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Journal Articles

Summary results of subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))"

Koyama, Shinichi; Nakagiri, Toshio; Osaka, Masahiko; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Kurata, Masaki; Ikeuchi, Hirotomo; Maeda, Koji; Sasaki, Shinji; Onishi, Takashi; Takano, Masahide; et al.

Hairo, Osensui Taisaku jigyo jimukyoku Homu Peji (Internet), 144 Pages, 2021/08

JAEA performed the subsidy program for the "Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management (Development of Analysis and Estimation Technology for Characterization of Fuel Debris (Development of Technologies for Enhanced Analysis Accuracy and Thermal Behavior Estimation of Fuel Debris))" in 2020JFY. This presentation summarized briefly the results of the project, which will be available shortly on the website of Management Office for the Project of Decommissioning and Contaminated Water Management.

Journal Articles

How different is the core of $$^{25}$$F from $$^{24}$$O$$_{g.s.}$$ ?

Tang, T. L.*; Uesaka, Tomohiro*; Kawase, Shoichiro; Beaumel, D.*; Dozono, Masanori*; Fujii, Toshihiko*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Fukunaga, Taku*; Galindo-Uribarri. A.*; Hwang, S. H.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 124(21), p.212502_1 - 212502_6, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:88.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The structure of a neutron-rich $$^{25}$$F nucleus is investigated by a quasifree ($$p,2p$$) knockout reaction. The sum of spectroscopic factors of $$pi 0d_{5/2}$$ orbital is found to be 1.0 $$pm$$ 0.3. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus, and the core consists of $$sim$$35% $$^{24}$$O$$_{rm g.s.}$$, and $$sim$$65% excited $$^{24}$$O. The result shows that the $$^{24}$$O core of $$^{25}$$F nucleus significantly differs from a free $$^{24}$$O nucleus. The result may infer that the addition of the $$0d_{5/2}$$ proton considerably changes the neutron structure in $$^{25}$$F from that in $$^{24}$$O, which could be a possible mechanism responsible for the oxygen dripline anomaly.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:62.37(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

Exotic hadrons from heavy ion collisions

Cho, S.*; Hyodo, Tetsuo*; Jido, Daisuke*; Ko, C. M.*; Lee, S. H.*; Maeda, Saori*; Miyahara, Kenta*; Morita, Kenji*; Nielsen, M.*; Onishi, Akira*; et al.

Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, 95, p.279 - 322, 2017/07

AA2016-0538.pdf:0.65MB

 Times Cited Count:54 Percentile:86.05(Physics, Nuclear)

With upgraded detectors at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), it has become possible to measure hadrons beyond their ground states in high energy heavy ion collisions. Therefore, heavy ion collisions provide a new method for studying exotic hadrons that are either molecular states made of various hadrons or compact system consisting of muliquarks. Because their structures are related to the fundamental properties of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), studying exotic hadrons is currently one of the most active areas of research in hadron physics. The present review is a summary of the current understanding of a selected set of exotic candidate particles that can be potentially measured in heavy ion collisions.

Journal Articles

Sorption of Eu(III) on granite; EPMA, LA-ICP-MS, batch and modeling studies

Fukushi, Keisuke*; Hasegawa, Yusuke*; Maeda, Koshi*; Aoi, Yusuke*; Tamura, Akihiro*; Arai, Shoji*; Yamamoto, Yuhei*; Aosai, Daisuke*; Mizuno, Takashi

Environmental Science & Technology, 47(22), p.12811 - 12818, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:55.01(Engineering, Environmental)

Eu(III) sorption on granite was examined by the combined microscopic and macroscopic approaches. Polished thin sections of the granite were reacted with solutions containing 10 $$mu$$M of Eu(III) and analyzed using EPMA and LA-ICP-MS. The Eu enrichment up to 6 wt.% was observed on most of the biotite grains. The Eu-enriched parts commonly lose K, which is the interlayer cation of biotite, indicating that the sorption mode is cation exchange in the interlayer. Batch Eu(III) sorption experiments on granite and biotite powders were conducted. The macroscopic sorption behavior of biotite was consistent with that of granite. The obtained sorption edges can be reproduced reasonably by the modeling considering single-site cation exchange reactions. Granite is complex mineral assemblages. However, the combined microscopic and macroscopic approaches revealed that elementary reactions by single phase can be representative for the bulk sorption reaction in complex mineral assemblages.

Journal Articles

Exchange bias in multiferroic $$R$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ ($$R$$=Y, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and In)

Yoshii, Kenji; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Nishihata, Yasuo; Maeda, Daisuke*; Fukuyama, Ryota*; Nagata, Tomoko*; Kano, Jun*; Kambe, Takashi*; Horibe, Yoichi*; Mori, Shigeo*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(3), p.033704_1 - 033704_4, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:58.4(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Exchange bias (EB) behavior has been observed for multiferroic $$R$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ ($$R$$=Y, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu and In). The materials with the small $$R$$$$^{3+}$$ ions ($$R$$=Tm, Yb, Lu and In) exhibit large EB fields ($$_sim^{>}$$ 1 kOe) below $$sim$$100-150 K. This property is rooted in a magnetically glassy state, arising from the competition between ferro- and antiferromagnetic domain interactions. In addition, the exchange bias field tends to be more enhanced for smaller $$R$$$$^{3+}$$ ions. Hence, the EB is controlled by the substitution at the $$R$$-site in this series.

Journal Articles

Test beam-line for laser-driven proton therapy

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Orimo, Satoshi; Kondo, Kiminori; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (DVD-ROM), p.312 - 315, 2010/08

The beam transport test is carried out through the test beam line of the laser-driven proton accelerator which consists of the phase rotation cavity, PMQ, and bending magnet. The laser system used is J-KAREN at JAEA. The final transmitted bunch duration and transverse profile are well predicted by the PARMILA particle transport code by assuming relatively low initial current of the proton beam. The most probable explanation for this is the space charge neutralization by the laser-plasma-electrons.

Journal Articles

Measured and simulated transport of 1.9 MeV laser-accelerated proton bunches through an integrated test beam line at 1 Hz

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Yogo, Akifumi; Mori, Michiaki; Orimo, Satoshi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 13(7), p.071304_1 - 071304_7, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:81.88(Physics, Nuclear)

A laser-driven repetition-rated 1.9 MeV proton beam line composed of permanent quadrupole magnets (PMQs), a radio frequency (rf) phase rotation cavity, and a tunable monochromator is developed to evaluate and to test the simulation of laser-accelerated proton beam transport through an integrated system for the first time. In addition, the proton spectral modulation and focusing behavior of the rf phase rotationcavity device is monitored with input from a PMQ triplet. In the 1.9 MeV region we observe very weakproton defocusing by the phase rotation cavity. The final transmitted bunch duration and transverse profile are well predicted by the PARMILA particle transport code. The transmitted proton beam duration of 6 ns corresponds to an energy spread near 5% for which the transport efficiency is simulated to be 10%. The predictive capability of PARMILA suggests that it can be useful in the design of future higher energy transport beam lines as part of an integrated laser-driven ion accelerator system.

Journal Articles

Laser-driven proton accelerator for medical application

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Ogura, Koichi; Sagisaka, Akito; Yogo, Akifumi; Mori, Michiaki; Orimo, Satoshi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.88 - 90, 2010/05

The concept of a compact ion particle accelerator has become attractive in view of recent progress in laser-driven ion acceleration. We report here the recent progress in the laser-driven proton beam transport at the Photo Medical Research Center (PMRC) at JAEA, which is established to address the challenge of laser-driven ion accelerator development for ion beam cancer therapy.

Journal Articles

Design of a 500kV electron gun for ERL light source at KEK

Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Honda, Yosuke*; Miyajima, Tsukasa*; Uchiyama, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Masanori*; Muto, Toshiya*; Matsuba, Shunya*; Sakanaka, Shogo*; Sato, Kotaro*; Saito, Yoshio*; et al.

Proceedings of 6th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (CD-ROM), p.860 - 862, 2009/08

A newly 500 kV electron gun (2nd - 500 kV gun) for an ERL light source is designed at KEK. A new concept and state of-the-art technologies of vacuum system, ceramic insulators, high voltage power supply, photocathode and preparation system will be employed. The details are described in this report.

Journal Articles

Stoichiometric study of the dielectric and magnetic properties in charge frustrated system LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$

Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Yokota, Yusuke*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Hayakawa, Hironori*; Kuroda, Tomoko*; Maeda, Daisuke*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Mori, Shigeo*; Yoshii, Kenji; Hanasaki, Noriaki*; et al.

Ferroelectrics, 378(1), p.175 - 180, 2009/00

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:62.21(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have synthesized the samples of LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$, which shows the ferroelectricity due to charge ordering of Fe ions, under several different reducing conditions using a CO$$_{2}$$-CO flow. The reducing condition was changed by changing a flow ratio of CO$$_{2}$$ and CO. It was found that the flow ratio of CO$$_{2}$$/CO of about 5 provided the sample with the highest magnetic transition temperature of 240-250 K. This sample showed the dielectric constant of 10000 at room temperature. The imaginary part of the dielectric response offered the activation energy of 0.4-0.5 eV, which is slightly larger than that reported previously (about 0.3 eV). We will perform further investigation of the physical properties of this sample to clarify full details and their origin of LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$.

Journal Articles

Hydrogen adsorption on single-walled carbon nanotubes studied by core-level photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy

Tokura, Akio*; Maeda, Fumihiko*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Takagi, Daisuke*; Homma, Yoshikazu*; Watanabe, Yoshio*; Kobayashi, Yoshihiro*

Carbon, 46(14), p.1903 - 1908, 2008/11

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:52.96(Chemistry, Physical)

We have investigated the adsorption of atomic hydrogen on vertically aligned carbon nanotube using ${it in situ}$ synchrotron-radiation-based core-level photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. From C1s spectra, we identified a peak component due to CH bonds of carbon atoms in single-walled carbon nanotubes. We also found the suppression of $$pi$$-plasmon excitation, indicating that the hydrogen adsorption deforms the bonding structure. Raman spectra of the single-walled carbon nanotubes indicated that the radial-breathing-mode intensities decreased due to the adsorption-induced bonding-structure deformation. Moreover, the decrease for single-walled carbon nanotubes with small-diameter was more severe than that for large-diameter. Our results strongly suggest that the hydrogen adsorption, which induces the structure deformation from sp$$^{2}$$ to sp$$^{3}$$ bonding, depends on the diameter of SWCNTs.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and dielectric properties of HoFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ and R$$_{1-x}$$R'$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R, R': rare earths)

Yoshii, Kenji; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Maeda, Daisuke*; Yokota, Yusuke*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Komatsu, Takuma*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Matsuo, Yoji*; Mori, Shigeo*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(9), p.7599 - 7602, 2008/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:35.16(Physics, Applied)

We have investigated the physical properties of HoFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ and R$$_{1-x}$$R'$$_{x}$$Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R, R': rare earths). Dielectric measurements showed their dielectric constants of 1000 at around room temperature, which is characteristic of the RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ series (R: rare earths). However, the magnetic transition temperatures and the coherency in dielectric response were found to be different from those of RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ reported so far. Interestingly, these materials suggested higher ferroelectric temperatures than those reported so far, suggesting a possibility of application of these materials.

Journal Articles

Influences of humid substances, alkaline conditions and colloids on radionuclide migration in natural barrier

Mukai, Masayuki; Ueda, Masato; Inada, Daisuke; Yukawa, Kazuhiko; Maeda, Toshikatsu; Iida, Yoshihisa

Proceedings of International Symposium NUCEF 2005, p.219 - 224, 2005/08

For better quantitative understanding of radionuclide migration for safety assessment of geologic disposal, JAERI has been conducting experimental and modeling studies on influences of humic substances, highly alkaline conditions and colloids on sorptive and diffusional behavior of TRU in geologic materials. In the absence of fulvic acid, one of humic substances, diffusion of Am through a tuff sample was not detected. By adding fulvic acid, Am was detected in the downstream cell, which indicates the diffusion through the sample. Highly alkaline conditions arisen from cementitious materials may spread by altering chemical and physical properties of geologic materials. Through-diffusion experiments of alkaline species in granite showed that the effective diffusion coefficient of Ca$$^{2+}$$ and OH$$^{-}$$ in a cement-equilibrated aqueous solution were found to be higher by almost two orders of magnitude than Na$$^{+}$$ and OH$$^{-}$$ in a NaOH solution. Radionuclide migration can be enhanced by colloids, and thus a calculation code describing the effect of colloids on radionuclide migration has been required.

Oral presentation

Soft X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of atomic hydrogen exposure on carbon nanotubes

Tokura, Akio*; Maeda, Fumihiko*; Takagi, Daisuke*; Homma, Yoshikazu*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Watanabe, Yoshio*; Kobayashi, Yoshihiro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Diameter dependence of hydrogen adsorption on single-walled carbon nanotubes

Tokura, Akio*; Maeda, Fumihiko*; Teraoka, Yuden; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Takagi, Daisuke*; Homma, Yoshikazu*; Watanabe, Yoshio*; Kobayashi, Yoshihiro*

no journal, , 

We have investigated the adsorption of atomic hydrogen on vertically aligned SWNT film. The effects of hydrogen adsorption were investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. By fitting C 1s core level spectrum, we found the component attributed to hydrogenation of carbon. The suppression of $$pi$$ plasmons was also found. These results indicate that hydrogen adsorption induced bonding structure deformation. Raman spectra demonstrate that the radial-breathing-mode intensity of small-diameter SWNTs is more severely decreased than that of large-diameter SWNTs. The G-band/D-band ratio also decreased after the irradiation. These results indicate the disordering of graphene on small-diameter SWNTs is induced more easily. Our results indicate that the adsorption coefficient of hydrogen atoms for SWNTs with small diameter is higher than that for SWNTs with large diameter.

Oral presentation

Fe 3p-$$>$$1s X-ray resonant emission spectroscopy of LuFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ single crystal

Agui, Akane; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Kuroda, Tomoko*; Hayakawa, Hironori*; Maeda, Daisuke*; Michiuchi, Takamasa*; Ikeda, Naoshi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Current status of the HIBMC, providing particle beam radiation therapy for more than 2,600 patients, and the prospects of laser-driven proton radiotherapy

Murakami, Masao*; Demizu, Yusuke*; Niwa, Yasue*; Nagayama, Shinichi*; Maeda, Takuya*; Baba, Masashi*; Miyawaki, Daisuke*; Terashima, Kazuki*; Arimura, Takeshi*; Mima, Masayuki*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Towards the laser-driven proton accelerator for cancer therapy; Benchmark test of the PARMILA code at the transport and irradiation test beam line

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Bolton, P.; Ogura, Koichi; Yogo, Akifumi; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Sagisaka, Akito; Orimo, Satoshi; Mori, Michiaki; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Radiobiological effects by the irradiation of laser-accelerated proton beams

Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Hori, Toshihiko; Sato, Katsutoshi; Nishikino, Masaharu; Maeda, Takuya; Mori, Michiaki; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

32 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)