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Journal Articles

Isotope-selective microscale imaging of radioactive Cs without isobaric interferences using sputtered neutral mass spectrometry with two-step resonant ionization employing newly-developed Ti:Sapphire lasers

Sakamoto, Tetsuo*; Morita, Masato*; Kanenari, Keita*; Tomita, Hideki*; Sonnenschein, V.*; Saito, Kosuke*; Ohashi, Masaya*; Kato, Kotaro*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Kawai, Toshihide*; et al.

Analytical Sciences, 34(11), p.1265 - 1270, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:67.24(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Determination of fusion barrier distributions from quasielastic scattering cross sections towards superheavy nuclei synthesis

Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:33.27(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb, $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb, and $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{208}$$Pb and $$^{50}$$Ti + $$^{208}$$Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.

Journal Articles

Study of the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$Lv$$^{ast}$$ at RIKEN-GARIS

Kaji, Daiya*; Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Gan, Z.*; Geissel, H.*; Hasebe, Hiroo*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(3), p.034201_1 - 034201_7, 2017/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:21.29(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The fusion reaction of $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$Lv$$^{ast}$$ was studied using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS at RIKEN. A total of seven $$alpha$$ and spontaneous-fission decay chains were observed, which would originate from the reaction products of the element 116, $$^{292}$$Lv and $$^{293}$$Lv. Decay properties observed in the chains are in good agreement with the previously published ones. However, one of the chains showed a discrepancy, indicating the new spontaneous-fission branch in $$^{285}$$Cn or the production of the new isotope $$^{294}$$Lv.

Journal Articles

Complex chemistry with complex compounds

Eichler, R.*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Chiera, N. M.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Dressler, R.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Even, J.*; Fangli, F.*; Goetz, M.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 131, p.07005_1 - 07005_7, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:47.11

In recent years gas-phase chemical studies assisted by physical pre-separation allowed for the productions and investigations of fragile single molecular species of superheavy elements. The latest highlight is the formation of very volatile hexacarbonyl compound of element 106, Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. Following this success, second-generation experiments were performed to measure the first bond dissociation energy between the central metal atom and the surrounding ligand. The method using a tubular decomposition reactor was developed and successfully applied to short-lived Mo(CO)$$_{6}$$, W(CO)$$_{6}$$, and Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$.

Journal Articles

Decomposition studies of group 6 hexacarbonyl complexes, 1; Production and decomposition of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$

Usoltsev, I.*; Eichler, R.*; Wang, Y.*; Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 104(3), p.141 - 151, 2016/03

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:8.63(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Conditions of the production and decomposition of hexacarbonyl complexes of short-lived Mo and W isotopes were investigated to study thermal stability of the heaviest group 6 hexacarbonyl complex Sg(CO)$$_6$$. A tubular flow reactor was tested to decompose the hexacarbonyl complexes and to extract the first bond dissociation energies. A silver was found to be the most appropriate reaction surface to study the decomposition of the group 6 hexacarbonyl. It was found that the surface temperature at which the decomposition occurred was correlated to the first bond dissociation energy of Mo(CO)$$_6$$ and W(CO)$$_6$$, indicating that the first bond dissociation energy of Sg(CO)$$_6$$ could be determined with this technique.

Journal Articles

Performance of new gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS-II for asymmetric fusion reaction

Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Huang, M.*; Murakami, Masashi*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030107_1 - 030107_4, 2015/06

Performance of the new gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS-II was investigated using asymmetric $$^{22}$$Ne-induced fusion reactions. The use of He-H$$_{2}$$ mixture gas for the gas-filled magnet significantly reduced background scattered particles detected at the focal-plane Si detector, and increased a transmission of the asymmetric reaction products. A target-identification system was newly installed for efficient measurements of excitation functions without changing beam energy nor target.

Journal Articles

Production of $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta for chemical studies of element 105, Db, using the GARIS gas-jet system

Huang, M.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Murakami, Masashi*; Asai, Masato; Kaji, Daiya*; Kanaya, Jumpei*; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kikunaga, Hidetoshi*; Kikutani, Yuki*; Komori, Yukiko*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 304(2), p.845 - 849, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:62.51(Chemistry, Analytical)

A technique to utilize radioisotopes of Nb and Ta was developed for chemical studies of element 105, Db, by coupling a gas-jet transport system to the RIKEN gas-filled recoil ion separator (GARIS). The short-lived $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta were produced with nuclear reactions using a $$^{19}$$F beam whose energy was the same as that to produce $$^{262}$$Db. Then, they were separated with GARIS and extracted to a chemistry laboratory with the gas-jet transport system. By changing only magnetic field of GARIS and inserting an energy degrader and a shutter for recoil ions, we could deliver the $$^{88}$$Nb and $$^{170}$$Ta to a chemistry device for $$^{262}$$Db without changing other experimental conditions.

Journal Articles

In situ synthesis of volatile carbonyl complexes with short-lived nuclides

Even, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Asai, Masato; Block, M.*; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 303(3), p.2457 - 2466, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:27.58(Chemistry, Analytical)

Rapid In situ synthesis of metal carbonyl complexes has been demonstrated using short-lived isotopes produced in nuclear fission and fusion reactions. The short-lived isotopes with high recoil energy directly react with carbon-monoxides and form carbonyl complexes. Only highly volatile complexes were fast transported in a gas stream to counting and chemistry devices. Short-lived Mo, Tc, Ru, Rh, W, Re, Os, and Ir were found to form volatile carbonyl complexes, while no volataile complex of Hf and Ta were detected. This technique has been applied to a chemical investigation of the superheavy element Sg (atomic number 106), and will be applicable to various fields of nuclear science with short-lived transition metal isotopes.

Journal Articles

Synthesis and detection of a Seaborgium carbonyl complex

Even, J.*; Yakushev, A.*; D$"u$llmann, Ch. E.*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Brand, H.*; Di Nitto, A.*; Eichler, R.*; Fan, F. L.*; et al.

Science, 345(6203), p.1491 - 1493, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:42 Percentile:18.14(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

A new superheavy element complex, a seaborgium carbonyl, has been successfully synthesized, and its adsorption property has been studied using a cryo-thermochromatography and $$alpha$$-detection apparatus COMPACT. Nuclear reaction products of short-lived $$^{265}$$Sg preseparated with a gas-filled recoil ion separator GARIS at RIKEN were directly injected into a gas cell filled with He/CO mixture gas, and chemical reaction products of volatile carbonyl complexes were trasported to COMPACT. The Sg carbonyl complex detected with COMPACT was found to be very volatile with adsorption enthalpy of $$-$$50 kJ/mol, from which we have concluded that this complex should be a Sg hexacarbonyl Sg(CO)$$_{6}$$. This is the first synthesis of organometallic compounds of transactinide elements for which only simple inorganic comounds have been synthesized so far.

Journal Articles

Temporal and spatial variations of radiocarbon in Japan Sea Bottom Water

Kumamoto, Yuichiro*; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Watanabe, Shuichi*; Yoneda, Minoru*; Shibata, Yasuyuki*; Togawa, Orihiko; Morita, Masatoshi*; Shitashima, Kiminori*

Journal of Oceanography, 64(3), p.429 - 441, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:71.72(Oceanography)

In 1995 and 2000, radiocarbon ratio ($$Delta$$$$^{14}$$C) of total dissolved inorganic carbon was measured in the Japan Sea, a semi-closed marginal sea in the western North Pacific, where deep and bottom waters are formed in itself. Compiling them with historical radiocarbon data in the Japan Sea, temporal and spatial variations of the radiocarbon in the bottom water below 2000 m depth were elucidated. $$Delta$$$$^{14}$$C in the bottom waters in the western Japan and Yamato Basins increased by about 20 ‰ between 1977/79 and 1995 and did not changed between 1995 and 1999/2000, suggesting penetration of surface bomb-produced radiocarbon into the bottom waters due to bottom ventilation in the earlier period and stagnation of the bottom ventilation in the following period, respectively. In the eastern Japan Basin, the bottom $$Delta$$$$^{14}$$C increased by about 10 ‰ between 1977/79 and 2002, suggesting less ventilation of the bottom water in the basin. The temporal changes of the radiocarbon, tritium, and dissolved oxygen suggest sporadic occurrences of the bottom ventilation between 1979 and 1984 and its stagnation between 1984 and 2004 in the eastern Japan and Yamato Basins. The former is probably due to spreading of a newly ventilated bottom water in the western Japan Basin in the severe winter of 1976-1977 along the abyssal circulation in the Japan Sea. The latter does not conflict with temporal changes of bomb-produced $$^{137}$$Cs and chlorofluorocarbon-11 in the bottom water.

Journal Articles

Development of a simple reprocessing process using selective precipitant for uranyl ions; Engineering studies on systems for precipitating and separating

Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Hanzawa, Masatoshi*; Morita, Yasuji; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 47(1-4), p.414 - 419, 2005/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:73.42(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The simple reprocessing method based on precipitation using N-cyclohexyl-2-pyrrolidone (NCP) as a selective precipitant for U and Pu ions from dissolved solutions of spent FBR fuels has been developed. On the basis of fundamental studies on precipitation behaviors, we designed and built up the scaled-up laboratory equipments (1/20-scale of future plant capacity of 200 tHM/y) to evaluate technological and economical feasibility. This system, which mainly consists of a precipitator and a precipitate separator, should be operated continuously from economical reasons. From the experimental results, it was confirmed that the precipitator is capable of producing UO$$_{2}$$$$^{2+}$$-NCP precipitate stably with stipulated residence time (approximately 30 min), and the precipitate separator has the highly efficient separation of precipitate from the slurry. Furthermore, the parametric experiments indicated that the rinsing operation increased the efficiency in decontamination of FP elements.

Journal Articles

A Segment concept in the dissolution of stereoregular isotactic polyacrilonitrile into three dinitriles soluvents, CN-(CH$$_{2}$$)$$_{n}$$-CN(n=1,2 and 3) at elevated temperatures

Minagawa, Masatomo*; Hashimoto, Kiyoo*; Shirai, Hiroshi*; Morita, Toisuke*; Yoshii, Fumio

Colloid and Polymer Science, 278(4), p.352 - 357, 2000/09

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Development of a simple reprocessing process by selective precipitation for uranyl ions

Kikuchi, Toshiaki*; Yamasaki, Kazuhiko*; Kusama, Makoto*; Chikazawa, Takahiro*; Tamaki, Yoshihisa*; Hanzawa, Masatoshi*; Koshino, Nobuyoshi*; Asanuma, Noriko*; Harada, Masayuki*; Kawata, Yoshihisa*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Pulse neutron imaging experiments in the first year of J-PARC

Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Oikawa, Kenichi; Sakai, Kenji; Maekawa, Fujio; Oi, Motoki; Shinohara, Takenao; Aizawa, Kazuya; Takata, Shinichi; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

no journal, , 

Development of imaging techniques with pulse neutrons were started using the NeutrOn Beam-line for Observation and Research Use (NOBORU) of J-PARC at December 2008. The results in the first three months, future research plans and discussions on a new imaging facility in J-PARC are shown.

Oral presentation

Alpha-decay spectroscopy of Rf and Lr isotopes

Asai, Masato; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Sato, Tetsuya; Toyoshima, Atsushi; et al.

no journal, , 

Alpha-decay spectroscopy of odd-mass Rf and Lr isotopes was performed to establish proton and neutron single-particle orbitals. $$gamma$$ rays following the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{259}$$Rf were observed for the first time through the $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence measurement, and the neutron configuration of the ground state of $$^{259}$$Rf was assigned. It was found that the ground-state configuration of $$^{259}$$Rf is different from those of the lighter N = 155 isotones $$^{255}$$Fm and $$^{253}$$Cf. For the Lr isotopes, the proton configurations of the ground and isomeric states in $$^{255}$$Lr and the ground states of $$^{257}$$Lr and $$^{259}$$Lr were definitely identified through the high-resolution $$alpha$$ fine structure spectroscopy. Theoretical calculations based on the macroscopic-microscopic model revealed that the change of the ground-state configuration in the N = 155 isotones is strongly associated with the rapidly decreasing hexadecapole deformation with increasing atomic number.

Oral presentation

$$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ and high-resolution $$alpha$$ fine-structure spectroscopy for the heaviest nuclei

Asai, Masato; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kaji, D.*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Sato, Tetsuya; Toyoshima, Atsushi; et al.

no journal, , 

Alpha-gamma and high-resolution $$alpha$$ fine-structure spectroscopy of Rf and Lr isotopes was performed to clarify the nuclear structure of superheavy nuclei. $$gamma$$ rays following the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{259}$$Rf were observed for the first time through the $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence measurement, and the neutron configuration of the ground state of $$^{259}$$Rf was assigned. It was found that the ground-state configuration of $$^{259}$$Rf is different from those of the lighter N = 155 isotones $$^{255}$$Fm and $$^{253}$$Cf. For the Lr isotopes, the proton configurations of the ground and isomeric states in $$^{255}$$Lr and the ground states of $$^{257}$$Lr and $$^{259}$$Lr were definitely identified through the high-resolution $$alpha$$ fine structure spectroscopy. Theoretical calculations based on the macroscopic-microscopic model revealed that the change of the ground-state configuration in the N = 155 isotones is strongly associated with the rapidly decreasing hexadecapole deformation with increasing atomic number.

Oral presentation

High-resolution $$alpha$$ fine-structure spectroscopy for studying nuclear structure of heavy nuclei

Asai, Masato; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Sato, Nozomi; Kasamatsu, Yoshitaka*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Morita, Kosuke*; Shima, Yosuke*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; et al.

no journal, , 

We have developed high-resolution $$alpha$$ fine-structure spectroscopy for studying nuclear structure of short-lived heavy actinide nuclei. It has been demonstrated that spin-parities and single-particle configurations of the ground state of a parent nucleus as well as excited states in a daughter nucleus can be determined only through the measured $$alpha$$ singles spectrum. To achieve a good $$alpha$$ energy resolution of $$sim$$11 keV, conditions to make a thin $$alpha$$ source have been optimized. Using this technique, we have identified proton single-particle configurations of $$^{rm 255g}$$Lr, $$^{rm 255m}$$Lr, $$^{257}$$Lr, and $$^{259}$$Lr for the first time.

Oral presentation

Fast electron energy transport in solid target generated by high contrast high intense laser pulse

Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Mishima, Yosuke*; Kikuyama, Kenshiro*; Morioka, Tomoya*; Morita, Kiyoshi*; Kanasaki, Masato; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Yogo, Akifumi; Ogura, Koichi; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Resonant laser secondary neutral mass spectrometry for micro imaging of radioactive isotopes, 2

Tomita, Hideki*; Saito, Kosuke*; Ohashi, Masaya*; Sonnenschein, V.*; Kato, Kotaro*; Suzuki, So*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Morita, Masato*; Sakamoto, Tetsuo*; Kanenari, Keita*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

19 (Records 1-19 displayed on this page)
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