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Journal Articles

Improved performance of wide bandwidth neutron-spin polarizer due to ferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Bigault, T.*; Saerbeck, T.*; Courtois, P.*

Journal of Applied Physics, 130(8), p.083904_1 - 083904_10, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Improvement in sputtering rate uniformity over large deposition area of large-scale ion beam sputtering system

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Soyama, Kazuhiko

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011092_1 - 011092_6, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the development of polarizing supermirror

Maruyama, Ryuji

Hamon, 30(1), p.45 - 50, 2020/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Coherent magnetization rotation of a layered system observed by polarized neutron scattering under grazing incidence geometry

Maruyama, Ryuji; Bigault, T.*; Saerbeck, T.*; Honecker, D.*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Courtois, P.*

Crystals (Internet), 9(8), p.383_1 - 383_13, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:62.01(Crystallography)

The in-plane magnetic structure of a layered system composed of polycrystalline grains smaller than the ferromagnetic exchange length was studied to elucidate the mechanism controlling the magnetic properties considerably different from the bulk using polarized neutron scattering under grazing incidence geometry. The measured result, together with quantitative analysis based on the distorted wave Born approximation, showed that the in-plane length of the area with uniform orientation of moments ranging from 0.5 to 1.1 $$mu$$m is not significantly varied during the process of demagnetization followed by remagnetization. The obtained behavior of moments is in good agreement with the two-dimensional random anisotropy model where coherent magnetization rotation is dominant.

Journal Articles

Effect of the interface roughness correlation on the reflectivity in a neutron multilayer mirror

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 22, p.011011_1 - 011011_5, 2018/11

Neutron multilayer mirrors are one of the most important optical elements for neutron scattering experiments. Good interface quality in terms of sharpness and smoothness plays a critical role in determining the performance of optical elements. We have shown that a multilayer with a large vertical correlation length and small lateral correlation length effectively suppresses the diffuse scattering intensity. In this study, the effect of the interface roughness correlation on the neutron reflectivity of the multilayer mirror is investigated using the reflectivity calculation based on the distorted wave Born approximation.

Journal Articles

Polarized neutrons

Hiraka, Haruhiro*; Yamaguchi, Yasuo*; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*

Hamon, 28(3), p.144 - 149, 2018/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of high-polarization Fe/Ge neutron polarizing supermirror; Possibility of fine-tuning of scattering length density in ion beam sputtering

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Miyata, Noboru*; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Takeda, Masayasu; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 888, p.70 - 78, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:45.99(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The multilayer structure of Fe/Si and Fe/Ge systems fabricated by ion beam sputtering (IBS) was investigated using X-ray and polarized neutron reflectivity measurements and scanning transmission electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. The obtained result revealed that the incorporation of sputtering gas particles (Ar) in the Ge layer gives rise to a marked reduction in the neutron scattering length density (SLD) and contributes to the SLD contrast between the Fe and Ge layers almost vanishing for spin-down neutrons. This leads to a possibility of fine-tuning of the SLD for the IBS, which is required to realize a high polarization efficiency of a neutron polarizing supermirror. Fe/Ge polarizing supermirror with $$m=5$$ fabricated showed a spin-up reflectivity of 0.70 at the critical momentum transfer. The polarization was higher than 0.985 for the $$q_z$$ range where the correction for the polarization inefficiencies of the beamline works properly.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

Journal Articles

Accessible length scale of the in-plane structure in polarized neutron off-specular and grazing-incidence small-angle scattering measurements

Maruyama, Ryuji; Bigault, T.*; Wildes, A. R.*; Dewhurst, C. D.*; Saerbeck, T.*; Honecker, D.*; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Courtois, P.*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 862(1), p.012017_1 - 012017_6, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:94.5

The in-plane magnetic structure of Fe/Si multilayers with a polycrystalline grain size less than the ferromagnetic exchange length was investigated using polarized neutron off-specular scattering and grazing-incidence small-angle scattering measurements. These complementary measurements, each of them covering different length scales, together with the data analysis based on the distorted wave Born approximation, revealed lateral correlation in the fluctuating orientation of the magnetization in the layer on a sub-$$mu$$m length scale. The obtained in-plane magnetic structure is consistent with the random anisotropy model, i.e. competition between the exchange interactions between neighboring spins and the local magnetocrystalline anisotropy.

Journal Articles

Study of the in-plane magnetic structure of a layered system using polarized neutron scattering under grazing incidence geometry

Maruyama, Ryuji; Bigault, T.*; Wildes, A. R.*; Dewhurst, C. D.*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Courtois, P.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 819, p.37 - 53, 2016/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:66.89(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The in-plane magnetic structure of a layered system with a polycrystalline grain size less than the ferromagnetic exchange length was investigated using polarized neutron off-specular scattering and grazing incidence small angle scattering measurements to gain insight into the mechanism that controls the magnetic properties which are different from the bulk. These complementary measurements with different length scales and the data analysis based on the distorted wave Born approximation revealed the lateral correlation on a length scale of sub-$$mu$$m due to the fluctuating orientation of the magnetization in the layer. The in-plane magnetic structure indicated by these measurements is consistent with the random anisotropy model, i.e. competition between the exchange interactions between neighboring spins and the local magnetocrystalline anisotropy.

Journal Articles

Development of a compact vertical splitting system for the cold neutron beam at JRR-3

Tamura, Itaru; Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Nakamura, Kiyoshi; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Aizawa, Kazuya; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 528, p.012012_1 - 012012_7, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03

To achieve efficient implementation of usage of neutron beam instruments, the instruments were rearranged at C2 cold neutron beam line at JRR-3 by using a newly developed compact vertical splitting system. The splitting system has two compact multi channel benders. The bender has been developed using Ni/Ti supermirrors coated on both sides of 0.2 mm thickness silicon substrates. The curvature radius of the bender is 938 mm and the length of the bender is 320 mm yielding deflection angles of 20$$^{circ}$$. Supermirrors with m=3 were deposited on both sides of silicon substrate by an ion beam sputtering apparatus in JAEA. Neutron flux at the end of the neutron guide that installed at the bender exit of which the deflection angle is 20$$^{circ}$$ was measured by the gold foil activation method. It was measured 1.58 $$times$$ 10$$^{7}$$ n/cm$$^{2}$$/s. The present study showed that the supermirrors coated on both sides with high reflectivity are suitable for the compact bender.

Journal Articles

Current status of a new polarized neutron reflectometer at the intense pulsed neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of J-PARC

Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Maruyama, Ryuji; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Kubota, Masato; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Chinese Journal of Physics, 50(2), p.161 - 170, 2012/04

Journal Articles

Effect of Si interlayers on the magnetic and mechanical properties of Fe/Ge neutron polarizing multilayer mirrors

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Okayasu, Satoru; Takeda, Masayasu; Zettsu, Nobuyuki*; Nagano, Mikinori*; Yamamura, Kazuya*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Journal of Applied Physics, 111(6), p.063904_1 - 063904_10, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:20.45(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Analysis of buried heterointerfacial hydrogen in highly lattice-mismatched epitaxy on silicon

Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Asaoka, Hidehito; Taguchi, Tomitsugu; Yamamoto, Shunya; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Takeda, Masayasu; Shamoto, Shinichi

Thin Solid Films, 520(8), p.3300 - 3303, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:11.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We succeeded in realizing the epitaxial growth of a Sr layer on Si(111) with an atomically abrupt heterointerface - in spite of its large lattice mismatch (12%) with Si - by introducing a monoatomic layer of H on Si. In order to identify the buried H, we carried out a combination analysis involving neutron reflectometry and resonant nuclear reaction of $$^{1}$$H($$^{15}$$N,$$alpha$$$$gamma$$)$$^{12}$$C analysis. We found different neutron reflectivity profiles resulting from a contrast variation between the H and D atoms at the buried heterointerface. Furthermore, the depth $$gamma$$-ray intensity profiles revealed that the H at the heterointerface acts as an effective buffer layer that enables it to manage the highly mismatched epitaxy on Si.

Journal Articles

AMATERAS; A Cold-neutron disk chopper spectrometer

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Kikuchi, Tatsuya; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Aizawa, Kazuya; Suzuya, Kentaro; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.B), p.SB028_1 - SB028_6, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:90 Percentile:94.38(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

AMATERAS is a cold-neutron disk-chopper spectrometer in MLF, J-PARC. The construction of main part of the spectrometer has been completed in spring of 2009. Soon after that, we have started the commissioning work on AMATERAS. The performance of AMATERAS has been examined by test experiments in the course of commissioning. In parallel to these works, we have started the user program on AMATERAS from December 2009 and we are getting scientific results from our spectrometer. In this presentation, we will report the current status of AMATERAS including the results of performance tests and some of examples of scientific outputs.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of magnetic field imaging in a permalloy film with neutron spin phase contrast imaging

Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Yamazaki, Dai; Ebisawa, Toru*; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Tasaki, Seiji*; Hino, Masahiro*; Matsubayashi, Masahito

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 634(1, Suppl.), p.S90 - S93, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.25(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In a neutron spin interferometer (NSI), incident neutrons are in states of up- and down-spin eigenstates and a phase difference between the eigenstates is observed after transmission through a magnetic sample. Since the phase difference is proportional to an integral of magnetic field along a trajectory of neutrons, NSI imaging provides projection images of a distribution of magnetic field in the sample. We tried to visualize magnetic field in permalloy film with and without stress as a demonstration of the NSI imaging. An experiment was carried out at C3-1-2-2, MINE2 port at the neutron guide hall of JRR-3M with wavelength of 0.88nm and wavelength resolution of 0.3% in FWHM. Permalloy film with thickness of 0.1 mm was used as a sample and was stressed by bending with angles of 45 and 180 $$^{circ}$$. As a result, images of decrease of a saturated magnetization and an increase of leak magnetic field with increasing the bending angle were obtained.

Journal Articles

The Fermi chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Mizuno, Fumio; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakatani, Takeshi; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.B), p.SB025_1 - SB025_6, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:71 Percentile:92.29(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

A Beam divergence correction mirror for neutron resonance spin echo

Maruyama, Ryuji; Hino, Masahiro*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Achiwa, Norio*; Yamazaki, Dai; Ebisawa, Toru*; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(17), p.2594 - 2599, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:18.05(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Neutron resonance spin echo (NRSE) is one of the most useful techniques for quasi-elastic scattering with high energy resolution. The path length variation due to the beam divergence has to be corrected in high resolution NRSE measurement because it gives the limit in the energy resolution. A neutron focusing technique using neutron supermirrors is effective to overcome this problem. When a cylindrical shaped neutron supermirror placed in the center of the flight path with a pair of RSFs has the object and the image plane corresponding to the each coil plane of the first and the second RSF, the path length difference can be corrected for the neutron beam with large divergent angle, which leads to the realization of high intensity as well as high resolution in NRSE measurement. In this study, the correction method of the beam divergence with a cylindrical shaped supermirror and its experimental results are discussed.

Journal Articles

Effect of interfacial roughness correlation on diffuse scattering intensity in a neutron supermirror

Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Ebisawa, Toru*; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Journal of Applied Physics, 105(8), p.083527_1 - 083527_8, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:62.06(Physics, Applied)

Neutron supermirrors are one of the most useful multilayer devices in neutron experiments since a polychromatic neutron beam can be reflected. The diffuse intensity from a supermirror has to be suppressed since it causes a serious problem of low signal to background noise in focusing systems. The diffuse intensity can be decreased by more than an order of magnitude by adopting NiC/Ti multilayers instead of conventional Ni/Ti multilayers, which leads to a high performance focusing system with a diffuse intensity down to the order of 10$$^{-5}$$ of the specular intensity. In this study, in order to obtain the mechanism that controls the diffuse intensity from a supermirror, we investigated the crystal structure of Ni and NiC monolayers and the interface structure of Ni/Ti and NiC/Ti multilayers and demonstrated that a multilayer with a large vertical correlation length and a small lateral correlation length effectively suppresses the diffuse intensity from a supermirror.

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