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Journal Articles

Li(Zn,Mn)As as a new generation ferromagnet based on a I-II-V semiconductor

Deng, Z.*; Jin, C. Q.*; Liu, Q. Q.*; Wang, X. C.*; Zhu, J. L.*; Feng, S. M.*; Chen, L. C.*; Yu, R. C.*; Arguello, C.*; Goko, Tatsuo*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 2, p.1425_1 - 1425_5, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:122 Percentile:6.15(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

In a prototypical ferromagnet (Ga,Mn)As based on a III-V semiconductor, substitution of divalent Mn atoms into trivalent Ga sites leads to severely limited chemical solubility and metastable specimens available only as thin films. The doping of hole carriers via (Ga,Mn) substitution also prohibits electron doping. To overcome these difficulties, Masek et al. theoretically proposed systems based on a I-II-V semiconductor LiZnAs, where isovalent (Zn,Mn) substitution is decoupled from carrier doping with excess/deficient Li concentrations. Here we show successful synthesis of Li$$_{1+y}$$(Zn$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_x$$)As in bulk materials. We reported that ferromagnetism with a critical temperature of up to 50 K is observed in nominally Li-excess compounds, which have p-type carriers.

Journal Articles

Influence of self-irradiation on the magnitude of the superfluid density in PuCoGa$$_5$$ probed by muon spin rotation

Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Morris, G. D.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Graf, M. J.*; Zhu, J.-X.*; Morales, L. A.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 403(5-9), p.1013 - 1014, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

PuCoGa$$_5$$ has attracted much interest because it is the first Pu-based superconductor, having an order of magnitude higher transition temperature $$T_{rm c}=18.5$$K than the isostructural heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn$$_5$$ ($$T_{rm c}=2.3$$K). The mechanism of the superconductivity in PuCoGa$$_5$$ is still under investigation, though recent experiments and theory suggest a magnetic origin. A unique aspect of this compound is the self-irradiation damage because Pu ($$^{239}$$Pu, $$T^{1/2}$$ = 24,000 years) creates lattice defects which scatter electrons and, hence, break superconducting pairs. In order to elucidate the magnitude and temperature dependence of the magnetic penetration depth $$lambda$$, we have performed $$mu$$SR measurements in the same PuCoGa$$_5$$ single crystals after 25 and 400 days of aging. We found that $$T_{rm c}$$ decreased from 18.5K to 15K for the aged sample, yet a quasi-linear temperature dependence was found for the low-temperature $$lambda(T)$$ in both the fresh and aged sample, consistent with $$d$$-wave pairing symmetry. The magnitude of the muon spin relaxation rate $$sigma$$ in the aged sample, $$sigmapropto 1/lambda^2proptorho_s/m^*$$, where $$rho_s$$ and $$m^*$$ are the superfluid density and the effective mass, respectively, is reduced by about 70% compared to fresh sample. This indicates that the scattering from self-irradiation induced defects is not in the limit of the conventional Abrikosov-Gor'kov pair-breaking theory, but rather in the limit of short coherence length (about 2nm in PuCoGa$$_5$$) superconductivity.

Journal Articles

$$mu$$SR study of the effects of Ce dilution on the development of the heavy-fermion state in (Ce,La)$$_2$$IrIn$$_8$$

Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Morris, G. D.*; Hur, N.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Thompson, J. D.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; et al.

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 68(11), p.2068 - 2071, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.84(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Search for magnetic order in $$delta$$-Pu metal using muon spin relaxation

Heffner, R. H.; Oishi, Kazuki; Fluss, M. J.*; Morris, G. D.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*; Chung, B. W.*; McCall, S. K.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; et al.

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 444-445, p.80 - 83, 2007/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:47.57(Chemistry, Physical)

We summarize the results of muon spin relaxation ($$mu$$SR) measurements carried out in$$alpha$$- and $$delta$$-Pu and in the superconducting state ofPuCoGa$$_5$$. In Pu metal, interest has centered on whether or not magnetic order exists in the hightemperature fcc $$delta$$ phase,The Pu metal studies were designed to search for evidence of magnetic ordering, andhave set the most stringent limits to date for the ordered moment. In PuCoGa$$_5$$ the temperature dependence of themagnetic penetration depth $$lambda$$(T) was investigated in a fresh sample and again in the same sampleafter 400 days of aging. We find $$lambda$$(T)$$propto$$ T for T $$<$$ Tc/2, indicating a line of nodes in thesuperconducting order parameter. Remarkably, the temperature dependence of $$lambda$$(T) is littlechanged even after significant radiation damage.

Journal Articles

Muon spin rotation measurements of the superfluid density in fresh and aged superconducting PuCoGa$$_5$$

Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Morris, G. D.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Graf, M. J.*; Zhu, J.-X.*; Morales, L. A.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Fluss, M. J.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 76(6), p.064504_1 - 064504_10, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:45.05(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Magnetic penetration depth and self-induced irradiation effects in superconducting PuCoGa$$_5$$ probed by muon spin rotation

Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Morris, G. D.*; Fluss, M. J.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Morales, L. A.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*; Ito, Takashi; et al.

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 310(2, Part1), p.566 - 568, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$mu$$SR studies of Pu metal and the Pu-based superconductor PuCoGa$$_5$$

Heffner, R. H.; Bauer, E. D.*; Chung, B.*; Fluss, M. J.*; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Morales, L. A.*; Morris, G. D.*; Oishi, Kazuki; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 75(Suppl.), p.14 - 19, 2006/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New limits on the ordered moments in $$alpha$$-Pu and Ga-stabilized $$delta$$-Pu

Heffner, R. H.; Morris, G. D.*; Fluss, M. J.*; Chung, B.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*; Anderson, J. E.*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 374-375, p.163 - 166, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:58.96(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The $$mu$$SR measurements in pulutonium metals are reported for the first time. The ground-state properties of Pu metal is not understood clearly. We found the upper limits of the ordered moment in $$alpha$$-Pu and $$delta$$-stabilized Pu is $$<10^{-3}mu_B$$ at $$sim$$4K.

Journal Articles

$$mu$$SR studies of the superconducting order parameter in PuCoGa$$_5$$

Morris, G. D.*; Heffner, R. H.; Bauer, E. D.*; Morales, L. A.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Fluss, M. J.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*; Anderson, J. E.*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 374-375, p.180 - 183, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:40.91(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Evolution of the heavy fermion state in Ce$$_2$$IrIn$$_8$$

Heffner, R. H.; Morris, G. D.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Thompson, J. D.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 375-375, p.184 - 187, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:66.47(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Critical slowing down in the geometrically frustrated pyrochlore antiferromagnet Gd$$_2$$Ti$$_2$$O$$_7$$

MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Rose, M. S.*; Anderson, J. E.*; Shu, L.*; Heffner, R. H.; Kimura, Tsuyoshi*; Morris, G. D.*; Bernal, O. O.*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 374-375, p.142 - 144, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:80.71(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Longitudinal-field muon spin relaxation experiments have been carried out in the paramagnetic state of single-crystal Gd$$_2$$Ti$$_2$$O$$_7$$ just above the phase transition. At high applied fields the relaxation time is proportional to field. At low fields the relaxation rate increases markedly as the freezing temperature is approached. This behavior is consistent with the very long autocorrelation function cutoff time.

Journal Articles

Limits for ordered magnetism in Pu from muon spin rotation spectroscopy

Heffner, R. H.; Morris, G. D.*; Fluss, M. J.*; Chung, B.*; McCall, S.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*; Oishi, Kazuki; Bauer, E. D.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 73(9), p.094453_1 - 094453_5, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:21.11(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Spin freezing and non-glassy dynamics in Ce$$_{0.2}$$La$$_{0.8}$$RhIn$$_5$$

MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*; Anderson, J. E.*; Heffner, R. H.; Morris, G. D.*; Bernal, O. O.*; Kim, J. S.*; Stewart, G. R.*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 378-380, p.144 - 145, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Penetration depth study in the heavy-fermion superconductor PrOs$$_4$$Sb$$_{12}$$

Shu, L.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Heffner, R. H.; Callaghan, F. D.*; Sonier, J. E.*; Morris, G. D.*; Bernal, O. O.*; Bosse, A.*; Anderson, J. E.*; Yuhasz, W. M.*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 374-375, p.247 - 250, 2006/01

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:66.47(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Wideband low-output-impedance RF system for the second harmonic cavity in the ISIS synchrotron

Irie, Yoshiro; Dooling, J.*; Horan, D.*; Kustom, R.*; Middendorf, M.*; Pile, G.*; Bayley, D.*; Cross, G.*; Gardner, I.*; Glover, M.*; et al.

Proceedings of 10th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '06) (CD-ROM), p.321 - 323, 2006/00

Wideband low-output-impedance RF system for the second harmonic cavity in the ISIS synchrotron has been developed by the collaboration between ANL (US), KEK (Japan) and RAL (UK). Low output impedance is realized by the feedback from plate to grid of the final triode amplifier, resulting in less than 30 ohms over a wide frequency range of 2.7 - 6.2 MHz. The vacuum tubes in the driver and final stages are both operated in class A. High power test was performed with a ferrite-loaded second harmonic cavity, where the bias current was swept at 50 Hz repetition rate. The maximum voltage of 12 kV peak per accelerating gap was obtained stably at earlier period of an acceleration cycle. A beam test with this system is planned at the ISIS synchrotron soon.

Oral presentation

Quasiparticle excitations in PuCoGa$$_5$$ probed by muon spin rotation

Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Morris, G. D.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Morales, L. A.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Fluss, M. J.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; et al.

no journal, , 

The discovery of the first Pu-based superconductor PuCoGa$$_{5}$$ ($$T_c$$ = 18.5 K) demonstrates the rich and complex nature of Pu-based materials. The mechanism of the superconductivity in PuCoGa$$_{5}$$ is still under investigation, though recent experiments and theory suggest a magnetic origin. For example, the electronic structure of this material was investigated theoretically, and spin-fluctuation mediated superconductivity was suggested. NMR results also suggest that the superconducting order parameter of this Pu-based superconductor has d-wave symmetry. We note that Pu is a radioactive nucleus ($$^{239}$$Pu, $$T^{1/2}$$ = 24000 years), thus PuCoGa$$_{5}$$ suffers self-induced radiation damage. Previous $$mu$$SR results performed at 600 Oe in a 25-day old single crystalline sample show a linear temperature dependence for the muon spin relaxation rate $$sigma$$ ($$propto lambda^{-2}$$, $$lambda$$: magnetic penetration depth) for $$T/T_cle$$ 0.5, suggesting d-wave pairing symmetry. We have performed $$mu$$SR experimentes on the same sample after 400 days of aging in order to obtain more detailed information on the order parameter, i.e., T-dependence of $$lambda$$ at several magnetic fields, as well as the effects of aging. We found that Tc decreased from 18.5 K to 15 K for the 25-day and 400-day samples, respectively, yet the linear temperature dependence remains, consistent with a line of nodes (and suggesting d-wave pairing symmetry). These results indicate that the temperature dependence of $$lambda$$ does not depend on accumulated radiation damage over the span of time measured.

Oral presentation

$$mu$$SR measurements on the superconducting penetration depth in aged PuCoGa$$_5$$

Heffner, R. H.; Oishi, Kazuki; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Morris, G. D.*; Fluss, M. J.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Sarrao, J. L.*

no journal, , 

The superconductor PuCoGa$$_{5}$$ possesses a relatively high critical temperature (T$$_{c}$$ = 18.5 K), a moderate mass enhancement (Sommerfeld coefficient $$cong $$ 80 mJ/mol-K$$^{2})$$ and exhibits behavior consistent with spin-fluctuation-induced d-wave superconductivity. It is also radioactive, with its dominant radioisotope $$^{239}$$Pu having a half-life of 2.4 $$times$$ 10$$^{4}$$ yrs. We report $$mu $$SR measurements of the temperature and field dependence of the magnetic field penetration depth $$lambda $$(T,H) in a 400 day-old sample of PuCoGa$$_{5}$$ (T$$_{c}$$ = 15 K), and compare these results to data obtained on the same sample approximately one year earlier. In 600 Oe applied field both measurements show a linear low-temperature behavior for $$lambda $$(T) - $$lambda $$(0) = bT for T/T$$_{c} quad <$$ 0.5 with the same coefficient b. The magnitude of $$lambda $$(0) in the aged sample has increased by a factor of about 1.8. The results are discussed in terms of the effects of radiation damage on the postulated d-wave superconducting order parameter.

Oral presentation

Effects of the La substitution on the heavy fermion state in (Ce,La)$$_2$$IrIn$$_8$$

Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Morris, G. D.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Thompson, J. D.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; Shu, L.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Knight shift measurements in (Ce,La)$$_2$$IrIn$$_8$$ probed by $$mu$$SR, 2

Oishi, Kazuki; Heffner, R. H.; Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Morris, G. D.*; Hur, N.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Thompson, J. D.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Muon spin rotation measurements of the superfluid density in fresh and aged superconducting PuCoGa$$_5$$

Heffner, R. H.; Oishi, Kazuki; Higemoto, Wataru; Ito, Takashi; Morris, G. D.*; Bauer, E. D.*; Graf, M. J.*; Sarrao, J. L.*; Fluss, M. J.*; MacLaughlin, D. E.*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

22 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)