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Journal Articles

Accuracy of prediction method of cryogenic tensile strength for austenitic stainless steels in ITER toroidal field coil structure

Sakurai, Takeru; Iguchi, Masahide; Nakahira, Masataka; Saito, Toru*; Morimoto, Masaaki*; Inagaki, Takashi*; Hong, Y.-S.*; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kajitani, Hideki; et al.

Physics Procedia, 67, p.536 - 542, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:68.84

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has developed the tensile strength prediction method at liquid helium temperature (4K) using the quadratic curve as a function of the content of carbon and nitrogen in order to establish the rationalized quality control of the austenitic stainless steel used in the ITER superconducting coil operating at 4K. ITER is under construction aiming to verify technical demonstration of a nuclear fusion generation. Toroidal Field Coil (TFC), one of superconducting system in ITER, have been started procurement of materials in 2012. JAEA is producing materials for actual product which are the forged materials with shape of rectangle, round bar, asymmetry and etc. JAEA has responsibility to procure all ITER TFC Structures. In this process, JAEA obtained many tensile strength of both room temperature and 4K about these structural materials, for example, JJ1: High manganese stainless steel for structure (0.03C-12Cr-12Ni-10Mn-5Mo- 0.24N) and 316LN: High nitrogen containing stainless steel (0.2Nitrogen). Based on these data, accuracy of 4K strength prediction method for actual TFC Structure materials was evaluated and reported in this study.

Journal Articles

Behavior of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable assembled with conduit for ITER central solenoid

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Suwa, Tomone; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kajitani, Hideki; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Sakurai, Takeru; Iguchi, Masahide; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.4200305_1 - 4200305_5, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Journal Articles

Nuclear energy (Technical topic); Development of ITER toroidal field (TF) coil

Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kajitani, Hideki; Takano, Katsutoshi; Matsui, Kunihiro; Koizumi, Norikiyo

Yosetsu Gakkai-Shi, 83(6), p.497 - 502, 2014/09

JAEA, serving as the Japan Domestic Agency (JADA) in the ITER project, is responsible for the procurement of 9 TF coils. In the TF coil, the radial plate (RP) structure is selected to improve electrical and mechanical reliability of the electrical insulation. Since the superconductor is degraded by the bending strain of 0.1% after the reaction heat-treatment, the conductor is inserted into the RP after winding to D-shape and the heat-treatment. To insert the conductor into the RP, the winding and RP groove length must be controlled with accuracy of 0.02% (7 mm on the 1 turn of 34 m). Accordingly, the targets for solving this issue are as follows: (1) Development of manufacturing procedure of the RP; (2) Development of winding head to achieve highly accurate winding; (3) Estimation of the conductor elongation after the heat-treatment. Therefore, JAEA can establish manufacturing plan for the TF coil as a result of the R&D for these targets.

Journal Articles

Optimization of heat treatment of Japanese Nb$$_3$$Sn conductors for toroidal field coils in ITER

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kajitani, Hideki; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Suwa, Tomone; Iguchi, Masahide; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Matsui, Kunihiro; Koizumi, Norikiyo; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.6000605_1 - 6000605_5, 2014/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of strand bending in the He-inlet during reaction heat treatment for ITER TF Coils

Hemmi, Tsutomu; Matsui, Kunihiro; Kajitani, Hideki; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Ishimi, Akihiro; Katsuyama, Kozo

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 24(3), p.4802704_1 - 4802704_4, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), as Japan Domestic Agency, has responsibility to procure nine ITER Toroidal Field (TF) coils. The TF coil winding consists of a Nb$$_{3}$$Sn Cable-In-Conduit conductor, a pair of joints and a He-inlet. The current capacity of 68 kA is required at the magnetic field of 7 T around the He-inlet region in the TF coil winding. During reaction heat-treatment, the compressive residual strain in Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable is induced by the difference in the thermal expansion coefficients between the Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable and stainless steel jacket. The strands bending in the Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable of the He-inlet is anticipated since there is the compressive residual strain and a gap between the Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable and the He-inlet to introduce SHE flow. If the strand is bent, the variation of mechanical behaviors, such as the elongation of He-inlet during the reaction heat-treatment and the thermally induced residual strain on the jacket around the He-inlet, are expected. To investigate the strands bending in the Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable of the He-inlet, the following items are performed; (1) elongation measurement during reaction heat-treatment, (2) residual longitudinal strain measurement using strain gauges by sample cuttings, (3) nondestructive inspection on the cable and strands using high resolution X-ray CT, Detail of test results and investigation of the strands bending in the Nb$$_{3}$$Sn cable of the He-inlet are reported and discussed.

Journal Articles

Examination of Nb$$_{3}$$Sn conductors for ITER central solenoids

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kajitani, Hideki; Ozeki, Hidemasa; Iguchi, Masahide; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Matsui, Kunihiro; Koizumi, Norikiyo; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23(3), p.4801604_1 - 4801604_4, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:46.11(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

ITER magnet systems; From qualification to full scale construction

Nakajima, Hideo; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Iguchi, Masahide; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Matsui, Kunihiro; Chida, Yutaka; Kajitani, Hideki; Takano, Katsutoshi; Isono, Takaaki; Koizumi, Norikiyo; et al.

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

The ITER organization and 6 Domestic Agencies (DA) have been implementing the construction of ITER superconducting magnet systems. Four DAs have already started full scale construction of Toroidal Field (TF) coil conductors. The qualification of the radial plate manufacture has been completed, and JA and EU are ready for full scale construction. JA has qualified full manufacturing processes of the winding pack with a 1/3 prototype and made 2 full scale mock-ups of the basic segments of TF coil structure to optimize and industrialize the manufacturing process. Preparation and qualification of the full scale construction of the TF coil winding is underway by EU. Procurement of the manufacturing equipment is near completion and qualification of manufacturing processes has already started. The constructions of other components of the ITER magnet systems are also going well towards the main goal of the first plasma in 2020.

Journal Articles

Cluster dynamics simulation on microstructure evolution of austenitic stainless steel and $$alpha$$-iron under cascade damage condition

Abe, Yosuke; Jitsukawa, Shiro; Okubo, Nariaki; Matsui, Hideki*; Tsukada, Takashi

Effects of Radiation on Nuclear Materials; 25th Volume (ASTM STP 1547), p.313 - 337, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.1

It is known that the mechanical properties degradation of reactor pressure vessel steels caused by neutron irradiation is partly due to the formation of nanometer-size solute and point-defect (PD) clusters. Therefore, the rationalization of radiation induced effects on the microstructure and their consequences on the material properties by developing predictive models is thus of great importance. Cluster dynamics (CD) simulation with rate equations has been used to estimate the long-term evolution of point defect clusters. We have extended the CD simulation code to allow hopping motion for all the self-interstitial atom (SIA) clusters to be mobile. Results of calculation on 316 stainless steel and $$alpha$$-iron have been compared. The difference and underlying mechanism of microstructural evolution between austenitic stainless steel and $$alpha$$-iron is discussed with regard to the dose dependence.

Journal Articles

Test results and investigation of Tcs degradation in Japanese ITER CS conductor samples

Hemmi, Tsutomu; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Nabara, Yoshihiro; Yoshikawa, Masatoshi*; Matsui, Kunihiro; Kajitani, Hideki; Hamada, Kazuya; Isono, Takaaki; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Koizumi, Norikiyo; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4803305_1 - 4803305_5, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:87.01(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

To characterize the performance of the CS conductor, a CS conductor sample was tested in the SULTAN facility at CRPP. As a result of the cyclic test up to 1000 cycles, measured Tcs was in good agreement with the expected Tcs, which is calculated by the characteristics of the Nb$$_{3}$$Sn strands and the designed strain. However, continuous degradation of Tcs was observed after 1000 cycles. The degradation of Tcs was around 0.6 K from 1000 cycles to 6000 cycles. On the other hand, the degradation of Tcs by cyclic operation is nearly 0.1 K from 1000 cycles to 10,000 cycles in the CS Insert test at JAEA in 2000. To investigate the causes for the degradation of Tcs, the following items are performed; (1) strain measurement by neutron diffraction, (2) strain measurement by sample cuttings, (3) strand position observation, (4) visual inspection on strands, (5) filament breakage observation, (6) modeling and calculation of the degradation. Detailed results will be presented and discussed.

Journal Articles

Examination of Japanese mass-produced Nb$$_3$$Sn conductors for ITER toroidal field coils

Nabara, Yoshihiro; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Isono, Takaaki; Hamada, Kazuya; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Matsui, Kunihiro; Hemmi, Tsutomu; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Ebisawa, Noboru; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4804804_1 - 4804804_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:64.5(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project; Synthesis of phase I investigation 2001 - 2005, Volume "Geological disposal research"

Fujita, Tomo; Taniguchi, Naoki; Matsui, Hiroya; Tanai, Kenji; Maekawa, Keisuke; Sawada, Atsushi; Makino, Hitoshi; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Shibata, Masahiro; et al.

JAEA-Research 2011-001, 193 Pages, 2011/03


This report summarizes the progress of research and development on geological disposal during the surface-based investigation phase (2001-2005) in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project, of which aims are to apply the design methods of geological disposal and mass transport analysis to actual geological conditions obtained from the surface-based investigations in the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory project as an example of actual geological environment.

Journal Articles

Biomineralization of vivianite on the carbon steel surface attacked by the iron reducing bacteria

Lee, S.; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Matsui, Toshiya*

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1265, p.209 - 214, 2010/11

A corrosion experiment were performed for carbon steel contacted with iron reducing bacteria. After incubation for 41 days, biofilm and some corrosion products were observed and determined by SEM analysis. It is clear that Vivianite, which is considered as a protect material for iron corrosion, has been generated as an iron corrosion product with contribution of iron reducing bacteria from this experiment.

Journal Articles

Effect of film thickness on structural and magnetic properties of single crystalline Ba(Fe$$_{0.2}$$Zr$$_{0.8}$$)O$$_{3-delta}$$ thin films on (001)SrTiO$$_{3}$$ substrates

Kanatani, Hidekazu*; Matsui, Toshiyuki*; Hirao, Norie; Yamamoto, Hiroyuki; Baba, Yuji; Kume, Hideki*; Iwase, Akihiro*

Journal of Applied Physics, 107(9), p.09E312_1 - 09E312_3, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:25.35(Physics, Applied)

The epitaxially grown Ba(Fe$$_{0.2}$$Zr$$_{0.8}$$)O$$_{3-delta}$$ (BFZO) films with various thicknesses ranging from 30 to 170 nm were successfully synthesized on (001)SrTiO$$_{3}$$ substrates by a pulsed laser-beam deposition method. The results of X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy showed that the lattice sonstant along the a-axis is expanded by 0.07 over 100 nm thickness. Although all the BFZO films showed ferromagnetic and dielectric natures, the magnetization values were found to be significantly dependent upon the film thickness. The magnetization values of the films with a thickness over 100 nm films were fairly decreased rather than those of the smaller thickness films. In accordance with the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurement, the decrease in the magnetization was mainly ascribed to the decreased number of the tetravalent Fe ions, which was caused by the relaxation of he misfit strain between the film and substrates.

JAEA Reports

Studies on grouting performance in Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (Contract research)

Kawamura, Hideki*; Ando, Kenichi*; Noda, Masaru*; Tanaka, Tatsuya*; Matsuda, Takeshi*; Fujii, Haruhiko*; Hashimoto, Shuji*; Ueda, Tadashi*; Matsui, Hiroya; Takeuchi, Shinji; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-081, 182 Pages, 2010/03


Grouting has practical importance for the reduction of groundwater inflow into excavations during construction of underground facilities. Considering the performance assessment of a radioactive waste repository, the performance of the engineered barrier system could be adversely affected by a high pH plume generated from grout. Therefore, a quantitative estimation of the effectiveness of grouting and grout material is essential. This study has been performed in the Mizunami URL being excavated in crystalline rock as a part of the Project for Grouting Technology Development for the Radioactive Waste Repository funded by METI, Japan. The aims were to evaluate the applicability of existing grouting technology and to develop methodology to determine the distribution of grout and change in hydraulic properties of the grouted rock volume. The target rock is the volume of rock around a planned refuge niche where the pre-excavation grouting was performed at 200-m depth from ground surface. After excavation of the refuge niche, ten boreholes were drilled and different kinds of investigations were carried out during and after drilling. The results were integrated and groundwater flow analysis of pre and post excavation grouting conditions were carried out to estimate quantitatively the effect of pre-excavation grouting. The results suggest that current pre-excavation grouting technology is effective for reduction of groundwater inflow into excavations and that hydraulic conductivity of the surrounding rock can be reduced by more than one order of magnitude.

Journal Articles

A Sampling method and data evaluation of archaeological samples to support long-term corrosion prediction

Yoshikawa, Hideki; Lee, S.*; Matsui, Toshiya*

Corrosion, 65(4), p.227 - 232, 2009/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:29.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

An iron archaeological artifact which was found at "Oda" castle after burial underground for about 400 years were collected by special sampling technique as a package with surround soil in order to avoid contact atmosphere and analyzed a mount of chemical components, microorganism and thickness of rust. The corrosion condition of the sample is considered as a slightly oxidizing condition from these data.

Journal Articles

Latest design of liquid lithium target in IFMIF

Nakamura, Hiroo; Agostini, P.*; Ara, Kuniaki; Cevolani, S.*; Chida, Teruo*; Ciotti, M.*; Fukada, Satoshi*; Furuya, Kazuyuki*; Garin, P.*; Gessii, A.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.1007 - 1014, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:70.13(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper describes the latest design of liquid lithium target system in IFMIF. Design requirement of the Li target is to provide a stable Li jet with a speed of 20 m/s to handle an averaged heat flux of 1 GW/m$$^{2}$$. A double reducer nozzle and a concaved flow are applied to the target design. On Li purification, a cold trap and two kinds of hot trap are applied to control impurities below permissible levels. Nitrogen concentration shall be controlled below 10 wppm by one of the hot trap. Tritium concentration shall be controlled below 1 wppm by an yttrium hot trap. To maintain reliable continuous operation, various diagnostics are attached to the target assembly. Among the target assembly, a back-plate made of RAFM is located in the most severe region of neutron irradiation (50 dpa/y). Therefore, two design options of replaceable back wall and their remote handling systems are under investigation.

Journal Articles

In-core SCC growth behavior of type 304 stainless steel in BWR simulated high-temperature water at JMTR

Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Ugachi, Hirokazu; Tsukada, Takashi; Nakano, Junichi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Kawamata, Kazuo; Shibata, Akira; Omi, Masao; Nagata, Nobuaki*; Dozaki, Koji*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(8), p.725 - 734, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:43.18(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is one of the critical concerns when stainless steel components have been in service in light water reactors for a long period. In-core IASCC growth tests have been carried out using the compact tension type specimens of type 304 stainless steel that had been pre-irradiated up to a neutron fluence level around 1$$times$$10$$^{25}$$n/m$$^{2}$$ in pure water simulated boiling water reactor (BWR) coolant condition at the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR). In order to investigate the effect of synergy of neutron/$$gamma$$ radiation and stress/water environment on IASCC growth rate, we performed ex-core IASCC tests on irradiated specimens at several dissolved oxygen contents environments under the same electrochemical potential condition. In this paper, results of the in-core SCC growth tests will be discussed and compared with the result obtained by ex-core tests from a viewpoint of the synergistic effects on IASCC.

Journal Articles

Development of irradiation capsules in liquid metal environment in Joyo and their application to irradiation creep measurement of vanadium alloys

Fukumoto, Kenichi*; Narui, Minoru*; Matsui, Hideki*; Ito, Kazuhiro; Yano, Yasuhide

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(2), p.171 - 178, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:37.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In order to perform irradiation experiments under liquid metal environment in a nuclear reactor, an irradiation technique with sodium bonding irradiation capsules has been developed and a series of neutron irradiation experiments with sodium bonding irradiation capsule were performed in Joyo. The design and fabrication of sodium bonding capsule, sodium filling into capsules, capsule loading to Joyo, irradiation experiments, dismantling for irradiated capsule, removing the irradiated specimens from sodium filled capsules, and sodium cleaning the irradiated specimens were established through this study. Using the Joyo irradiation with the sodium bonding capsules where irradiation temperature was distributed uniformly, the irradiation creep experiment for highly purified V-4Cr-4Ti alloys, NIFS-Heat was carried out and the knowledge about the irradiation creep behavior of the alloys was obtained.

Journal Articles

Research and development of nuclear fusion

Ushigusa, Kenkichi; Seki, Masahiro; Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Kamada, Yutaka; Mori, Masahiro; Okuno, Kiyoshi; Shibanuma, Kiyoshi; Inoue, Takashi; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.

Genshiryoku Handobukku, p.906 - 1029, 2007/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of in-pile SCC test technique and crack initiation behavior using pre-irradiated austenitic stainless steel at JMTR

Ugachi, Hirokazu; Kaji, Yoshiyuki; Matsui, Yoshinori; Endo, Shinya; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tsukada, Takashi; Nagata, Nobuaki*; Dozaki, Koji*; Takiguchi, Hideki*

Proceedings of 15th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-15) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2007/04

Irradiation assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is one of the critical concerns when stainless steel components have been in service in light water reactors (LWRs). It is considered that the reproduced IASCC by PIEs must be carefully distinguished from the actual IASCC in nuclear power plants, because the actual IASCC occurs in the core under simultaneous effects of radiation, stress and high temperature water environment. Hence, we have embarked on a development of the test technique for the in-pile IASCC testing. We adopted the uniaxial constant load (UCL) tensile test method with small tensile specimens for in-pile SCC initiation test, and tried to evaluate the crack initiation behavior as the detection of specimen rupture or detailed observation of surface of loaded specimens. As a result of this study, it was inferred that an acceleration effect of in-pile environment for SCC initiation behavior was not observed under the test condition of this study.

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