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Journal Articles

High flux pinning efficiency by columnar defects dispersed in three directions in YBCO thin films

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Nishimura, Takahiro*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito

Superconductor Science and Technology, 29(10), p.105006_1 - 105006_7, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:60.05(Physics, Applied)

A systematic investigation of flux pinning by widely direction-dispersed columnar defects (CDs) in YBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy thin films was carried out by using heavy-ion irradiation: a parallel configuration of CDs aligned along the $$c$$-axis, and two trimodal splay configurations composed of crossing CDs; relative to the $$c$$-axis, where the splay plane defined by the three irradiation angles is perpendicular (trimodal-A) or parallel (trimodal-B) to the transport current direction. The trimodal configurations show high pinning efficiency over a wide range of magnetic field orientations compared to the parallel one at low magnetic field. In particular, trimodal-B shows the higher critical current density of the two trimodal configurations.

Journal Articles

Angular dependence of critical current density and $$n$$-values in BaZrO$$_{3}$$/YBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$O$$_{y}$$ quasi-multilayered films with columnar defects

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito

Physica C, 494, p.153 - 157, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:70.57(Physics, Applied)

BaZrO$$_{3}$$/YBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy quasi-multilayered films, in which the size and the spatial distribution of BaZrO$$_{3}$$ nano-particles were controlled, were irradiated using 200 MeV Xe ions along the c-axis direction. Whenthe BaZrO$$_{3}$$ nano-particles were larger in size, the flux lines not captured by CDs, such as interstitial fluxlines between CDs and double kinks of flux lines, can be pinned more effectively by the BaZrO$$_{3}$$ nano-particles, so that the Jc enhances for high magnetic fields and high temperature. In addition, the inverse correlation between Jc and n-value appears at high temperature in increasing magnetic field for the film with correlated rows of the nano-particles which might be curved off the c-axis. These suggest that the hybrid flux pinning depends not only on the combination of one-dimensional (1D) and three-dimensional pinning centers (3D-PCs) but also on the size and the spatial distribution of the 3D-PCs.

Journal Articles

Angular dependence of critical current density in YBCO films with columnar defects crossing at widespread angles

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Eiki*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Mitsugi, Fumiaki*; Ikegami, Tomoaki*; Ishikawa, Norito

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23(3), p.8002404_1 - 8002404_4, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:56.28(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

To investigate whether one dimensional pinning centers (1D PCs) can attain the isotropic critical current density ($$J_{c}$$) properties, columnar defects (CDs) crossing at widespread angles were installed by heavy-ion irradiations into YBCO thin films. For the sample containing the CDs crossing relative to the $$c$$-axis, the plateau-like behavior of $$J$$$$_{c}$$ is realized over a wide range of magnetic field orientations, except for around B $$||$$ $$ab$$-plane where a dip structure is accompanied by a rapid decline of the $$J_{c}$$. For the bimodal splay configuration consisting of CDs crossing relative to the $$c$$-axis, a single peak around the $$c$$-axis is observed in the angular dependence of $$J_{c}$$, suggesting the splay effect at B $$||$$ $$c$$-axis by the crossed CDs. Two parallel families of CDs crossing relative to the $$ab$$-plane, on the other hand, bring about not a peak but a dip around B $$||$$ $$ab$$-plane on the angular dependence of $$J_{c}$$.

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