; Fu, L.*; et al.

Physical Review Research (Internet), 4(3), p.033172_1 - 033172_14, 2022/09

A pyrite system NiS$$_{2-x}$$Se$$_x$$ exhibits a bandwidth controlled Mott transition via (S,Se) substitutions in a two-step process: the antiferromagnetic insulator (AFI) to antiferromagnetic metal (AFM) transition at $$xsim$$0.45 followed by the AFM to paramagnetic metal (PMM) transition at $$xsim$$1.0. Among a few other Mott systems which exhibit similar two-step transitions, Ni(S,Se)$$_2$$ is of particular interest because a large intermediate AFM region in the phase diagram would provide unique opportunities to study the interplay between the spin and charge order. By comparing and combining our muon spin relaxation studies and previous neutron scattering studies, here we propose a picture where the spin order is maintained by the percolation of "nonmetallic" localized and dangling Ni moments surrounded by S, while the charge transition from AFI to AFM is caused by the percolation of the conducting paths generated by the Ni-Se-Ni bonds.


Comparison of the therapeutic effects of [$$^{211}$$At]NaAt and [$$^{131}$$I]NaI in an NIS-expressing thyroid cancer mouse model

渡部 直史*; Liu, Y.*; 兼田 加珠子*; 佐藤 達彦; 白神 宜史*; 大江 一弘*; 豊嶋 厚史*; 下瀬川 恵久*; Wang, Y.*; 羽場 宏光*; et al.

International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Internet), 23(16), p.9434_1 - 9434_11, 2022/08

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:78.6(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)



Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of the 8$$^{+}$$ isomer in $$^{216,218}$$U

Zhang, M. M.*; Tian, Y. L.*; Wang, Y. S.*; Zhang, Z. Y.*; Gan, Z. G.*; Yang, H. B.*; Huang, M. H.*; Ma, L.*; Yang, C. L.*; Wang, J. G.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(2), p.024305_1 - 024305_6, 2022/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:67.14(Physics, Nuclear)

The extremely neutron-deficient even-even uranium isotopes $$^{216,218}$$U were produced in the complete-fusion reactions induced by impinging $$^{40}$$Ar and $$^{40}$$Ca ions on $$^{180,182,184}$$W targets. Fusion evaporation residues were separated in flight by the gas-filled recoil separator SHANS (Spectrometer for Heavy Atoms and Nuclear Structure) and subsequently identified using the recoil-$$alpha$$-correlation method. In this paper, we report on new $$alpha$$-decay activities with $$E_{alpha} = 10163(27)$$ keV for $$^{216}$$U and $$E_{alpha} = 10073(16)$$ keV for $$^{218}$$U, which decay from the 8$$^{+}$$ isomeric states of $$^{216,218}$$U into the 2$$^{+}$$ states of their daughter nuclei $$^{212,214}$$Th, respectively. The new results extend the systematics of the $$alpha$$-decay fine structure for the $$N$$ = 124 and 126 even-even isotones.


State-of-the-art of WPS in RPV PTS analysis

Zarazovski, M.*; Pistra, V.*; Lauerova, D.*; Obermeier, F.*; Mora, D.*; Dubyk, Y.*; Bolinder, T.*; Cueto-Felgueroso, C.*; Szavai, S.*; Dudra, J.*; et al.

Proceedings of ASME 2022 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2022) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2022/07

The APAL (Advanced Pressurized Thermal Shock (PTS) Analysis for Long-Term Operation (LTO)) project was launched in October 2020 for four years with funding from the European Union's HORIZON 2020 program. Within APAL, an extensive literature review was performed and experience with defining the state-of-the-art of the Warm Pre-Stress (WPS) effect, which has an impact on the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) brittle fracture margin in both deterministic and probabilistic terms, was collected. To gather the worldwide experience of the WPS approaches and models, a comprehensive questionnaire was developed followed by each APAL partner response. It mainly focused on the following aspects: collection of existing WPS approaches and models implemented in standards and rules for RPV brittle fracture assessment; identification of the WPS issues; collection and analysis of the existing experimental data. This work describes worldwide experience and best practice of the WPS and its application for the RPV integrity assessment. The paper's conclusions are also focused on the recommendations for dealing with WPS issues.


Transport model comparison studies of intermediate-energy heavy-ion collisions

Walter, H.*; Colonna, M.*; Cozma, D.*; Danielewicz, P.*; Ko, C. M.*; Kumar, R.*; 小野 章*; Tsang, M. Y. B*; Xu, J.*; Zhang, Y.-X.*; et al.

Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, 125, p.103962_1 - 103962_90, 2022/07

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:97.47(Physics, Nuclear)

原子核-原子核衝突や原子核の状態方程式の研究において、反応計算モデルは重要なツールとなり、世界中で開発が進んでいる。本論文は、原子力機構のJQMD-2.0を含め、現在開発中の複数のコード開発者の協力により、これらコードを同じ条件で比較することで共通点や差異を明らかにしたプロジェクトTransport Model Evaluation Project (TMEP)を総括したものである。参加したコードはBoltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck(BUU)法に基づく13のコードと、Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD)法に基づく12のコードであった。プロジェクトでは、Au原子核同士を衝突させてその終状態を観測する現実的な計算や、一辺が640nmの箱に核子を詰めて時間発展させる仮想的な計算を行った。その結果、BUU法コードとQMD法コードは計算原理が異なるため、計算の設定に関係なく系統的な差異が生じることが明らかになった。その一方で、同じ方法を採用するコード間の比較では、時間発展を細かく計算することでコード間の差は埋まっていき、一定の収束値を持つことが示された。この結果は今後開発される同分野のコードのベンチマークデータとして有用なものであるだけでなく、原子核基礎物理学の実験や理論研究の標準的な指針としても役に立つことが期待される。


A Bag model of matter condensed by the strong interaction

Miao, Z.-Q.*; Xia, C.-J.*; Lai, X.-Y.*; 丸山 敏毅; Xu, R.-X.*; Zhou, E.-P.*

International Journal of Modern Physics E, 31(4), p.2250037_1 - 2250037_20, 2022/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:92.48(Physics, Nuclear)

It is suggested that pulsar-like compact stars are comprised entirely of strangeons (quark-clusters with three-light-flavor symmetry) and a small amount of electrons. To constrain the properties of strangeon stars, we propose a linked bag model to describe matter with the strong interaction in both 2-flavored (nucleons) and 3-flavored (hyperons, strangeons, etc.) scenarios. The parameters are calibrated to reproduce the saturation properties of nuclear matter. The energy per baryon of strangeon matter is smaller than that of baryon matter if the strangeon carries a large number of valence quarks, which stiffens the equation of state and consequently increases the maximum mass of strangeon stars. The maximum mass and tidal deformability of strangeon stars within the present model are consistent with the observation, i.e. the maximum mass of strangeon stars can be $$sim$$2.5 solar mass, and the tidal deformability of a 1.4 solar mass star can be $$180lesssimLambdalesssim340$$.


${it Operando}$ structure observation of pyroelectric ceramics during power generation cycle

川崎 卓郎; 福田 竜生; 山中 暁*; 坂本 友和*; 村山 一郎*; 加藤 孝典*; 馬場 将亮*; 橋本 英樹*; Harjo, S.; 相澤 一也; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 131(13), p.134103_1 - 134103_7, 2022/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Applied)

The microscopic origin of the pyroelectric power generation using ferroelectric ceramics for energy harvesting from time-varying waste heat can be understood by conducting ${it operando}$ neutron diffraction measurements. The behavior of the domain orientation and lattice strain in the lead zirconate titanate (PZT)-based ceramics with a tetragonal structure during the novel power generation cycle combining electric field and temperature change were investigated. The [001] domains and the lattice strain of the (111) plane in the direction of parallel to the electric field increase in the process of simultaneous rise in the electric field and temperature, and rapidly decrease in the process of the field drop. The alignment of the domain orientation by the electric field and its randomization by the higher temperature during the cycle are critical features of the current power generation system.


$$Q$$-dependent collective relaxation dynamics of glass-forming liquid Ca$$_{0.4}$$K$$_{0.6}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{1.4}$$ investigated by wide-angle neutron spin-echo

Luo, P.*; Zhai, Y.*; Falus, P.*; Garc$'i$a Sakai, V.*; Hartl, M.*; 古府 麻衣子; 中島 健次; Faraone, A.*; Z, Y.*

Nature Communications (Internet), 13, p.2092_1 - 2092_9, 2022/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The relaxation behavior of glass formers exhibits spatial heterogeneity and dramatically changes upon cooling towards the glass transition. However, the underlying mechanisms of the dynamics at different microscopic length scales are not fully understood. We measured the $$Q$$-dependent coherent intermediate scattering function of a prototypical ionic glass former Ca$$_{0.4}$$K$$_{0.6}$$(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{1.4}$$, in the highly viscous liquid state. In contrast to the structure modulated dynamics for $$Q$$ $$<$$ 2.4 $AA$^{-1}$$, i.e., at and below the structure factor main peak, for $$Q$$ $$>$$ 2.4 $AA$^{-1}$$, beyond the first minimum above the structure factor main peak, the stretching exponent exhibits no temperature dependence and concomitantly the relaxation time shows smaller deviations from Arrhenius behavior. This finding indicates a change in the dominant relaxation mechanisms around a characteristic length of 2.6 AA, below which the relaxation process exhibits a temperature independent distribution and more Arrhenius-like behavior.


Unified nuclear matter equations of state constrained by the in-medium balance in density-dependent covariant density functionals

Xia, C.-J.*; Sun, B. Y.*; 丸山 敏毅; Lon, W.-H.*; Li, A.*

Physical Review C, 105(4), p.045803_1 - 045803_14, 2022/04

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:92.48(Physics, Nuclear)

Assuming spherical and cylindrical approximations for the Wigner-Seitz cell, typical nuclear matter structures (droplet, rod, slab, tube, bubble, and uniform) are observed. We then investigate the equations of state and microscopic structures of nuclear matter with both fixed proton fractions and beta equilibration, where two covariant density functionals, DD-LZ1 and DD-ME2, are adopted. Despite the smaller slope $$L$$ of symmetry energy obtained with the functional DD-LZ1, the curvature parameter $$K_{rm sym}$$ is much larger than that of DD-ME2. Consequently, different mass-radius relations of neutron stars are predicted by the two functionals. Different microscopic structures of non-uniform nuclear matter are obtained as well, which are expected to affect various physical processes in neutron star properties and evolutions.


Metalloid substitution elevates simultaneously the strength and ductility of face-centered-cubic high-entropy alloys

Wei, D.*; Wang, L.*; Zhang, Y.*; Gong, W.; 都留 智仁; Lobzenko, I.; Jiang, J.*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Bae, J. W.*; et al.

Acta Materialia, 225, p.117571_1 - 117571_16, 2022/02

 被引用回数:22 パーセンタイル:99.69(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Recently-developed high-entropy alloys (HEAs) containing multiple principal metallic elements have ex-tended the compositional space of solid solutions and the range of their mechanical properties. Here we show that the realm of possibilities can be further expanded through substituting the constituent metals with metalloids, which are desirable for tailoring strength/ductility because they have chemical interactions and atomic sizes distinctly different from the host metallic elements. Specifically, the metalloid substitution increases local lattice distortion and short-range chemical inhomogeneities to elevate strength, and in the meantime reduces the stacking fault energy to discourage dynamic recovery and encourage defect accumulation via partial-dislocation-mediated activities. These impart potent dislocation storage to improve the strain hardening capability, which is essential for sustaining large tensile elongation. As such, metalloid substitution into HEAs evades the normally expected strength-ductility trade-off, enabling an unusual synergy of high tensile strength and extraordinary ductility for these single-phase solid solutions.


Improvement of probabilistic fracture mechanics analysis code PASCAL-SP regarding stress corrosion cracking in nickel based alloy weld joint of piping system in boiling water reactor

真野 晃宏; 山口 義仁; 勝山 仁哉; Li, Y.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011506_1 - 011506_9, 2022/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Engineering, Mechanical)



Benchmark analysis of ductile fracture simulation for circumferentially cracked pipes subjected to bending

熊谷 知久*; 三浦 靖史*; 三浦 直樹*; Marie, S.*; Almahdi, R.*; 真野 晃宏; Li, Y.; 勝山 仁哉; 和田 義孝*; Hwang, J.-H.*; et al.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011509_1 - 011509_18, 2022/02

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:61.31(Engineering, Mechanical)


764 件中 1件目~20件目を表示