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Journal Articles

Negative and positive muon-induced single event upsets in 65-nm UTBB SOI SRAMs

Manabe, Seiya*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Liao, W.*; Hashimoto, Masanori*; Nakano, Keita*; Sato, Hikaru*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Abe, Shinichiro; Hamada, Koji*; Tampo, Motonobu*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 65(8), p.1742 - 1749, 2018/08

 Percentile:100(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Recently, the malfunction of microelectronics caused by secondary cosmic-ray muon is concerned as semiconductor devices become sensitive to radiation. In this study, we have performed muon irradiation testing for 65-nm ultra-thin body and thin buried oxide (UTBB-SOI) SRAMs in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), in order to investigate dependencies of single event upset (SEU) cross section on incident muon momentum and supply voltage. It was found that the SEU cross section by negative muon are approximately two to four times larger than those by positive muon in the momentum range from 35 MeV/c to 39 MeV/c. The supply voltage dependence of muon-induced SEU cross section was measured with the momentum of 38 MeV/c. SEU cross sections decrease with increasing supply voltage, but the decreasing of SEU cross section by negative muon is gentler than that by positive muon. Experimental data of positive and negative muon irradiation with the momentum of 38 MeV/c were analyzed by PHITS. It was clarified that the negative muon capture causes the difference between the SEU cross section by negative muon and that by positive muon.

Journal Articles

Measurement and mechanism investigation of negative and positive muon-induced upsets in 65-nm Bulk SRAMs

Liao, W.*; Hashimoto, Masanori*; Manabe, Seiya*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Abe, Shinichiro; Nakano, Keita*; Sato, Hikaru*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Hamada, Koji*; Tampo, Motonobu*; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 65(8), p.1734 - 1741, 2018/08

 Percentile:100(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

Soft error induced by secondary cosmic-ray muon is concerned since susceptibility of semiconductor device to soft error increases with the scaling of technology. In this study, we have performed irradiation tests of muons on 65-nm bulk CMOS SRAM in the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) and measured soft error rate (SER) to investigate mechanism of muon-induced soft errors. It was found that SER by negative muon increases above 0.5 V supply voltage, although SER by positive muon increases monotonically as the supply voltage lowers. SER by negative muon also increases with forward body bias. In addition, negative muon causes large multiple cell upset (MCU) of more than 20 bits and the ratio of MCU events to all the events is 66% at 1.2V supply voltage. These tendencies indicate that parasitic bipolar action (PBA) is highly possible to contribute to SER by negative muon. Experimental data are analyzed by PHITS. It was found that negative muon can deposit larger charge than positive muon, and such events that can deposit large charge may trigger PBA.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical estimation method for thermal hydraulics in reactor vessel of sodium-cooled fast reactor under decay heat removal system operation conditions; Preliminary thermal hydraulics simulation for simulated reactor vessel in sodium experimental apparatus PLANDTL-2

Tanaka, Masaaki; Ono, Ayako; Hamase, Erina; Ezure, Toshiki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Kanto Shibu Ibaraki Koenkai 2018 Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2018/08

Decay heat removal system (DHRS) by using the natural circulation without depending on the pump as the mechanical equipment is recognized as one of the most effective methodologies for the sodium-cooled fast reactor from the viewpoint of the safety enhancement. The numerical estimation method which can predict thermal hydraulic phenomena in the natural circulation under the plant cooling process by operating the various DHRSs including the severe accident is necessarily required. In this paper, the numerical results of the preliminary analysis for the sodium experiment condition with the apparatus of PLANDTL-2, in which the core and the upper plenum with a dipped-type direct heat exchanger (DHX) were modeled, were discussed, in order to establish an appropriate numerical models for the direct heat exchanger (DHX).

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.79

Journal Articles

Study on reactor vessel coolability of sodium-cooled fast reactor under severe accident condition; Water experiments using a scale model

Ono, Ayako; Kurihara, Akikazu; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kamide, Hideki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ito, Masami*; Nakane, Shigeru*

Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04

The water experiment apparatus simulating the thermal hydraulics in a reactor vessel under operating the decay heat removal systems (DHRSs) was fabricated. The theoretical evaluation for similarity and results of basic experiments show applicability for a scale model experiment of a sodium-cooled fast reactor. This paper, moreover, describes the results of flow visualization experiment under operating a dipped-type passive DHX, which is planned to be installed in both a loop type reactor and pool type reactor, and the calculation results using FLUENT comparing with the result of water experiment.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:10.17

Journal Articles

A Study on the thermal-hydraulics in the damaged subassemblies under the operation of decay heat removal system

Ono, Ayako; Onojima, Takamitsu; Doda, Norihiro; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Kamide, Hideki

Proceedings of 2016 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2016) (CD-ROM), p.2183 - 2192, 2016/04

Some auxiliary cooling systems to remove the decay heat of the core are under consideration for a sodium-cooled fast reactor, and two of the typical systems are primary reactor auxiliary cooling system (PRACS) and direct reactor auxiliary cooling system (DRACS). In this study, sodium experiments were conducted in order to confirm the applicability of the PRACS and DRACS under a situation assuming the severe accidents with core melting. The plant dynamics test loop was used for these experiments, which contains a simulated core, the PRACS and DRACS. The core melt situation is simulated by shutting off the inlet of subassemblies (S/A). The experimental results revealed the cooling process of the partially/completely inactive S/A and confirmed the long-term heat removal by the PRACS/DRACS.

Journal Articles

Development of numerical estimation method for high cycle thermal fatigue by coupling of fluid-structure thermal interaction simulation and thermal stress analysis

Tanaka, Masaaki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*

Nippon Kikai Gakkai M&M 2015 Zairyo Rikigaku Kanfarensu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 3 Pages, 2015/11

A prototype coupling method consisting of the fluid-structure thermal interaction simulation code MUGTHES and the structural thermal stress analysis code FINAS with interface program MUFIN has been developed in order to estimate the thermal fatigue in the SFRs. As a fundamental validation of the coupled method, it was applied to the water experiment for thermal mixing phenomena in a T-junction piping system. In the experiment, thermal interaction between the fluid and the structure made of aluminum installed to the branch pipe side wall was considered. Through the numerical simulations, applicability of the coupled method was confirmed.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulation of thermal striping phenomena in a T-junction piping system for fundamental validation and uncertainty quantification by GCI estimation

Tanaka, Masaaki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 2(5), p.15-00134_1 - 15-00134_20, 2015/10

In this study, numerical simulation for the water experiment of a T-junction piping system (T-pipe) was carried out to validate the MUGTHES and to investigate the relation between the mechanism of temperature fluctuation generation and the unsteady motion of large eddy structures. In the numerical simulation, the large eddy simulation (LES) approach with standard Smagorinsky model was employed as eddy viscosity model to simulate large scale eddy motion in the T-pipe. As for uncertainty quantification in the validation process, the modified method of the Grid Convergence Index (GCI) estimation based on the least squire version could successfully quantify uncertainty. Through the numerical simulations, it could be found that the thermal mixing phenomena in the T-pipe were caused by the mutual interaction of the necklace-shaped vortex around the wake from the front of the branch jet, the horseshoe-shaped vortex and the Karman's vortex motions in the wake.

Journal Articles

Elemental analysis system with negative-muon beam

Osawa, Takahito; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Yoshida, Go*; Inagaki, Makoto*; Kubo, Kenya*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.025003_1 - 025003_6, 2015/09

We report a new elemental analysis system that uses an intense negative-muon beam at J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility, Muon Science Establishment. This paper presents the preliminary results of measurements for meteorites and standard material. The main system components are a water-cooled electromagnet, an Al flight tube, an Al sample chamber, a lead shielding body, and a Ge detector. Optimum currents for the electromagnet were determined by recording beam profiles with a CCD camera; the muon beam was shaped by collimators. The background and signal-to-noise ratio was significantly better than that obtained in a previous study, and all significant elements in the meteorite and standard samples were detected. Thus, this system can be used for muonic X-ray analysis of extraterrestrial materials.

Journal Articles

The Development of a non-destructive analysis system with negative muon beam for industrial devices at J-PARC MUSE

Tampo, Motonobu*; Hamada, Koji*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Inagaki, Makoto*; Ito, Takashi; Kojima, Kenji*; Kubo, Kenya*; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Strasser, P.*; Yoshida, Go*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036016_1 - 036016_6, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Tuning of ultra-slow muon transport system

Adachi, Taihei*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Nishiyama, Kusuo*; Yabuuchi, Atsushi*; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Strasser, P.*; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Kojima, Kenji*; Makimura, Shunsuke*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036017_1 - 036017_4, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Nondestructive elemental depth-profiling analysis by muonic X-ray measurement

Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Kubo, Kenya*; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Strasser, P.*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Suzuki, Takao*; et al.

Analytical Chemistry, 87(9), p.4597 - 4600, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:58.47(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Development of coupled method of fluid-structure thermal interaction simulation and thermal stress analysis for T-junction piping system

Tanaka, Masaaki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Karakida, Yasuhisa*

Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Maintenance Science and Technology (ICMST-Kobe 2014), p.79 - 80, 2014/11

A coupled method of fluid-structure thermal interaction simulation and thermal stress analysis has been developed through the interface program to carry out direct numerical estimation of the thermal fatigue. The prototype method was applied to the thermal mixing phenomena in T-junction Piping System.

Journal Articles

Numerical investigation on thermal striping phenomena in a T-junction piping system

Tanaka, Masaaki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*

Proceedings of 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-22) (DVD-ROM), 13 Pages, 2014/07

In this study, numerical simulation for the WATLON experiment which was the water experiment of a T-junction piping system (T-pipe) was carried out to validate the MUGTHES and to investigate the relation between the mechanism of temperature fluctuation generation and the unsteady motion of large eddy structures. In the numerical simulation, the large eddy simulation (LES) approach with standard Smagorinsky model was employed as eddy viscosity model to simulate large scale eddy motion in the T-pipe. As for uncertainty quantification in the validation process, the modified method of the Grid Convergence Index (GCI) estimation based on the least squire version could successfully quantify uncertainty. Through the numerical simulations, it was indicated that the fine mesh arrangement could improve the temperature distribution in the wake. It could be found that the thermal mixing phenomena in the T-pipe were caused by the mutual interaction of the necklace-shaped vortex around the wake from the front of the branch jet, the horseshoe-shaped vortex and the Karman's vortex motions in the wake.

Journal Articles

A New X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy for extraterrestrial materials using muon beam

Terada, Kentaro*; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Osawa, Takahito; Tachibana, Shogo*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Kubo, Kenya*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Higemoto, Wataru; Tsuchiyama, Akira*; Ebihara, Mitsuru*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 4, p.5072_1 - 5072_6, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:37.7(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

After the discovery of X-ray by Rontgen, mankind got a new eye to see through things. This fluoroscopy, so-called X-ray radiography that gives the density distribution of the inside of an object, has been applied to the vast research field such as natural/material/medical sciences, industry and technology. The recent development on the intense pulsed muon source at J-PARC MUSE (rate of 106 cps for 60 MeV/c) enabled us to pioneer a new frontier of analytical sciences. Here we report on a non-destructive elemental analysis by using muon capture. Controlling muon's momentum from 32.5 to 57.5 MeV/c. we successfully demonstrated a depth-profile analysis of light elements from several mm-thick layered materials, and non-destructive bulk analyses of meteorites containing organics. Now it is a beginning to utilize a new eye, muon radiography.

JAEA Reports

Experimental study on fundamental behavior of cavitation due to sub-surface vortex; Influences of fluid viscosity on occurrences of cavitation

Ezure, Toshiki; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Tobita, Akira; Kimura, Nobuyuki; Kamide, Hideki

JAEA-Research 2012-005, 56 Pages, 2012/05

JAEA-Research-2012-005.pdf:10.06MB

In the design of JSFR, a two-loop cooling system and a compact reactor vessel are employed to achieve the economical improvement. However, these innovative designs lead to the increase of coolant velocity. As the results, strong vortices at the H/L intake may cause the cavitation (vortex cavitation). Therefore, the evaluation of occurrence behavior of vortex cavitation is the important issue for the structural integrity of reactor. In the present study, fundamental water experiments were performed in the cylindrical tank geometry. The water temperature was varied from 10$$^{circ}$$C to 80$$^{circ}$$C to clarify the influence of kinematic viscosity, $$nu$$. The occurrences behaviors of vortex cavitation were evaluated quantitatively by visualization measurement and image analysis. As the results, it was clarified that there was little dependence on $$nu$$ under the small $$nu$$ conditions, while it was relatively obvious under the large $$nu$$ conditions.

Journal Articles

Development of nondestructive and quantitative elemental analysis method using calibration curve between muonic X-ray intensity and elemental composition in bronze

Ninomiya, Kazuhiko; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Kubo, Kenya*; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Kita, Makoto*; Shinohara, Atsushi*; Strasser, P.*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; et al.

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 85(2), p.228 - 230, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:66.74(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Elemental analysis of bulk materials can be performed by detecting the high-energy X-rays emitted from muonic atoms. Muon irradiation of standard bronze samples was performed to determine the muon capture probabilities for the elemental components from muonic X-ray spectra. Nondestructive elemental analysis of an ancient Chinese coin was also performed.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulations of thermal-mixing in T-junction piping system using large eddy simulation approach

Tanaka, Masaaki; Murakami, Satoshi*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of ASME-JSME-KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference 2011 (AJK 2011-FED) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2011/07

Authors have been developed a numerical simulation code MUGTHES by using the LES to investigate thermal striping phenomena in FBRs. In this paper, numerical simulations by the MUGTHES in T-junction piping system appear. The boundary conditions are chosen from an existing water experiment in JAEA. Numerical results are validated by comparisons with measured velocity and temperature profiles. Through the numerical simulations, generation mechanism of temperature fluctuation in thermal mixing process is revealed in the relation with the large-scale eddy motion.

Journal Articles

Development of elemental analysis by muonic X-ray measurement in J-PARC

Ninomiya, Kazuhiko; Nagatomo, Takashi*; Kubo, Kenya*; Strasser, P.*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Saito, Tsutomu*; Higemoto, Wataru

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012040_1 - 012040_4, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:4.95

Muon irradiation and muonic X-ray detection can be applied to non-destructive elemental analysis. In this study, in order to develop the elemental analysis by muonic X-ray measurement we constructed a new X-ray measuring system in J-PARC muon facility. We performed muon irradiation for Tempo-koban (Japanese old coin) for test experiment of elemental analysis.

74 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)