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Journal Articles

A Knowledge-sharing activity on the environmental radiation monitoring results affected by the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident at Tokai-Oarai area in Ibaraki Prefecture

Nakano, Masanao; Hosomi, Kenji; Nishimura, Shusaku; Matsubara, Natsumi; Okura, Takehisa; Kuramochi, Akihiko; Kawasaki, Masatsugu; Takeuchi, Erina; Fujii, Yutaka*; Jinno, Tsukasa*; et al.

Hoken Butsuri (Internet), 55(2), p.102 - 109, 2020/06

After the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (1F) Accident in March 2011, the increase was significantly observed in a part of the result of the environmental radiation monitoring in Ibaraki prefecture. "The review meeting of the environmental effect from 1F accident" was established to discuss technically the fluctuation of monitoring data. The review meeting collected the monitoring data from the four nuclear operators, and discussed a fluctuating trend, $$^{134}$$Cs/$$^{137}$$Cs activity ratio, and so on. In this report, the results of the dose rate and $$^{137}$$Cs in fallout, surface soil, flatfish and seabed sediment are introduced. Also the problem solving in the review meeting is introduced.

Journal Articles

Effect of the headgroup structure on counterion binding in adsorbed surfactant films investigated by total reflection X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy

Imai, Yosuke*; Tokiwa, Yuhei*; Ueno, Shusaku*; Tanida, Hajime; Watanabe, Iwao*; Matsubara, Hiroki*; Takiue, Takanori*; Aratono, Makoto*

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 91(10), p.1487 - 1494, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:8.46(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Competitive binding of binary mixed counterions to the headgroups of adsorbed surfactant films has been investigated at solution surfaces by total reflection X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. The obtained extended XAFS $$chi$$ spectra for bromide counterions are linear combinations of the spectra of fully hydrated bromide ions (free Br) and partially dehydrated bromide ions bound to the headgroups of the surfactant ions (bound Br). From the fraction of bound Br in counterion mixed systems, two series of the relative strengths of counterion binding are proposed for the trimethylammonium (TA$$^{+}$$) and 3-methylimidazolium (MIM$$^{+}$$) headgroups: (a) TA-SO$$_{4}$$ $$<$$ TA-Cl $$<$$ TA-Br $$<$$ TA-BF$$_{4}$$ and (b) MIM-Br $$<$$ TA-Br $$<$$ TA-BF$$_{4}$$ $$<$$ MIM-BF$$_{4}$$. For the TA headgroup, matching the hydration of the headgroups and counterions gives series (a) according to Collins' law, which states that the tendency of contact ion pair formation becomes larger when the absolute values of the hydration enthalpies of the ions match. For the MIM headgroup, the number of binding sites of hydrogen bonds between the MIM headgroup and counterion is essential, which leads to series (b) because of competition between the counterion and water for interaction with the MIM headgroup.

Journal Articles

Development of a back analysis method for the estimation of in situ stress based on the measured convergence in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Kamemura, Katsumi*; Nago, Makito*; Sugawara, Kentaro*; Matsubara, Makoto*

Proceedings of ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2017 (WTC 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 10 Pages, 2017/06

An in situ stress state is one of the important factors in the design of deep underground facility of high-level radioactive waste disposal repository. This study establishes a practical and effective method for estimating in situ stress state on the basis of the measured convergence during gallery excavation. The convergence was measured in various directions of the loop gallery at 350m depth of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory; this allows determination of the stress state corresponding to the rock mass deformation behavior in an approximately 120 m* 200 m area. To estimate in situ stress state around that area, a back analysis method considering the existence of faults and fractures around the gallery was developed. The analyzed results showed a good agreement with the trend of in situ stress state estimated from hydraulic fracturing method.

Journal Articles

Estimation of rock mass stress state based on the convergence measurement result during tunnel excavation

Kamemura, Katsumi*; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Nago, Makito*; Sugawara, Kentaro*; Matsubara, Makoto*

Dai-14-Kai Iwa No Rikigaku Kokunai Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 6 Pages, 2017/01

In the design of deep underground structures such as high-level radioactive waste disposal repositories, the estimation of rock mass stress state is important as well as the estimation of mechanical characteristics of rock mass. This study establishes a practical and effective method for estimating in situ stress based on the convergence measurement results obtained during gallery construction of URL. The convergence was measured in various directions of the URL loop gallery at 350 m depth, and this will allow determination of the stress state over a large area using a back analysis method. In order to improve the accuracy of initial stress estimation, the relationship between convergence measurement results and geological situation of existing fractures were studied. The analysis results show good agreement with the in situ stress state results reported in previous studies and confirm the applicability of the proposed method.

Journal Articles

Demonstrative experiments on the migration of radiocesium from buried soil contaminated by the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Shimada, Taro; Ishibashi, Makoto*; Akagi, Yosuke*; Kurosawa, Mitsuru*; Matsubara, Akiyoshi*; Matsuda, Yuki*; Sato, Shigeyoshi*

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 22(2), p.21 - 27, 2015/12

It is predictable from previous studies that radiocesium hardly migrate into surrounding soils and groundwater from soils contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident if they are buried and covered with indigenous soils. This study demonstrated the prediction by performing in-situ migration experiments over a year in a public park in Miho, Ibaraki prefecture and in two public parks in Misato, Saitama prefecture. Contaminated soils were buried at a depth range of 0.3 - 1.0 m or at 0.3 - 1.3 m and covered with indigenous soil layer of 0.3 m, and were sprinkled with water to accelerate the radiocesium migration. Migration of radiocesium was not observed from radiometric analyses of boring cores and soil water samples. Laboratory column and sorption experiments revealed that the radiocesium hardly leach out of the soil and even if they leach out from the contaminated soil, radiocesium is sorbed on surrounding soils and hardly migrate through the soli layer. Simulation of Cs-137 migration for 100 years by an advection-diffusion model showed that Cs-137 hardly migrate and decay out in the contaminated soil.

Journal Articles

Stabilization of a high-order harmonic generation seeded extreme ultraviolet free electron laser by time-synchronization control with electro-optic sampling

Tomizawa, Hiromitsu*; Sato, Takahiro*; Ogawa, Kanade*; Togawa, Kazuaki*; Tanaka, Takatsugu*; Hara, Toru*; Yabashi, Makina*; Tanaka, Hitoshi*; Ishikawa, Tetsuya*; Togashi, Tadashi*; et al.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering, 3, p.e14_1 - e14_10, 2015/04

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:34.76(Optics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

An Application of three-dimensional geological information system to underground construction

Kato, Nobuyoshi*; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Nago, Makito*; Yamagami, Masahito*; Matsubara, Makoto*; Shigehiro, Michiko*; Aizawa, Takao*; Kamemura, Katsumi*

Chishitsu To Chosa, (139), p.17 - 22, 2014/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Full-coherent free electron laser seeded by 13th- and 15th-order harmonics of near-infrared femtosecond laser pulses

Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Togashi, Tadashi*; Fukami, Kenji*; et al.

Journal of Physics B; Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 46(16), p.164006_1 - 164006_6, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:19.18(Optics)

By introducing 13th- (61.7 nm) and 15th-order harmonics (53.4 nm) of femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm into an undulator of SCSS (SPring-8 Compact SASE Source) test accelerator at RIKEN, these harmonic pulses were amplified by a factor of more than 10$$^{2}$$ with a high contrast ratio through the interaction between accelerated electron bunches and the harmonic pulses. From numerical simulations of the amplification processes of high-order harmonic pulses in the undulator, optimum conditions of the electron bunch duration interacting with the high-order harmonic pulses were investigated for generating full-coherent and intense pulses in the extreme ultraviolet wavelength region.

Journal Articles

Full-coherent HHG-seeded EUV-FEL locked by EOS timing feedback

Ogawa, Kanade*; Sato, Takahiro*; Matsubara, Shinichi*; Okayasu, Yuichi*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Watanabe, Takahiro*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

Proceedings of 10th Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim and 18th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference and Photonics in Switching 2013 (CLEO-PR & OECC/PS 2013) (USB Flash Drive), 2 Pages, 2013/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Relationship between rock mass properties and damage of a concrete lining during shaft sinking in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Inagaki, Daisuke; Nago, Makito*; Kamemura, Katsumi*; Matsubara, Makoto*; Shigehiro, Michiko*

Proceedings of ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2013 (WTC 2013)/39th General Assembly, p.2014 - 2021, 2013/05

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been constructing three shafts to a depth of 500 m in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project. In this study, in consideration of support patterns installed, a relationship between the rock mass properties and mechanical response to excavation was investigated in detail during the construction of the East Access Shaft below a depth of 250 m. Since the shaft has intersected several faults with the size greater than the shaft diameter, some amounts of rock spalling have occurred and cracks have severely developed in a concrete lining in highly fractured zones. The results of pre-excavation grouting were compared with the results of fracture mapping in the shaft wall obtained during the shaft sinking. Applicability of several support patterns installed to control massive spalling during the shaft sinking was also analysed using the results of geometry profiling of shaft wall using a three-dimensional laser scanner and convergence measurements. As a result, based the empirical relationships among the characteristics of rocks, dimension of spalling, damage of a concrete lining and support patterns, a flow chart for selection of span of a concrete lining was proposed to control its severe damage prior to shaft excavation.

Journal Articles

High intense full-coherent radiation of free electron laser seeded by high-order harmonics in extreme-ultraviolet region

Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of Ultrafast Optics IX (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2013/03

We have demonstrated free-electron laser radiation seeded by high-order harmonics in the extreme-ultraviolet region. Strong enhancement of the radiation intensity by a factor of 104 was observed with timing control of an electro-optical sampling technique.

Journal Articles

Influence of rock spalling on concrete lining in shaft sinking at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory

Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Inagaki, Daisuke; Nago, Makito*; Koike, Masashi*; Matsubara, Makoto*; Sugawara, Kentaro*

Dai-13-Kai Iwa No Rikigaku Kokunai Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.911 - 916, 2013/01

A repository for high-level radioactive waste in deep underground consists of several underground structures such as access and disposal drifts and shafts. In deep geological disposal project, a shaft is the first underground structure to be constructed and the last one to be backfilled. Therefore, the stability of shaft is one of key factors to steadily manage the project in the construction and operation phases. In this paper, the authors discuss influence of rock spalling on concrete lining in shaft sinking. Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been constructing three shafts (one is for ventilation and the others are for access use) up to a depth of 500 m in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory. During the construction of the Ventilation Shaft (4.5 m in diameter) below a depth of 250 m, rock spalling occurred at several depths and an open crack has developed in a concrete lining installed just above rock spalling. The authors have measured geometry of shaft wall by using three-dimensional laser scanner. They also conducted numerical analysis in order to calculate change in stress distribution and deformation induced by rock spalling in a concrete lining and the surrounding rock. As a result, it was clarified that rock spalling induced tensile stress in the vertical direction in a concrete lining. Especially, the tensile stress in a concrete lining was likely to exceed tensile strength of a concrete lining in the case that it developed more than 100 cm in depth.

Journal Articles

Formation mechanism of extension fractures induced by excavation of a gallery in soft sedimentary rock, Horonobe area, Northern Japan

Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Matsubara, Makoto*; Ishikawa, Taiki*; Ogawa, Daisuke*

Geoscience Frontiers, 4(1), p.105 - 111, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:24.02(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

This paper focuses on the formation mechanism of fractures induced by excavation of a gallery in soft sedimentary rocks in the Horonobe area of Japan. Detailed fracture mapping of the gallery indicates that the fractures consist of both pre-existing fractures (shear fractures) and EDZ fractures (extension fractures). EDZ fractures correspond to bedding planes or potential joints inferred by paleo-stress field, and the EDZ fractures terminate against pre-existing fractures. Therefore, even for excavations in soft sedimentary rocks, formation of the EDZ fractures are controlled by pre-existing fractures and weakness planes associated with bedding planes and potential joints.

Journal Articles

The First electron bunch measurement by means of dast organic EO crystals

Okayasu, Yuichi*; Tomizawa, Hiromitsu*; Matsubara, Shinichi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Ogawa, Kanade*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Minamide, Hiroaki*; Matsukawa, Ken*; Aoyama, Makoto; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2012) (Internet), 5 Pages, 2012/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Synchronization of FEL and high-order harmonics of ultrashort-pulsed laser for generating intense full-coherent EUV light pulses

Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Owada, Shigeki*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Matsubara, Shinichi*; Okayasu, Yuichi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena 2012 (UP 2012) (Internet), 3 Pages, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Extreme ultraviolet free electron laser seeded by high-order harmonic

Togashi, Tadashi*; Takahashi, Eiji*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th International School and Symposium on Synchrotron Radiation in Natural Science (ISSRNS 2012), p.1 - 21, 2012/05

The 13th harmonic of a Ti:sapphire laser has been significantly amplified with the SCSS test accelerator. The temporal and spatial overlap of the electron beam and the high harmonic radiation were precisely tuned for achieving the seeded free electron laser operation. With numerical simulation the present HH-seeded FEL scheme could readily be applied to the wavelength region down to 10 nm.

Journal Articles

An Observational construction management in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project

Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Inagaki, Daisuke; Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Yokota, Hideharu; Nago, Makito*; Matsubara, Makoto*; Shigehiro, Michiko*

Proceedings of ITA-AITES World Tunnel Congress 2012 (WTC 2012)/38th General Assembly (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2012/05

In the Horonobe URL Project, three shafts are planned to be excavated up to the depth of 500 m in the Neogene sedimentary rocks. The host rock of the URL site is comprised of diatomaceous and siliceous mudstones, which are the Koetoi and Wakkanai Formations, respectively. Approximately 100 m thick fracture zone with high hydraulic conductivity develops above about 400 m in depth in the Wakkanai Formation. The shaft sinking through the fracture zone is the most challenging issue from the aspect of tunnel engineering in the project. In the fracture zone, there is high possibility of severe breakout and spalling in shaft wall because the shafts might be intersecting faults with the size greater than shaft diameter in addition to low intact rock strength at great depth. In practice, prior to the construction of the Ventilation Shaft through the fracture zone below a depth of 250 m, the three dimensional fault distribution were predicted by integrating borehole investigation results and geological response to pre-excavation grouting operation. The countermeasure was also designed against massive spalling. During the shaft sinking, fracture mapping of shaft wall was carried out in order to evaluate the prediction of fault distribution. Roughness of shaft wall was also measured by three dimensional laser scanner in order to investigate the shape and volume of spalling resulting from the excavation work. Consequently, the Ventilation Shaft has successfully been constructed through the fracture zone. This is because the prediction of fault distribution was accurate, and the countermeasure against concrete lining damage due to spalling was promptly applied.

Journal Articles

Spalling in response to shaft sinking at great depth in soft sedimentary rock

Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Inagaki, Daisuke; Nago, Makito*; Matsubara, Makoto*

Chika Kukan Shimpojiumu, Rombunshu, 17, p.155 - 162, 2012/01

Japan Atomic Energy Agency has been constructing an underground research laboratory in order to enhance the reliability of relevant disposal technologies of high-level radioactive waste in Horonobe, Hokkaido. A ventilation shaft (4.5 m in diameter) and two access shafts (6.5 m in diameter) are being excavated through the Neogene sedimentary rocks until the depth of 500 m. Based on the results of borehole investigation and pre-grounting operation in bedrock with high permeability from 250 m to 375 m in depth, the three dimensional fracture distribution map were built and the locations with high possibility of spalling in shaft wall in response to excavation were predicted prior to the shaft sinking from a depth of 250 m. Some amounts of spalling has occurred in several depths during shaft sinking from 250 m to 280 m in depth. The shape of each spalling was measured by means of three dimensional laser scaning system. As a result, spalling in shaft wall occurred along the faults predicted based on the three dimensional fracture distribution. In addition, spalling by brittle failure in shaft wall was also observed with a few extensile fractures which were expected to be induced by excavation. Based on the shape of spalling, it was confirmed that the applied shaft sinking procedure properly prevented a massive spalling.

Journal Articles

Seeding of extreme ultraviolet free electron laser with high-order harmonic

Takahashi, Eiji*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Midorikawa, Katsumi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the 12th European Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2011) (CD-ROM), 1 Pages, 2011/05

We succeeded in generating the seeded free electron laser (FEL) with wavelengths of 61 nm at the SCSS test accelerator. The 13th (61 nm) harmonics generated by focusing the high peak power Ti:Sapphire laser to the Xe gas cell was directed to the undulator. This is first realization of the seeded FEL in extreme ultraviolet region.

Journal Articles

EUV-FEL seeded by high-order harmonic

Takahashi, Eiji*; Togashi, Tadashi*; Aoyama, Makoto; Yamakawa, Koichi; Sato, Takahiro*; Iwasaki, Atsushi*; Owada, Shigeki*; Yamanouchi, Kaoru*; Hara, Toru*; Matsubara, Shinichi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Quantum Electronics Conference and the Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim 2011) (CD-ROM), p.199 - 200, 2011/05

We succeeded in generating the seeded free electron laser (FEL) with wavelengths of 61 nm at the SCSS test accelerator. The 13th (61 nm) harmonics generated by focusing the high peak power Ti:Sapphire laser to the Xe gas cell was directed to the undulator. This is first realization of the seeded FEL in extreme ultraviolet region.

37 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)