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Experiment and new analysis model simulating in-place cooling of a degraded core in severe accidents of sodium-cooled fast reactors

今泉 悠也; 青柳 光裕; 神山 健司; 松場 賢一; Akaev, A.*; Mikisha, A.*; Baklanov, V.*; Vurim, A.*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 194, p.110107_1 - 110107_11, 2023/12

In severe accidents of SFRs, the cooling of the residual core materials, which is called "in-place cooling", is one of the important factors for In-Vessel Retention (IVR). For the evaluation, behavior of the in-place cooling was analyzed by the SIMMER-III code. In order to understand the in-place cooling, method of Phenomena Identification and Ranking Table (PIRT) was applied. Based on the result, an out-of-pile experiment which focused on the extracted factors was conducted. In the experiment, continuous oscillation of sodium level was observed by sodium vaporization and condensation. Analysis for the out-of-pile experiment was conducted by SIMMER-III, but the results were different between the experiment and the analysis. By investigation of the analysis result, it was revealed that the difference was due to occupation of non-condensable gas. Therefore, an analysis model of inter-cell gas mixing was newly developed, and the agreement was significantly improved by the new model.


A Series of molten stainless steel-sodium interaction experiments to develop an evaluation methodology for jet breakup during core disruptive accidents in sodium-cooled fast reactors

松場 賢一; 江村 優軌; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 2023 International Congress on Advanced in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2023) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2023/04




山本 誠士郎*; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 今泉 悠也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

混相流, 37(1), p.79 - 85, 2023/03

In the safety study on a sodium-cooled fast reactor, it is assumed that the high temperature fuel debris are formed because of a core disruptive accident. During the cooling of the fuel debris, gas-liquid two-phase flow can be generated in the debris due to the coolant boiling. To improve the prediction accuracy of the flow characteristics, detailed measurement of the gas-liquid two-phase flow in the debris bed is required. In this study, gas-liquid two-phase flow in a quasi-two-dimensional sphere-packed bed, which simulates the debris bed, is visualized by using X-ray imaging. The experimental results show that the local void fraction increases near the splitting section in the packed bed and decreases near the coalescence section.


Measurements of pressure drop and void fraction of air-water two-phase flow in a sphere-packed bed

山本 誠士郎*; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 今泉 悠也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 12th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS12) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2022/10

To develop a microscopic pressure drop prediction model based on detailed measurement data of gas liquid two-phase flow, the pressure drop was measured in the vertical upward gas-liquid two-phase flow formed in quasi-2D test section. The measurement results showed that the pressure drop in the quasi-2D test section was much smaller than that in the ordinal packed bed system, which suggests that the pressure drop mechanism in the quasi-2D test section could be different from that in the ordinal packed bed system due to differences in two-phase flow characteristics in the two systems. The void fraction distribution was also measured in the quasi-2D test section by the X-ray imaging technique, which revealed that there was a local distribution of the void fraction in the channel unit structure of the closest packed bed.


Study on the discharge behavior of the molten-core materials through the control rod guide tube; Investigations of the effect of an internal structure in the control rod guide tube on the discharge behavior

加藤 慎也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司; Akaev, A.*; Vurim, A.*; Baklanov, V.*

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-13) (Internet), 12 Pages, 2022/09



Analysis on cooling behavior for simulated molten core material impinging to a horizontal plate in a sodium pool

松下 肇希*; 小林 蓮*; 堺 公明*; 加藤 慎也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal-Hydraulics, Operation and Safety (NUTHOS-13) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2022/09

ナトリウム冷却高速炉の炉心損傷事故では、溶融炉心物質が制御棒案内管などの流路を通って炉心領域下の炉心入口プレナムに流れ込む。溶融炉心物質は、ナトリウム冷却材中で入口プレナムの水平板に衝突しながら冷却・固化されると見込まれる。しかし、水平構造物に衝突した溶融炉心物質の固化・冷却挙動は、これまで十分に研究されていなかった。これはナトリウム冷却高速炉の安全性向上の観点から解明が必要な重要な現象である。そこで、カザフスタン共和国国立原子力センターの実験施設において、模擬溶融炉心物質(アルミナ: Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$)を水平構造物上のナトリウム冷却材中に放出する一連の実験が実施された。本研究では、高速炉安全性評価コードSIMMER-IIIを用いたナトリウム試験に関する解析を実施した。解析結果と実験データの比較により、解析手法の妥当性を確認した。また、ジェット衝突時の冷却・固化挙動を評価した。その結果、溶融炉心物質が水平板への衝突により破砕され、周辺部へ飛散することがわかった。さらに、模擬溶融炉心物質がナトリウムによって冷却され、その後、固化することを確認した。



今泉 悠也; 青柳 光裕; 神山 健司; 松場 賢一; Akayev, A. S.*; Mikisha, A. V.*; Baklanov, V. V.*; Vurim, A. D.*

第26回動力・エネルギー技術シンポジウム講演論文集(インターネット), 4 Pages, 2022/07




松場 賢一; 篠原 正憲; 豊岡 淳一; 稲葉 良知; 角田 淳弥

エネルギー・資源, 43(4), p.218 - 223, 2022/07

世界的な「脱炭素化」の潮流において、日本は2050年カーボンニュートラルの実現に向けて、原子力を含めたあらゆる選択肢の追求を方針にしている。その有望な選択肢の一つである小型モジュール炉(SMR: Small Modular Reactor)を含む新型炉開発を推進することは、原子力に対する社会要請に応えるうえでも重要である。本稿では、国内外のSMR開発動向を解説するとともに、SMRを含む新型炉開発に係る日本原子力研究開発機構の取組みを紹介し、おわりにSMRを含む新型炉の国内導入に向けた今後の展望を述べる。


French-Japanese experimental collaboration on fuel-coolant interactions in sodium-cooled fast reactors

Johnson, M.*; Delacroix, J.*; Journeau, C.*; Brayer, C.*; Clavier, R.*; Montazel, A.*; Pluyette, E.*; 松場 賢一; 江村 優軌; 神山 健司

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Sustainable Clean Energy for the Future (FR22) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2022/04



Fragmentation and cooling behavior of a simulated molten core material discharged into a sodium pool with limited depth and volume

松場 賢一; 加藤 慎也; 神山 健司; Akayev, A. S.*; Baklanov, V. V.*

Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 28) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2021/08

ナトリウム冷却高速炉における炉心崩壊事故の発生時に深さと体積が制限されたナトリウム領域(浅いナトリウムプール)に流出した炉心溶融物の微粒化と冷却挙動に関する知見を得るため、溶融炉心物質の模擬物質として溶融アルミナを用いた炉外試験を行った。本試験の結果に基づき、以下のメカニズムを把握した。(1)溶融ジェットと浅いナトリウムプール底面との衝突に伴うFCI(Fuel-coolant interaction)が微粒化を促進する。(2)浅いナトリウム領域の外側にヒートシンクとなるナトリウムが存在する場合、ナトリウム蒸気の膨張と凝縮に伴い当該領域の内外間でナトリウムの流出入が発生し、この流出入による熱交換が当該領域内部のナトリウム温度の上昇を抑制する。(3)この温度上昇抑制が溶融炉心物質の効果的な冷却に寄与する。今後、シミュレーションツールを用いた試験解析を行い、本研究で把握したメカニズムを確認する。


Characterization of high-temperature nuclear fuel-coolant interactions through X-ray visualization and image processing

Johnson, M.*; Journeau, C.*; 松場 賢一; 江村 優軌; 神山 健司

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 151, p.107881_1 - 107881_13, 2021/02

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:83.51(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Validation of analysis models on relocation behavior of molten core materials in sodium-cooled fast reactors based on the melt discharge experiment

五十嵐 魁*; 大貫 涼二*; 堺 公明*; 加藤 慎也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 2020 International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 2020) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2020/08

In order to improve the safety of nuclear power plants, it is necessary to make sure measures against their severe accidents. Especially, in the case of a sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR), there is a possibility of significant energy release due to formation of a large-scale molten fuel pool accompanied by re-criticality in the event of a core disruptive accident (CDA). It is important to ensure in-vessel retention that keeps and confines damaged core material in the reactor vessel even if the CDA occurs. CDA scenario initiated by Unprotected Loss Of Flow (ULOF), which is a typical cause of core damage, is generally categorized into four phases according to the progression of core-disruptive status, which are the initiating, early-discharge, material-relocation and heat-removal phases for the latest design in Japan. During the material-relocation phase, the molten core material flows down mainly through the control rod guide tube and is discharged into the inlet coolant plenum below the bottom of the core. The discharged molten core material collides with the bottom plate of the inlet plenum. Clarification of the accumulation behavior of molten core material with such a collision on the bottom plate is important to reduce uncertainties in the safety assessment of CDA. In present study, in order to make clear behavior of core melt materials during the CDAs of SFRs, analysis was conducted using the SIMMER-III code for a melt discharge simulation experiment in which low-melting-point alloy was discharged into a shallow water pool. This report shows the validation results for the melt behavior by comparing with the experimental data.


Two-phase flow structure in a particle bed packed in a confined channel

伊藤 大介*; 栗崎 達也*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 今泉 悠也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 18th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-18) (USB Flash Drive), p.6430 - 6439, 2019/08



Study on the discharge behavior of molten-core through the control rod guide tube in the core disruptive accident of SFR

加藤 慎也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司; Ganovichev, D. A.*; Baklanov, V. V.*

Proceedings of 2019 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2019) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2019/05



Development of evaluation method for in-place cooling of residual core materials in core disruptive accidents of SFRs

今泉 悠也; 青柳 光裕; 神山 健司; 松場 賢一; Ganovichev, D. A.*; Baklanov, V. V.*

Proceedings of 27th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-27) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2019/05



Effect of porosity distribution on two-phase pressure drop in a packed bed

栗崎 達也*; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 今泉 悠也; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2018/11



Results of an out-of-pile experiment for fragmentation of a simulated molten core material discharged into a shallow sodium pool

松場 賢一; 神山 健司; Ganovichev, D. A.*; Baklanov, V. V.*

Proceedings of 11th Korea-Japan Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-11) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2018/11



Estimation of porosity and void fraction profiles in a packed bed of spheres using X-ray radiography

伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 青柳 光裕; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 334, p.90 - 95, 2018/08

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:59.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)



Sedimentation behavior of mixed solid particles

Sheikh, Md. A. R.*; Son, E.*; 神山 基紀*; 森岡 徹*; 松元 達也*; 守田 幸路*; 松場 賢一; 神山 健司; 鈴木 徹*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 55(6), p.623 - 633, 2018/06

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:78.05(Nuclear Science & Technology)



An Experimental study on the fragmentation and accompanying cooling behaviors of a simulated molten oxide fuel penetrating into a sodium pool

松場 賢一; 神山 健司; 豊岡 淳一; Zuev, V. A.*; Kolodeshnikov, A. A.*

Proceedings of 17th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-17) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2017/09


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