Li, W.*; Yamada, Shinya*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Okumura, Takuma*; Hayakawa, Ryota*; Nitta, Kiyofumi*; Sekizawa, Oki*; Suga, Hiroki*; Uruga, Tomoya*; Ichinohe, Yuto*; et al.
Analytica Chimica Acta, 1240, p.340755_1 - 340755_9, 2023/02
no abstracts in English
Suzuki, Shotaro*; Amano, Yosuke*; Enomoto, Masahiro*; Matsumoto, Akira*; Morioka, Yoshiaki*; Sakuma, Kazuyuki; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Kaeriyama, Hideki*; Miura, Hikaru*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; et al.
Science of the Total Environment, 831, p.154670_1 - 154670_15, 2022/07
Ishii, Yumiko*; Miura, Hikaru*; Jo, J.*; Tsuji, Hideki*; Saito, Rie; Koarai, Kazuma; Hagiwara, Hiroki; Urushidate, Tadayuki*; Nishikiori, Tatsuhiro*; Wada, Toshihiro*; et al.
PLOS ONE (Internet), 17(5), p.e0268629_1 - e0268629_17, 2022/05
We investigated the variability in Cs activity concentration in individual aquatic insects in detritivorous caddisfly () and carnivorous dobsonfly () larvae from the Ota River, Fukushima. Caddisfly larvae showed sporadically higher radioactivity, whereas no such outliers were observed in dobsonfly larvae. Autoradiography and scanning electron microscopy analyses confirmed that these caddisfly larvae samples contained radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs), which are insoluble Cs-bearing silicate glass particles. CsMPs were also found in potential food sources of caddisfly larvae, such as periphyton and drifting particulate organic matter, indicating that larvae may ingest CsMPs along with food particles of similar size. Although CsMPs distribution and uptake by organisms in freshwater ecosystems is relatively unknown, our study demonstrates that CsMPs can be taken up by aquatic insects.
Miura, Hikaru*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Takahashi, Yoshio*
Chikyu Kagaku, 55(4), p.122 - 131, 2021/12
Radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs), glassy water-resistant particles with highly concentrated radiocesium, were emitted by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Since first discovery of CsMPs, a number of studies have analyzed the particles isolated from environmental samples and revealed their physical and chemical properties, distribution, and migration. This paper is intended to provide an overview focusing on the environmental transport and impact of CsMPs. First, we begin by reviewing the relationship between deposition areas and atmospheric plumes of CsMPs found on land. Next, search and separation methods for CsMPs will be described. Then, secondary transport via rivers and effect of CsMPs on Kd values of Cs in rivers will be discussed. Finally, CsMPs found in the ocean and their difference from terrestrial ones will be summarized.
Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Takagi, Yasuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.
Nature Astronomy (Internet), 5(3), p.246 - 250, 2021/03
Here we report observations of Ryugu's subsurface material by the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Reflectance spectra of excavated material exhibit a hydroxyl (OH) absorption feature that is slightly stronger and peak-shifted compared with that observed for the surface, indicating that space weathering and/or radiative heating have caused subtle spectral changes in the uppermost surface. However, the strength and shape of the OH feature still suggests that the subsurface material experienced heating above 300 C, similar to the surface. In contrast, thermophysical modeling indicates that radiative heating does not increase the temperature above 200 C at the estimated excavation depth of 1 m, even if the semimajor axis is reduced to 0.344 au. This supports the hypothesis that primary thermal alteration occurred due to radiogenic and/or impact heating on Ryugu's parent body.
Miura, Hikaru*; Ishimaru, Takashi*; Ito, Yukari*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Misumi, Kazuhiro*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Kubo, Atsushi*; Higaki, Shogo*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 11, p.5664_1 - 5664_11, 2021/03
For the first time, we isolated and investigated seven CsMPs (radioactive caesium-bearing microparticles) from marine particulate matter and sediment. From the elemental composition, the Cs/Cs activity ratio, and the Cs activity per unit volume results, we inferred that the five CsMPs collected from particulate matter were emitted from Unit 2 of the FDNPP, whereas the two CsMPs collected from marine sediment were possibly emitted from Unit 3. The presence of CsMPs can cause overestimation of the solid-water distribution coefficient of Cs in marine sediments and particulate matter and a high apparent radiocaesium concentration factor for marine biota. CsMPs emitted from Unit 2, which were collected from the estuary of a river that flowed through a highly contaminated area, may have been deposited on land and then transported by the river. By contrast, CsMPs emitted from Unit 3 were possibly transported eastward by the wind and deposited directly onto the ocean surface.
Miura, Hikaru*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Sekizawa, Oki*; Nitta, Kiyofumi*; Higaki, Shogo*; Tsumune, Daisuke*; Itai, Takaaki*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.11421_1 - 11421_9, 2020/07
Igarashi, Yasuhito*; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Miura, Hikaru*; Okumura, Taiga*; Satou, Yukihiko; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*
Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 205-206, p.101 - 118, 2019/09
Scientists face challenge in identifying the radioactive materials which are found as dotted images on various imaging plate (IP) autoradiographic photos of radioactively contaminated materials by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (F1NPP, or FDNPP) accident, such as air filter, fugitive dust, surface soil, agricultural materials, and water-shed samples. It has been revealed that they are minute particles with distinct morphology and elemental composition with high specific radioactivity, and different from those of the so-called Chernobyl hot particles. Basically, they are glassy particles once molten, composed of Si, O, Fe, Zn etc. with highly concentrated radiocaesium, which can be called as radiocaesium-bearing microparticles (CsMP). At present, CsMP can be classified into two types, Types-A and -B, which are characterized by different specific radioactivity, Cs/Cs ratio, size and morphology, and geographic distribution around F1NPP. Such studies on the CsMP from various aspects have provided valuable information about what happened in the nuclear reactors during the F1NPP accident and fates of the CsMP in the environment. This review first provides a retrospective view on the research history of the CsMP, which is helpful to understand the unique character of the CsMP. Subsequently, more details about the current understanding of the natures of these hot particles, such as origin, morphology, chemical compositions, thermal properties, water-solubility, and secondary migration of CsMP in river and ocean systems are described with future prospects.
Miura, Hikaru*; Kurihara, Yuichi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Higaki, Shogo*; Takahashi, Yoshio*
Geochemical Journal, 52(2), p.145 - 154, 2018/00
Solid-water distribution coefficient () of radiocesium in rivers is apparently increased due to the possible presence of highly radioactive radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs) in the solid phase. In this study, we evaluated the contribution of CsMPs to apparent Kd values. The ratio of the radioactivity of the separated CsMPs to the total radiocesium on fluvial suspended particles ranged from 0 to 46%. This means that the existence of CsMPs in fluvial suspended partcles did not change apparent Kd values in order magnitude.
Miura, Hikaru*; Kuribara, Yuichi; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Higaki, Shogo*; Takahashi, Yoshio*
no journal, ,
A synchrotron radiation X-ray analysis was performed on radioactive particles released into the environment due to the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, uranium particles (4 valence and 6 valence) with a size of several microns were present in the particles from the Unit 1. Since these uranium particles also contain zirconium, which is considered to be derived from the fuel cladding, it was presumed that the eutectic mixture of the fuel in the reactor and its cladding was incorporated into the radioactive particulates and released into the environment.
Yamaguchi, Akiko; Miura, Hikaru*; Nagasawa, Makoto*; Takahashi, Yoshio*
no journal, ,
no abstracts in English
Aono, Tatsuo*; Nishikawa, Jun*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Takata, Hyoe*; Misono, Toshiharu; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Miura, Hikaru*; Kambayashi, Shota*; Fukuda, Miho*; Sakurada, Masanobu*; et al.
no journal, ,
From 2016 to 2020, the Tohoku Marine Ecosystem Research Vessel Shinsei-maru conducted four research cruises on the dynamics and bioavailability of radionuclides around off Fukushima. Seawater, sediments and organisms were collected mainly around off the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPS). The purpose of those cruises is to observe the flux of radionuclides released into the ocean by the FDNPS accident and to understand the bioavailability of radionuclides. In order to understand the contaminated levels of the marine environment, the concentration of radioactive cesium (Cs) in seawater and sediments around off Fukushima was investigated. As a result, the concentration range of dissolved Cs-137 in the surface seawater near the FDNPS from 2016 to 2018 was 10-23 mBq/L, but decreased to 7 mBq/L in 2020. In terms of points, the concentrations of dissolved Cs-137 tended to decrease with time. On the other hand, in sediments, the Cs-137 concentrations were higher in the surface layer (0-2 cm) than the deep layer from 2016 to 2017 and tended to decrease with depth, but after 2018, subsurface vertical maximum of Cs-137 concentrations was observed at some stations. Although these concentrations tended to increase in the subsurface layer, the concentrations in the sediment also tended to decrease with time. In this presentation, we report on the concentration variation of Cs-137 and their characteristics in seawater and sediments around off Fukushima.
Aono, Tatsuo*; Nishikawa, Jun*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Takata, Hyoe*; Misono, Toshiharu; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Miura, Hikaru*; Fukuda, Miho*; Kambayashi, Shota*; Sakurada, Masanobu*; et al.
no journal, ,
From 2016 to 2020, four research voyages were conducted to investigate the dynamics of radioactive materials in the waters around Fukushima. Seawater and sediment samples were collected in the waters off the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPS). The concentration of radioactive cesium (Cs) in seawater and sediment off the coast of Fukushima was surveyed to understand the status of the marine environment. As a result, no significant changes were observed in both seawater and sediment from 2016 to 2020.
Takata, Hyoe*; Otsuki, Azusa*; Sato, Shun*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi*; Toda, Ryoji*; Nishikawa, Jun*; Kenmochi, Hideyuki*; Ishikura, Mei*; Yamada, Momoka*; Shinkai, Yusuke*; et al.
no journal, ,
Research cruises were conducted by the Shinsei Maru from October 7 to October 17, 2021, and from October 2 to 13, 2022, in the coastal waters off Fukushima Prefecture. Those cruises aimed to monitor radionuclide distribution and to clarify the dynamics of radionuclides in the coastal water and the environmental response of ecosystems after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in March 2011.
Aono, Tatsuo*; Fukuda, Miho*; Sakurada, Masanobu*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; Yamazaki, Shinnosuke*; Kambayashi, Shota*; Misono, Toshiharu; Nakanishi, Takahiro; Miura, Hikaru*; Nishikawa, Jun*; et al.
no journal, ,
From 2016 to 2020, R/V Shinsei-maru of JAMSTEC conducted four research cruises on the dynamics and bioavailability of radionuclides around off Fukushima. Seawater, sediments and organisms were collected mainly around off the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPS). The purpose of those cruises is to observe the flux of radionuclides released into the ocean by the FDNPS accident and to understand the bioavailability of radionuclides. In order to understand the contaminated levels of the marine environment, the concentration of radiocaesium (Cs) in seawater and sediments around off Fukushima was investigated.