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Journal Articles

Prolonged stoppage of research reactors and critical assemblies affects human resource development

Uesaka, Mitsuru*; Mineo, Hideaki

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 58(8), p.468 - 473, 2016/08

All the research reactors and critical assemblies (hereinafter RRCAs) in Japan are stopped in order to fulfil the new regulatory requirements, which were reinforced after the accident at the Tokyo Electric Power Company's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. These RRCAs have played important roles in the areas of human resource development, academic research, medical and industrial application of nuclear technology. Prolonged stoppage of RRCAs affects adversely those activities. Atomic Energy Society of Japan set up a group to discuss this issue. The group has shown a proposal that the roles of the RRCAs, which are indispensable facilities to nuclear human resource development, should be placed positively in the energy policy and the science and technology policy of the country.

Journal Articles

A Study on precipitation behavior of plutonium and other transuranium elements with N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone for development of a simple reprocessing process

Morita, Yasuji; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Mineo, Hideaki; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.354 - 360, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:34.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Precipitation behavior of Pu and other transuranium elements with N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) has been examined to develop a simple reprocessing based only on precipitation method. From HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions containing only Pu, both Pu(VI) and Pu(IV) were precipitated with NCP, but they required more NCP than in the U(VI) precipitation. Selective U(VI) precipitation from HNO$$_{3}$$ solution containing U(VI) and Pu(IV) was achieved by stirring the solution for sufficient time after addition of NCP with ratio of [NCP]/[U]=1.4. Addition of an enough amount of NCP to U(VI)-Pu(VI) or U(VI)-Pu(IV) solutions gave a quantitative precipitation of both U and Pu. Neither Am(III) nor Np(V) was precipitated in the selective U precipitation and the simultaneous U-Pu precipitation. These results demonstrate the feasibility of the reprocessing by precipitation with NCP.

Journal Articles

Development of a simple reprocessing process using selective precipitant for uranyl ions; Precipitation behaviors of plutonium and other transuranium elements

Morita, Yasuji; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Mineo, Hideaki; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10

N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) can selectively precipitate U(VI) ions in aqueous nitric acid solutions. Utilizing this property, we have been developing a simple reprocessing process of spent nuclear fuel based only on precipitation method. In the first precipitation step, only U is separated by precipitation in a yield of about 70%, and in the second precipitation step both U and Pu are recovered and separated from fission products (FP) and other transuranium elements (TRU). In JAERI, precipitation behaviors of Pu and other TRU were examined experimentally, and the results showed the feasibility of the process establishement.

Journal Articles

Development of a simple reprocessing process using selective precipitant for uranyl ions; Engineering studies for precipitating and separating systems

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Morita, Yasuji; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; Mineo, Hideaki; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Harada, Masayuki*; et al.

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2005/10

N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP), can selectively precipitate U(VI) ions in aqueous nitric acid solutions. Utilizing this property, we have been developing a simple reprocessing process of spent nuclear fuel based only on precipitation method. In the first precipitation step, only U is separated by precipitation in a yield of about 70%, and in the second precipitation step both U and Pu are recovered and separated from fission products (FP) and other transuranium elements (TRU). In the present study, a precipitator and a precipitate separator were designed and built up, and were tested with aspets of operationability and system performance.

Journal Articles

Accomplishment of 10-year research in NUCEF and future development; Process safety and development research

Morita, Yasuji; Asakura, Toshihide; Mineo, Hideaki; Hotoku, Shinobu; Uchiyama, Gunzo

JAERI-Conf 2005-007, p.25 - 30, 2005/08

Researches on process safety of reprocessing, development of an advanced reprocessing and partitioning of high-level liquid waste(HLLW) have been conducted in NUCEF - BECKY (Back-end Fuel Cycle Key Elements Research Facility), which has alpha-gamma concrete cells and many glove-boxes. This paper presents 10 year accomplishment of the above researches and future activities to be conducted in the field of separation process development.

JAEA Reports

Research and development on reduced-moderation light water reactor with passive safety features (Contract research)

Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Akie, Hiroshi; Kugo, Teruhiko; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Kureta, Masatoshi; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Araya, Fumimasa; Okajima, Shigeaki; et al.

JAERI-Research 2004-008, 383 Pages, 2004/06

JAERI-Research-2004-008.pdf:21.49MB

The present report contains the achievement of "Research and Development on Reduced-Moderation Light Water Reactor with Passive Safety Features", which was performed by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Hitachi Ltd., Japan Atomic Power Company and Tokyo Institute of Technology in FY2000-2002 as the innovative and viable nuclear energy technology (IVNET) development project operated by the Institute of Applied Energy (IAE). In the present project, the reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) has been developed to ensure sustainable energy supply and to solve the recent problems of nuclear power and nuclear fuel cycle, such as economical competitiveness, effective use of plutonium and reduction of spent fuel storage. The RMWR can attain the favorable characteristics such as high burnup, long operation cycle, multiple recycling of plutonium (Pu) and effective utilization of uranium resources based on accumulated LWR technologies.

Journal Articles

Research on PARC process for future reprocessing

Asakura, Toshihide; Hotoku, Shinobu; Ban, Yasutoshi; Matsumura, Masakazu*; Kim, S.-Y.; Mineo, Hideaki; Morita, Yasuji

Proceedings of International Conference ATALANTE 2004 Advances for Future Nuclear Fuel Cycles, 5 Pages, 2004/06

In JAERI, PARC process based on PUREX technique has been studied to as the basis of future reprocessing. The key of concept is to obtain the products, U and Pu, within only a single extraction cycle by separating Np and Tc from U and Pu before U/Pu partition. Two flow-sheet tests on the process were performed with 44 GWd/t PWR spent-fuel solutions. It was demonstrated that remaining Np in raffinate from co-extraction could be decreased to 13 % compared to the dissolver solution with increased solvent flow rate and with increased nitric acid concentration of FP scrubbing solution. It was demonstrated that Np separation (selective reduction by n-butyraldehyde) efficiency could be improved from 36 % to 78 % by flow-sheet modification; increasing reductant concentration and scrubbing solution flow rate. The feasibility of the Tc separation technique by high acid scrubbing was demonstrated.

Journal Articles

An Investigation into dissolution rate of spent nuclear fuel in aqueous reprocessing

Mineo, Hideaki; Isogai, Hikaru; Morita, Yasuji; Uchiyama, Gunzo*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(2), p.126 - 134, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:66.24(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A simple equation was proposed for the dissolution rate of spent LWR fuel, of which the change in the dissolution area was estimated by taking into account of the area of the cracks occurring due to thermal shrinkage of the pellets during irradiation. The applicability of proposed equation was examined using LWR fuel dissolution test results in the present study as well as the results obtained by other workers. The equation showed good agreements with the dissolution test results obtained from spent fuel pellets and pulverized spent fuel. It was indicated that the proposed equation was simple and would be useful for the prediction of dissolution of spent LWR fuels. However, the initial effective dissolution area, the parameter of the equation, was found to depend on the temperature, which could not be explained by the proposed equation. Further studies on the role of other factors affecting dissolution rate, such as nitrous acid, in the dissolution of spent fuel was required.

Journal Articles

An Advanced aqueous reprocessing process for the next generation's nuclear fuel cycle

Mineo, Hideaki; Asakura, Toshihide; Hotoku, Shinobu; Ban, Yasutoshi; Morita, Yasuji

Proceedings of GLOBAL2003 Atoms for Prosperity; Updating Eisenhower's Global Vision for Nuclear Energy (CD-ROM), p.1250 - 1255, 2003/11

An advanced aqueous reprocessing process has been proposed for the next generation fuel cycle. Key technologies applied to the process are: removal of I-129, separation of Np and FP(Tc) separation by selective reduction of Np(VI) and high acid scrubbing of Tc within a single cycle process, MA separation by extraction chromatography and Cs/Sr separation. U separation just after dissolution was supposed to be effective to reduce the required capacity of the following extraction step. Among them Np reduction rate in TBP solution was measured, which was found to be lower than that in aqueous solution. Using an improved flow sheet spent fuel test, based on the Np reduction test, was carried out and about 90% of Np was separated before U and Pu partitioning step.

Journal Articles

Applicability of a model predicting iodine-129 profile in a silver nitrate silica-gel column for dissolver off-gas treatment of fuel reprocessing

Mineo, Hideaki; Goto, Minoru; Iizuka, Masaru*; Fujisaki, Susumu; Hagiya, Hiromichi*; Uchiyama, Gunzo

Separation Science and Technology, 38(9), p.1981 - 2001, 2003/05

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:43.32(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Behavior of simulated spent fuel in subcritical water

Mineo, Hideaki; Suzuki, Tadashi; Morita, Yasuji

Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environment Applications (Super Green 2003), p.334 - 338, 2003/00

Behavior of spent nuclear fuel in subcritical water was investigated to look at the feasibility of fission-products (FPs) separation without organic solvent. The study employed unirradiated UO$$_{2}$$ particles simulating spent fuel burned up to 45,000MWdt$$^{-1}$$, which includes FP elements in oxide form: Sr, Zr, Mo, Ru, Rh, Pd, Ag, Ba, La, Ce, Pr, Nd and Sm. Also, alloy particles consisted of Mo, Ru, Rh and Pd were prepared to simulate the metallic phase of FP. 12.728 g of the fuel and 52 mg of the alloy were placed in a 10 ml pressure vessel, where subcritical water was fed. The temperature was 523, 573, 623 and 663K, while the pressure was kept at 29MPa. Dissolved fraction decreased with elevating temperature. It was found that more than 5% of Ba, Mo and Pr were respectively dissolved. The dissolved fraction of Sr and Rh were about 1%, and about 0.3% for Zr. La, Ce, Nd and Sm, indicated almost the same result as U, which was about 0.1%. It was suggested that the subcritical water could separate portion of FP. Further study would be carried out with smaller-sized fuel.

Journal Articles

Extraction behavior of TRU elements in the nuclear fuel reprocessing

Hotoku, Shinobu; Asakura, Toshihide; Mineo, Hideaki; Uchiyama, Gunzo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.3), p.313 - 316, 2002/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Long-lived nuclide separation for advancing back-end fuel cycle process

Uchiyama, Gunzo; Mineo, Hideaki; Asakura, Toshihide; Hotoku, Shinobu; Iizuka, Masaru*; Fujisaki, Susumu; Isogai, Hikaru; Ito, Yoshinori*; Sato, Makoto; Hosoya, Noriaki

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(Suppl.3), p.925 - 928, 2002/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Simple model predicting iodine profile in a packed bed of silica-gel impregnated with silver nitrate

Mineo, Hideaki; Goto, Minoru; Iizuka, Masaru*; Fujisaki, Susumu; Uchiyama, Gunzo

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 39(3), p.241 - 247, 2002/03

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:27.23(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of an advanced reprocessing process of spent nuclear fuel

Uchiyama, Gunzo; Mineo, Hideaki; Asakura, Toshihide; Hotoku, Shinobu

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Dai-8-Kai Doryoku, Enerugi Gijutsu Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu, p.483 - 488, 2002/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on gaseous effluent treatment for dissolution step of spent nuclear fuel reprocessing

Mineo, Hideaki; Iizuka, Masaru*; Fujisaki, Susumu; Hotoku, Shinobu; Asakura, Toshihide; Uchiyama, Gunzo

Proceeding of International Waste Management Symposium 2002 (WM '02) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2002/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Advanced technologies for long-lived nuclides separation in reprocessing

Uchiyama, Gunzo; Mineo, Hideaki; Asakura, Toshihide; Hotoku, Shinobu

Proceedings of International Conference on Back-End of the Fuel Cycle: From Research to Solutions (GLOBAL 2001) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2001/09

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

The Washing tests of degraded solvent by butylamine compounds

Kamei, Kazushige; Ito, Yoshinori*; Hotoku, Shinobu; Asakura, Toshihide; Watanabe, Makio; Mineo, Hideaki; Uchiyama, Gunzo

JAERI-Research 2001-026, 27 Pages, 2001/03

JAERI-Research-2001-026.pdf:1.18MB

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Solvent extraction behaviors of minor nuclides in nuclear fuel reprocessing process

Uchiyama, Gunzo; Asakura, Toshihide; Hotoku, Shinobu; Mineo, Hideaki; Kamei, Kazushige; Watanabe, Makio; Fujine, Sachio

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 246(3), p.683 - 688, 2000/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:41.59(Chemistry, Analytical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

PARC process for an advanced PUREX process

Uchiyama, Gunzo; Mineo, Hideaki; Hotoku, Shinobu; Asakura, Toshihide; Kamei, Kazushige; Watanabe, Makio; Nakano, Yuji*; Kimura, Shigeru; Fujine, Sachio

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 37(1-4), p.151 - 156, 2000/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:64.02

no abstracts in English

43 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)