Kubo, Kotaro; Zheng, X.; Tanaka, Yoichi; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Jang, S.*; Takata, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*
Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.308 - 315, 2020/10
Dynamic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) is a method for improving the realism and completeness of conventional PRA. However, enormous calculation costs are incurred by these improvements. One solution is to select an appropriate sampling method. In this paper, we applied the Monte Carlo, Latin hypercube, grid-point, and quasi-Monte Carlo sampling methods to the dynamic PRA of a simplified accident sequence and compared the results for each method. Quasi-Monte Carlo sampling was found to be the most effective method in this case.
Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.
Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04
The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.
Ito, Yuta*; Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Arai, Fumiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Ishizawa, Satoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 120(15), p.152501_1 - 152501_6, 2018/04
Masses of Es, Fm and the transfermium nuclei Md, and No, produced by hot- and cold-fusion reactions, in the vicinity of the deformed neutron shell closure, have been directly measured using a multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrograph. The masses of Es and Md were measured for the first time. Using the masses of Md as anchor points for decay chains, the masses of heavier nuclei, up to Bh and Mt, were determined. These new masses were compared with theoretical global mass models and demonstrated to be in good agreement with macroscopic-microscopic models in this region. The empirical shell gap parameter derived from three isotopic masses was updated with the new masses and corroborate the existence of the deformed neutron shell closure for Md and Lr.
Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01
Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the Ca + Pb, Ti + Pb, and Ca + Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the Ca + Pb and Ti + Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the Ca + Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.
Miyajima, Shigeyuki*; Shishido, Hiroaki*; Narukami, Yoshito*; Yoshioka, Naohito*; Fujimaki, Akira*; Hidaka, Mutsuo*; Oikawa, Kenichi; Harada, Masahide; Oku, Takayuki; Arai, Masatoshi*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 842, p.71 - 75, 2017/01
Shibama, Yusuke; Okano, Fuminori; Yagyu, Junichi; Kaminaga, Atsushi; Miyo, Yasuhiko; Hayakawa, Atsuro*; Sagawa, Keiich*; Mochida, Tsutomu*; Morimoto, Tamotsu*; Hamada, Takashi*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1614 - 1619, 2015/10
The JT-60SA vacuum vessel (150 tons) is a double wall torus structure and the maximum major radius of 5.0 m and height of 6.6 m. The manufacturing design concept is that the vessel is split in the 10 toroidal sectors manufactured at factory, and assembled on-site; seven of the 40-degree sectors, two of the 30-degree beside final one, and the final of the 20-degree. The final sector is assembled with the VV thermal shield and toroidal field magnets into the 340-degree as prepared in one sector. Sectors are temporally fitted on-site and adjusted one over the other before the assembly. After measurement of the dimensions and the reference, these sectors are transferred onto the cryostat base. First, three 80-degree sectors are manufactured with mating each 40-degree sector by direct joint welding. The rest sectors including the final sector are jointed with splice plates. Welding manipulator and its guide rails are used for these welding. In this paper, the detail of the VV sectors assembly including the final sector is explained. Welding technologies to joint the two of 40-degree sectors are reported with the present manufacturing status and the welding trial on the vertical stub with the partial mock-up of the final sector are discussed with the assembly process.
Omichi, Masaaki*; Asano, Atsushi*; Tsukuda, Satoshi*; Takano, Katsuyoshi*; Sugimoto, Masaki; Saeki, Akinori*; Sakamaki, Daisuke*; Onoda, Akira*; Hayashi, Takashi*; Seki, Shu*
Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.3718_1 - 3718_8, 2014/04
Protein nanowires exhibiting specific biological activities hold promise for interacting with living cells and controlling and predicting biological responses such as apoptosis, endocytosis and cell adhesion. Here we report the result of the interaction of a single high-energy charged particle with protein molecules. Degradation of the human serum albumin nanowires was examined using trypsin. The biotinylated human serum albumin nanowires bound avidin, demonstrating the high affinity of the nanowires. Human serum albumin-avidin hybrid nanowires were also fabricated from a solid state mixture and exhibited good mechanical strength. The biotinylated human serum albumin nanowires can be transformed into nanowires exhibiting a biological function such as avidin-biotinyl interactions and peroxidase activity. The present technique is a versatile platform for functionalizing the surface of any protein molecule with an extremely large surface area.
Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Arai, Takashi; Hasegawa, Koichi; Hoshi, Ryo; Kamiya, Koji; Kawashima, Hisato; Kubo, Hirotaka; Masaki, Kei; Saeki, Hisashi; Sakurai, Shinji; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.705 - 710, 2013/10
Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yoneda, Akira*; Tanaka, Kengo*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(10), p.103201_1 - 103201_4, 2012/10
An isotope of the 113th element, 113, was produced in a nuclear reaction with a Zn beam on a Bi target. We observed six consecutive decays following the implantation of a heavy particle in nearly the same position in the semiconductor detector, in extremely low background condition. The fifth and sixth decays are fully consistent with the sequential decays of Db and Lr both in decay energies and decay times. This indicates that the present decay chain consisted of 113, Rg (Z = 111), Mt (Z = 109), Bh (Z = 107), Db (Z = 105), and Lr (Z = 103) with firm connections. This result, together with previously reported results from 2004 and 2007, conclusively leads the unambiguous production and identification of the isotope 113, of the 113th element.
Asano, Shiro*; Okuyama, Toshihisa*; Onawa, Toshio*; Yanagi, Yutaka*; Ejiri, Mitsuru*; Kanahara, Toshio*; Ichihashi, Koji*; Kikuchi, Atsushi*; Mizumaki, Shoichi*; Masaki, Kei; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.1816 - 1820, 2011/10
The real vacuum vessel (VV) manufacturing of JT-60SA has started since Nov. 2009 at Toshiba. Prior to starting manufacturing, fundamental welding R&Ds had been performed by three stages. In the first stage, primary tests for screening welding method were performed. In the second stage, the trial welding for 1m-long straight and curved double shell samples were conducted. The dependences of welding quality and distortion on the welding conditions, such as arc voltage and current, setting accuracy, welding sequence, the shape of grooves, etc. were measured. In addition, welding condition with low heat input was explored. In the last stage, fabrication sequence was confirmed and established by the trial manufacturing of the 20 upper half mock-up. This poster presents the R&D results obtained in the first and second stages.
Ozu, Akira; Esaka, Fumitaka; Kawakita, Hiroshi*; Okamoto, Ryuta*; Imaki, Masaharu*; Kobayashi, Takao*
Reviewed and Revised Papers Presented at the 23rd International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC-23), p.107 - 108, 2006/07
We have demonstrated that asbestos particles in air can be visualized with laser-induced fluorescence emitted from asbestos. A ultra-violet (266 nm) laser pulse is used to excite asbestos particles suspended in a closed vessel. The fluorescence emitted from the asbestos in the region where the laser beam passes through is detected with a low-pass optical filter and an image intensified CCD camera with ultra-fast gate shutter. Many asbestos particles in the region are separately visualized on an image. It is possible to derive from the image the number and size of asbestos particles through image data processing. The method described in this study is expected to be useful in real-time monitoring of the concentration of asbestos particle.
; Maki, Akira; ; ; ; ; Fukuda, Kazuhito
JNC-TN8410 2001-023, 188 Pages, 2001/11
"The 4th technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP)" was held in JNFL Rokkasyo site on octorber 11, 2001. The report contains the proceedings, transparancies and questionnaires of themeetin. This time, we reported about "Maintenance and repair results of Tokai Reprocessing Plant" based on technology and knowledge accumulated in Tokai Reprocessing Plant.
Maki, Akira; ; Taguchi, Katsuya; ; Shimizu, Ryo; Shoji, Kenji;
JNC-TN8410 2001-012, 185 Pages, 2001/04
"The third technological meeting of Tokai Reprocessing plant (TRP)" was held in JNFL Rokkasyo site on March 14, 2001. The technical meetings have been held in the past two times. The first one was about the present status and future plan of the TRP and second one was about safety evaluation work on the TRP. At this time, the meeting focussed on the corrosion experrience, in-service inspection technology and future maintenance plan. The report contains the proceedings, transparancies and questionnaires of the meeting are contained.
Tanifuji, Takaaki; Yamaki, Daiju; Takahashi, Tadashi; Iwamoto, Akira
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 283-287(Part.2), p.1419 - 1423, 2000/12
no abstracts in English
Aizawa, Kazuya; Tomimitsu, Hiroshi; Tamaki, Hideki*; Yoshinari, Akira*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 33(1), p.847 - 850, 2000/06
no abstracts in English
Nakazawa, Tetsuya; Grismanovs, V.*; Yamaki, Daiju; Katano, Yoshio*; Aruga, Takeo; Iwamoto, Akira
Proceedings of 2000 International Conference on Ion Implantation Technology (IIT 2000), p.753 - 756, 2000/00
no abstracts in English
; ; ; ; Maki, Akira; Yamanouchi, Takamichi
JNC-TN8410 2000-003, 93 Pages, 1999/10
Radioactive materials in aqueous solution at a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant causes radiolytic generalion of several gases including hydrogen. Hydrogen accumulating in equipment can be an explosion hazard. In such plants, though the consideration in the design has been fundamentally made in order to remove the ignition source from the equipment, the hydrogen concentration in the equipment should not exceed the explosion threshold. It is, therefore, desired to keep the hydrogen concentration lower than the explosion threshold by diluting with the air introduced into equipment, from the viewpoint which previously prevents the explosion. This report describes the calculation of hydrogen generation, evaluation of hydrogen concentration under abnormal operation and consideration of possible improvement at Tokai Reprocessing Plant. The amount of hydrogen generation was calculated for each equipment from available data on radiolysis induced by radioactive materials. Taking into consideration for abnormal condition that is single failure of air supply and loss of power supply, the investigation was made on the method for controlling so that the hydrogen concentration may not exceed the explosion threshold. Possible means which can control the concentration of hydrogen gas under the explosion threshold have been also investigated. As the result, it was found that hydrogen concentration of most equipment was kept under the explosion threshold. It was also shown that improvement of the facility was necessary on the equipment in which the concentration of the hydrogen may exceed the explosion threshold. Proposals based on the above results are also given in this report. The above content has been described in "Examination of the hydrogen produced by the radiolysis" which is a part of "Review of Design Data for Safety Assessment of Tokai Reprocessing Plant" (JNC TN8410 99-002) published in February 1999. This report incorporates the detail evaluation so that operation ...
; ; ; ; ; Maki, Akira
JNC-TN8410 99-049, 94 Pages, 1999/08
Through the safety evaluation of Tokai Reprocessing Plant, chemical reaction of hydrazine used in some chemical processes was evaluated. The evaluation includes identification of hydrazine decomposition products and reaction velocity under the boiled hydrazine and nitric acid system through the analytical results of chemical test, analysis of ammonium concentration in the recovered plutonium solution in Tokai Reprocessing Plant, investigation of ammonium related phenomena in Germany Reprocessing Plant and evaluation of hydrazine decomposition under the solvent extraction system. It was almost identified that the reaction equation and reaction velocity under the boiled hydfazine and nitric acid system without plutonium. But ammonium concentration of recovered plutonium solution was lower than that of cold solution. That needs chemical test with plutonium. The concentration of azide acid and ammonium nitrate was estimated below the explosion limit. But the analyzed concentration in the process was different from the calculated concentration. That also needs verification in the actual plant.
; Koyama, Tomozo; Maki, Akira; Yamanouchi, Takamichi
Proceedings of International Conference on Future Nuclear Systems (GLOBAL '99) (CD-ROM), 0 Pages, 1999/08
; ; ; ; Kurosawa, A.; ; Maki, Akira
JNC-TN8410 99-022, 136 Pages, 1999/07