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Journal Articles

Insight on the mechanical properties of hierarchical porous calcium-silicate-hydrate pastes according to the Ca/Si molar ratio using ${it in situ}$ synchrotron X-ray scattering and nanoindentation test

Im, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Morooka, Satoshi; Choe, H.*; Nishio, Yuhei*; Machida, Akihiko*; Kim, J.*; Lim, S.*; et al.

Construction and Building Materials, 365, p.130034_1 - 130034_18, 2023/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.03(Construction & Building Technology)

Journal Articles

Hydrogen vibration excitations of ZrH$$_{1.8}$$ and TiH$$_{1.84}$$ up to 21 GPa by incoherent inelastic neutron scattering

Hattori, Takanori; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Iida, Kazuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Sano, Asami; Machida, Shinichi*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Oshita, Hidetoshi*; Honda, Takashi*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; et al.

Physical Review B, 106(13), p.134309_1 - 134309_9, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Hydrogen vibration excitations of fluorite-type ZrH$$_{1.8}$$ and TiH$$_{1.84}$$ were investigated up to 21 GPa and 4 GPa, respectively, by incoherent inelastic neutron scattering experiments. The first excitation energies increased with pressure, as described by the equations $$E_1$$(meV) = 141.4(2) + 1.02(2)$$P$$(GPa) and $$E_1$$(meV) = 149.4(1) + 1.21(8)$$P$$(GPa) for ZrH$$_{1.8}$$ and TiH$$_{1.84}$$, respectively. Coupling with pressure dependence of lattice parameters, the relations between metal-hydrogen distance ($$d_{M-H}$$) and $$E_1$$ are found to be well described by the equations $$E_1$$(meV) = 1.62(9)$$times$$ 10$$^3$$ $$d_{M-H}^{-3.31(8)}$$($AA) and $E_1$$(meV) = 1.47(21)$$times$$ 10$$^3$$ $$d_{M-H}^{-3.5(2)}$$(AA), respectively. The slopes of these curves are much steep compared to the previously reported trend in various fluorite-type metal hydrides at ambient pressure. The hydrogen wave function spreading showed that the local potential field for a hydrogen atom shrinks more intensively than the tetrahedral site. These behavior is likely caused by the rigid metal ion core and the resulting confinement of the hydrogen atom in the narrower potential field at high pressures.

Journal Articles

Effect of magnesium silicate hydrate (M-S-H) formation on the local atomic arrangements and mechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H); In situ X-ray scattering study

Kim, G.*; Im, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; Cho, S.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Morooka, Satoshi; Koyama, Taku*; Nishio, Yuhei*; Machida, Akihiko*; et al.

Cement and Concrete Research, 159, p.106869_1 - 106869_17, 2022/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:66.94(Construction & Building Technology)

Journal Articles

Displacement of hydrogen position in di-hydride of V-Ti-Cr solid solution alloys

Sakaki, Koji*; Kim, H.*; Majzoub, E. H.*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Ikeda, Kazutaka*; Otomo, Toshiya*; Mizuno, Masataka*; Matsumura, Daiju; Nakamura, Yumiko*

Acta Materialia, 234, p.118055_1 - 118055_10, 2022/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:69.79(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development and evaluation of XRF imaging instrument for moving objects

Fuchita, Tomoki*; Urata, Taisei*; Matsuyama, Tsugufumi*; Murakami, Masashi; Yoshida, Yukihiko; Ueda, Akihiko; Machida, Masahiko; Sasaki, Toshiki; Tsuji, Koichi*

X-sen Bunseki No Shimpo, 53, p.77 - 87, 2022/03

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis is an analytical method to obtain elemental information by detecting fluorescence X-rays emitted from a sample irradiated with X-rays. It is possible to obtain two-dimensional elemental distribution images by scanning a sample with micro X-ray beam. In this study, we developed an XRF analytical instrument to rapidly obtain the elemental distributions for moving samples on a belt conveyor by applying the micro XRF technique. X-rays were widely irradiated to the belt conveyor. The elemental distributions were measured by scanning an X-ray detector, crossing above the belt conveyor. A collimator was attached to the top of the detector to limit the analyzing area. Both detection limit and spatial resolutions for moving directions of the detector and the belt conveyor were evaluated. Finally, it was demonstrated that the multi-elemental imaging was possible with the developed XRF instrument.

Journal Articles

Temperature effects on local structure, phase transformation, and mechanical properties of calcium silicate hydrates

Im, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Morooka, Satoshi; Koyama, Taku*; Nishio, Yuhei*; Machida, Akihiko*; Kim, J.*; Bae, S.*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 104(9), p.4803 - 4818, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:65.43(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Journal Articles

Determination of atomistic deformation of tricalcium silicate paste with high-volume fly ash

Jee, H.*; Im, S.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Morooka, Satoshi; Koyama, Taku*; Machida, Akihiko*; Bae, S.*

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 103(12), p.7188 - 7201, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:55.98(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Journal Articles

Neutron diffraction study on the deuterium composition of nickel deuteride at high temperatures and high pressures

Saito, Hiroyuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Sato, Toyoto*; Orimo, Shinichi*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 587, p.412153_1 - 412153_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.39(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The site occupancy of deuterium (D) atoms in face-centered-cubic nickel (fcc Ni) was measured along a cooling path from 1073 to 300 K at an initial pressure of 3.36 GPa via in situ neutron powder diffraction. Deuterium atoms predominantly occupy the octahedral (O) sites and slightly occupy the tetrahedral (T) sites of the fcc metal lattice. The O-site occupancy increases from 0.4 to 0.85 as the temperature is lowered from 1073 to 300 K. Meanwhile, the T-site occupancy remains c.a. 0.02. The temperature-independent behavior of the T-site occupancy is unusual, and its process is not yet understood. From the linear relation between the expanded lattice volume and D content, a D-induced volume expansion of 2.09(13) ${AA $^{3}$/D}$ atom was obtained. This value is in agreement with the values of 2.14-2.2 ${AA $^{3}$/D}$ atom previously reported for Ni and Ni$$_{0.8}$$ Fe$$_{0.2}$$ alloy.

Journal Articles

Crystal and magnetic structures of double hexagonal close-packed iron deuteride

Saito, Hiroyuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Iizuka, Riko*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Sato, Toyoto*; Orimo, Shinichi*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.9934_1 - 9934_8, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.56(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Neutron powder diffraction profiles were collected for iron deuteride (FeDx) while the temperature decreased from 1023 to 300 K for a pressure range of 4-6 GPa. The $$varepsilon$$' deuteride with a double hexagonal close-packed (dhcp) structure, which coexisted with other stable or metastable deutrides at each temperature and pressure condition, formed solid solutions with a composition of FeD$$_{0.68(1)}$$ at 673 K and 6.1 GPa and FeD$$_{0.74(1)}$$ at 603 K and 4.8 GPa. Upon stepwise cooling to 300 K, the D-content x increased to a stoichiometric value of 1.0 to form monodeuteride FeD$$_{1.0}$$. In the dhcp FeD$$_{1.0}$$ at 300 K and 4.2 GPa, dissolved D atoms fully occupied the octahedral interstitial sites, slightly displaced from the octahedral centers in the dhcp metal lattice, and the dhcp sequence of close-packed Fe planes contained hcp-stacking faults at 12%. Magnetic moments with 2.11 $$pm$$ 0.06 B/Fe-atom aligned ferromagnetically in parallel on the Fe planes.

Journal Articles

Analysis of atomistic structural deformation characteristics of calcium silicate hydrate in 53-year-old tricalcium silicate paste using atomic pair distribution function

Bae, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Shobu, Takahisa; Morooka, Satoshi; Geng, G.*; et al.

Construction and Building Materials, 237, p.117714_1 - 117714_10, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:60.98(Construction & Building Technology)

Journal Articles

Hexagonal close-packed iron hydride behind the conventional phase diagram

Machida, Akihiko*; Saito, Hiroyuki*; Hattori, Takanori; Sano, Asami; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Sato, Toyoto*; Orimo, Shinichi*; Aoki, Katsutoshi*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 9(1), p.12290_1 - 12290_9, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:81.35(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Hexagonal close-packed iron hydride, hcp FeHx, is absent from the conventional phase diagram of the Fe-H system, although hcp metallic Fe exists stably over extensive temperature ($$T$$) and pressure ($$P$$) conditions, including those corresponding to the Earth's inner core. ${{it In situ}}$ X-ray and neutron diffraction measurements at temperatures ranging from 298 to 1073 K and H pressures ranging from 4 to 7 GPa revealed that the hcp hydride was formed for FeH$$_{x}$$ compositions when $$x < 0.6$$. Hydrogen atoms occupied the octahedral interstitial sites of the host metal lattice both partially and randomly. The hcp hydride exhibited a H-induced volume expansion of 2.48(5) $AA $^{3}$$/H-atom, which was larger than that of the face-centered cubic (fcc) hydride. The hcp hydride showed an increase in $$x$$ with $$T$$, whereas the fcc hydride showed a corresponding decrease. The present study provides guidance for further investigations of the Fe-H system over an extensive $$x$$-$$T$$-$$P$$ region.

Journal Articles

Pair distribution function analysis of nanostructural deformation of calcium silicate hydrate under compressive stress

Bae, S.*; Jee, H.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Shobu, Takahisa; Suzuki, Hiroshi

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 101(1), p.408 - 418, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:57.27(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Despite enormous interest in calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H), its detailed atomic structure and intrinsic deformation under an external load are lacking. This study demonstrates the nanostructural deformation process of C-S-H in tricalcium silicate (C$$_{3}$$S) paste as a function of applied stress by interpreting atomic pair distribution function (PDF) based on in situ X-ray scattering. Three different strains in C$$_{3}$$S paste under compression were compared using a strain gauge and the real and reciprocal space PDFs. PDF refinement revealed that the C-S-H phase mostly contributed to PDF from 0 to 20${AA}$ whereas crystalline phases dominated that beyond 20${AA}$. The short-range atomic strains exhibited two regions for C-S-H: I) plastic deformation (0-10 MPa) and II) linear elastic deformation ($$>$$10 MPa), whereas the long-range deformation beyond 20${AA}$ was similar to that of Ca(OH)$$_{2}$$. Below 10 MPa, the short-range strain was caused by the densification of C-S-H induced by the removal of interlayer or gel-pore water. The strain is likely to be recovered when the removed water returns to C-S-H.

Journal Articles

Maximizing $$T_c$$ by tuning nematicity and magnetism in FeSe$$_{1-x}$$S$$_x$$ superconductors

Matsuura, Kohei*; Mizukami, Yuta*; Arai, Yuki*; Sugimura, Yuichi*; Maejima, Naoyuki*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Yajima, Takeshi*; Hiroi, Zenji*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.1143_1 - 1143_6, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:72 Percentile:91.71(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Mineralogical characterization of radioactive particles from Fukushima soil using $$mu$$-XRD with synchrotron radiation

Motai, Satoko*; Mukai, Hiroki*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Owada, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Machida, Akihiko; Kuramata, Chisaki*; Kikuchi, Ryosuke*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kogure, Toshihiro*

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 111(5), p.305 - 312, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:56.43(Mineralogy)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of elastic deformation mechanism in as-cast and annealed eutectic and hypoeutectic Zr-Cu-Al metallic glasses by multiscale strain analysis

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Yamada, Rui*; Tsubaki, Shinki*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Sato, Shigeo*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Machida, Akihiko; Saida, Junji*

Metals, 6(1), p.12_1 - 12_11, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:19.4(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Elastic deformation behaviors of as-cast and annealed eutectic and hypoeutectic Zr-Cu-Al bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) were investigated on a basis of different strain-scales determined by X-ray scattering and the strain gauge. The microscopic strains determined by Direct-space method (DSM) and Q-space method (QSM) were compared with the macroscopic strain measured by the strain gauge, and the difference in the deformation mechanism between eutectic and hypoeutectic Zr-Cu-Al BMGs was investigated by their correlation. The eutectic Zr$$_{50}$$Cu$$_{40}$$Al$$_{10}$$ BMG obtains more homogeneous microstructure by free-volume annihilation after annealing, improving a resistance to deformation but degrading ductility because of a decrease in the volume fraction of WBRs (Weakly-Bonded Regions) with relatively high mobility. On the other hand, the as-cast hypoeutectic Zr$$_{60}$$Cu$$_{30}$$Al$$_{10}$$ BMG originally has homogeneous microstructure, but loses its structural and elastic homogeneities because of nanocluster formation after annealing. Such structural changes after annealing might develop unique mechanical properties showing no degradations of ductility and toughness for the structural-relaxed hypoeutectic BMGs.

Journal Articles

Hydrogenation of $$L$$1$$_{2}$$-type AlNi$$_{3}$$ alloy at high pressure and temperature

Endo, Naruki*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Machida, Akihiko; Katayama, Yoshinori

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 645(Suppl.1), p.S61 - S63, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Melting of Pb charge glass and simultaneous Pb-Cr charge transfer in PbCrO$$_{3}$$ as the origin of volume collapse

Yu, R.*; Hojo, Hajime*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Mizokawa, Takashi*; Oka, Kengo*; Kim, H.*; Machida, Akihiko; Sakaki, Koji*; Nakamura, Yumiko*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(39), p.12719 - 12728, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:71.58(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Thermal expansion of a Au-Al-Yb intermediate valence quasicrystal

Watanuki, Tetsu; Kashimoto, Shiro*; Ishimasa, Tsutomu*; Machida, Akihiko; Yamamoto, Shin*; Tanaka, Yukinori*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Watanabe, Shinji*

Solid State Communications, 211, p.19 - 22, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:33.85(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The thermal expansion of a Au-Al-Yb intermediate-valence quasicrystal has been studied by X-ray diffraction measurements. We have found anomalous thermal expansion behavior, namely zero thermal expansion below 50 K. By comparison with an isostructural Au-Al-Tm quasicrystal, the contribution of the Yb valence variation was extracted, and it was shown that its negative thermal expansion component due to the valence shift toward the divalent state by cooling compensated for the positive thermal expansion of the original lattice.

Journal Articles

New PbTiO$$_{3}$$-type giant tetragonal compound Bi$$_{2}$$ZnVO$$_{6}$$ and its stability under pressure

Yu, R.*; Hojo, Hajime*; Oka, Kengo*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Machida, Akihiko; Shimizu, Keisuke*; Nakano, Kiho*; Azuma, Masaki*

Chemistry of Materials, 27(6), p.2012 - 2017, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:64.06(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Hydrogenation of a TiFe-based alloy at high pressures and temperatures

Endo, Naruki*; Saita, Itoko*; Nakamura, Yumiko*; Saito, Hiroyuki; Machida, Akihiko

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40(8), p.3283 - 3287, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:38(Chemistry, Physical)

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