Mikami, Satoshi; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105938_1 - 105938_7, 2019/12
Five intercomparisons of in situ spectrometry by 6-7 participating teams have been conducted between December 2011 and August 2015 at sites in Fukushima prefecture which affected by the fallout of FDNPS accident occurred in March 2011. The evaluated deposition densities agreed within 5-6% in terms of coefficient of variation (CV) for radiocesium (Cs and Cs), by our best achievement, and the ratio of Cs/Cs in deposition density agreed within 1-2% in CV, through five intercomparisons. These results guarantee the accuracy of the measurements of the mapping project. Two different methods for intercomparison were conducted: (1) sequential measurements at an identical point; and (2) simultaneous measurements in a narrow area within 3 m radius. In a comparison between the two methods at a site, no significant difference was observed between the results. The standard protocols for the two different intercomparison methods were proposed based on our experience.
Mikami, Satoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Sato, Shoji*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Suzuki, Takeo*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Ando, Masaki; Saito, Kimiaki
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105941_1 - 105941_12, 2019/12
The deposition densities of radiocesium and the air dose rates were repeatedly measured in a large number of undisturbed fields within the 80km zone that surrounds the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant site between 2011 and 2016, and features of their temporal changes were clarified. The average air dose rate excluding background radiation in this zone decreased to about 20% of the initial value during the period from June 2011 to August 2016, which was essentially a result of the radioactive decay of Cs with a half-life of 2.06y. The air dose rate reduction was faster than that expected from the decay of radiocesium by a factor of about two, with most of this reduction being attributed to the penetration of radiocesium into the soil. The average deposition densities of Cs and Cs in fields that were not decontaminated were found to have decreased nearly according to their expected radioactive decay, which indicated that the movement of radiocesium in the horizontal direction was relatively small. The effect of decontamination was apparently observed in the measurements of air dose rates and deposition densities. Nominally, the average air dose rates in the measurement locations were reduced by about 20% by decontamination and other human activities, of which accurate quantitative analysis is and continue to be a challenge.
Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Sakamoto, Yukio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Hirayama, Hideo*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; et al.
Reactor Dosimetry; 14th International Symposium (ASTM STP 1550), p.675 - 689, 2012/08
Under the collaborative study project of JASMIN, shielding experiments has been carried out using the anti-proton target station (Pbar) of Fermilab. In the experiment, the multi-foil activation technique was utilized, and the neutron spectra in high-energy region between 1 and 100 MeV were deduced by using the "fitting method", which is newly developed. In this method, we made an assumption that neutron energy spectra could be expressed with a simple function. The validity of the fitting method was confirmed by comparison with the results of the unfolding method and the theoretical calculations. Finally, it was found that there are simple correlations between reaction rates and the adjusting parameters in the fitting function. The correlations are useful for estimating the adjusting parameters easily, and a neutron spectrum in the high-energy region can be deduced from a set of reaction-rate data without the complicated calculations of unfolding.
Hamada, Kazuya; Kawano, Katsumi; Saito, Toru; Iguchi, Masahide; Nakajima, Hideo; Teshima, Osamu*; Matsuda, Hidemitsu*
AIP Conference Proceedings 1435, p.55 - 62, 2012/06
The TF coil conductor was composed of 900 NbSn superconducting strands and 522 Cu strands protected by circular sheath tube (jacket) with the outer diameter of 43.7 mm. The jacket section is a seamless tube made of modified 316LN. JAEA tested different types of tensile specimen (Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) type and ASTM type) cut from jacket. ASTM type specimen has longer and wider reduced section than those of JIS type specimen. Elongation of as received condition is not dependent on specimen shape. But after cold work and aging, the elongation is deteriorated due to a sensitization and scattering of elongation is larger than that of as received condition. Fracture mode of aged jacket is "cup and cone fracture", which have a mixture of inter granular at center area and trans-granular factures in circumference area. It is considered that initiation of fracture is more sensitive on test specimen shape with low ductility.
Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Kawano, Katsumi; Saito, Toru; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Uno, Yasuhiro; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo; et al.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4203404_1 - 4203404_4, 2012/06
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility for procurement of all of the ITER central solenoid (CS) conductor lengths. The CS conductor is composed of 576 Nb Sn superconducting strands and 288 Cu strands assembled together into a multistage cable and protected by a circle-in-square sheath tube (jacket) with the outer dimension of 49 mm. In preparation for CS conductor production, the following R&D activities have been performed; (1) Mechanical tests at 4 K have been performed for jacket candidate materials such as 316LN and JK2LB, (2) Welding test for filler selection, (3) Measurement of coefficient of sliding friction using a 100-m long dummy cable, (4) Deformation characteristics of the conductor cross section after compaction and spooling. As a result of these R&D, the CS conductor jacket manufacturing technologies have been confirmed to start the procurement of the CS conductor.
Hamada, Kazuya; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Kawano, Katsumi; Ebisawa, Noboru; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Tsutsumi, Fumiaki; Saito, Toru*; Nakajima, Hideo; Matsuda, Hidemitsu*; et al.
Teion Kogaku, 47(3), p.153 - 159, 2012/03
The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility to procure 25% of the ITER Toroidal Field coil conductors as the Japanese Domestic Agency (JADA) in the ITER project. The TF conductor is a circular shaped, cable-in-conduit conductor, composed of a cable and a stainless steel conduit (jacket). The outer diameter and maximum length of the TF conductor are 43.7 mm and 760 m, respectively. JAEA has constructed newly conductor manufacturing facility. Prior to starting conductor, JAEA manufactured a 760-m long Cu dummy conductor as process qualification of dummy cable, the jacket sections and fabrication procedures, such as welding, cable insertion, compaction and spooling. Following qualification of all manufacturing processes, JAEA has started to fabricate superconducting conductors for the TF coils.
Hamada, Kazuya; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Isono, Takaaki; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Matsui, Kunihiro; Kawano, Katsumi; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Tsutsumi, Fumiaki; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), p.1506 - 1510, 2011/10
Japan Atomic Energy Agency has a responsibility for procurement of the ITER toroidal field coil conductors as Japanese Domestic Agency (JADA) of the ITER project. The TF conductor is a circular shaped cable-in-conduit conductor, which is composed of cable and stainless steel conduit (jacket). The outer diameter and wall thickness of jacket are 43.7mm and 2mm, respectively. The cable consists of 900 NbSn superconducting strands and 522 Cu strands. The length of TF conductor is 780m in maximum. Preparation of conductor fabrication was completed in December 2009. And then, to demonstrate a conductor manufacturing procedure, JADA fabricated 780m-long Cu dummy conductor as a process qualification. Finally, the 780m-long Cu dummy conductor has been successfully completed, ahead of other domestic agencies that are in charge of TF conductor procurement. Since all of manufacturing processes have been qualified, JADA started to fabricate superconducting conductors for TF coils.
Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Nakashima, Hiroshi; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Hirayama, Hideo*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Mokhov, N.*; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.2055 - 2058, 2011/08
It is important to obtain neutron spectra and its intensity on shielding experiment. Deduction of high-energy neutron spectra were done using fitting and unfolding methods based on the shielding data obtained at the anti-proton (pbar) target station in Fermilab. The neutron spectra for fitting method is useful to be easily obtained and the values gave reasonable results compared with nuclear data. Therefore, that for unfolding methods included inconsistency. Furthermore, the deduced neutron spectra were verified through the calculation analyses by PHITS code.
Yashima, Hiroshi*; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsuda, Norihiro; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; Vaziri, K.*; et al.
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.48 - 51, 2011/02
The shielding experiment was performed at the anti-proton production target station in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Aluminum, Bismath, Niobium, Copper and Indium samples were placed behind the shields. After irradiation, induced activities of samples were measured by using HPGe detector. The spatial distribution of reaction rate of samples which were placed behind the iron and concrete shields were obtained. The measured data shows that the reaction rates on the outer surfaces of the iron and concrete shields increases toward the downstream of the target. The obtained reaction rates were also fitted to Moyer's formula, and the attenuation lengths for iron and concrete shields were obtained.
Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Matsumura, Hiroshi*; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Kinoshita, Norikazu*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; et al.
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 1, p.57 - 60, 2011/02
The anti-proton (pbar) production target in Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory can be produced a wide variety of secondary particles including of anti-protons, by bombarding with protons accelerated to 120 GeV. The shielding experimental data, which was obtained around the pbar target, make possible to validate the accuracies of the general-purpose Monte Carlo simulation codes. In this paper, spatial distribution of reaction rates were calculated with two-dimensional (r-z) geometry simplified the real pbar target station using the PHITS, MARS and MCNPX code. These experimental data in iron shield were compared with the calculated data. The comparison for attenuation length of iron were good agreement between the experiments and calculations.
Nakashima, Hiroshi; Sakamoto, Yukio; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Mokhov, N.*; Leveling, A.*; Boehnlein, D.*; et al.
Nuclear Technology, 168(2), p.482 - 486, 2009/11
Experimental studies of shielding and radiation effects have been started using 120-GeV proton synchrotron at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) under collaboration between FNAL and Japan. The first campaign of the experiment was carried out at the Pbar target station and Numi experimental station at FNAL, using antiproton and neutrino production targets irradiated by 120-GeV protons. The generated secondary particles passing through steel, concrete and rock were measured by activation methods as well as by other detectors such as scintillator with a veto counter, phoswich detector and a Bonner ball counter on trial. Preliminary experimental results are presented.
Matsuda, Norihiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Harada, Masahide; Teshigawara, Makoto; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Oguri, Tomomi*; Nakano, Hideo*; Nakao, Noriaki*; Nakane, Yoshihiro; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2008-030, 150 Pages, 2008/03
Radiation Shielding design/safety analysis required for licensing of the high intensity proton accelerator facility J-PARC (Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex) is in progress, using various high-energy particle transport codes. Shielding benchmark problems, mainly based on experiments, on thick target neutron yield, beam dump geometry, deep penetration and radiation streaming were prepared and analyzed by the shielding design codes, in order to estimate the code's accuracy. The results of analyses show that the calculation results agree with the experiments within a factor of two on the whole.
Nakashima, Hiroshi; Shibata, Tokushi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Matsuda, Norihiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Hirayama, Hideo*; Suzuki, Takenori*; Miura, Taichi*; Numajiri, Masaharu*; et al.
Proceedings of 14th Biennial Topical Meeting of the ANS Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (CD-ROM), p.267 - 282, 2006/00
no abstracts in English
Nakashima, Hiroshi; Nakane, Yoshihiro; Masukawa, Fumihiro; Matsuda, Norihiro; Oguri, Tomomi*; Nakano, Hideo*; Sasamoto, Nobuo*; Shibata, Tokushi*; Suzuki, Takenori*; Miura, Taichi*; et al.
Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 115(1-4), p.564 - 568, 2005/12
The High Intensity Proton Accelerator Project, named as J-PARC, is in progress, aiming at studies on the latest basic science and the advancing nuclear technology. In the project, the high-energy proton accelerator complex of the world highest intensity is under construction. In order to establish a reasonable shielding design, both simplified and detailed design methods were used in the shielding design of J-PARC. This paper reviews the present status of the radiation safety design study for J-PARC.
Tamai, Hiroshi; Ogawa, Toshihide; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; Odajima, Kazuo; ; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; Kondoh, Takashi; et al.
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 29(10), p.L1911 - L1914, 1990/10
no abstracts in English
Yamamoto, Takumi; Uesugi, Yoshihiko; Kawashima, Hisato; Hoshino, Katsumichi; ; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kondoh, Takashi; Maeda, Hikosuke; Matsuda, Toshiaki; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 63(11), p.1148 - 1151, 1989/09
no abstracts in English
Hoshino, Katsumichi; Yamamoto, Takumi; Kawashima, Hisato; Suzuki, Norio; Uesugi, Yoshihiko; Mori, Masahiro; ; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Matsuda, Toshiaki; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 63(7), p.770 - 773, 1989/08
no abstracts in English
Hoshino, Katsumichi; Yamamoto, Takumi; Kawashima, Hisato; Suzuki, Norio; Uesugi, Yoshihiko; ; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Miura, Yukitoshi; et al.
JAERI-M 89-038, 7 Pages, 1989/03
no abstracts in English
Sengoku, Seio; ; Hoshino, Katsumichi; Kasai, Satoshi; Kawakami, Tomohide; Kawashima, Hisato; Kondo, Takashi*; Maeda, Hikosuke; Matsuda, Toshiaki; Matsumoto, Hiroshi; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 162-164, p.667 - 673, 1989/00
no abstracts in English
Hoshino, Katsumichi; Yamamoto, Takumi; Kawashima, Hisato; Tamai, Hiroshi; Ogawa, Toshihide; Odajima, Kazuo; Suzuki, Norio; Uesugi, Yoshihiko; Mori, Masahiro; ; et al.
Radio-Frequency Power in Plasmas, 4 Pages, 1989/00
no abstracts in English