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Journal Articles

Nanoscopic structural investigation of physically cross-linked nanogels formed from self-associating polymers

Sekine, Yurina; Endo, Hitoshi*; Iwase, Hiroki*; Takeda, Shigeo*; Mukai, Sadaatsu*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Littrell, K. C.*; Sasaki, Yoshihiro*; Akiyoshi, Kazunari*

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 120(46), p.11996 - 12002, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:29.41(Chemistry, Physical)

The detailed structure of a nanogel formed by self-association of cholesterol-bearing pullulans (CHP) was determined by contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering. The decomposition of scattering intensities into partial scattering functions of each CHP nanogel component, i.e., pullulan, cholesterol, and the cross-term between the pullulan and the cholesterol allows us to investigate the internal structure of the nanogel. The effective spherical radius of the skeleton formed by pullulan chains was found to be about 8.1 nm. In the CHP nanogel, there are about 19 cross-linking points where a cross-linking point is formed by aggregation of trimer cholesterol molecules with the spatially inhomogeneous distribution of the mass fractal dimension of 2.6. The average radius of the partial chains can also be determined to be 1.7 nm. As the result, the complex structure of the nanogels is coherently revealed at the nanoscopical level.

Journal Articles

Mineralogical characterization of radioactive particles from Fukushima soil using $$mu$$-XRD with synchrotron radiation

Motai, Satoko*; Mukai, Hiroki*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Owada, Kenji; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Machida, Akihiko; Kuramata, Chisaki*; Kikuchi, Ryosuke*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kogure, Toshihiro*

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 111(5), p.305 - 312, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:53.72(Mineralogy)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Constituent elements and their distribution in the radioactive Cs-bearing silicate glass microparticles released from Fukushima Nuclear Plant

Kogure, Toshihiro*; Yamaguchi, Noriko*; Segawa, Hiroyo*; Mukai, Hiroki*; Motai, Satoko*; Akiyama, Kotone*; Mitome, Masanori*; Hara, Toru*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Microscopy, 65(5), p.451 - 459, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:97.25(Microscopy)

Journal Articles

Cesium adsorption/desorption behavior of clay minerals considering actual contamination conditions in Fukushima

Mukai, Hiroki*; Hirose, Atsushi*; Motai, Satoko*; Kikuchi, Ryosuke*; Tanoi, Keitaro*; Nakanishi, Tomoko*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kogure, Toshihiro*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.21543_1 - 21543_7, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:108 Percentile:97.07(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Development status of data acquisition system for IFMIF/EVEDA accelerator

Usami, Hiroki; Takahashi, Hiroki; Komukai, Satoshi*

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.760 - 763, 2015/09

EU and JAEA are advancing development of Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator (LIPAc) control system jointly, but JAEA keeps developing central control system (CCS) mainly. Data transfer during an equipment control system of CCS and EU is performed through EPICS. JAEA is using PostgreSQL as 1 of development elements in CCS and is advancing development of the system to record the whole EPICS data of LIPAc (the data acquisition system). On the other hand, a data acquisition is performed using BEAUTY (Best Ever Archive Toolset, yet) in an element test of equipment at Europe. Therefore "1 client refers to collected data by more than one server machine" with "compatibility securement of data with BEAUTY" in case of development of the data acquisition system of CCS, and, it's necessary to consider "To do a data acquisition and backup work at the same time". For the moment, former 2 are in progress. And a demonstration of the data acquisition system is being performed simultaneously with commissioning in injector. The data acquisition system is collecting data of injector other ones, and the data reference by a monitor with CSS (Control System Studio) is also possible. We will report on the current state of the development of the data acquisition system by making reference to a result of the test by injector commissioning.

Journal Articles

Speciation of radioactive soil particles in the Fukushima contaminated area by IP autoradiography and microanalyses

Mukai, Hiroki*; Hatta, Tamao*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Yamada, Hirohisa*; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Kogure, Toshihiro*

Environmental Science & Technology, 48(22), p.13053 - 13059, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:97 Percentile:95.22(Engineering, Environmental)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2011

Watahiki, Shunsuke; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Imaizumi, Tomomi; Nagata, Hiroshi; Ide, Hiroshi; Komukai, Bunsaku; Kimura, Nobuaki; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Nishikata, Kaori; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2013-021, 43 Pages, 2013/07

JAEA-Technology-2013-021.pdf:5.12MB

The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. On the other hand, the necessity of research reactor, which is used for human resources development, progress of the science and technology, industrial use and safety research is increasing for the countries which are planning to introduce the nuclear power plants. From above background, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss a basic concept of Multipurpose Compact Research Reactor (MCRR) for education and training, etc., on 2010 to 2012. This activity is also expected to contribute to design tool improvement and human resource development in the center. In 2011, design study of reactor core, irradiation facilities with high versatility and practicality, and hot laboratory equipment for the production of Mo-99 was carried out. As the result of design study of reactor core, subcriticality and operation time of the reactor in consideration of an irradiation capsule, and about the transient response of the reactor to the reactivity disturbance during automatic control operation, it was possible to do automatic operation of MCRR, was confirmed. As the result of design study of irradiation facilities, it was confirmed that the implementation of an efficient mass production radioisotope Mo-99 can be expected. As the result of design study with hot laboratory facilities, Mo-99 production, RI export devised considered cell and facilities for exporting the specimens quickly was designed.

Journal Articles

Development status of data acquisition system for LIPAc

Takahashi, Hiroki; Kojima, Toshiyuki; Narita, Takahiro; Sakaki, Hironao; Komukai, Satoshi*

Proceedings of 3rd International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '12) (Internet), p.3972 - 3974, 2012/07

Control System for LIPAc realizes the remote control and monitoring and data acquisition by use of EPICS. For the validations of each subsystem performance and the activity of IFMIF Accelerator design, it is very important data obtained by commissioning of LIPAc and each subsystem. To certainly archive the important data for LIPAc and to efficiently search the LIPAc data, for design and validation, we started developing Data Acquisition System (DAC) based on Relational Database (RDB) has been developed. The first design for DAC of LIPAc is configured (1) using PostgreSQL for RDB and (2) several RDB for data archiving to ensure the data archive performance and to consider the increasing data amount. In addition, (3) only one RDB for data search is included in DAC and users can search the data via this RDB. In this way, several RDB for DAC can behave only one RDB against users. In this article, the development status of DAC for LIPAc is presented.

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of multipurpose compact research reactor; Annual report FY2010 (Joint research)

Imaizumi, Tomomi; Miyauchi, Masaru; Ito, Masayasu; Watahiki, Shunsuke; Nagata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Naka, Michihiro; Kawamata, Kazuo; Yamaura, Takayuki; Ide, Hiroshi; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2011-031, 123 Pages, 2012/01

JAEA-Technology-2011-031.pdf:16.08MB

The number of research reactors in the world is decreasing because of their aging. However, the planning to introduce the nuclear power plants is increasing in Asian countries. In these Asian countries, the key issue is the human resource development for operation and management of nuclear power plants after constructed them, and also the necessity of research reactor, which is used for lifetime extension of LWRs, progress of the science and technology, expansion of industry use, human resources training and so on, is increasing. From above backgrounds, the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center began to discuss basic concept of a multipurpose low-power research reactor for education and training, etc. This design study is expected to contribute not only to design tool improvement and human resources development in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center but also to maintain and upgrade the technology on research reactors in nuclear power-related companies. This report treats the activities of the working group from July 2010 to June 2011 on the multipurpose low-power research reactor in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center and nuclear power-related companies.

Oral presentation

Structure of physically cross-linked nanogels investigated by means of contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering

Sekine, Yurina; Endo, Hitoshi*; Iwase, Hiroki*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Mukai, Sadaatsu*; Akiyoshi, Kazunari*

no journal, , 

Cholesterol-bearing pullulan (CHP) spontaneously forms stable nanogel of ca. 30 nm in size in water. Because the CHP nanogels can trap various proteins spontaneously and release them in their native form to environment, they are valuable for use in protein delivery systems, particularly for cancer vaccines, and so on. The distribution and position of cross-linking domain are important factor determining the properties of nanogels. The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution and position of cross-linking domain of nanogels by means of contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering (CV-SANS). We had the CV-SANS measurement of the CHP nanogel dispersed in complex solvent of D$$_{2}$$O/H$$_{2}$$O to clarify the microscopic structure of cross-linking domain of CHP nanogels. In this presentation, we will discuss the detailed structure of the CHP nanogel analyzed from the result of CV-SANS.

Oral presentation

Structure of self-assembled nanogels investigated by means of contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering

Sekine, Yurina; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Endo, Hitoshi*; Iwase, Hiroki*; Mukai, Sadaatsu*; Littrell, K. C.*; Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Akiyoshi, Kazunari*

no journal, , 

Cholesterol-bearing pullulan (CHP) spontaneously forms stable nanogel of ca. 30 nm in size in water. Because the CHP nanogels can trap various proteins spontaneously and release them in their native form to environment, they are valuable for use in protein delivery systems. The aim of this study is to investigate the distribution and position of cross-linking domain of nanogels by means of contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering (CV-SANS). We had SANS measurement of the CHP nanogel dispersed in complex solvent of D$$_{2}$$O/H$$_{2}$$O to clarify the microscopic structure of cross-linking domain. The result shows that the particle radius of the pullulan and the cholesterol are 8.09 and 6.31 nm, respectively. The dispersion of the cross-linking domains might have important implications for the interactions of nanogels with other molecules.

Oral presentation

Nanoscopic structure of physically cross-linked nanogels investigated by small-angle neutron scattering

Sekine, Yurina; Endo, Hitoshi*; Iwase, Hiroki*; Takeda, Shigeo*; Mukai, Sadaatsu*; Fukazawa, Hiroshi; Sasaki, Yoshihiro*; Akiyoshi, Kazunari*

no journal, , 

Cholesterol-bearing pullulan (CHP) forms stable nanogel of 20 nm in size in water. The CHP nanogels can trap various proteins spontaneously. Owing to their characteristics, nanogels can be used in protein delivery systems, particularly for cancer vaccines. The spatial distribution and detailed structure of the cross-linking points are important factor determining their chemical and physical functions. The aim of this study is to investigate the structure of the nanogels by means of contrast variation small-angle neutron scattering (CV-SANS), which enables us to determine quantitative complex structure at nanometer scale. In this presentation, we will discuss the detailed structure of the CHP nanogel.

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