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Journal Articles

Observation of beam current fluctuation extracted from an RF-driven H$$^-$$ ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Wada, Motoi*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.080016_1 - 080016_3, 2018/09

Journal Articles

Study of a tuner for a high-accuracy bunch shape monitor

Moriya, Katsuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke*; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.072009_1 - 072009_3, 2018/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Non-destructive 2-D beam profile monitor using gas sheet in J-PARC LINAC

Kamiya, Junichiro; Ogiwara, Norio*; Miura, Akihiko; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hikichi, Yusuke*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067, p.072006_1 - 072006_6, 2018/09

A beam profile monitor using interaction between the beam and the gas molecules distributed in sheet shape has been developed. Ions or luminescence generated by passing the beam through the gas sheet has the information of cross-section shape of the beam. The gas sheet beam monitor will become a useful tool to measure the profile of high power beams because it has no breakable element such as wires. Furthermore, 2-D beam profile can be obtaine at a certain position of beam line. We applied the gas-sheet based beam profile monitor to J-PARC LINAC, where the negative hydrogen atoms are accelerated to the energy of 400 MeV. The vacuum system was carefully designed not to make an unacceptable pressure rise in nearby cavities when the gas was injected. The clear image of the beam profile was successfully obtained by detecting the ionized N$$_{2}$$ gas.

Journal Articles

Numerical and experimental study of H$$^{-}$$ beam dynamics in J-PARC LEBT

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Otani, Masashi*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 29th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2018) (Internet), p.519 - 521, 2018/09

Transport process of negative hydrogen ion (H$$^{-}$$) in LEBT (Low Energy Beam Transport) is investigated by comparison of experimental and numerical results. A three dimensional Particle-In-Cell (PIC) particle transport model has been developed in order to take into account (i) axial magnetic field by two solenoids in J-PARC LEBT and (ii) radial electric field by space charge (SC) effect. Ratio of H$$^-$$ beam particles inside the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) acceptance to the total particles at the RFQ entrance is calculated for different current conditions in LEBT solenoid 1 and 2. The results are compared with RFQ transmission rate measured in the J-PARC linac commissioning. The double peak of RFQ transmission rate to the solenoid applied current seen in the measurement is explained by the calculation results. The results indicate that presence of the LEBT orifice for differential pumping plays a role as a collimator to reduce emittance at RFQ entrance.

Journal Articles

Interlocked events of beam loss monitors at the J-PARC linac

Hayashi, Naoki; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.540 - 544, 2017/12

The J-PARC linac operation is stable, however, the numbers of interlocked events due to single beam loss monitor (BLMP) is increasing. Recently, the counts is comparable to the number of RFQ trip, and a measure has been required for improvement of the operation efficiency. Thus, every event data has been analyzed and classified into three categories. It is found that there are characteristic signal or pattern of BLMP for every categories. Although the linac BLMP detector is standard, its setting parameters are differ from those of other two synchrotrons in the J-PARC. To optimize time resolution, the input impedance of its pre-amplifier is selected to be 50 $$Omega$$ and interlock is defined in raw signal height and width not integral signal of BLMP. Some new parameters has been tried to reduce unnecessary interlock.

Journal Articles

Status of proof-of-principle experiment for 400 MeV H$$^{-}$$ stripping to protons by using only lasers in the 3-GeV RCS of J-PARC

Saha, P. K.; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yamane, Isao*; Kinsho, Michikazu; Miura, Akihiko; Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Kato, Shinichi; Irie, Yoshiro*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.866 - 870, 2017/12

Journal Articles

Observation of beam loss proton tracks at 400 MeV J-PARC Linac

Sako, Hiroyuki; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Maruta, Tomofumi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.545 - 547, 2017/12

Journal Articles

Development of the bunch shape monitor in the J-PARC L3BT

Moriya, Katsuhiro; Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1081 - 1083, 2017/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Beam position measurement during multi-turn painting injection at the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Miura, Akihiko

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.277 - 280, 2017/06

Multi-turn painting injection scheme is important for high intensity proton accelerators. At the J-PARC RCS, a transverse painting scheme was adapted by adding vertical painting magnets to the beam transport line before the injection point, with horizontal painting being performed by a set of dedicated pulse magnets in the ring. To establish a transverse painting condition, it is usual to base on the pulse magnet current pattern. However, it is more desirable to directly measure the beam orbit time variation for evaluation. A linac beam was chopped to match the ring RF bucket. We thought that it would be difficult to measure the position for each pulse; however, the average position could be extracted by introducing a particular device. For the beam injected into the ring, because the linac RF frequency component was diminished due to debunching quickly, one could determine its position in the beginning of the injection period. However, due to rebunching effect the position determination becomes difficult. This problem needs to be resolved.

Journal Articles

LEBT commissioning of the J-PARC LINAC

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Liu, Y.*; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Naito, Fujio*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo; et al.

Proceedings of 28th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2016) (Internet), p.251 - 253, 2017/05

After upgrade of J-PARC Linac in 2014, Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) beam commissioning of the J-PARC LINAC has been made for improving H$$^{-}$$ beam intensity extracted from Linac. Currents of two solenoid coils and steering magnets in LEBT are optimized with extraction and acceleration voltages for static acceleration in ion source (IS) which decides on an initial emittance diagram of H$$^{-}$$ beam. As a result of LEBT and IS parameter optimization, beam transmission rate of RFQ has been reached up to 96% in 50 mA H$$^{-}$$ current operation. Moreover, PIC-MC (Particle-In-Cell Monte-Carlo) simulation models developed for H$$^{-}$$ transport in LEBT. Comparison between experimental and numerical results are presented to clarify beam physics from IS exit to RFQ entrance.

Journal Articles

Beam-loss monitoring signals of interlocked events at the J-PARC Linac

Hayashi, Naoki; Kato, Yuko; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 5th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2016) (Internet), p.368 - 371, 2017/03

It is important to understand why the beam loss occurs during user operation. It is understandable that the beam loss results from RF cavities failure. However, it would be still useful to study the beam loss detailed mechanism and to know which beam loss monitor (BLM) experiences the highest loss or is most sensitive. This may lead a reduction in the number of interlocked events and a more stable accelerator operation. The J-PARC Linac BLM has a simple data recorder that comprises multiple oscilloscopes. Although its functionality is limited, it can record events when an interlock is triggered. Of particular interest here are the events associated with only the BLM Machine Protection System (MPS). These may reveal hidden problems with the accelerator.

Journal Articles

Present status of the laser charge exchange test using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi

Proceedings of 5th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2016) (Internet), p.736 - 739, 2017/03

The Accelerator-driven System (ADS) is one of the candidates for transmuting long-lived nuclides, such as minor actinide (MA), produced by nuclear reactors. For efficient transmutation of the MA, a precise pre-diction of neutronics of ADS is required. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, the Japan Pro-ton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV negative proton (H$$^{-}$$) beam will be delivered from the J-PARC linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10W, a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250kW. To fulfil this requirement, the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method has been developed. The LCE strips the electron of the H$$^{-}$$ beam and neutral protons will separate at the bending magnet in the proton beam transport. To demonstrate the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, a preliminary LCE experiment was conducted using a linac with energy of 3MeV in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment, a charge-exchanged H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 5W equivalent was obtained under the J-PARC linac beam condition, and this value almost satisfied the power requirement of the proton beam for the TEF-P.

Journal Articles

Preliminary results of the laser charge exchange test using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Miura, Akihiko; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Meigo, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.987 - 991, 2016/11

Accelerator-driven system (ADS) is one of candidates to transmute long-lived nuclides such as minor actinide (MA) produced at nuclear reactor. For efficient transmutation of the MA, precise prediction of neutronics of ADS is indispensable. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, J-PARC has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). Since the TEF-P requires stable power of the beam and will operate with thermal power less than 500 W and the proton beam power of 10 W so that a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract small amount of the beam from the high power LINAC beam with 250 kW. To fulfill requirement, Laser charge exchange method (LCE) has been developed for delivery of 400-MeV proton beam with 25Hz to the TEF-P. The LCE strips the electron of H$$^{-}$$ beam and H$$^{0}$$ will separate at the bending magnet at the proton beam transport. The LCE device consists of YAG-laser with high power as 1.6 J/shot and 25 Hz and transport control system with high accuracy of the beam position. For the demonstration of the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, the further LCE tests is conducted using H$$^{-}$$ beam with energy of 3-MeV at RFQ test stand in J-PARC. In this paper, present status of LCE tests is presented.

Journal Articles

Bunch length analysis of negative hydrogen ion beam in J-PARC linac

Miura, Akihiko; Hayashi, Naoki; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Fukuoka, Shota*

Proceedings of 4th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2015) (Internet), p.386 - 389, 2016/02

We have used bunch shape monitors (BSMs) to measure the longitudinal bunch length of negative hydrogen ion beam in the J-PARC linac. In order to evaluate the measurement errors with peak beam current increasing, we observed waveforms with various beam current. As the result, an RMS bunch length depends on the peak beam current and the bending at the pulse head grows with the peak beam current. We also compared the data taken at an off-center beam to avoid the thermal stress with the ones at an on-center beam, because a target wire will be exposed to a higher peak beam current. In this paper, we introduced the peak beam current dependence of the bunch length waveforms, and an effect of on- /off-centering of the wire position. Finally the new buncher tuning method using one BSM have been discussed.

Journal Articles

Beam monitors for the commissioning of energy upgraded linac

Miura, Akihiko; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Kawane, Yusuke; Ouchi, Nobuo; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ikegami, Masanori*; Hasegawa, Kazuo

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.011002_1 - 011002_6, 2015/09

BB2014-1017.pdf:0.51MB

In the J-PARC Linac, an energy upgrade project has started since 2009 using Annular-ring Coupled Structure cavities to achieve design beam power of 1 MW at the exit of the downstream rapid cycling synchrotron. Linac beam parameters of the upgraded Linac is drastically improved especially for the beam energy from 181 to 400 MeV in the project. To meet with the significant upgrades of the Linac, beam monitors to be used for the upgraded beam line are newly designed and fabricated as well as the beam monitor layout is designed with the consideration to the beam commissioning strategies. This paper introduces the beam monitor layout in the new beam line and the commissioning results to confirm the beam monitor functioning.

Journal Articles

Bunch shape measurement of 181 MeV beam in J-PARC linac

Miura, Akihiko; Feschenko, A. V.*; Mirzojan, A. N.*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ouchi, Nobuo; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ikegami, Masanori*; Hasegawa, Kazuo

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.011003_1 - 011003_6, 2015/09

BB2014-1018.pdf:0.45MB

In J-PARC Linac, an energy upgrade project has started since 2009 using Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities. We have decided to use the bunch shape monitors (BSM) as the monitors of the longitudinal beam width measurement in order to take the longitudinal matching using two bunchers located in the upstream of ACS cavities, where the RF frequency jumps from 324 to 972 MHz. Three BSMs were completely fabricated and installed in the beam line. The BSMs were commissioned with the beam and their operability was demonstrated. We found the vacuum degradation during the measurement. We once removed all BSMs to have a vacuum conditioning and postponed the longitudinal matching at the establishment of 400-MeV operation of the energy upgraded Linac. In this paper, we introduce the mechanism of the BSM, its operability, the measurement results with the 181 MeV beam and consistency check with the respect cavity amplitude. We also describe the operational vacuum conditions and the outline of the improvement of the vacuum system for the BSMs.

Journal Articles

Beam loss mitigation by the modification of the beam pulse definition in the J-PARC LINAC

Sawabe, Yuki; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1202 - 1205, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of bunch shape monitor at J-PARC Linac

Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawane, Yusuke; Tamura, Jun; Nemoto, Yasuo; Hayashi, Naoki; Fukuoka, Shota*; Mayama, Minoru*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1246 - 1250, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Recent progress of beam study in the J-PARC linac

Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Miura, Akihiko; Ikegami, Masanori*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.432 - 436, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Twiss parameter matching of the injection beam for the J-PARC RCS

Okabe, Kota; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Hotchi, Hideaki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Miura, Akihiko; Liu, Y.*; Kinsho, Michikazu

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.933 - 937, 2015/09

In a high power proton accelerator such as the 3-GeV rapid cycle synchrotron (RCS), small ratio of the beam loss such as beam halo can cause serious radiation dose. The suppression of the transverse beam halo is a key issue to provide high intensity beam for routine user operation at the RCS. If the transverse twiss parameter of the injection beam is not matched to the RCS optics, it will generates beam halo during the multi-turn injection. In order to suppress such beam halo, twiss parameters and dispersion matching are performed at the RCS injection point. In the beam matching process, we use the rms envelope equation solver with space charge effect to predict high intensity beam behavior. The beam profile measurement is done with wire scanner monitors at the downstream of the L3BT as well as multi-wire profile monitors at the RCS injection section. In this presentation, we introduce the transverse twiss parameter matching scheme at the RCS injection points.

109 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)