Fukuda, Tatsuo; Kobata, Masaaki; Shobu, Takahisa; Yoshii, Kenji; Kamiya, Junichiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Makino, Takahiro*; Yamazaki, Yuichi*; Oshima, Takeshi*; Shirai, Yasuhiro*; et al.
Journal of Applied Physics, 132(24), p.245102_1 - 245102_8, 2022/12
Direct energy conversion has been investigated using Ni/SiC Schottky junctions with the irradiation of monochromatized synchrotron X-rays simulating the gamma rays of Np (30 keV) and Am (60 keV). From current-voltage measurements, electrical energies were obtained for both kinds of gamma rays. The energy conversion efficiencies were found to reach up to 1.6%, which is comparable to those of a few other semiconducting systems reported thus far. This result shows a possibility of energy recovery from nuclear wastes using the present system, judging from the radiation tolerant nature of SiC. Also, we found different conversion efficiencies between the two samples. This could be understandable from hard X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectroscopy measurements, suggesting the formation of Ni-Si compounds at the interface in the sample with a poor performance. Hence, such combined measurements are useful to provide information that cannot be obtained by electrical measurements alone.
Oshima, Takeshi; Yokoseki, Takashi; Murata, Koichi; Matsuda, Takuma; Mitomo, Satoshi; Abe, Hiroshi; Makino, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Hijikata, Yasuto*; Tanaka, Yuki*; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(1S), p.01AD01_1 - 01AD01_4, 2016/01
Kraus, H.; Simin, D.*; Fuchs, F.*; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Dyakonov, V.*; Oshima, Takeshi
Proceedings of 11th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-11) (Internet), p.176 - 179, 2015/11
Hijikata, Yasuto*; Mitomo, Satoshi*; Matsuda, Takuma*; Murata, Koichi*; Yokoseki, Takashi*; Makino, Takahiro; Takeyama, Akinori; Onoda, Shinobu; Okubo, Shuichi*; Tanaka, Yuki*; et al.
Proceedings of 11th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-11) (Internet), p.130 - 133, 2015/11
Takeyama, Akinori; Matsuda, Takuma; Yokoseki, Takashi; Mitomo, Satoshi; Murata, Koichi; Makino, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Tanaka, Yuki*; Kandori, Mikio*; Yoshie, Toru*; et al.
Proceedings of 11th International Workshop on Radiation Effects on Semiconductor Devices for Space Applications (RASEDA-11) (Internet), p.134 - 137, 2015/11
Yokoseki, Takashi; Abe, Hiroshi; Makino, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Tanaka, Yuki*; Kandori, Mikio*; Yoshie, Toru*; Hijikata, Yasuto*; Oshima, Takeshi
Materials Science Forum, 821-823, p.705 - 708, 2015/07
Kada, Wataru*; Kambayashi, Yuya*; Iwamoto, Naoya*; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Hoshino, Norihiro*; Tsuchida, Hidekazu*; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 348, p.240 - 245, 2015/04
Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.
JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03
JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.
Yokota, Wataru; Sato, Takahiro; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Okumura, Susumu; Kurashima, Satoshi; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; Kashiwagi, Hirotsugu; Yoshida, Kenichi; Funayama, Tomoo; Sakashita, Tetsuya; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2014-018, 103 Pages, 2014/09
The world's first microbeam focusing technology for heavy ions of hundreds MeV accelerated by a cyclotron has been developed at the TIARA facility in the Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency. The technology enables us to form a microbeam of less than 1 m in diameter and to shoot a specified point on a target by one ion (single-ion hit) with spatial accuracy of microbeam size. In the course of the development, a cyclotron technology to accelerate a small energy-spread beam of hundres MeV, which is necessary for focusing to 1 m, has been developed as well as a beam focusing apparatus, beam size measurement and so forth based on the several-MeV microbeam/single-ion hit system of the TIARA electrostatic accelerators. Applicability of the technologies was examined by actual use in irradiation experiment and the result were fed back to them. This paper reports the process and the results of the development over ten years.
Umeda, Takahide*; Okamoto, Mitsuo*; Arai, Ryo*; Sato, Yoshihiro*; Kosugi, Ryoji*; Harada, Shinsuke*; Okumura, Hajime*; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi
Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.414 - 417, 2014/02
Interface defects of Metal-Oxide-Semiconductors (MOSFETs) fabricated on Carbone (C) face 4H-SiC were investigated by Electrically Detected Magnet Resistance (EDMR). Gate oxide of the MOSFETs was formed by either wet-oxidation and H annealing or dry-oxidation. The values of channel mobility for MOSFETS with wet gate oxide and dry gate oxide are less than 1 and 90 cm/Vs, respectively. By EDMR measurement under low temperature (less than 20 K), EDMR signals related to C were detected. The peak height of the signals increased with increasing -ray doses, and the channel mobility decreased. From this result, it is assumed that hydrogen atoms passivating C dangling bonds are released by -rays and the channel mobility decreases with increasing the C related defects.
Fujita, Natsuko; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi
Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.1042 - 1045, 2014/02
A Silicon Carbide (SiC) dosimeter has been exposed to -rays emitted from a Co source in order to test the response of radiation-induced current in the dose rate ranging from 0.4 Gy/h to 4 kGy/h. The SiC dosimeter in this study is a high purity semi-insulating 4H-SiC with nickel and aluminum electrode. The radiation-induced currents in the dosimeter show a linear relationship with the dose rate, and are repeatable and stable.
Deki, Manato*; Oka, Tomoki*; Takayoshi, Shodai*; Naoi, Yoshiki*; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi; Tomita, Takuro*
Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.661 - 664, 2014/02
no abstracts in English
Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Fujita, Natsuko; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi
Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.289 - 292, 2014/02
Deki, Manato*; Makino, Takahiro; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Oshima, Takeshi
Materials Science Forum, 778-780, p.440 - 443, 2014/02
no abstracts in English
Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Hayano, Akira; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Oda, Chie; Kitamura, Akira; Osawa, Hideaki; et al.
JAEA-Research 2013-037, 455 Pages, 2013/12
Following FY2011, JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, the tree diagram of methodology of groundwater travel time has been extended for crystalline rock, in addition, tree diagram for sedimentary rock newly has been organized. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the existing approach has been improved in terms of a practical task, and applied and tested for near field focusing on the buffer. In addition, the uncertainty of some important processes and its impact on safety functions are discussed though analysis. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, the approaches for parameter setting have been developed for sorption for rocks and solubility, and applied and tested through parameter setting exercises for key radionuclides.
Makino, Takahiro; Deki, Manato; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Hoshino, Norihiro*; Tsuchida, Hidekazu*; Hirao, Toshio*; Oshima, Takeshi
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 60(4), p.2647 - 2650, 2013/08
Heavy ion induced anomalous charge collection was observed from 4H-SiC Schottky barrier diodes. It is suggested that the incident ion range with suspect to the thickness of the epi-layer of the SBD in key to understanding these observation and the understanding mechanism.
Kada, Wataru; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Grilj, V.*; Skukan, N.*; Makino, Takahiro; Koka, Masashi; Sato, Takahiro; Jaki, M.*; et al.
Transactions of the Materials Research Society of Japan, 38(2), p.279 - 282, 2013/07
Diamond is interested by many researchers as an excellent candidate material with advantages in the radiation-hardness. For the time-resolved detection of single-ions with several hundred MeV, transmission E detector using thin film CVD diamond is now under investigation for the futuristic utilization in a microbeam line of the AVF cyclotron at JAEA/Takasaki TIARA facility as replacing materials of the beam extraction window. In this research, a Single Crystalline (SC) 50 m thick CVD diamond film ion detector was fabricated for the investigation of the responses and radiation hardness under the focused ion microbeam irradiation. Transient Ion Beam Induced Current (TIBIC) experiment was executed by single hit irradiation of 15 MeV O scanning area of 50 m and the transient signals with time width of several nano-secounds were consecutively recorded by a high speed (15 GHz) Digital Storage Oscilloscope during the irradiation. The decreases in the individual pulse height was observed by increasing the total amount of the ion dose irradiated in the focused area. These changes were recovered in temporal conversion of applied bias voltages thus trend of decrease were able to be controlled by changing bias settings and irradiation conditions during the experiments.
Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Makino, Takahiro; Oshima, Takeshi; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Nozaki, Shinji*
Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8725 (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/06
Oshima, Takeshi; Deki, Manato; Makino, Takahiro; Iwamoto, Naoya; Onoda, Shinobu; Hirao, Toshio*; Kojima, Kazutoshi*; Tomita, Takuro*; Matsuo, Shigeki*; Hashimoto, Shuichi*
AIP Conference Proceedings 1525, p.654 - 658, 2013/04
Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (MOS) capacitors were fabricated on n-type 4H-SiC epitaxial layers, and the leakage current through the gate oxide during heavy ion irradiation was investigated in order to evaluate dielectric breakdown induced by heavy ions (Single Event Gate Rupture: SEGR). The gate oxide at thickness ranges between 60 and 80 nm was formed using pyrogenic oxidation at 1100 C for 60 min. Circular electrodes with 180 diameter were formed using Al evaporation and a lift-off technique. The leakage current observed through the gate oxide was monitored during 18 MeV oxygen (O) or nickel (Ni) ions. As a result, although no significant difference in the value of the electric field at the dielectric breakdown (around 8.2 MV/cm) was observed between non-irradiated and 18 MeV-O irradiated samples, the value decreased to be 7.3 MV/cm in the case of 18 MeV-Ni ion incidence. The Linier Energy Transfer (LET) for 18 MeV-O is 7 MeV cm/mg, and this value is smaller than that for 18 MeV-Ni (24 MeV cm/mg). Also, 18 MeV-Ni ions deposit energy in narrower regions than 18 MeV-O ions. Thus, it can be concluded that the high density of charge induced by 18 MeV-Ni ions triggers SEGR in SiC MOS capacitors.
Kada, Wataru; Sato, Takahiro; Makino, Takahiro; Onoda, Shinobu; Koka, Masashi; Oshima, Takeshi; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Grilj, V.*; Skukan, N.*; Jaksic, M.*
KEK Proceedings 2012-8, p.89 - 98, 2012/12
Transmissive particle detectors using thin-film diamond were newly developed for the individual detection of single-hit of heavy ions. Two type of the detectors were developed using poly- and single-crystalline diamond films with thickness of upper 50 m, which could be alternative candidate material of beam-extraction window. The detectors were irradiated at off- and on-line environment using alpha-particle sources and microbeam lines of two tandem accelerators placed at TARRI, JAEA and RBI. From point of view in the response of energy spectrum and detection efficiency, it was experimentally examined that the thin-film of single-crystalline diamond was well respond to the irradiation of single ions with energy of several MeV.