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Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Development of inter-digital H-mode drift-tube linac prototype with alternative phase focusing for a muon linac in the J-PARC muon g-2/EDM experiment

Nakazawa, Yuga*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Otani, Masashi*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Mitsuhiro*; Kitamura, Ryo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012054_1 - 012054_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

An inter-digital H-mode drift-tube linac (IH-DTL) is developed in a muon linac at the J-PARC E34 experiment. IH-DTL will accelerate muons from 0.34 MeV to 4.5 MeV at a drive frequency of 324 MHz. Since IH-DTL adopts an APF method, with which the beam is focused in the transverse direction using the rf field only, the proper beam matching of the phase-space distribution is required before the injection into the IH-DTL. Thus, an IH-DTL prototype was fabricated to evaluate the performance of the cavity and beam transmission. As a preparation of the high-power test, tuners and coupler are designed and fabricated. In this paper, the development of the tuner and the coupler and the result of the low-power measurement will be presented.

Journal Articles

Negative muonium ion production with a C12A7 electride film

Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Matoba, Shiro*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012067_1 - 012067_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Negative muonium atom ($$mu^+$$e$$^-$$e$$^-$$, Mu$$^-$$) has unique features stimulating potential interesting for several scientific fields. Since its discovery in late 1980's in vacuum, it has been discussed that the production efficiency would be improved using a low-work function material. C12A7 was a well-known insulator as a constituent of alumina cement, but was recently confirmed to exhibit electric conductivity by electron doping. The C12A7 electride has relatively low-work function (2.9 eV). In this paper, the negative muonium production measurement with several materials including a C12A7 electride film will be presented. Measured production rate of the Mu$$^-$$ were 10$$^{-3}$$/s for all the Al, electride, and SUS target. Significant enhancement on electride target was not observed, thus it is presumed that the surface condition should be more carefully treated. There was no material dependence of the Mu$$^-$$ averaged energy: it was 0.2$$pm$$0.1keV.

Journal Articles

Disk and washer coupled cavity linac design and cold-model for muon linac

Otani, Masashi*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Naito, Fujio*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ito, Takashi; Kitamura, Ryo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Iinuma, Hiromi*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012097_1 - 012097_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

A disk and washer (DAW) coupled cavity linac (CCL) has been developed for a middle velocity part in a muon linac to measure muon anomalous magnetic moment and search for electric dipole moment. I will accelerate muons from $$v/c$$ = $$beta$$ = 0.3 to 0.7 at an operational frequency of 1.3GHz. In this poster, the cavity design, beam dynamics design, and the cold-model measurements will be presented.

Journal Articles

The First replacement of the RF window of the ACS cavity

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Naito, Fujio*; Otani, Masashi*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012079_1 - 012079_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In 2013, the Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities were installed to the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac. Since then, the ACS cavities have been stably running. Although any serious problem induced by the RF window had not yet observed, we decided to replace the RF window of one ACS cavity by the newly manufactured one. The major motivations of the replacement are to check the surface condition of the RF window which have been under operation for nearly five years, to confirm that the new RF window fully meets specifications, and to learn how much time is required for high-power conditioning of the new RF window. By making use of the summer maintenance period of 2018, we carried out the replacement. This was the first experience for us to replace the RF window installed to the ACS cavity in the linac accelerator tunnel. As for the removed RF window, there was no any abnormal warning found with the visual examination. At the resuming of the cavity operation after the maintenance period, we conducted the high-power conditioning in a measured manner. It took around fifty hours so that the targeted peak power was stably input to the cavity through the new RF window. The ACS cavity with the new RF window is now stably operating.

Journal Articles

VSWR adjustment for ACS cavity in J-PARC linac

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Naito, Fujio*; Otani, Masashi*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012080_1 - 012080_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac, negative hydrogen beams are accelerated from 190 MeV to 400 MeV by Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities. The RF input coupler of the ACS21 cavity, which is the twenty-first (the last) accelerating cavity in the order of beam acceleration, had a comparatively larger Voltage Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR) value than the other ACS cavities. Therefore, we designed and manufactured a rectangular waveguide which has a capacitive iris to adjust the coupling factor of the ACS21 cavity. By making use of the summer maintenance period in 2018, we installed the newly manufactured waveguide to the cavity. Consequently, the VSWR of the ACS21 was successfully decreased to the target value which leads to the critical coupling under the nominal accelerating condition with 50-mA peak beam current.

Journal Articles

Development of a radio frequency quadrupole linac implemented with the equipartitioning beam dynamics scheme

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Jameson, R. A.*

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 22(12), p.120101_1 - 120101_8, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

Radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ) is the key component which realized modern high-current proton linacs, however, many RFQs are designed based on very conventional design schemes. We developed 3-MeV 50-mA H$$^-$$ (negative hydrogen) RFQ based on a beam space-charge physics concept. The equipartitioning scheme, which is widely used in the high intensity linac design, is implemented into the RFQ design. Design performances of 99.1% transmission, 0.24$$pi$$ mm mrad transverse normalized rms emittance, and 0.11$$pi$$ MeV deg for longitudinal direction are achieved with a vane length of 3 m and the final energy of 3 MeV. An RFQ employing this design concept was fabricated, and the design performance was confirmed by beam commissioning. In this paper, the design and result of the beam commissioning of this fully equipartitioned RFQ are described.

Journal Articles

Development of RFQs at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011030_1 - 011030_5, 2019/03

In this paper, we present the performance and RFQs at J-PARC. In the summer of 2014, we replaced the frontend system of the J-PARC linac for beam current upgrade. An RF driven ion source (IS) and a radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ III) are newly developed to make the linac be capable for 50 mA peak current operation. Prior to the installation to the accelerator tunnel, we conducted an off-line beam test at an RFQ test stand, and confirmed the basic performance of the IS and RFQ as their design. The 50 mA peak current was demonstrated at this test stand and we also succeeded the 50 mA operation in the actual linac. The used RFQ (RFQ I) replaced by RFQ III will be used for beam test of laser charge exchange system for the ADS project and beam scraper and so on. The other RFQ developed as a spare of RFQ I will be used for world first muon acceleration experiment. The status of these RFQs is also shown.

Journal Articles

Low power measurement of a 1300-MHz RFQ cold model

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Tamura, Jun; Otani, Masashi*

Proceedings of 29th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2018) (Internet), p.794 - 797, 2019/01

A muon linac development for a new muon g-2 experiment is now going on at J-PARC. Muons from the muon beam line (H line) at the J-PARC muon science facility are once stopped in a silica-aerogel target, and room temperature muoniums are evaporated from the aerogel. They are dissociated with lasers, then accelerated up to 212 MeV using a linear accelerator. In the current reference design, a 324-MHz radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and an interdigital H-mode drift tube linac (IH-DTL) are used for the low beta acceleration. We propose a 1300 MHz (L band) RFQ instead of the 324 MHz RFQ and IH-DTL as an alternative to simplify the configuration of the muon linac. In this paper, the present status of the design and the measurement of a cold model of this world first L-band RFQ is described.

Journal Articles

Prototype of an Inter-digital H-mode Drift-Tube Linac for muon linac

Nakazawa, Yuga*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Iwata, Yoshiyuki*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Otani, Masashi*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Mitsuhiro*; Kitamura, Ryo*; et al.

Proceedings of 29th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2018) (Internet), p.180 - 183, 2019/01

We have developed an Interdigital H-mode (IH) Drift-Tube Linac (DTL) design with an alternative phase focusing (APF) scheme for a muon linac, in order to measure the anomalous magnetic moment and electric dipole moment (EDM) of muons at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The IH-DTL accelerates muons from beta 0.08 to 0.28 at an operational frequency of 324 MHz. The output beam emittances are calculated as 0.315 $$pi$$ and 0.195 $$pi$$ mm mrad in the horizontal and vertical directions, respectively, which satisfies the experimental requirement.

Journal Articles

Low-reflection RF window for ACS cavity in J-PARC linac

Tamura, Jun; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Ao, Hiroyuki*; Naito, Fujio*; Otani, Masashi*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1067(5), p.052009_1 - 052009_6, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac, the Annular-ring Coupled Structure (ACS) cavities have been stably operating. To maintain this operation availability, we manufactured three pillbox-type RF windows for the ACS cavities in fiscal year 2015 and 2017. It is desirable to minimize the RF reflection of the RF window to prevent standing waves from exciting between the cavity and the RF window, and not to significantly change the optimized coupling factor between the cavity and the waveguide. To realize the minimization, the relative permittivities of the ceramic disks of the RF windows were evaluated by measuring the resonant frequencies of the pillbox cavity containing the ceramic disk. On the basis of the evaluated relative permittivities, the pillbox-part lengths of the RF windows were determined. The measured Voltage Standing Wave Ratios (VSWRs) of the manufactured RF windows are just about 1.08 and these are applicable for the practical use.

Journal Articles

First muon acceleration using a radio-frequency accelerator

Bae, S.*; Choi, H.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Iijima, Toru*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(5), p.050101_1 - 050101_6, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:14.11(Physics, Nuclear)

Muons have been accelerated by using a radio-frequency accelerator for the first time. Negative muonium atoms (Mu$$^{-}$$), which are bound states of positive muons and two electrons, are generated from through the electron capture process in an aluminum degrader. The generated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are initially electrostatically accelerated and injected into a radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ). In the RFQ, the Mu$$^{-}$$'s are accelerated to 89 keV. The accelerated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are identified by momentum measurement and time of flight. This compact muon linac opens the door to various muon accelerator applications including particle physics measurements and the construction of a transmission muon microscope.

Journal Articles

Detection of H$$^{0}$$ particles in MEBT2 chicane of J-PARC linac

Tamura, Jun; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Okabe, Kota; Yoshimoto, Masahiro; Ao, Hiroyuki*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Nemoto, Yasuo*

Proceedings of 8th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '17) (Internet), p.2308 - 2310, 2017/05

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), H$$^{0}$$ particles generated by collisions of accelerated H$$^{-}$$ beams with residual gases are considered as one of the key factors of the residual radiation in the high energy accelerating section of the linac. To diagnose the H$$^{0}$$ particles, the new analysis line for the H$$^{0}$$ particles was installed in the matching section from the separated-type drift tube linac (SDTL) to the annular-ring coupled structure linac (ACS). In the analysis line, the accelerated H$$^{-}$$ ions travel in chicane orbit by the four dipole magnets. In the beam commissioning, we directly detected the H$$^{0}$$ particles by using a carbon plated installed to a wire scanner monitor and indirectly detected the H$$^{0}$$ particles by using a scintillation detector. We also confirmed that the signals change with vacuum condition in the SDTL section.

Journal Articles

Present status of the laser charge exchange test using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Meigo, Shinichiro; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi

Proceedings of 5th International Beam Instrumentation Conference (IBIC 2016) (Internet), p.736 - 739, 2017/03

The Accelerator-driven System (ADS) is one of the candidates for transmuting long-lived nuclides, such as minor actinide (MA), produced by nuclear reactors. For efficient transmutation of the MA, a precise pre-diction of neutronics of ADS is required. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, the Japan Pro-ton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P), in which a 400-MeV negative proton (H$$^{-}$$) beam will be delivered from the J-PARC linac. Since the TEF-P requires a stable proton beam with a power of less than 10W, a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract a small amount of the proton beam from the high power beam using 250kW. To fulfil this requirement, the Laser Charge Exchange (LCE) method has been developed. The LCE strips the electron of the H$$^{-}$$ beam and neutral protons will separate at the bending magnet in the proton beam transport. To demonstrate the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, a preliminary LCE experiment was conducted using a linac with energy of 3MeV in J-PARC. As a result of the experiment, a charge-exchanged H$$^{+}$$ beam with a power of about 5W equivalent was obtained under the J-PARC linac beam condition, and this value almost satisfied the power requirement of the proton beam for the TEF-P.

Journal Articles

Development of beam scrapers using a 3-Mev linac at J-PARC

Hirano, Koichiro; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ishiyama, Tatsuya; Ito, Takashi; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Sato, Yoshikatsu; et al.

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.310 - 313, 2016/11

We have used a beam scraper with the incident angle of 65deg to reduce the beam power deposition density in the MEBT between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC linac. The 65$$^{circ}$$ scraper was irradiated by the H$$^{-}$$ beam up to particle number of 1.47E22. We observed a lot of surface projections with several hundred micrometers high in the beam irradiation damage on the scraper by using the laser microscope. In order to study the limits of scrapers, we constructed a new 3 MeV linac at J-PARC. We will conduct the scraper irradiation test at the end of this year.

Journal Articles

Preliminary results of the laser charge exchange test using the 3-MeV linac in J-PARC

Takei, Hayanori; Hirano, Koichiro; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Miura, Akihiko; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Meigo, Shinichiro

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.987 - 991, 2016/11

Accelerator-driven system (ADS) is one of candidates to transmute long-lived nuclides such as minor actinide (MA) produced at nuclear reactor. For efficient transmutation of the MA, precise prediction of neutronics of ADS is indispensable. In order to obtain the neutronics data for the ADS, J-PARC has a plan to build the Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility (TEF-P). Since the TEF-P requires stable power of the beam and will operate with thermal power less than 500 W and the proton beam power of 10 W so that a stable and meticulous beam extraction method is required to extract small amount of the beam from the high power LINAC beam with 250 kW. To fulfill requirement, Laser charge exchange method (LCE) has been developed for delivery of 400-MeV proton beam with 25Hz to the TEF-P. The LCE strips the electron of H$$^{-}$$ beam and H$$^{0}$$ will separate at the bending magnet at the proton beam transport. The LCE device consists of YAG-laser with high power as 1.6 J/shot and 25 Hz and transport control system with high accuracy of the beam position. For the demonstration of the charge exchange of the H$$^{-}$$, the further LCE tests is conducted using H$$^{-}$$ beam with energy of 3-MeV at RFQ test stand in J-PARC. In this paper, present status of LCE tests is presented.

Journal Articles

Comparative study of beam dynamics in the RFQ for J-PARC linac

Artikova, S.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1004 - 1007, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Development of RF chopper system at J-PARC Linac, 2

Hirano, Koichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kawane, Yusuke; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Miura, Akihiko; Morishita, Takatoshi; Sawabe, Yuki; Sugimura, Takashi*; Naito, Fujio*; Fang, Z.*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.944 - 947, 2015/09

Two RF-deflecting cavities as a chopper and a beam scraper have been used in the MEBT1 between a 324 MHz RFQ and a 50-MeV DTL of the J-PARC Linac. We replaced with a newly fabricated RF chopper to decrease beam loss for the operation with 50 mA. We installed two new scrapers to absorb the higher power of the deflected beam by the RF chopper. This paper describes the RF chopper system and beam irradiation test results of the scraper.

Journal Articles

Space charge simulation and matching at low energy section of J-PARC LINAC

Artikova, S.; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi

Proceedings of 6th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '15) (Internet), p.251 - 254, 2015/06

Journal Articles

Beam test of a new radio frequency quadrupole linac for the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Morishita, Takatoshi; Yamazaki, Saishun; Hori, Toshihiko; Sawabe, Yuki; Chishiro, Etsuji; Fukuda, Shimpei; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Hirano, Koichiro; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; et al.

Physical Review Special Topics; Accelerators and Beams, 17(12), p.120101_1 - 120101_8, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:54.45(Physics, Nuclear)

We performed a beam test of a new radio frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ III) for the beam current upgrade of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex. First, the conditioning of RFQ III was conducted, and after 20 h of conditioning, RFQ III became very stable with a nominal peak power and duty factor of 400 kW and 1.5%, respectively. An off-line beam test was subsequently conducted before installation in the accelerator tunnel. The transmission, transverse emittance, and energy spread of the 50-mA negative hydrogen beam from RFQ III were measured and compared with simulation results. The experiment and simulation results showed good agreement; therefore, we conclude that the performance of RFQ III conforms to its design.

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