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Journal Articles

Age-hardening mechanisms of heterogeneous-nanostructured SUS316LN stainless steel fabricated by heavy cold rolling

Miura, Hiromi*; Watanabe, Chihiro*; Aoyagi, Yoshiteru*; Oba, Yojiro; Kobayashi, Masakazu*; Yoshinaga, Naoki*

Materials Science & Engineering A, 833, p.142531_1 - 142531_12, 2022/01

Journal Articles

Analysis of interlocked events based on beam instrumentation data at J-PARC Linac and RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Hatakeyama, Shuichiro; Miura, Akihiko; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 7th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2018) (Internet), p.219 - 223, 2019/01

J-PARC is a multi-purpose facility. Accelerator stability is the one of important issues for users of this facility. To realize stable operation, we must collect data on interlocked events and analyze these data to determine the reasons for the occurrence of such events. In J-PARC Linac, data of interlocked events have been recorded using several some beam loss monitors and current monitors, and these data have been are analyzed and classified. In J-PARC RCS, new instrumentation is being introduced to obtain beam position. We discuss the present status and future plans related to this subject.

Journal Articles

Measurement of each 324 MHz micro pulse stripping efficiency for H$$^{-}$$ laser stripping experiment in J-PARC RCS

Saha, P. K.; Okabe, Kota; Miura, Akihiko; Hayashi, Naoki; Harada, Hiroyuki; Yoshimoto, Masahiro

Proceedings of 6th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2017) (Internet), p.233 - 236, 2018/03

Journal Articles

Interlocked events of beam loss monitors at the J-PARC linac

Hayashi, Naoki; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.540 - 544, 2017/12

The J-PARC linac operation is stable, however, the numbers of interlocked events due to single beam loss monitor (BLMP) is increasing. Recently, the counts is comparable to the number of RFQ trip, and a measure has been required for improvement of the operation efficiency. Thus, every event data has been analyzed and classified into three categories. It is found that there are characteristic signal or pattern of BLMP for every categories. Although the linac BLMP detector is standard, its setting parameters are differ from those of other two synchrotrons in the J-PARC. To optimize time resolution, the input impedance of its pre-amplifier is selected to be 50 $$Omega$$ and interlock is defined in raw signal height and width not integral signal of BLMP. Some new parameters has been tried to reduce unnecessary interlock.

Journal Articles

Beam position measurement during multi-turn painting injection at the J-PARC RCS

Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Miura, Akihiko

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.277 - 280, 2017/06

Multi-turn painting injection scheme is important for high intensity proton accelerators. At the J-PARC RCS, a transverse painting scheme was adapted by adding vertical painting magnets to the beam transport line before the injection point, with horizontal painting being performed by a set of dedicated pulse magnets in the ring. To establish a transverse painting condition, it is usual to base on the pulse magnet current pattern. However, it is more desirable to directly measure the beam orbit time variation for evaluation. A linac beam was chopped to match the ring RF bucket. We thought that it would be difficult to measure the position for each pulse; however, the average position could be extracted by introducing a particular device. For the beam injected into the ring, because the linac RF frequency component was diminished due to debunching quickly, one could determine its position in the beginning of the injection period. However, due to rebunching effect the position determination becomes difficult. This problem needs to be resolved.

Journal Articles

Failure experiments on pipes with local wall thinning subjected to multi-axial loads

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio; Miura, Naoki*; Hoshino, Katsuaki*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(2), p.021203_1 - 021203_7, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Engineering, Mechanical)

In order to investigate the failure behavior of the pipes with local wall thinning subjected to multi-axial loads including the torsion, failure experiments were performed on 20 mm diameter carbon steel pipes with a local wall thinning. Based on the experimental results, the failure estimation method is investigated.

Journal Articles

Beam-loss monitoring signals of interlocked events at the J-PARC Linac

Hayashi, Naoki; Kato, Yuko; Miura, Akihiko; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 5th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2016) (Internet), p.368 - 371, 2017/03

It is important to understand why the beam loss occurs during user operation. It is understandable that the beam loss results from RF cavities failure. However, it would be still useful to study the beam loss detailed mechanism and to know which beam loss monitor (BLM) experiences the highest loss or is most sensitive. This may lead a reduction in the number of interlocked events and a more stable accelerator operation. The J-PARC Linac BLM has a simple data recorder that comprises multiple oscilloscopes. Although its functionality is limited, it can record events when an interlock is triggered. Of particular interest here are the events associated with only the BLM Machine Protection System (MPS). These may reveal hidden problems with the accelerator.

Journal Articles

Experimental study on failure estimation method for circumferentially cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio; Miura, Naoki*; Hoshino, Katsuaki*

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 139(1), p.011204_1 - 011204_10, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:10.91(Engineering, Mechanical)

To investigate the failure behavior of cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads including the torsion moment, failure experiments were performed on 20 mm diameter stainless steel pipes with a circumferential surface crack or a through-wall crack under combined axial force, bending and torsion moments. Based on the experimental results, the failure estimation methods were investigated.

Journal Articles

Bunch length analysis of negative hydrogen ion beam in J-PARC linac

Miura, Akihiko; Hayashi, Naoki; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Fukuoka, Shota*

Proceedings of 4th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2015) (Internet), p.386 - 389, 2016/02

We have used bunch shape monitors (BSMs) to measure the longitudinal bunch length of negative hydrogen ion beam in the J-PARC linac. In order to evaluate the measurement errors with peak beam current increasing, we observed waveforms with various beam current. As the result, an RMS bunch length depends on the peak beam current and the bending at the pulse head grows with the peak beam current. We also compared the data taken at an off-center beam to avoid the thermal stress with the ones at an on-center beam, because a target wire will be exposed to a higher peak beam current. In this paper, we introduced the peak beam current dependence of the bunch length waveforms, and an effect of on- /off-centering of the wire position. Finally the new buncher tuning method using one BSM have been discussed.

Journal Articles

Beam loss mitigation by the modification of the beam pulse definition in the J-PARC LINAC

Sawabe, Yuki; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Hayashi, Naoki

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1202 - 1205, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Improvement of the vacuum pressure of the bunch shape monitor at J-PARC linac

Miyao, Tomoaki*; Miura, Akihiko; Kawane, Yusuke; Tamura, Jun; Nemoto, Yasuo; Ao, Hiroyuki*; Hayashi, Naoki; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ouchi, Nobuo; Mayama, Minoru*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1338 - 1341, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of bunch shape monitor at J-PARC Linac

Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawane, Yusuke; Tamura, Jun; Nemoto, Yasuo; Hayashi, Naoki; Fukuoka, Shota*; Mayama, Minoru*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1246 - 1250, 2015/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental study on failure estimation method for circumferentially cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio; Miura, Naoki*; Hoshino, Katsuaki*

Proceedings of 2015 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2015) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2015/07

The failure estimation method in ASME Code Section XI accounts for the bending moment and axial force due to pressure into account. The torsion moment is not considered. Recently, analytical investigations have been carried out by several authors on the limit load of cracked pipes considering multi-axial loads including torsion and two failure estimation methods for multi-axial loads including torsion moment with different ranges of values have been proposed. In this study, to investigate the failure behavior of cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads including the torsion moment and to provide experimental support for the failure estimation methods, failure experiments were performed on 20 mm diameter pipes with a circumferential surface crack or a through-wall crack under combined axial force and bending and torsion moments. Based on the experimental results, the proposed failure estimation methods were confirmed to be applicable to cracked pipes subjected to multi-axial loads.

Journal Articles

Failure experiments on pipes with local wall thinning subjected to multi-axial loads

Li, Y.; Hasegawa, Kunio; Miura, Naoki*; Hoshino, Katsuaki*

Proceedings of 2015 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2015) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2015/07

Piping lines in nuclear power plants may experience multi-axial loads including tensile force, bending and torsion moments during operation. There is a lack of guidance for failure evaluation under the multi-axial loads including torsion moment. ASME B&PV Code Section XI Working Group is currently developing fully plastic failure evaluation procedures for pressurized piping items containing local wall thinning subjected to multi-axial loads. A failure estimation method for locally wall thinned pipes subjected to multi-axial loads including torsion moment has been proposed through numerical analyses. In this study, in order to investigate the failure behavior of the pipes with local wall thinning subjected to multi-axial loads including the torsion, failure experiments were performed on 20 mm diameter carbon steel pipes with a local wall thinning. Based on the experimental results, the proposed failure estimation method is confirmed to be applicable to pipes with local wall thinning.

Journal Articles

International round robin test on Master Curve reference temperature evaluation utilizing Miniature C(T) specimen

Yamamoto, Masato*; Onizawa, Kunio; Yoshimoto, Kentaro*; Ogawa, Takuya*; Mabuchi, Yasuhiro*; Valo, M.*; Lambrecht, M.*; Viehrig, H.-W.*; Miura, Naoki*; Soneda, Naoki*

Small Specimen Test Techniques; 6th Volume (ASTM STP 1576), p.53 - 69, 2015/05

In order to ensure the robustness of the Master Curve technique, round-robin tests were performed using 0.16 inch-thick Mini-CT specimens by different investigators to see if consistent $$T$$$$_{0}$$ values can be obtained. All the specimens used were machined and pre-cracked by one fabricator from unique Japanese RPV material. Seven institutes participated in this exercise, and obtained valid $$T$$$$_{0}$$ values according to the ASTM E1921 standard. The scatter of $$T$$$$_{0}$$ values obtained was well within the uncertainty range defined in the standard, indicating the robustness of the Mini-CT specimen test technique. Throughout this activity, we could obtain 182 $$K$$$$_{Jc}$$ for a single material. We investigated the statistics of this large database, and found that there is no remarkable difference not only in the $$T$$$$_{0}$$ values but also in the fracture toughness distribution between the Mini-CT specimen and the standard size 1T-C(T) specimen results.

Journal Articles

A Round robin propgram of master curve evaluation using miniature C(T) specimens, 3; Comparison of $$T_{0}$$ under various selections of temperature conditions

Yamamoto, Masato*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Onizawa, Kunio; Yoshimoto, Kentaro*; Ogawa, Takuya*; Mabuchi, Yasuhiro*; Viehrig, H.-W.*; Miura, Naoki*; Soneda, Naoki*

Proceedings of 2014 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2014) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2014/07

The Master Curve (MC) approach for the fracture toughness reference temperature To is expected to be a powerful tool to ensure the reliability of long-term used RPV steels. In order to get sufficient number of data for the MC approach related to the present surveillance program for RPVs, the use of miniature specimens is important. The test technique for the miniature specimens (Mini-CT) of 4 mm thick had been verified the basic applicability of MC approach by means of Mini-CT for the determination of fracture toughness of typical Japanese RPV steels. A round robin (RR) program was organized to assure the robustness of the technique. As the third step of RR program, blinded tests were carried out. Precise material information was not provided to the participants. From the results obtained, the scatter range in $$T_{0}$$ was within the acceptable scatter range specified in the testing standard. The selection of testing temperature seems to give limited effect like that in larger specimens.

Journal Articles

A Round robin program of master curve evaluation using miniature C(T) specimens, 2; Fracture toughness comparison in specified loading rate condition

Yamamoto, Masato*; Onizawa, Kunio; Yoshimoto, Kentaro*; Ogawa, Takuya*; Mabuchi, Yasuhiro*; Miura, Naoki*

Proceedings of 2013 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2013) (DVD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/07

Master Curve (MC) approach for the fracture toughness evaluation is expected to be a powerful tool to assess the structural integrity of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs). In order to get sufficient number of reliable data by the MC approach from used specimens of surveillance tests for RPVs, the use of miniature specimens is necessary. For this purpose, a round robin test program on the miniature compact tension specimens (Mini-CT) of 4 mm thick for the MC approach was launched with the participation of academia, industries and a research institute in Japan. The program aims to verify the reliability of experimental data from Mini-CT, and to pick out technical issues to be solved. As the second step of this program, the effect of loading rate (d$$K$$/d$$t$$) was evaluated based on enlarged database. Despite of the difference in d$$K$$/d$$t$$, no specific difference in scatter band of $$T_{rm 0}$$ was found in d$$K$$/d$$t$$ - $$T_{rm 0}$$ relationships. D$$K$$/d$$t$$ seems not to be sensitive on scatter band of To in the present results.

Journal Articles

A Round robin program of master curve evaluation using miniature C(T) specimens; First round robin test on uniform specimens of reactor pressure vessel materials

Yamamoto, Masato*; Kimura, Akihiko*; Onizawa, Kunio; Yoshimoto, Kentaro*; Ogawa, Takuya*; Chiba, Atsushi*; Hirano, Takashi*; Sugihara, Takuji*; Sugiyama, Masanari*; Miura, Naoki*; et al.

Proceedings of 2012 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2012) (DVD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2012/07

Master curve (MC) approach for the fracture toughness evaluation is expected to be a powerful tool to assess the structural integrity of reactor pressure vessels (RPVs). In order to get sufficient number of reliable data for the MC approach from broken halves of surveillance test specimens for RPVs, the use of miniature specimens is necessary. For this purpose, a round robin test program on the miniature compact tension specimens (Mini-CT) of 4 mm thick for the MC approach of a Japanese RPV steel has been launched with the participation of academia, industries and a research institute in Japan. The program aims to verify the reliability of experimental data from Mini-CT, and to pick out further investigation items to be solved. As the first step of this program, four institutes carried out MC testing and evaluation using common test procedure and specimens. Valid reference temperature T$$_{0}$$ was successfully obtained in each institute. However, the T$$_{0}$$ values showed large differences with maximum of 34$$^{circ}$$C. It was indicated on the reason of difference that there is a strong correlation between the T$$_{0}$$ values and loading rate, which was selected by each institute per test standard.

Journal Articles

IAEA coordinated research project on master curve approach to monitor fracture toughness of RPV steels; Final results of the experimental exercise to support constraint effects

Nanstad, R.*; Brumovsky, M.*; Callejas, R.*; Gillemot, F.*; Korshunov, M.*; Lee, B.*; Lucon, E.*; Scibetta, M.*; Minnebo, P.*; Nilsson, K.-F.*; et al.

Proceedings of 2009 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference (PVP 2009) (CD-ROM), 13 Pages, 2009/07

IAEA has developed a coordinated research project (CRP) to evaluate various issues associated with the fracture toughness Master Curve for application to light-water RPVs. Topic Area 1 of the CRP is focused on the issue of test specimen geometry effects, with emphasis on determination of reference temperature T$$_{0}$$ with the pre-cracked Charpy (PCC) specimen and the bias effect on T$$_{0}$$. Participating organizations for the experimental part of the CRP performed fracture toughness testing of various steels with various types of specimens under various conditions. Results from fracture toughness tests are compared with regard to effects of specimen size and type on the T$$_{0}$$. It is apparent from the results that the bias observed between the PCC specimen and larger specimens for Plate JRQ is not nearly as large as that obtained for other steels (-11$$^{circ}$$C to -45$$^{circ}$$C). This observation is consistent with observations in the literature that show significant variations in the bias that are dependent on the specific materials being tested.

Journal Articles

Final results of an analytical round robin exercise to support constraint effects

Scibetta, M.*; Altstadt, E.*; Callejas, R.*; Lee, B.*; Miura, Naoki*; Onizawa, Kunio; Paffumi, E.*; Serrano, M.*; Tatar, L.*; Yin, S.*

Proceedings of 2009 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Division Conference (PVP 2009) (CD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2009/07

IAEA has developed a coordinated research project (CRP) to evaluate various issues associated with the fracture toughness Master Curve for application to light-water RPVs. Topic Area 1 of the CRP is focused on the issue of test specimen geometry effects, with emphasis on determination of reference temperature T0 with the pre-cracked Charpy specimen and the bias effect. Within the analytical part, elastic plastic finite element methods are used in order to access local stress and strain information. This analytical round robin exercise has been performed by ten laboratories from nine different countries focusing on the modeling of realistic three dimensional geometries containing shallow and deep crack. Independently of the used code and of relatively small user effect differences, it is found that shallow crack specimens are more sensitive to loss of constraint than deep crack specimens for a given specimen size. The difference in terms of reference temperature between the two geometries is evaluated to be about 40$$^{circ}$$C.

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