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Journal Articles

Anomalous temperature dependence of current-induced torques in CoFeB/MgO heterostructures with Ta-based underlayers

Kim, J.*; Sinha, J.*; Mitani, Seiji*; Hayashi, Masamitsu*; Takahashi, Saburo*; Maekawa, Sadamichi; Yamanouchi, Michihiko*; Ono, Hideo*

Physical Review B, 89(17), p.174424_1 - 174424_8, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:81 Percentile:94.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have studied the underlayer thickness and temperature dependencies of the current-induced effective field in CoFeB/MgO heterostructures with Ta-based underlayers. The underlayer thickness at which the effective field saturates is found to be different between the two orthogonal components of the effective field; i.e., the dampinglike term tends to saturate at a smaller underlayer thickness than the fieldlike term. For large underlayer thickness films in which the effective field saturates, we find that the measurement temperature significantly influences the size of the effective field. A striking difference is found in the temperature dependence of the two components: the dampinglike term decreases whereas the fieldlike term increases with increasing temperature. Using a simple spin diffusion-spin transfer model, we find that all of these results can be accounted for provided the real and imaginary parts of an effective spin mixing conductance are negative. These results imply that either spin transport in this system is different from conventional metallic interfaces or effects other than spin diffusion into the magnetic layer need to be taken into account in order to model the system accurately.

Journal Articles

Thermal engineering of non-local resistance in lateral spin valves

Kasai, Shinya*; Hirayama, Yusuke*; Takahashi, Yukiko*; Mitani, Seiji*; Hono, Kazuhiro*; Adachi, Hiroto; Ieda, Junichi; Maekawa, Sadamichi

Applied Physics Letters, 104(16), p.162410_1 - 162410_4, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:43.85(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Bias voltage dependence of tunneling magnetoresistance in granular C$$_{60}$$-Co films with current-perpendicular-to-plane geometry

Sakai, Seiji; Mitani, Seiji*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Entani, Shiro; Avramov, P.; Otomo, Manabu; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Takanashi, Koki

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 324(12), p.1970 - 1974, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:16.62(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Time-domain observation of the spinmotive force in permalloy nanowires

Hayashi, Masamitsu*; Ieda, Junichi; Yamane, Yuta; Oe, Junichiro*; Takahashi, Yukiko*; Mitani, Seiji*; Maekawa, Sadamichi

Physical Review Letters, 108(14), p.147202_1 - 147202_5, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:81.09(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Spinmotive force associated with a moving domain wall is observed directly in permalloy nanowires using real time voltage measurements with proper subtraction of the electromotive force. Whereas the wall velocity exhibits nonlinear dependence on a magnetic field, the generated voltage increases linearly with the field. We show that the sign of the voltage reverses when the wall propagation direction is altered. Numerical simulations explain quantitatively these features of spinmotive force and indicate that the spinmotive force scales with the field even in a field range where the wall motion is no longer associated with periodic structure transformation.

Journal Articles

Effect of cotunneling and spin polarization on the large tunneling magnetoresistance effect in granular C$$_{60}$$-Co films

Sakai, Seiji; Mitani, Seiji*; Sugai, Isamu; Takanashi, Koki; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Entani, Shiro; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Maeda, Yoshihito

Physical Review B, 83(17), p.174422_1 - 174422_6, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:39.13(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Composition dependence of magnetic and magnetotransport properties in C$$_{60}$$-Co granular thin films

Sugai, Isamu*; Sakai, Seiji; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki; Maeda, Yoshihito

Journal of Applied Physics, 108(6), p.063920_1 - 063920_7, 2010/09

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:36.82(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism in codeposited C$$_{60}$$-Co films with giant tunnel magnetoresistance

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Seiji; Takagi, Yasumasa*; Nakagawa, Takeshi*; Yokoyama, Toshihiko*; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Mitani, Seiji*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Maeda, Yoshihito

Chemical Physics Letters, 470(4-6), p.244 - 248, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:54.64(Chemistry, Physical)

Electronic and spin states of the codeposited C$$_{60}$$-Co films with large tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) effect were investigated with the X-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectroscopies. It is revealed that a C$$_{60}$$-Co compound generated in the C$$_{60}$$-Co films shows the clear MCD signal attributed to the spin-polarized Co 3d states hybridized with C$$_{60}$$ $$pi$$ orbitals. The magnetic response of these Co 3d-derived states agrees well with temperature dependence of the observed MR ratios of the granular C$$_{60}$$-Co films. This suggests the incorporation of the spin-polarized Co 3d-derived states of the C$$_{60}$$-Co compound into the observed TMR effect.

Journal Articles

Giant tunnel magnetoresistance in codeposited fullerene-cobalt films in the low bias-voltage regime

Sakai, Seiji; Sugai, Isamu; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Okayasu, Satoru; Maeda, Yoshihito

Applied Physics Letters, 91(24), p.242104_1 - 242104_3, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:73.93(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Magnetic and magnetotransport properties in nanogranular Co/C$$_{60}$$-Co film with high magnetoresistance

Sakai, Seiji; Yakushiji, Kei*; Mitani, Seiji*; Sugai, Isamu; Takanashi, Koki*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Lavrentiev, V.*; Narumi, Kazumasa; Maeda, Yoshihito

Materials Transactions, 48(4), p.754 - 758, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.29(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic properties were investigated for the alternately deposited film of C$$_{60}$$ and Co which has found to exhibit tunnel magnetoresistance (MR) of 10-80 %. Magnetic field and temperature dependences of magnetization showed typical superparamagnetic behaviors with the blocking temperature of 40 K. The magnetization curve at 300 K was well fitted by the Langevin function with the size distribution of Co particles, and the mean diameter and size distribution were evaluated to be 3.1 nm and 1 nm, respectively. Based on the magnetic properties, the detailed structure and magnetotransport properties are discussed.

Journal Articles

Tunnel magnetoresistance in Co nanoparticle/Co-C$$_{60}$$ compound hybrid system

Sakai, Seiji; Yakushiji, Kei*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki*; Naramoto, Hiroshi; Avramov, P.; Narumi, Kazumasa; Lavrentiev, V.; Maeda, Yoshihito

Applied Physics Letters, 89(11), p.113118_1 - 113118_3, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:86.98(Physics, Applied)

In this study, the first results are described on the spin-dependent transport in the Co-C$$_{60}$$ hybrid film in which Co nanoparticles are dispersed in a matrix of the Co-C$$_{60}$$ compound. It is found that the hybrid film shows significant tunnel magnetoresistance (MR) of a few 10 %, which is comparable to granular metal-insulator systems, under the small applied bias voltage. Additionally, it is found that the electrical conductivity and MR ratio are strongly influenced by the bias voltage and the MR ratio under the higher bias voltage reaches 80%, which is anomalously high in granular systems. The bias-dependent magnetotransport behaviours are surmised to be related to the electronic structure of the Co-C$$_{60}$$ compound.

Oral presentation

Structure and magneto-electrical property of Co-C60 granular films

Sakai, Seiji; Yakushiji, Kei*; Naramoto, Hiroshi; Narumi, Kazumasa; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Tunnel magnetoresistance in granular Co-C$$_{60}$$ hybrid films

Sakai, Seiji; Sugai, Isamu; Yakushiji, Kei*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki*; Naramoto, Hiroshi; Avramov, P.; Narumi, Kazumasa; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Tunneling magnetotransport in hybrid system of cobalt and C$$_{60}$$

Sakai, Seiji; Sugai, Isamu; Yakushiji, Kei*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki*; Naramoto, Hiroshi; Avramov, P.; Narumi, Kazumasa; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

We have revealed that the Co/Co-C$$_{60}$$ films prepared by alt-deposition show the tunnel MR of a few 10% under low bias voltage and the further enhancement to above 80% by the voltage increase at lower temperature than 10 K. In the present study, the magnetotransport properties in the co-deposited Co/Co-C$$_{60}$$ films are reported. The co-deposited film shows the remarkable tunnel MR effect (10-50%) whose ratio is significantly influenced by the applied voltage. Such a significant MR enhancement by the bias-voltage is found to take place commonly in the Co/Co-C$$_{60}$$ films irrespective of the deposition method, and that is in contrast to the small extent of changes in the conventional metal/insulator systems. In the presentation, the comparative results for the co-deposited and alt-deposited Co/Co-C$$_{60}$$ films are also reported in comparison with the analyzed structures by Raman spectroscopy et al..

Oral presentation

Tunnel magnetoresistance effect in nano-granular Co/C60-Co films

Sakai, Seiji; Sugai, Isamu*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Okayasu, Satoru; Narumi, Kazumasa; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Magnetoresistance and structure in C60-Co thin films

Sakai, Seiji; Sugai, Isamu; Mitani, Seiji*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Takanashi, Koki; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Okayasu, Satoru; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Composition dependence of magnetic and magnetotransport properties in nanogranular C60-Co films

Sugai, Isamu; Sakai, Seiji; Mitani, Seiji*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Takanashi, Koki; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Okayasu, Satoru; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Large tunnel magnetoresistance in Co-evaporated C60-Co thin films

Sakai, Seiji; Sugai, Isamu; Mitani, Seiji*; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Takanashi, Koki; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Okayasu, Satoru; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Composition dependence of tunnel magnetoresistance in C60-Co thin films

Sakai, Seiji; Sugai, Isamu; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Avramov, P.; Okayasu, Satoru; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Giant TMR effect and spin states of C$$_{60}$$-Co thin films

Sakai, Seiji; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sugai, Isamu*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki; Takagi, Yasumasa*; Nakagawa, Takeshi*; Yokoyama, Toshihiko*; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Electronic and spin states and giant tunnel magnetoresistance effect in C$$_{60}$$-Co hybrid films

Sakai, Seiji; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sugai, Isamu*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki; Takagi, Yasumasa*; Nakagawa, Takeshi*; Yokoyama, Toshihiko*; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

42 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)