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Journal Articles

Rabi-oscillation spectroscopy of the hyperfine structure of muonium atoms

Nishimura, Shoichiro*; Torii, Hiroyuki*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; Kanda, Sotaro*; Kawagoe, Kiyotomo*; Kawall, D.*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Kurosawa, Noriyuki*; et al.

Physical Review A, 104(2), p.L020801_1 - L020801_6, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:76.52(Optics)

Journal Articles

$$q$$=0 long-range magnetic order in centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O; A Spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ perfect kagome antiferromagnet with $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$

Iida, Kazuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Akiko*; Jeschke, H. O.*; Iqbal, Y.*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kawamura, Seiko; Munakata, Koji*; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Murai, Naoki; et al.

Physical Review B, 101(22), p.220408_1 - 220408_6, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:85.9(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Crystal and magnetic structures of the mineral centennialite CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O are investigated by means of synchrotron X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction measurements complemented by density functional theory (DFT) and pseudofermion functional renormalization group (PFFRG) calculations. In CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O, Cu$$^{2+}$$ ions form a geometrically perfect kagome network with antiferromagnetic $$J_{1}$$. No intersite disorder between Cu$$^{2+}$$ and Ca$$^{2+}$$ ions is detected. CaCu$$_{3}$$(OD)$$_{6}$$Cl$$_{2}$$ $$cdot$$ 0.6D$$_{2}$$O enters a magnetic long-range ordered state below $$T_{rm N}$$ = 7.2 K, and the $$q$$=0 magnetic structure with negative vector spin chirality is obtained. The ordered moment at 0.3 K is suppressed to 0.58(2)$$mu$$B. Our DFT calculations indicate the presence of antiferromagnetic $$J_{2}$$ and ferromagnetic $$J_{d}$$ superexchange couplings of a strength which places the system at the crossroads of three magnetic orders (at the classical level) and a spin-$$frac{1}{2}$$ PFFRG analysis shows a dominance of $$q$$=0 type magnetic correlations, consistent with and indicating proximity to the observed $$q$$=0 spin structure. The results suggest that this material is located close to a quantum critical point and is a good realization of a $$J_{1}$$-$$J_{2}$$-$$J_{d}$$ kagome antiferromagnet.

Journal Articles

The $$f$$-electron state of the heavy fermion superconductor NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and the isostructural family

Metoki, Naoto; Aczel, A. A.*; Aoki, Dai*; Chi, S.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Griveau, J.-C.*; Hagihara, Masato*; Hong, T.*; Haga, Yoshinori; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 30, p.011123_1 - 011123_6, 2020/03

Rare earths (4$$f$$) and actinides (5$$f$$) provide variety of interesting states realized with competing interactions between the increasing number of $$f$$ electrons. Since crystal field splitting of many-body $$f$$ electron system is smaller than the bandwidth, (1) high resolution experiments are needed, (2) essentially no clear spectrum with well defined peaks is expected in itinerant Ce and U compounds, and (3) Np and Pu is strictly regulated. Therefore, systematic research on magnetic excitations by neutron scattering experiments of localized compounds and rare earth iso-structural reference is useful. We describe the $$f$$ electron states of heavy electron compounds NpPd$$_5$$Al$$_2$$ and actinide and rare earth based iso-structural family.

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:89.41

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:93.65

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the heavy Fermion compound $$alpha$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ at high magnetic fields

Terashima, Taku*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Suzuki, Shintaro*; Matsumoto, Yosuke*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Kondo, Akihiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 84(11), p.114715_1 - 114715_4, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:30.97(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Behavior of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable assembled with conduit for ITER central solenoid

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Suwa, Tomone; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kajitani, Hideki; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Sakurai, Takeru; Iguchi, Masahide; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4200305_1 - 4200305_5, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy study on the valence state and magnetization in $$alpha$$-YbAl$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$B$$_4$$ ($$x=0.115$$) at low temperatures and high magnetic fields

Terashima, Taku*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Suzuki, Shintaro*; Matsumoto, Yosuke*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Kondo, Akihiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 592(1), p.012020_1 - 012020_6, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:45.56

Valence fluctuation phenomena in rare-earth intermetallic compounds have attracted attention because the quantum criticality of the valence transition has been proposed theoretically. Recently, it was found that $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ shows quantum criticality without tuning and has a strong mixed-valence state. In this study, we measured the magnetization curve and X-ray magnetoabsorption in $$alpha$$-YbAl$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$B$$_4$$ ($$x=0.115$$), which is a locally isostructural polymorph of $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$. The magnetization and X-ray experiments were performed in fields up to 55 and 40 T, respectively. A small increase in the Yb valence was observed at fields where the magnetization curve exhibited a change in slope.

Journal Articles

Valence state in Ce-based heavy fermion compounds at high magnetic fields

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Her, J.-L.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Ebihara, Takao*; Amitsuka, Hiroshi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011044_1 - 011044_6, 2014/06

Synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy of CeRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ has been performed in pulsed high magnetic fields of up to 32 T. The Ce valence is slightly larger than 3+ at 5 K and decreases with increasing magnetic above 20 T. The field-induced valence change seems to correspond to the metamagnetic transition in the magnetization process. This phenomena is similar to our previous result on CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and seems to be common in Ce-based heavy fermion compounds.

Journal Articles

Temperature and magnetic field dependent Yb valence in YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ observed by X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Nakai, Hirohito*; Ebihara, Takao*; Tsutsui, Satoshi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Kondo, Akihiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(12), p.124712_1 - 124712_5, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:49.82(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The temperature and magnetic field dependences of Yb valence were observed in the heavy fermion compoundYbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ by X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The measurements revealed that the Yb valence decreases with decreasing temperature in the range from 200 to 2 K and increases with increasing magnetic field in the range from 0 to 33 T without showing an abrupt change in the Yb valence. The Yb valence is in the range from 2.92 to 2.96 depending on temperature and magnetic field. With respect to the valence being 2.92 at 0 T and 2.93 at 33 T in 2 K, YbRh$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ is a valence fluctuation compound and does not reach the integer trivalent state at high magnetic field. These results endorse the conventional knowledge that the valence of Yb is very close to the integer value of 3+, decreases with decreasing temperature, and becomes closer to 3+ with increasing magnetic field.

JAEA Reports

Construction of a car-borne survey system for measurement of dose rates in air; KURAMA-II, and its application

Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Nakahara, Yukio; Sato, Tetsuro; Seki, Akiyuki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Ando, Masaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Tanigaki, Minoru*; Takamiya, Koichi*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-037, 54 Pages, 2013/10

JAEA-Technology-2013-037.pdf:4.94MB

JAEA has been performing dose rate mapping in air using a car-borne survey system KURAMA-II. The KURAMA system is a GPS-aided mobile radiation monitoring system that has been newly developed by Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute in response to the nuclear disaster. The KURAMA system is composed of an energy-compensated scintillation survey meter for measuring dose rate, electric device for controlling both the dose rates and the position data from a GPS module, a computer server for processing and analyzing data from KURAMA, and client PCs for providing for end users. The KURAMA-II has been improved in small-packaging, durability, and automated data transmission. In consequence, dose rate mapping in wide area has become possible in shorter period of time. This report describes the construction of KURAMA-II, its application and a suggestion of how to manage a large number of KURAMA-II.

Journal Articles

Synchrotron X-ray spectroscopy study on the valence state in $$alpha$$- and $$beta$$-TbAlB$$_4$$ at low temperature and high magnetic fields

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Nakatsuji, Satoru*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 62(12), p.1778 - 1781, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:58.46(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The valence state of Yb ions in $$alpha$$- and $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ has been investigated by X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy at temperatures from 2 to 280 K. It is found that the valence gradually increases with increasing temperature toward 3+ and that the characteristic temperature of the valence fluctuations is about 290 K. We also observe a small increase in the Yb valence ($$sim$$ 0.002) in $$beta$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ by a magnetic field of 32 T at 40 K.

Journal Articles

X-ray diffraction and absorption spectroscopy in pulsed high magnetic fields

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Inami, Toshiya

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(2), p.021009_1 - 021009_17, 2013/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:49.82(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Recent results of high-magnetic-field X-ray diffraction and absorption spectroscopy experiments using pulsed magnets are reviewed. Pulsed magnetic fields of up to 30-40 T are utilized. Structural changes induced by magnetic fields in rare-earth intermetallic compounds, transition-metal oxides and low-dimensional quantum spin compounds are presented as results of X-ray diffraction experiments. The structural changes are interpreted by several mechanisms. A magnetic X-ray scattering experiment has also been conducted at 30 T. Regarding X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the valence state transition in magnetic fields is observed in Yb-, Ce-, and Eu-based intermetallic compounds. Magnetic-field-induced changes in the structural and electronic states in transition-metal and rare-earth compounds were investigated using X-ray absorption spectra. The microscopic magnetic properties were examined by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism.

Journal Articles

High-magnetic-field X-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy in the mixed-valent compound YbAgCu$$_4$$

Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Her, J.-L.*; Kindo, Koichi*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Chen, B.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(11), p.114702_1 - 114702_11, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:59.62(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The X-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectra at the Yb L$$_3$$ edge were measured in the mixed-valent heavy fermion compound YbAgCu$$_4$$ at high magnetic fields and low temperatures. The magnetic-field-temperature (H-T) phase boundary determined by the valence state is in very good agreement with that determined by the magnetization. It is clearly found that the metamagnetism of this compound is due to the field induced valence transition. A distinctive positive peak of the XMCD spectra appears in the vicinity of the white line of the absorption due to Yb$$^{3+}$$ state, while no feature is observed in the XMCD spectra corresponding to the Yb$$^{2+}$$ state. A small negative XMCD peak was observed at a lower energy and was attributed to the quadrupole trasition from theoretical calcuration, which explains its peculicar magnetic field dependence.

Journal Articles

Suppression of $$f$$-electron itinerancy in CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ by a strong magnetic field

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Her, J. L.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Kindo, Koichi*; Ebihara, Takao*

Physical Review B, 86(4), p.041109_1 - 041109_4, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:40.65(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The valence state of Ce in a typical heavy fermion compound CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ has been investigated by synchrotron X-ray absorption spectroscopy at 1.8 K in high magnetic fields of up to 40T. The valence was slightly larger than for the pure trivalent state, as expected in heavy fermion compounds, and it decreased toward the trivalent state as the magnetic field was increased. The field-induced valence reduction indicates that the itinerant character of the 4$$f$$ electrons in CeRu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ was suppressed by a strong magnetic field. The suppression was gradual and showed a characteristic magnetic field dependence, which reflects the metamagnetism around $$H_{rm m}$$ $$sim$$ 8T.

Journal Articles

Preparation for the ITER central solenoid conductor manufacturing

Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Kawano, Katsumi; Saito, Toru; Oshikiri, Masayuki; Uno, Yasuhiro; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Nakajima, Hideo; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4203404_1 - 4203404_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:66.24(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has the responsibility for procurement of all of the ITER central solenoid (CS) conductor lengths. The CS conductor is composed of 576 Nb$$_{3}$$ Sn superconducting strands and 288 Cu strands assembled together into a multistage cable and protected by a circle-in-square sheath tube (jacket) with the outer dimension of 49 mm. In preparation for CS conductor production, the following R&D activities have been performed; (1) Mechanical tests at 4 K have been performed for jacket candidate materials such as 316LN and JK2LB, (2) Welding test for filler selection, (3) Measurement of coefficient of sliding friction using a 100-m long dummy cable, (4) Deformation characteristics of the conductor cross section after compaction and spooling. As a result of these R&D, the CS conductor jacket manufacturing technologies have been confirmed to start the procurement of the CS conductor.

Journal Articles

Measurement of fluorine distribution in carious enamel around 1.5-year aged fluoride-containing materials

Komatsu, Hisanori*; Kojima, Kentaro*; Funato, Yoshiki*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kijimura, Taiki*; Okuyama, Katsushi*; Yamamoto, Hiroko*; Iwami, Yukiteru*; Ebisu, Shigeyuki*; Nomachi, Masaharu*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 85, 2012/01

Journal Articles

Valence fluctuation in YbAgCu$$_4$$ at high Magnetic fields

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Nakamura, Toshiyuki*; Her, J.-L.*; Kindo, Koichi*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Chen, B.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(1), p.015002_1 - 015002_2, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:57.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The valence change of Yb ion in YbAgCu$$_4$$ was measured by means of X-ray absorption spectroscopy under high magnetic fields up to 35T. The valence state of Yb in YbAgCu$$_4$$ at 4.8K significantly increases at the metamagnetic transition. The saturation value of $$v$$ at 55T is evaluated as 2.97 using the relation $$Delta M/Delta v$$ at 35T. This value is in good agreement with $$v$$ for the related compound YbInCu$$_4$$ at high temperatures and the Yb valence in the localized high-field phase. We conclude that the metamagnetic transition in YbAgCu$$_4$$ arises from the valence transition, as theoretically predicted.

Journal Articles

Orbital magnetism in Cd$$_2$$Os$$_2$$O$$_7$$ studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Her, J.-L.*; Michimura, Shinji*; Inami, Toshiya; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Kawamura, Naomi*; Mizumaki, Masaichiro*; Kindo, Koichi*; Yamaura, Junichi*; Hiroi, Zenji*

Physical Review B, 84(17), p.174431_1 - 174431_5, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:70.73(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the $$L$$$$_{2,3}$$-edge of Os has been investigated in the antiferromagneticphase of Cd$$_2$$Os$$_2$$O$$_7$$, which exhibits a metal-insulator transition around 227 K. According to the sum rule, the XMCD spectra at 10 and 37 T clearly show that the ratio between the orbital magnetic moment ($$m_{rm L}$$) and spinmagnetic moment ($$m_{rm S}$$) is $$m_{rm L}/m_{rm S} = 0.16 pm 0.02$$, and that $$m_{rm L}$$ and $$m_{rm S}$$ are coupled in parallel ($$m_{rm L}parallel m_{rm S}$$). These phenomena are unusual in that the expected ground state of Os$$^{5+}$$ (5$$d^3$$) is an orbital singlet in a cubic crystal field, and $$m_{rm L}$$and $$m_{rm S}$$ should be antiparallel for a less than half-filled system in accordance with Hund's third rule. It is likely that the spin-orbit coupling is important for explaining the observed orbital magnetism.

Journal Articles

Fluorine analysis of human enamel around fluoride-containing materials under different pH-cycling by $$mu$$-PIGE/PIXE system

Komatsu, Hisanori*; Yamamoto, Hiroko*; Matsuda, Yasuhiro*; Kijimura, Taiki*; Kinugawa, Michihiko*; Okuyama, Katsushi*; Nomachi, Masaharu*; Yasuda, Keisuke*; Sato, Takahiro; Oikawa, Masakazu*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 269(20), p.2274 - 2277, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:78.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

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