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Journal Articles

Crack expansion and fracturing mode of hydraulic refracturing from Acoustic Emission monitoring in a small-scale field experiment

Ishida, Tsuyoshi*; Fujito, Wataru*; Yamashita, Hiroto*; Naoi, Makoto*; Fujii, Hirokazu*; Suzuki, Kenichiro*; Matsui, Hiroya

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 52(2), p.543 - 553, 2019/02

We pressurized and injected water in a hole drilled downward from a floor of the 500 m level gallery in MIU, central Japan. Acoustic emissions (AEs) monitored with 16 sensors in four boreholes located 1 m away from the HF hole exhibited two-dimensional distributions, which likely delineate a crack induced by the fracturing. Expansions of the regions in which AEs occurred were observed only immediately after the first and second BDs. Many AE events in other periods were distributed within the regions where AE events had already occurred. The initial motion polarities of P-waves indicate that tensile-dominant AE events occurred when the regions expanded and they were distributed primarily on the frontiers of the regions where AE events had already occurred. The experimental results suggest that increasing the injection flow rate is effective for generating new cracks in the refracturing, with the new crack expansions being induced by tensile fracturing.

Journal Articles

Present status of JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator

Matsuda, Makoto; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Tayama, Hidekazu; Nakanoya, Takamitsu; Nakamura, Masahiko; Kutsukake, Kenichi; Otokawa, Yoshinori; Asozu, Takuhiro; Matsui, Yutaka; Ishizaki, Nobuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1271 - 1275, 2018/08

The JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator was operated over a total of 64 days, and delivered 13 different ions to the experiments in the research fields of nuclear physics, nuclear chemistry, atomic physics, solid state physics and radiation effects in material in FY2017. After the vacuum accident occurred in December 2016 the accelerating voltage dropped to 12 MV. In order to remove dust and broken carbon foil in the accelerating tube, all 80 accelerator tubes were removed and rewashed. It took 4 months for cleaning and 2 months for reassembly. Therefore about 10 months were a maintenance period of an accelerator from February 2017. Along with the reconstruction of the accelerating tube, re-alignment of the accelerating tube was carried out. The operation resumed in December 2017 and it was possible to recover the maximum voltage to 17.4 MV without beam and 16.6 MV with beam with periodic conditioning work.

Journal Articles

High spectral resolution of diode laser absorption spectroscopy for isotope analysis using a supersonic plasma jet

Kuwahara, Akira; Aiba, Yasuaki*; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Nankawa, Takuya; Matsui, Makoto*

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 33(7), p.1150 - 1153, 2018/07

 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

Although high-temperature plasma sources have been used for direct isotope analysis of solid samples, the spectral resolution of diode laser absorption spectroscopy in high-temperature plasma is limited by the Doppler broadening of atomic absorption lines. Thus, a decrease in translational temperature is necessary to enhance the spectral resolution and distinguish isotope shifts due to mass number. In this study, a supersonic plasma wind tunnel, also called an arc-jet plasma wind tunnel, was used to enhance spectral resolution drastically, and a demonstration was carried out using natural stable xenon isotopes. As a result, the temperature was found to be about 180 K and the spectral resolution was about one order of magnitude higher than that of the conventional high-temperature source. Additionally, the method proposed herein was verified by using two xenon isotopes.

Journal Articles

Development of an isotope analysis method based on diode laser absorption spectroscopy using an arc-jet plasma wind tunnel

Kuwahara, Akira; Aiba, Yasuaki*; Nankawa, Takuya; Matsui, Makoto*

Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 33(5), p.893 - 896, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:47.42(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of combined pre- and post-excavation grouting for reducing water inflow under high water pressure condition

Mikake, Shinichiro; Ikeda, Koki; Matsui, Hiroya; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Nishigaki, Makoto*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C (Chiken Kogaku) (Internet), 74(1), p.76 - 91, 2018/03

Pre-grouting of shafts and galleries had been conducted during the construction of MIU in the aspect of reducing water inflow. After excavating GL.-500m gallery, a post-grouting was performed on section of the pre-excavation grouting area under high water pressure condition (max: 4MPa). The post-grouting experiment was performed outside of the pre-grouting zone with designs, applying colloidal silica grouting material and complex dynamic grouting. It was estimated that the inflow after post-grouting was reduced by 1/100 of the case that pre- and post-grouting were not performed. These results indicate that the applied combined pre- and post-grouting methodology is effective in reducing water inflow and it can be applicable under high water pressure condition. Then, this paper states the theoretical evaluation of relationship between reduction of hydraulic conductivity and the grouting zone is very convenient and useful for grouting design and estimate of water inflow.

Journal Articles

Development of metal corrosion testing method simulating equipment of reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels

Matsueda, Makoto; Irisawa, Eriko; Kato, Chiaki; Matsui, Hiroki

Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2017/00

In the PUREX method, spent fuels are dissolved with nitric acid media. The reprocessing solution containing Fission Products derived from spent fuels is very corrosive to metal materials, the corrosion problem often appears on the surface stainless steel devices. The oxidizing metal ions such as Ruthenium (Ru) and Neptunium (Np) in the process solution is the key reason for severe corrosion of stainless steel. In order to obtain the corrosion rate of stainless steel, we installed the corrosion test apparatus inside an airtight concrete cell in a hot laboratory (the WAste Safety TEsting Facility (WASTEF) of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency), and performed the corrosion tests of stainless steel in the heated nitric acid solution containing Np. The corrosion tests were performed in the temperature range from room temperature to boiling point for 500 hours per batch. The results show that the presence of Np accelerate the stainless steel corrosion in the nitric acid solution.

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production, 2

Nishikata, Kaori; Ishida, Takuya; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kurosawa, Makoto; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2014, P. 109, 2015/07

As one of effective applications of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), JAEA has a plan to produce $$^{99}$$Mo by (n,$$gamma$$) method ((n,$$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo production), a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc. In this study, preliminary irradiation test was carried out with the high-density molybdenum trioxide (MoO$$_{3}$$) pellets in the hydraulic conveyer (HYD) of the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR) and the $$^{99m}$$Tc solution extracted from $$^{99}$$Mo was evaluated. After the irradiation test of the high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets in the KUR, $$^{99m}$$Tc was extracted from the Mo solution and the recovery rate of $$^{99m}$$Tc achieved the target values. The $$^{99m}$$Tc solution also got the value that satisfied the standard value for $$^{99m}$$Tc radiopharmaceutical products by the solvent extraction method.

Journal Articles

Neutron irradiation effect of high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets for Mo-99 production

Nishikata, Kaori; Ishida, Takuya; Yonekawa, Minoru; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kurosawa, Makoto; Kimura, Akihiro; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2013, P. 242, 2014/10

As one of effective applications of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), JAEA has a plan to produce Mo-99 ($$^{99}$$Mo) by (n,$$gamma$$) method ((n,$$gamma$$)$$^{99}$$Mo production), a parent nuclide of $$^{99m}$$Tc. In this study, preliminary irradiation tests were carried out with the high-density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets in the KUR and the $$^{99}$$Mo production amount was evaluated between the calculation results and measurement results.

JAEA Reports

Result of study on storage plan for irradiated components generated at MLF in J-PARC

Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Wakui, Takashi; Matsui, Hiroki; Maekawa, Fujio; Kasugai, Yoshimi; Haga, Katsuhiro; Teshigawara, Makoto; Meigo, Shinichiro; Seki, Masakazu; Sakamoto, Shinichi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2011-040, 154 Pages, 2012/03

JAEA-Technology-2011-040.pdf:8.08MB

In the MLF, relatively high level irradiated components will be generated. Therefore, these components can not be kept in standard facilities. For the irradiated components at the MLF, the storage plan using the facilities in the Nuclear Science Research Institute has been studied, but the concrete plan is not decided yet. In this report, outline of the components, prehistory of the studying for storage, schedule of the component generation and status of the possible facility, which is a hot laboratory, are described. Resulting from the comparison between the generation schedule and the plan of the hot laboratory, the difference is very large. Present status of the hot laboratory and the cost estimation of the modification to use for storage of the MLF components were studied. Using the hot laboratory seems not to have advantage from the view point of cost and modification method. Therefore, the study on a new storage facility construction will be started as soon as possible.

Journal Articles

Geostatistical modeling of groundwater properties and assessment of their uncertainties

Yamamoto, Shinya*; Honda, Makoto*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Suzuki, Makoto*; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Sugita, Yutaka; Matsui, Hiroya

Proceedings of 14th Annual Conference of the International Association for Mathematical Geosciences (IAMG 2010) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2010/09

The distribution of groundwater properties is important for understanding of the deep underground hydrogeological environments in the design of the HLW disposal facilities. This study proposes a geostatistical system for modeling the chemical properties of groundwater which have a correlation with the resistivity data obtained from widespread and exhaustive survey. The proposed system is consists of two methodologies (resistivity data integration using Simple Kriging with varying local mean (SKlm) and 3D distribution modeling of hydro-chemical properties of groundwater estimated by SKlm algorithm). 2 types of uncertainty are considered: (1) Aleatory uncertainty; (2) Epistemic uncertainty. As a result, the uncertainties of the proposal model have been estimated lower than other traditional model's.

Journal Articles

Geostatistical modeling of groundwater properties and assessment of thier uncertainties

Honda, Makoto*; Yamamoto, Shinya*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Suzuki, Makoto*; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Sugita, Yutaka; Matsui, Hiroya

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, C, 66(3), p.609 - 624, 2010/08

This paper proposes a geostatistical system for modeling the groundwater properties which have a correlation with the ground resistivity data obtained from widespread and exhaustive electromagnetic survey. That is, the methodology for the integration of resistivity data measured by various methods and the methodology for modeling the groundwater properties using the integrated resistivity data has been developed. The proposed system has also been validated using the data obtained in the surface-based investigations of the Horonobe URL project. Additionally, the quantification of uncertainties in the estimated model has been tried by numerical simulations based on the data. As a result, the uncertainties of the proposal model have been estimated lower than other traditional model's.

Journal Articles

Latest design of liquid lithium target in IFMIF

Nakamura, Hiroo; Agostini, P.*; Ara, Kuniaki; Cevolani, S.*; Chida, Teruo*; Ciotti, M.*; Fukada, Satoshi*; Furuya, Kazuyuki*; Garin, P.*; Gessii, A.*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.1007 - 1014, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:24.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper describes the latest design of liquid lithium target system in IFMIF. Design requirement of the Li target is to provide a stable Li jet with a speed of 20 m/s to handle an averaged heat flux of 1 GW/m$$^{2}$$. A double reducer nozzle and a concaved flow are applied to the target design. On Li purification, a cold trap and two kinds of hot trap are applied to control impurities below permissible levels. Nitrogen concentration shall be controlled below 10 wppm by one of the hot trap. Tritium concentration shall be controlled below 1 wppm by an yttrium hot trap. To maintain reliable continuous operation, various diagnostics are attached to the target assembly. Among the target assembly, a back-plate made of RAFM is located in the most severe region of neutron irradiation (50 dpa/y). Therefore, two design options of replaceable back wall and their remote handling systems are under investigation.

JAEA Reports

Study on geological environment model using geostatistics method (Joint research)

Honda, Makoto*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Suzuki, Makoto*; Iwasa, Kengo*; Matsui, Hiroya

JAEA-Research 2008-038, 73 Pages, 2008/06

JAEA-Research-2008-038.pdf:18.44MB

The purpose of this study is to develop a geostatistical procedure for modeling on geological environments and to evaluate quantitative relationship between amount of geological information and reliability of the models using data sets obtained in surface-based investigation phase (Phase 1) of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project. This study is a joint research with Shimizu Corporation carried out in four years from FY2003 to FY2006. In the first three years, by using the data sets obtained by the geological investigations in each FY, three dimensional models of the resistivity, the chemical composition of groundwater and the hydraulic conductivity were built and undated by the geostatistical method developed in this study. The relationship between the amount of information and the reliability of the models were demonstrated as well through comparisons of the models at each step which corresponds to the investigation stage in each FY. In FY2006, as a summary of this study in the final FY, to confirm the validity of the present method, the above three models were compared with models built by a conventional method. Relationship between the procedure of geological survey and the reliability of the models were also studied by newly computing three sets of models based on fictitious investigation plans, their procedures are different form the actual one, and comparing these four models.

Journal Articles

Technology development for the construction of the ITER superconducting magnet system

Okuno, Kiyoshi; Nakajima, Hideo; Sugimoto, Makoto; Isono, Takaaki; Kawano, Katsumi; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Hamada, Kazuya; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Matsui, Kunihiro; Nabara, Yoshihiro; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 47(5), p.456 - 462, 2007/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:67.72(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study on geological environment model using geostatistics method (Joint research)

Honda, Makoto*; Suzuki, Makoto*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Iwasa, Kengo*; Matsui, Hiroya

JAEA-Research 2007-028, 91 Pages, 2007/04

JAEA-Research-2007-028.pdf:17.93MB

The purpose of this study is to develop the geostatistical procedure for modeling geological environments and to evaluate the quantitative relationship between the amount of information and the reliability of the model using the data sets obtained in Phase 1 of the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project. In FY 2006 research, the data obtained from the deep boreholes which were executed in FY 2005 were newly used in addition to the data sets used in the previous study. And the hydrogeological models were built by using the same geostatistical procedure developed in the previous study. The relationship between the amount of information and the reliability of the model was demonstrated as well through a comparison of the models at each step which corresponds to the investigation stage in each FY. Furthermore, in the case of hydro-chemical model, the modeling procedure was applied to each dissolved principal component and their characteristics of distribution were clarified.

Journal Articles

Study on the improvement in reliability of hydrogeological model through progress of investigation; An Example of geostatistical hydraulic conductivity model

Honda, Makoto*; Suzuki, Makoto*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Iwasa, Kengo*; Matsui, Hiroya

Dai-41-Kai Jiban Kogaku Kenkyu Happyokai Happyo Koenshu, p.51 - 52, 2006/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Geostatistical modeling of hydrogeological environment using resistivity distribution measured by various methods

Honda, Makoto*; Sakurai, Hideyuki*; Iwasa, Kengo*; Suzuki, Makoto*; Matsui, Hiroya

Heisei-18 Nendo (2006 Nen) Shigen, Sozai Gakkai Shunki Taikai Koenshu (I) Shigen Hen, p.49 - 52, 2006/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

BiScO$$_3$$: Centrosymmetric BiMnO$$_3$$-type oxide

Belik, A. A.*; Iikubo, Satoshi; Kodama, Katsuaki; Igawa, Naoki; Shamoto, Shinichi; Maie, Makoto*; Nagai, Takuro*; Matsui, Yoshio*; Stefanovich, S. Y.*; Lazoryak, B. I.*; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(3), p.706 - 707, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:101 Percentile:9.12(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The crystal structure of BiScO$$_3$$ have been determined by neutron diffraction and electron diffraction measurements. All experimental results shows space group of BiScO$$_3$$ is C2/c, which has a center of symmetry.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced superconducting coil technologies for the National Centralized Tokamak

Kizu, Kaname; Miura, Yushi*; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Ando, Toshinari*; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Matsui, Kunihiro*; Sakasai, Akira; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(11), p.1302 - 1308, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:87.05(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Application of react-and-wind method to D-shaped test coil using the 20 kA Nb$$_{3}$$Al conductor developed for JT-60SC

Kizu, Kaname; Miura, Yushi; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Matsui, Kunihiro; Ando, Toshinari*; Hamada, Kazuya; Hara, Eiji*; Imahashi, Koichi*; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 14(2), p.1535 - 1538, 2004/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:87.2(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

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