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JAEA Reports

Decommissioning state of Plutonium Fuel Fabrication Facility; Dismantling the glove box W-9 and equipment interior, and a part of tunnel F1

Nagai, Yuya; Shuji, Yoshiyuki; Kawasaki, Takeshi; Aita, Takahiro; Kimura, Yasuhisa; Nemoto, Yasunori*; Onuma, Takesi*; Tomiyama, Noboru*; Hirano, koji*; Usui, Yasuhiro*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2022-039, 117 Pages, 2023/06


Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) manages wide range of nuclear facilities. Many of these facilities are required to be performed adjustment with the aging and complement with the new regulatory standards and the earthquake resistant, since the Great East Japan Earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident. It is therefore desirable to promote decommissioning of facilities that have reached the end of their productive life in order to reduce risk and maintenance costs. However, the progress of facility decommissioning require large amount of money and radioactive waste storage space. In order to address these issues, JAEA has formulated a "The Medium/Long-Term Management Plan of JAEA Facilities" with three pillars: (1) consolidation and prioritization of facilities, (2) assurance of facility safety, and (3) back-end countermeasures. In this plan, Plutonium Fuel Fabrication Facility has been selected as primary decommissioned facility, and dismantling of equipment in the facilities have been underway. In this report, size reduction activities of the glove box W-9 and a part of tunnel F-1, which was connected to W-9, are presented, and the obtained findings are highlighted. The glovebox W-9 had oxidation & reduction furnace, and pellet crushing machine as equipment interior. The duration of activity took six years from February 2014 to February 2020, including suspended period of 4 years due to the enhanced authorization approval process

Journal Articles

Catalog of gamma-ray glows during four winter seasons in Japan

Wada, Yuki*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; Sawano, Tatsuya*; Okada, Go*; Nanto, Hidehito*; et al.

Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(4), p.043117_1 - 043117_31, 2021/12

Journal Articles

Quantum proton entanglement on a nanocrystalline silicon surface

Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Sugimoto, Hidehiko*; Ohara, Takashi; Tokumitsu, Akio*; Tomita, Makoto*; Ikeda, Susumu*

Physical Review B, 103(24), p.245401_1 - 245401_9, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Determination of localized surface phonons in nanocrystalline silicon by inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy and its application to deuterium isotope enrichment

Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Nomata, Ikumi*; Ohara, Takashi; Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko*

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 5(6), p.066003_1 - 066003_9, 2021/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

High-temperature antiferromagnetism in Yb based heavy fermion systems proximate to a Kondo insulator

Suzuki, Shintaro*; Takubo, Ko*; Kuga, Kentaro*; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Tomita, Takahiro*; Shimura, Yasumichi*; Matsumoto, Yosuke*; Bareille, C.*; Wadachi, Hiroki*; et al.

Physical Review Research (Internet), 3(2), p.023140_1 - 023140_12, 2021/05

We report our experimental discovery of the transition temperature reaching 20 K in a Yb-based compound at ambient pressure. The Mn substitution at the Al site in an intermediate valence state of $$alpha$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ not only induces antiferromagnetic transition at a record high temperature of 20 K but also transforms the heavy-fermion liquid state in $$alpha$$-YbAlB$$_4$$ into a highly resistive metallic state proximate to a Kondo insulator.

Journal Articles

Thermally altered subsurface material of asteroid (162173) Ryugu

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Takagi, Yasuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Nature Astronomy (Internet), 5(3), p.246 - 250, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:97(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Here we report observations of Ryugu's subsurface material by the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Reflectance spectra of excavated material exhibit a hydroxyl (OH) absorption feature that is slightly stronger and peak-shifted compared with that observed for the surface, indicating that space weathering and/or radiative heating have caused subtle spectral changes in the uppermost surface. However, the strength and shape of the OH feature still suggests that the subsurface material experienced heating above 300 $$^{circ}$$C, similar to the surface. In contrast, thermophysical modeling indicates that radiative heating does not increase the temperature above 200 $$^{circ}$$C at the estimated excavation depth of 1 m, even if the semimajor axis is reduced to 0.344 au. This supports the hypothesis that primary thermal alteration occurred due to radiogenic and/or impact heating on Ryugu's parent body.

Journal Articles

Thundercloud project; Exploring high-energy phenomena in thundercloud and lightning

Yuasa, Takayuki*; Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Tsuchiya, Harufumi; Hisadomi, Shohei*; Tsuji, Yuna*; Okuda, Kazufumi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2020(10), p.103H01_1 - 103H01_27, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:74.39(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Temporal changes in radiocesium deposition on the Fukushima floodplain

Nakanishi, Takahiro; Sato, Seiji; Matsumoto, Takumi*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 184(3-4), p.311 - 314, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:68.65(Environmental Sciences)

There has been significant concern about an increase of exposure dose in living sphere due to the accumulation of radiocesium discharged from contaminated mountainous forest in Fukushima. In this study, we investigated the history of radiocesium deposition on some floodplains in Fukushima. Radiocesium concentrations of river suspended particles and air dose rates at floodplains were also observed continuously. In many situations, annual sediment accumulation at floodplains was only several kg m$$^{-2}$$ and its radiocesium concentration was gradually decreasing in line with that of suspended particle. Simultaneously, air dose rates on floodplains were decreasing with time. In 2015 with heavy flood discharge, several hundred kg m$$^{-2}$$ of sediment accumulation and sharply decrease of air dose rate was observed at rivers without reservoir. Conversely, radiocesium accumulation at floodplain was significant reduced due to deposition on upstream reservoir.

Journal Articles

Downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash observed in a winter thunderstorm

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Makishima, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Harufumi

Physical Review Letters, 123(6), p.061103_1 - 061103_6, 2019/08


 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:88.7(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Gamma-ray glow preceding downward terrestrial gamma-ray flash

Wada, Yuki*; Enoto, Teruaki*; Nakamura, Yoshitaka*; Furuta, Yoshihiro; Yuasa, Takayuki*; Nakazawa, Kazuhiro*; Morimoto, Takeshi*; Sato, Mitsuteru*; Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Yonetoku, Daisuke*; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.67_1 - 67_9, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:35 Percentile:91.67(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

The Surface composition of asteroid 162173 Ryugu from Hayabusa2 near-infrared spectroscopy

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Arai, Takehiko*; Nakauchi, Yusuke*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Science, 364(6437), p.272 - 275, 2019/04

 Times Cited Count:214 Percentile:99.75(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The near-Earth asteroid 162173 Ryugu, the target of Hayabusa2 sample return mission, is believed to be a primitive carbonaceous object. The Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on Hayabusa2 acquired reflectance spectra of Ryugu's surface to provide direct measurements of the surface composition and geological context for the returned samples. A weak, narrow absorption feature centered at 2.72 micron was detected across the entire observed surface, indicating that hydroxyl (OH)-bearing minerals are ubiquitous there. The intensity of the OH feature and low albedo are similar to thermally- and/or shock-metamorphosed carbonaceous chondrite meteorites. There are few variations in the OH-band position, consistent with Ryugu being a compositionally homogeneous rubble-pile object generated from impact fragments of an undifferentiated aqueously altered parent body.

Journal Articles

Quantum twin spectra in nanocrystalline silicon

Matsumoto, Takahiro*; Ohara, Takashi; Sugimoto, Hidehiko*; Bennington, S. M.*; Ikeda, Susumu*

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 1(5), p.051601_1 - 051601_6, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:8.6(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Integrity evaluation of removable lid type shielded container

Uesaka, Takahiro; Kozawa, Masachiyo; Matsumoto, Junko; Endo, Masayuki; Kinoshita, Junichi; Suzuki, Takeshi; Suzuki, Hisao; Morishita, Satoru; Sakamoto, Yu

JAEA-Technology 2012-015, 29 Pages, 2012/06


In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Science Research Institute waste treatment building No.2 treat intermediate-level solid waste. Solid wastes are reduced in volume by compaction. They are then canned in stainless can, which are subsequently put in 200-liter concrete-lined drums or 1-m$$^{3}$$ concrete containers, filled with concrete. To prepare for disposal in future, be able to make fit with the technical standard of waste package, we were asked to change the lid type shielded container. Therefore due to the change of lid type shielded container, we confirmed integrity of it with evaluation of close volt by drop analysis, evaluation of shielding, and drop test with a prototype model.

Journal Articles

Multipole and superconducting state in PrIr$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$ probed by muon spin relaxation

Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko; Onimaru, Takahiro*; Matsumoto, Keisuke*; Takabatake, Toshiro*

Physical Review B, 85(23), p.235152_1 - 235152_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.41(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We performed muon spin rotation and relaxation measurements ($$mu$$SR) in caged structural heavy fermion system PrIr$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$ to elucidate magnetic and superconducting properties. Temperature independent $$mu$$SR spectra were observed below 1K, indicating that the phase transition at 0.11K is non-magnetic origin, most probably pure quadrupole ordering. In the superconducting phase, no sign of unconventional superconductivity, like a broken time reversal symmetry superconductivity, is seen below $$T_c$$=0.05K. Moreover, we have observed spontaneous muon spin precession in a zero field in the paramagnetic phase below 15K, suggesting a novel coupling between $$^{141}$$Pr nuclei and muon realize in PrIr$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$.

Journal Articles

Reliable measurement method to reveal a peculiar dielectric dispersion in wet rocks by means of ACROSS

Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Shigeta, Naotaka; Kumazawa, Mineo; Nakajima, Takahiro

Handbook of Geophysical Exploration; Seismic Exploration, Vol.40, p.121 - 133, 2010/03

Journal Articles

Flowsheet study of U-Pu Co-crystallization reprocessing system

Homma, Shunji*; Ishii, Junichi; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koyama, Tomozo; Koga, Jiro*; Matsumoto, Shiro*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(6), p.510 - 517, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:60.25(Nuclear Science & Technology)

U-Pu co-crystallization reprocessing system is proposed for LWR fuels and its flowsheet study is carried out. This reprocessing system is based on the experimental evidence indicating that hexavalent plutonium is co-crystallized with uranyl nitrate. The system consists of five steps: dissolution of spent fuel, Pu oxidation, U-Pu co-crystallization, dissolution of the crystals, and U crystallization. The system does not require organic solvent, expecting the enhancement of safety and cost-effectiveness. The system requires a recycling of the mother liquor from the U-Pu co-crystallization step to recover almost entire amount of U and Pu. The appropriate recycle ratio is determined for LWR fuels, such that the satisfactory decontamination is achieved. The mother liquor from the U re-crystallization step contains U and Pu. The flowsheet study shows that the constant ratio of Pu to U in the mother liquor can be controlled even though the composition of the spent fuel is different.

Journal Articles

Current status of the control system for J-PARC accelerator complex

Yoshikawa, Hiroshi; Sakaki, Hironao; Sako, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Hiroki; Shen, G.; Kato, Yuko; Ito, Yuichi; Ikeda, Hiroshi*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya*; Tsuchiya, Hitoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Accelerator and Large Experimental Physics Control Systems (ICALEPCS '07) (CD-ROM), p.62 - 64, 2007/10

J-PARC is a large scale facility of the proton accelerators for the multi-purpose of scientific researches in Japan. This facility consists of three accelerators and three experimental stations. Now, J-PARC is under construction, and LINAC is operated for one year, 3GeV synchrotron has just started the commissioning in this October the 1st. The completion of this facility will be next summer. The control system of accelerators established fundamental performance for the initial commissioning. The most important requirement to the control system of this facility is to minimize the activation of accelerator devices. In this paper, we show that the performances of each layer of this control system have been achieved in the initial stage.

JAEA Reports

Development of ACROSS (Accurately Controlled, Routinely Operated, Signal System) to realize constant monitoring the invisible Earth's interiors by means of stationary coherent elastic and electromagnetic waves

Kumazawa, Mineo; Kunitomo, Takahiro; Nakajima, Takahiro; Tsuruga, Kayoko*; Hasada, Yoko*; Nagao, Hiromichi*; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*; Kasahara, Junzo*; Fujii, Naoyuki; Shigeta, Naotaka

JAEA-Research 2007-033, 155 Pages, 2007/03


The developmental study made at Tono Geoscience Center under the Earthquake Frontier Research Project since 1996 is reported for a brand new technology system called ACROSS (Accurately Controlled, Routinely Operated, Signal System). Several examples of the field application are demonstrated by the test experiments at Tono Mine site. After the developmental works of 10 years, the ACROSS is brought to be a practical method applied to the remote monitoring of temporal variation of underground states at the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory and also it is being applied to the expected focal region of the coming Tokai earthquake near Hamaoka in Shizuoka prefecture. Whereas ACROSS technology is not mature enough yet, it is shown to be a potential and versatile methodology applied even for the health monitoring of the construction such as building strongly coupled with the ground in addition to the underground study.

Journal Articles

Overview of EM-ACROSS

Nakajima, Takahiro; Kumazawa, Mineo; Shigeta, Naotaka; Kunitomo, Takahiro; Nagao, Hiromichi; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*

Gekkan Chikyu Gogai, (47), 174 Pages, 2004/00

We introduce a new electromagnetic sounding method called EM-ACROSS (ElectroMagnetic - Accurately Controlled Routinely Operated Signal System). The feature of the propagation of the elecromagnetic waves is defferent from that of elastic waves. We introduce the present state of the development of a system at Tono Geoscience Center. We estimate the posivility of the exploration of deep Earth's crust.

Journal Articles

Overview of EM-ACROSS and its development

Nakajima, Takahiro; Kumazawa, Mineo; Shigeta, Naotaka; Kunitomo, Takahiro; Nagao, Hiromichi; Matsumoto, Hiroshi*

International Workshop on Active Monitoring 2004, p.100 - 103, 2004/00

We introduce a new observation system named EM-ACROSS (Electro-Magnetic Accurately Controlled Routinely Operated Signal System) for a monitoring the electrical state in the ground. Electromagnetic field has different feature from seismic wave, in a sense that electromagnetic field behaves not only as waves but also diffusion. We describe the overview of EM-ACROSS and the progress of its development at Tono Geoscience Center. We also note the possibility of the active monitoring of the crust using electromagnetic field.

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