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Journal Articles

Measurement of thick target neutron yield at 180$$^{circ}$$ for a mercury target induced by 3-GeV protons

Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Takeshita, Hayato*; Maekawa, Fujio

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 483, p.33 - 40, 2020/11

A thick target neutron yield for a mercury target at an angle of 180$$^{circ}$$ from the incident beam direction is measured with the time-of-flight method using a 3-GeV proton beam at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). Comparing the experimental result with a Monte Carlo particle transport simulation by the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS) shows that there are apparent discrepancies. We find that this trend is consistent with an experimental result of neutron-induced re- action rates obtained using indium and niobium activation foils. Comparing proton-induced neutron-production double-differential cross-sections for a lead target at backward directions between the PHITS calculation and experimental data suggests that the dis- crepancies for our experiments would be linked to the neutron production calculation around 3 GeV by the PHITS spallation model and/or the calculation of nonelastic cross-sections around 3 GeV in the particle transport simulation.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross-sections of copper and iron for proton with kinetic energies in the range 0.4 - 3 GeV

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(10), p.1141 - 1151, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To estimate the structural damages of materials in accelerator facilities, displacement per atom (dpa) is widely employed as a damage index, calculated based on the displacement cross-section obtained using a calculation model. Although dpa is applied as standard, the experimental data of the displacement cross-section for a proton in the energy region above 20 MeV are scarce. Among the calculation models, difference of about factor 8 exist, so that the experimental data of the cross-section are crucial to validate the model. To obtain the displacement cross-section, we conducted experiments at J-PARC. The displacement cross-section of copper and iron was successfully obtained for a proton projectile with the kinetic energies, 0.4 - 3 GeV. The results were compared with those obtained using the widely utilized Norgertt-Robinson-Torrens (NRT) model and the athermal-recombination-corrected (arc) model based on molecular dynamics. It was found that the NRT model overestimates the present displacement cross-section by 3.5 times. The calculation results obtained using with the arc model based on the Nordlund parameter show remarkable agreement with the experimental data. It can be concluded that the arc model must be employed for the dpa calculation for the damage estimation of copper and iron.

Journal Articles

Calculation of athermal recombination corrected dpa cross sections for proton, deuteron and heavy-ion irradiations using the PHITS code

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Meigo, Shinichiro

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.20011_1 - 20011_4, 2020/09

PHITS including the NRT model can calculate displacement cross sections of materials for various particle irradiations in wide energy range. Recently, Nordlund et al. provided the athermal recombination corrected (arc) displacement per atom (dpa) function providing more physically realistic descriptions of primary defect creation in materials. Therefore, the arc-dpa will be used for efficient predictions of the usable lifetime of materials in various accelerator facilities. In this work, the arc-dpa function related with the defect production efficiency was implemented in the radiation damage model in PHITS. As a result, for the displacement cross sections of Cu and W under proton irradiations with energies above 100 MeV, the arc-dpa cross sections are smaller than the NRT-dpa cross sections by a factor of about 3. In this presentation, we will present the arc-dpa cross sections for proton, deuteron and heavy-ion irradiations in the energy region between 100 MeV/u and 3 GeV/u.

Journal Articles

A Comprehensive study of spallation models for proton-induced spallation product yields utilized in transport calculation

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06001_1 - 06001_6, 2020/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of nuclide production cross section for lead and bismuth with proton in energy range from 0.4 GeV to 3.0 GeV

Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Maekawa, Fujio

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06004_1 - 06004_4, 2020/09

For the Accelerator-Driven nuclear transmutation System (ADS), nuclide production yield estimation in the lead-bismuth target is important to manage the target. However, experimental data of nuclide production yield by spallation and high-energy fission reactions are scarce. In order to obtain the experimental data, we experimented in J-PARC using $$^{mathrm{nat}}$$Pb and $$^{mathrm{209}}$$Bi samples. The samples were irradiated with protons at various kinematic energy points between 0.4 and 3.0 GeV. After the irradiation, the nuclide production cross section over $$^{mathrm{7}}$$Be to $$^{mathrm{183}}$$Re was obtained by spectroscopic measurement of decay gamma-rays from the samples with HPGe detectors. The present experimental results were compared with the evaluated data (JENDL-HE/2007) and the calculation with the PHITS code and the INCL++ code. The present experiment data showed consistency with other experimental data with better accuracy than other ones. In reactions to produce light nuclides, JENDL and calculation with the PHITS and INCL++ for $$^{mathrm{7}}$$Be production agreed with the data.$$^{mathrm{22}}$$Na production, however, underestimated about 1/10 times. For middle to heavy nuclide productions cases, both calculations agreed with the experiment by a factor of two. JENDL showed lower energy having a maximum value of excitation function maximal value than the experimental data.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

EPJ Web of Conferences, 239, p.06006_1 - 06006_4, 2020/09

R&D of the beam window is crucial in the ADS, which serves as a partition between the accelerator and the target region. Although the displacement per atom (DPA) is used to evaluate the damage on the window, experimental data on the displacement cross section is scarce in the energy region above 20 MeV. We started to measure the displacement cross section for the protons in the energy region between 0.4 to 3 GeV. The displacement cross section can be derived by resistivity change divided by the proton flux and the resistivity change per Frankel pair on cryo-cooled sample to maintain damage. Experiments were conducted at the 3 GeV proton synchrotron at the J-PARC Center, and copper was used as samples. As a result of comparison between the present experiment and the calculation of the NRT model, which is widely used for calculation of the displacement cross section, it was found that the calculation of the NRT model overestimated the experiment by about 3 times.

Journal Articles

Estimation of reliable displacements-per-atom based on athermal-recombination-corrected model in radiation environments at nuclear fission, fusion, and accelerator facilities

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Meigo, Shinichiro; Hashimoto, Shintaro

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 538, p.152261_1 - 152261_9, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The displacements-per-atom (dpa) is widely used as an exposure unit to predict the operating lifetime of materials in radiation environments. Because the athermal-recombination-corrected dpa (arc-dpa) model is a more realistic model than the standard Norgertt-Robinson-Torrens (NRT) model, new evaluation of radiation damage will be performed using the arc-dpa model as a standard. In this work, the recent arc-dpa model of various materials are incorporated in PHITS, and the rescaling factors (NRT-dpa/arc-dpa) over a wide energy range are reported. For neutron incidences with the energy spectrum determined in selected nuclear facilities and proton incidences with energies of 600 MeV-50 GeV, the rescaling factor for each material is independent of these irradiation conditions with almost the same value for each material. Our findings will be beneficial for rescaling the NRT-dpa model used for radiation damage applications over a wide energy region.

Journal Articles

Two-parameter model for optimizing target beam distribution with an octupole magnet

Meigo, Shinichiro; Oi, Motoki; Fujimori, Hiroshi*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 23(6), p.062802_1 - 062802_24, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

As hadron accelerators for such as the ADS and spallation neutron source achieve increasing beam power, damage to targets is becoming increasingly severe. To mitigate this damage, nonlinear beam optics based on octupole magnets is attractive. Nonlinear optics can decrease the beam-focusing hazard due to failure of the rastering magnet. As a side effect of nonlinear optics, the beam size is known to expand drastically compared with linear optics. Nonlinear effects have been studied via a simplified filament model that ignores beam-divergence spread at the octupole magnet. In this study, a new generalized model is proposed for application to an octupole magnet, regardless of the filament-model approximation. It is found that the transverse distribution obtained by beam tracking can be specified by the introduction of only two parameters, namely the normalized octupole strength of $$K^{*}_8$$ and the $$cot phi$$ of the phase advance. To achieve the two antagonistic requirements of reduction of the beam-peak density and minimization of the beam loss, the transverse distribution is surveyed for a large range of beam position. It is found that a bell-shaped distribution with $$K^{*}_8 sim$$ 1 and $$cot phi sim$$ 3 can satisfy requirements. This result is applied to beam transport in the spallation neutron source at J-PARC. The calculation result given by the present model shows good agreement with the experimental data, and the peak current density is reduced by 50% compared with the linear-optics case.

Journal Articles

Long beam pulse extraction by the laser charge exchange method using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi*

Proceedings of 8th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2019) (Internet), p.595 - 599, 2020/06

Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV proton beam will be delivered from negative hydrogen (H$$^{-}$$) accelerated by the linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10 W, a steady and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250 kW. To fulfill this requirement, we have developed beam extraction based on the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method. For the demonstration present beam extraction technique, an experiment was conducted using H$$^{-}$$ beam accelerated by the 3-MeV linac at RFQ test-stand in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment with continuous wave (CW) of the Laser, a charge-exchanged long-pulsed H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 0.70 W equivalent was successfully obtained under the TEF-P beam condition.

Journal Articles

Estimation of uncertainty in lead spallation particle multiplicity and its propagation to a neutron energy spectrum

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(3), p.276 - 290, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper presents an approach to uncertainty estimation of spallation particle multiplicity of lead ($$^{rm nat}$$Pb), primarily focusing on proton-induced spallation neutron multiplicity ($$x_{pn}$$) and its propagation to a neutron energy spectrum. The $$x_{pn}$$ uncertainty is estimated from experimental proton-induced neutron-production double-differential cross sections (DDXs) and model calculations with the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). Uncertainties in multiplicities for $$(n,xn)$$, $$(p,xp)$$, and $$(n,xp)$$ reactions are then inferred from the estimated $$x_{pn}$$ uncertainty and the PHITS calculation. Using these uncertainties, uncertainty in a neutron energy spectrum produced from a thick $$^{rm nat}$$Pb target bombarded with 500 MeV proton beams, measured in a previous experiment, is quantified by a random sampling technique, and propagation to the neutron energy spectrum is examined. Relatively large uncertainty intervals (UIs) were observed outside the lower limit of the measurement range, which is prominent in the backward directions. Our findings suggest that a reliable assessment of spallation neutron energy spectra requires systematic DDX experiments for detector angles and incident energies below 100 MeV as well as neutron energy spectrum measurements at lower energies below $$sim$$1.4 MeV with an accuracy below the quantified UIs.

Journal Articles

Measurement of defect-induced electrical resistivity change of tungsten wire at cryogenic temperature using high-energy proton irradiation

Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Matsuda, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro; Satoh, Daiki; Yashima, Hiroshi*; Yabuuchi, Atsushi*; Kinomura, Atsushi*; Shima, Tatsushi*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061003_1 - 061003_5, 2020/02

To predict the lifetime of target materials in high-energy radiation environments at spallation neutron sources, radiation transport codes such as PHITS are used to calculate the displacements per atom (DPA) value. In this work, to validate calculated DPA values of tungsten, we implemented 0.25-mm-diameter wire sample of tungsten in a proton irradiation device with a Gifford-McMahon cryocooler and measured the defect-induced electrical resistivity changes related to the displacement cross section using 389-MeV protons at 10 K. In comparison with experimental data under 1.1 and 1.9 GeV proton irradiation, we found that damage rate of tungsten increases with proton energy due to increase the number of secondary particle s produced by nuclear reactions.

Journal Articles

Measurement of displacement cross section of structural materials utilized in the proton accelerator facilities with the kinematic energy above 400 MeV

Meigo, Shinichiro; Matsuda, Hiroki; Iwamoto, Yosuke; Yoshida, Makoto*; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Maekawa, Fujio; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Nakamoto, Tatsushi*; Ishida, Taku*; Makimura, Shunsuke*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061004_1 - 061004_6, 2020/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam optics design of the superconducting region of the JAEA ADS

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tamura, Jun

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012120_1 - 012120_5, 2019/12

Journal Articles

Electromagnetic design of the low beta cavities for the JAEA ADS

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tamura, Jun

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012197_1 - 012197_7, 2019/12

Journal Articles

Design of the elliptical superconducting cavities for the JAEA ADS

Yee-Rendon, B.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Tamura, Jun

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350(1), p.012198_1 - 012198_6, 2019/12

Journal Articles

Electromagnetic design of the prototype spoke cavity for the JAEA-ADS linac

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Yee-Rendon, B.; Meigo, Shinichiro; Maekawa, Fujio; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kako, Eiji*; Umemori, Kensei*; Sakai, Hiroshi*; Konomi, Taro*

Proceedings of 19th International Conference on RF Superconductivity (SRF 2019) (Internet), p.399 - 402, 2019/11

Journal Articles

The Analytical study of inventories and physicochemical configuration of spallation products produced in Lead-Bismuth Eutectic of Accelerator Driven System

Miyahara, Shinya*; Ohdaira, Naoya*; Arita, Yuji*; Maekawa, Fujio; Matsuda, Hiroki; Sasa, Toshinobu; Meigo, Shinichiro

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 352, p.110192_1 - 110192_8, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Lead-Bismuth Eutectic (LBE) is used as a spallation neutron target and coolant materials of Accelerator Driven System (ADS), and many kinds of elements are produced as spallation products. It is important to evaluate the release and transport behavior of the spallation products in the LBE. The inventories and the physicochemical composition of the spallation products produced in LBE have been investigated for an LBE loop in the ADS Target Test Facility (TEF-T) in J-PARC. The inventories of the spallation products in the LBE were estimated using the PHITS code. The physicochemical composition of the spallation products in the LBE was calculated using the Thermo-Calc code under the conditions of the operation temperatures of LBE from 350$$^{circ}$$C to 500$$^{circ}$$C and the oxygen concentrations in LBE from 10 ppb to 1 ppm. The calculation showed that the 5 elements of Rb, Tl, Tc, Os, Ir, Pt, Au and Hg were soluble in LBE under the all given conditions and any kinds of compound were not formed in LBE. It was suggested that the oxides of Ce, Sr, Zr and Y were stable as CeO$$_{2}$$, SrO, ZrO$$_{2}$$ and Y$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ in the LBE.

Journal Articles

Development of profile monitors on target for high-intensity proton accelerators

Meigo, Shinichiro; Takei, Hayanori; Matsuda, Hiroki; Yuri, Yosuke*; Yuyama, Takahiro*

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.515 - 519, 2019/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Cavity and optics design of the accelerator for the JAEA-ADS project

Yee-Rendon, B.; Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Maekawa, Fujio; Meigo, Shinichiro; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 16th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.107 - 111, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Unified description of the fission probability for highly excited nuclei

Iwamoto, Hiroki; Meigo, Shinichiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 56(2), p.160 - 171, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

We present a new model to describe the fission probability of the high-energy fission model, as deduced from the intranuclear cascade calculation with the Intra-Nuclear Cascade model of Li$`{e}$ge (INCL) version 4.6 and Prokofiev's phenomenological systematics of the proton-induced fission cross sections. This model is implemented in the de-excitation model of the Generalized Evaporation Model (GEM), and applied to Monte Carlo spallation reaction simulation using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). Comparing with experimental data for subactinide nuclei shows that this model can provide a unified prediction of the proton-, neutron-, and deuteron-induced fission cross sections with markedly improved accuracy. The calculated fission fragments tend to shift to higher mass numbers. To account for the isotopic distributions of fission fragments within the framework of a coupled INCL/GEM, modification of INCL is required, especially for description of the highly-excited states of residual nuclei.

194 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)