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Journal Articles

A Numerical study of the effects of aerosol hygroscopic properties to dry deposition on a broad-leaved forest

Katata, Genki; Kajino, Mizuo*; Matsuda, Kazuhide*; Takahashi, Akira*; Nakaya, Ko*

Atmospheric Environment, 97, p.501 - 510, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:36.54(Environmental Sciences)

To investigate the impact of hygroscopic growth on dry deposition onto forest canopies, numerical simulations of PM2.5 sulfate deposition using a multi-layer atmosphere-SOiL-VEGetation model (SOLVEG) ware performed. The scheme of particle dry deposition in SOLVEG was extended for application to a broad-leaved forest. An aerosol hygroscopic model based on the widely used $$kappa$$-K$"o$hler theory was incorporated into the model to calculate water uptake by the aerosols. The model accurately reproduced essential turbulent exchange fluxes (momentum, heat, and water vapor) over the canopies and the soil temperature and moisture for a deciduous broad-leaved forest in central Japan. Temporal variations in the measured PM2.5 sulfate deposition velocity were generally reproduced by the model. By considering an increase in particle diameter due to hygroscopic growth, the prediction accuracy of the modeled deposition velocity under humid conditions was improved. Numerical experiments for varying aerosol size distributions and hygroscopic properties showed that the geometric mean diameter and hygroscopicity of particles have a large influence on hygroscopic growth levels. The results also suggested that the deposition velocity of wet particles increased due to hygroscopic growth when the relative humidity (RH) was approximately 50%, and that the velocity reached five times greater than that under dry conditions when RH exceeded 95%.

Oral presentation

FACE-N project; Free-Air CO$$_{2}$$ Enrichment study for paddy rice with a focus on its effect on nitrogen cycle

Hayashi, Kentaro*; Hasegawa, Toshihiro*; Tokida, Takeshi*; Ono, Keisuke*; Matsuda, Kazuhide*; Toyoda, Sakae*; Yano, Midori*; Sudo, Shigeto*; Wagai, Rota*; Matsushima, Miwa*; et al.

no journal, , 

National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Japan, established new Free-Air CO$$_{2}$$ Enrichment (FACE) facilities for paddy rice in central Japan (Tsukuba FACE) in April, 2010. Early FACE studies were originally designed to investigate changes in plant growth, crop yield, and carbon cycle under elevated CO$$_{2}$$ and temperature. In addition to these research agenda, a three-year project at Tsukuba FACE that assesses the changes in nitrogen cycle due to climate manipulation (FACE-N) started in April, 2010. The FACE-N project has the following themes: (1) atmosphere-paddy exchange of nitrogen; (2) nitrogen-related processes in a soil-rice system; and (3) development of the sophisticated nitrogen cycling model at a plot scale and of the regional nitrogen assessment system using remote-sensing technique and geographic information system (GIS).

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