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Journal Articles

Repeatability and reproducibility of measurements of low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater using different pre-concentration methods

Kurihara, Momo*; Yasutaka, Tetsuo*; Aono, Tatsuo*; Ashikawa, Nobuo*; Ebina, Hiroyuki*; Iijima, Takeshi*; Ishimaru, Kei*; Kanai, Ramon*; Karube, Jinichi*; Konnai, Yae*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 322(2), p.477 - 485, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Analytical)

We assessed the repeatability and reproducibility of methods for determining low dissolved radiocesium concentrations in freshwater in Fukushima. Twenty-one laboratories pre-concentrated three of 10 L samples by five different pre-concentration methods (prussian-blue-impregnated filter cartridges, coprecipitation with ammonium phosphomolybdate, evaporation, solid-phase extraction disks, and ion-exchange resin columns), and activity of radiocesium was measured. The z-scores for all of the $$^{137}$$Cs results were within $$pm$$2, indicating that the methods were accurate. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) indicating the variability in the results from different laboratories were larger than the RSDs indicating the variability in the results from each separate laboratory.

Journal Articles

Heat transport analysis in a district heating system applying waste heat from GTHTR300, a commercial design of high-temperature gas-cooled reactor

Kasahara, Seiji; Murata, Tetsuya*; Kamiji, Yu; Terada, Atsuhiko; Yan, X.; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Mori, Michitsugu*

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 3(3), p.15-00616_1 - 15-00616_16, 2016/06

A district heating system for household heating and road snow melting utilizing waste heat from GTHTR300, a heat-electricity cogeneration design of high temperature gas-cooled reactor, was analyzed. The application area was Sapporo and Ishikari, cities with heavy snowfall in northern Japan. The heat transport analyses were performed by modeling components to estimate heat supply profile; the secondary loops between the GTHTR300s and the heat-application area; heat exchangers connecting the secondary loops to the tertiary loops of the district-heating pipes; and the tertiary loops between the heat exchangers and houses and roads. Though double pipes for the secondary loops were advantageous for having less heat loss and a smaller excavation area, these advantages did not compensate for the higher construct cost of the pipes. To satisfy heat demand in the month of maximum requirement, 520-529 MW of heat were supplied by 3 GTHTR300s and delivered by 6 secondary loops, 3,450 heat exchangers about 90 m long, and 3,450 tertiary loops. Heat loss to the ground from the tertiary loops comprised 80%-90% of the heat loss. More than 90% of the construction cost went into thermal insulators. The thickness and properties of the thermal insulator must be reevaluated for economical heat delivery.

Journal Articles

Ultimate strength of a thin wall elbow for sodium cooled fast reactors under seismic loads

Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Seiji; Morishita, Masaki

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 138(2), p.021801_1 - 021801_10, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:71.39(Engineering, Mechanical)

With a purpose of identifying the failure mode and the associating ultimate strength of piping components against seismic integrity, many kinds of failure tests have been conducted for thick wall piping for Light Water Reactors (LWRs). However, there are little failure test data on thin wall piping for Sodium Cooled Fast Reactors (SFRs). In this paper, a series of failure tests on thin wall elbows for SFRs is presented. Based on the tests, the failure mode of a thin wall piping component under seismic loads was identified to be fatigue. The safety margin included in the current design methodology was clarified quantitatively.

Journal Articles

Collapse evaluation of double notched stainless pipes subjected to combined tension and bending

Suzuki, Ryosuke*; Matsubara, Masaaki*; Yanagihara, Seiji*; Morijiri, Mitsugu*; Omori, Atsushi*; Wakai, Takashi

Procedia Materials Science, 12, p.24 - 29, 2016/00

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:17.73

In this study, the plastic collapse strength of asymmetry multiple circumferential notched stainless steel pipes subjected to combined axial tension and bending is investigated experimentally and is compared with the theoretical plastic collapse strength. In addition, the potential is discussed for the simplification of structural integrity evaluation of multiple cracked piping. The integrity of the asymmetry multiple circumferential notched stainless steel pipes subjected to combined axial tension and bending can be evaluated conservatively using the theoretical plastic collapse strength for the pipe with multiple notches calculated based on the elastic-perfectly plastic model.

Journal Articles

Enhanced charge excitations in electron-doped cuprates by resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

Toyama, Takami*; Tsutsui, Kenji; Mori, Michiyasu; Sota, Shigetoshi*; Yunoki, Seiji*

Physical Review B, 92(1), p.014515_1 - 014515_8, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:41.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) tuned for Cu $$L$$ edge is a possible tool to detect charge excitations in cuprate superconductors. We theoretically investigate the possibility for observing a collective charge excitation by the RIXS. The RIXS process via the intermediate state inevitably makes the spectral weight of charge excitation stronger in electron doping than in hole doping. Electron-hole asymmetry also appears in dynamical charge structure factor, showing a new enhanced small-momentum low-energy mode in electron doping. These facts indicate a possibility of detecting the new charge mode by RIXS in electron-doped systems.

Journal Articles

Heat transport analysis in a district heating and snow melting system in Sapporo and Ishikari, Hokkaido applying waste heat from GTHTR300

Kasahara, Seiji; Murata, Tetsuya*; Kamiji, Yu; Terada, Atsuhiko; Yan, X.; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Mori, Michitsugu*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 11 Pages, 2015/05

A heat transport analysis of a district heating and snow melting system in Sapporo and Ishikari, Hokkaido was carried out assuming application of waste heat from GTHTR300, a design of high temperature gas-cooled reactor. The following components in the system were modeled; pipelines of the water loops between GTHTR300 and heat demand district and heat exchangers to transport the heat from the water loops to water loops in the district. Double pipes for the pipeline has disadvantage that pumping electricity consumption was 2.74 times to that of single pipes due to pressure loss in annulus channel. On the other hand, the double pipe was advantageous in less heat loss and excavation load. Heat loss was 33% smaller because heat loss from inner tube was recovered in annulus channel. Excavation area was 23% smaller because water loop was made by one double pipe. Total heat loss from the GTHTR300s to the water loop in the district was 4.2% and ratio of pump electricity to power generation from the GTHTR300s was 0.8%. In January, the maximum heat demand in a year, 97.0% of the heat demand was supplied by 2 GTHTRs. Less distance between GTHTR300 and heat demand district from 40 km to 20 km would make cost of the heat transfer system 22% smaller.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2013

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Kawamoto, Koji; Yamada, Nobuto; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Murakami, Hiroaki; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Sasao, Eiji; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-038, 137 Pages, 2014/12

JAEA-Review-2014-038.pdf:162.61MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in fiscal year 2013. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2013, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2012

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi*; Tanno, Takeo*; Sanada, Hiroyuki; Onoe, Hironori; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-050, 114 Pages, 2014/02

JAEA-Review-2013-050.pdf:19.95MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in fiscal year 2012. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2012, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2011

Kunimaru, Takanori; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Tsuruta, Tadahiko; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Sasao, Eiji; Hikima, Ryoichi; Tanno, Takeo; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-018, 169 Pages, 2013/09

JAEA-Review-2013-018.pdf:15.71MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in 2011 fiscal year. This report shows the results of the investigation, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2011, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

Journal Articles

Study on piping response under multiple excitations; Triple shaking table test of piping having three-supporting anchors

Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Kaneko, Naoaki*; Aida, Shigekazu*; Otani, Akihito*; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Moriizumi, Makoto; Kitamura, Seiji

Dynamics and Design Conference 2013 (D&D 2013) Koen Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 8 Pages, 2013/08

The piping in a nuclear power plant is laid across multiple floors of a single building or two buildings, which are supported at many anchors. As the piping is excited by multiple inputs from the supporting anchors during an earthquake, seismic response analysis by multiple excitations is needed to obtain the exact seismic response of the piping. However, few tests involving such multiple excitations have been performed to verify the validity of multiple excitation analysis. To perform rational seismic design and evaluation, it is important to investigate the seismic response by multiple excitations and verify the validity of the analysis method by multiple excitation test. This paper reports on the result of the shaking test using triple uni-axial shaking tables and a 3-dimensional piping model.

Journal Articles

Study on ultimate strength of thin-wall piping components for fast breeder reactors under seismic loading

Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Kitamura, Seiji; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Morishita, Masaki

Transactions of 22nd International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology (SMiRT-22) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2013/08

It is important to confirm failure modes and safety margin until ultimate strength of piping components from the point of view of seismic safety. Though, many dynamic failure tests of the thick-wall piping components for Light Water Reactors (LWRs) have been performed, there are little dynamic failure test data of the thin-wall pipe for Fast Breeder Reactors (FBRs). This paper presents a series of dynamic failure tests of thin-wall elbows with the diameter/thickness ratio close to that of the main piping of FBRs and discusses about vibration characteristics in elastic-plastic region, failure modes under dynamic load and the results of piping design evaluation for the test model. Moreover, the test results were compared to the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) results.

Journal Articles

Study on piping response under multiple excitation, 1; Triple shaking table test of piping having three-supporting points

Watakabe, Tomoyoshi; Kaneko, Naoaki*; Aida, Shigekazu*; Otani, Akihito*; Moriizumi, Makoto*; Tsukimori, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Seiji

Proceedings of 2013 ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference (PVP 2013) (DVD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/07

The piping in a nuclear power plant is laid across multiple floors of a single building or two buildings, which are supported at many points. As the piping is excited by multiple inputs from the supporting points during an earthquake, seismic response analysis by multiple excitations is needed to obtain the exact seismic response of the piping. However, few experiments involving such multiple excitations have been performed to verify the validity of multiple excitation analysis. To perform rational seismic design and evaluation, it is important to investigate the seismic response by multiple excitations and verify the validity of the analysis method by multiple excitation test. This paper reports on the result of the shaking test using triple uni-axial shaking tables and a 3-dimensional piping model.

Journal Articles

Comparative study of laser and TIG weldings for application to ITER blanket hydraulic connection

Tanigawa, Hisashi; Aburadani, Atsushi; Shigematsu, Soichiro; Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi; Mori, Seiji*; Jokinen, T.*; Merola, M.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(7-8), p.999 - 1003, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:23.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

This paper presents results of R&D activities where the laser and TIG welding tools were developed to apply the blanket hydraulic connection. The target pipe is 48.26 mm in outer diameter and 2.77 mm-thick. A single path welding without filler materials is required to reduce the weld heat input related to re-weldability. For the laser welding, the focal spot diameter was expanded to increase allowable misalignment. The TIG welding tool was equipped with AVC (Arc Voltage Control) to avoid a torch sticking and to enlarge allowable misalignment. For each tool, the welding conditions were optimized for all position welding to horizontally located pipes. Obtained parameters such as the weld heat input, allowable misalignment, lifetime of the tools and amount of sputter and fume, were comparatively assessed.

Journal Articles

Verification test results of a cutting technique for the ITER blanket cooling pipes

Shigematsu, Soichiro; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Aburadani, Atsushi; Takeda, Nobukazu; Kakudate, Satoshi; Mori, Seiji*; Nakahira, Masataka*; Raffray, R.*; Merola, M.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(7-8), p.1218 - 1223, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.9(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The current design of the ITER blanket system is a modular configuration and a total of 440 blanket modules are to be installed in the ITER vacuum vessel. Each blanket module consists of the first wall (FW) and the shield block (SB). The FW receives a high heat load from the plasma. The SB shields components from the neutrons generated by the nuclear fusion reaction. The FW will be damaged by the heat load and neutrons, so it requires scheduled replacement. For the FW replacement, cutting/welding tools for the cooling pipes must be able to conduct the following operations: access and cut/weld the pipe from the inside of the cooling pipe. The cutting tool for the pipe end is required to cut flat plate circularly from the surface side of the FW. This paper describes the current status of R&D of the cutting tools for maintenance of the cooling pipe of the FW.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive examination with infrared thermography system for ITER divertor components

Seki, Yohji; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Yokoyama, Kenji; Enoeda, Mikio; Mori, Seiji

Fusion Engineering and Design, 85(7-9), p.1451 - 1454, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:21.83(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) is willing to procure the outer Vertical Targets (VT) in cooperation with ITER Organization. In advance of the start of the procurement, the JAEA has to first demonstrate its technical capability to carry out the procurement. This is achieved via the successful manufactures and quality tests of VT Qualification Prototypes. Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) with the infrared thermography is required as one of the quality tests to detect the defect in the CFC monoblock, and between the CFC/OFCu. In this research and development, the Facility of Infrared NDE for Divertor (FIND) has been built by the JAEA. The FIND successfully detects the position and the magnitude of the integrated defect in the CFC and in the bonding of CFC/OFCu. The infrared NDE system established in the JAEA contributes to keeping the quality of the ITER-divertor.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

Recent activities related to the development of the plasma facing components for the ITER and fusion DEMO plant

Suzuki, Satoshi; Ezato, Koichiro; Seki, Yohji; Yokoyama, Kenji; Hirose, Takanori; Mori, Seiji; Enoeda, Mikio

Physica Scripta, T138, p.014003_1 - 014003_5, 2009/12

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:71.55(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA is going to procure the whole ITER divertor outer vertical target. The qualification of the ITER divertor components has been started to validate the technical capability of the domestic agencies. JAEA has developed vertical target qualification prototypes which cover most of the critical technical issues toward the series of production. The prototypes have been high heat flux tested in Efremov institute, and showed sufficient durability at 20 MW/m$$^{2}$$. JAEA has successfully obtained the certification from ITER organization. Development of a breeding blanket is one of the most important issues to realize DEMO plant. The engineering testing of the Test Blanket Module (TBM) in ITER is a key milestone toward the DEMO blanket. R&D's on the water-cooled solid breeder blanket has been performed in JAEA. A full-scale length TBM first wall mock-up made of F82H, has been developed by using HIP bonding technique. This mock-up showed sound thermal performance in the high heat flux test.

Journal Articles

Compact DEMO, SlimCS; Design progress and issues

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Kawashima, Hisato; Kurita, Genichi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Honda, Mitsuru; Saito, Ai*; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(7), p.075029_1 - 075029_10, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:123 Percentile:1.67(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent design study on SlimCS focused mainly on the torus configuration including blanket, divertor, materials and maintenance scheme. For vertical stability of elongated plasma and high beta access, a sector-wide conducting shell is arranged in between replaceable and permanent blanket. The reactor adopts pressurized-water-cooled solid breeding blanket. Compared with the previous advanced concept with supercritical water, the design options satisfying tritium self-sufficiency are relatively scarce. Considered divertor technology and materials, an allowable heat load to the divertor plate should be 8 MW/m$$^{2}$$ or lower, which can be a critical constraint for determining a handling power of DEMO (a combination of alpha heating power and external input power for current drive).

Journal Articles

Development of water-cooled solid breeder test blanket module in JAEA

Akiba, Masato; Enoeda, Mikio; Tsuru, Daigo; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Hirose, Takanori; Mori, Kensuke*; Seki, Yohji; Ezato, Koichiro; Suzuki, Satoshi; Nishi, Hiroshi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 84(2-6), p.329 - 332, 2009/02

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:30.33(Nuclear Science & Technology)

One of the most important missions of ITER is to provide a test bed for breeding blanket modules, which are called as Test Blanket Module (TBM). JAEA has been extensively developing a Water-Cooled Solid Breeder Test Blanket Module (WCSB TBM) for ITER. This paper describes results of recent R&D activities on WCSB TBM in JAEA. JAEA developed fabrication technology of F82H rectangular cooling tubes, and has successfully fabricated the near-full scale first wall mock-up of WCSB TBM by Hot Isostatic Press (HIP) technique, which is fully made of F82H. The mock-up has been high-heat flux tested in the DATS facility in JAEA, which is an ion beam test facility. The inlet temperature of the cooling water is about 280 $$^{circ}$$C with 15 MPa, which is almost the same as the WCSB TBM design conditions. The mock-up has endured a heat load of 0.5 MW/m$$^{2}$$, 30 s for 80 thermal cycles. Neither hot spots nor thermal degradation have been observed.

Journal Articles

Technical issues of reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels for fabrication of ITER test blanket modules

Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Hirose, Takanori; Shiba, Kiyoyuki; Kasada, Ryuta*; Wakai, Eiichi; Serizawa, Hisashi*; Kawahito, Yosuke*; Jitsukawa, Shiro; Kimura, Akihiko*; Kono, Yutaka*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(10-12), p.1471 - 1476, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:73 Percentile:1.63(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels (RAFMs) are recognized as the primary candidate structural materials for fusion blanket systems. F82H, which were developed and studied in Japan, was designed with an emphasis on high temperature properties and weldability. The database on F82H properties is currently the most extensive available among the existing RAFMs. The objective of this paper is to review the R&D status of F82H and to identify the key technical issues for the fabrication of an ITER Test Blanket Module (TBM) suggested by recent achievements in Japan.

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