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Journal Articles

Crystallographical and morphological changes in charge-ordering transition of RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R: Y, Lu) investigated by transmission electron microscopy

Horibe, Yoichi*; Mori, Shigeo*; Ikeda, Naoshi*; Yoshii, Kenji; Maeno, Hiroshi*; Murakami, Yasukazu*

Ferroelectrics, 584(1), p.20 - 30, 2021/00

Temperature dependence of charge-ordered crystal structures and domain structures in RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (R: Y and Lu) was investigated by energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy, combined with conventional transmission electron microscopy. The presence of three-dimensional to two-dimensional charge ordering transition were observed in both RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ on heating. Furthermore, real-space images obtained with the energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy revealed that YRFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ has less anisotropic nanometer-scale charge-ordered domains than LuRFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$. These findings in RFe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ indicate the importance of the interchange interactions between Fe-O bilayers in addition to those within bilayers in the structural phase transitions associated with charge ordering in this system.

Journal Articles

Estimation of air dose rate using measurement results of monitoring posts in Fukushima Prefecture

Seki, Akiyuki; Mayumi, Akie; Wainwright-Murakami, Haruko*; Saito, Kimiaki; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Idomura, Yasuhiro

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.158 - 164, 2020/10

We developed a method to estimate the temporal change of the air dose rate at the location with sparse (in time) measurements by using the continuous measurement data from the nearby monitoring post. This method determines an observation model from the correlation between sparse data at the target location and dense data at the monitoring post based on a hierarchical Bayesian model. The developed method was validated against the air dose rate measured at the monitoring posts in Fukushima prefecture from 2012 to 2017. The results showed that the developed method can predict the air dose rate at almost all target locations with an error rate of less than 10%.

Journal Articles

Optimizing long-term monitoring of radiation air-dose rates after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Sun, D.*; Wainwright-Murakami, Haruko*; Oroza, C. A.*; Seki, Akiyuki; Mikami, Satoshi; Takemiya, Hiroshi; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 220-221, p.106281_1 - 106281_8, 2020/09

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:62.5(Environmental Sciences)

We have developed a methodology for optimizing the monitoring locations of radiation air dose-rate monitoring. For the method, we use a Gaussian mixture model to identify the representative locations among multiple environmental variables, such as elevation and land-cover types. Next, we use a Gaussian process model to capture and estimate the heterogeneity of air-dose rates across the domain. Our results have shown that this approach allows us to select monitoring locations in a systematic manner such that the heterogeneity of air dose rates is captured by the minimal number of monitoring locations.

Journal Articles

Summary of temporal changes in air dose rates and radionuclide deposition densities in the 80 km zone over five years after the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Yoshida, Tadayoshi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Yamamoto, Hideaki*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105878_1 - 105878_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:87.21(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Temporal change in radiological environments on land after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Saito, Kimiaki; Mikami, Satoshi; Ando, Masaki; Matsuda, Norihiro; Kinase, Sakae; Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tetsuro*; Seki, Akiyuki; Sanada, Yukihisa; Wainwright-Murakami, Haruko*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 44(4), p.128 - 148, 2019/12

Journal Articles

Recent studies for structural integrity evaluation and defect inspection of J-PARC spallation neutron source target vessel

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Naoe, Takashi; Shintaku, Yohei*; Li, T.*; Murakami, Kazuya*; Kanomata, Kenichi*; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Takada, Hiroshi; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 506, p.3 - 11, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.98(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The mercury target vessel is designed as multi-walled structure with thin wall (min. 3 mm), and assembled by welding. In order to estimate the structural integrity of the vessel, it is important to measure the defects in welding accurately. For nondestructive tests of the welding, radiographic testing is applicable but it is difficult to detect for some defect shapes. Therefore it is effective to do ultrasonic testing together with it. Because ultrasonic methods prescribed in JIS inspect on the plate with more than 6 mm in thickness, these methods couldn't be applied as the inspection on the vessel with thin walls. In order to develop effective method, we carried out measurements using some testing method on samples with small defect whose size is specified. In the case of the latest phased array method, measured value agreed with actual size. It was found that this method was applicable to detect defects in the thin-walled structure for which accurate inspection was difficult so far.

Journal Articles

Using two detectors concurrently to monitor ambient dose equivalent rates in vehicle surveys of radiocesium contaminated land

Takeishi, Minoru; Shibamichi, Masaru; Malins, A.; Kurikami, Hiroshi; Murakami, Mitsuhiro*; Saegusa, Jun; Yoneya, Masayuki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 177, p.1 - 12, 2017/10

AA2016-0534.pdf:1.79MB

By convention radiation measurements from vehicle-borne surveys are converted to the dose rate at 1 m above the ground in the absence of the vehicle. To improve the accuracy of the converted results from vehicle-borne surveys, we investigated combining measurements from two detectors mounted on the vehicle at different heights above the ground. A dual-detector setup was added to a JAEA monitoring car and compared against hand-held survey meter measurements in Fukushima Prefecture. The dose rates obtained by combining measurements from two detectors were within $$pm$$20% of the hand-held reference measurements. The combined results from the two detectors were more accurate than those from either the roof-mounted detector, or the detector inside the vehicle, taken alone. When radiocesium is deficient on a road compared to the adjacent land, mounting detectors high on vehicles yields dose rates closer to the values adjacent to the road. We also investigated mounting heights for vehicle-borne detectors using Monte Carlo $$gamma$$-ray simulations.

Journal Articles

Determination of dissolved natural thorium and uranium in Horonobe and Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory groundwater and its thermodynamic analysis

Sasaki, Takayuki*; Kokami, Takayuki*; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Amano, Yuki; Mizuno, Takashi; Iwatsuki, Teruki; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Miyakawa, Kazuya

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 54(3), p.373 - 381, 2017/03

Trace amounts of natural thorium and uranium in deep groundwater were investigated at two underground research laboratories situated at Horonobe and Mizunami, Japan. The groundwater was sampled from underground boreholes, and the colloid contribution was checked by in situ two size-fractionated ultrafiltration systems. A decrease in the concentration after in situ filtration suggested the presence of natural colloids and suspended matter that were carriers of a portion of the elements. The result of the Th and U concentrations in groundwater after 10 kDa filtration was analyzed thermodynamically using existing hydrogeological and geochemical data such as the mineral components in the groundwater at a given pH, ionic strength, concentration of co-existing ions, redox potential, and solid phase assumed. A crystalline solid phase made the solubility very low compared with that of the amorphous phase, and the solubility agreed well with the concentrations measured.

Journal Articles

Retention of rare earth elements, thorium and uranium in sedimentary rocks; A Case study in the Horonobe area of Hokkaido, Japan

Murakami, Takuma; Sasamoto, Hiroshi; Mizuno, Takashi

Chikyu Kagaku, 50(4), p.299 - 317, 2016/12

Development of techniques for investigating the long-term migration of elements in deep underground is important with respect to safety assessment for the geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste. As one study of the migration of elements in deep underground, the distribution of REE, Th and U in sedimentary rock of Horonobe area in Hokkaido was investigated, and discussed whether the difference of hydrogeological structure and lithofacies influences on the distributions. As the results, it was considered that REE and Th were mainly retained in minerals originating from terrigenous clastic and secondary mineral occurred in early diagenesis, and their distributions were relatively homogenous in both the Koetoi and Wakkanai formations. Uranium was indicated to be maintained in the sedimentary rock until now after depositing in deep-sea sediment. It was considered that the U deposition was occurred by adsorption on organic matter and reductive precipitation with decomposition of organic matter. In addition, it was confirmed that the distributions of these elements were not influenced by the difference of hydrogeological and lithofacies.

Journal Articles

Volume-wise destruction of the antiferromagnetic Mott insulating state through quantum tuning

Frandsen, B. A.*; Liu, L.*; Cheung, S. C.*; Guguchia, Z.*; Khasanov, R.*; Morenzoni, E.*; Munsie, T. J. S.*; Hallas, A. M.*; Wilson, M. N.*; Cai, Y.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 7, p.12519_1 - 12519_8, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:73.09(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Progress report of Japanese simulation research projects using the high-performance computer system Helios in the International Fusion Energy Research Centre

Ishizawa, Akihiro*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Imadera, Kenji*; Kasuya, Naohiro*; Kanno, Ryutaro*; Satake, Shinsuke*; Tatsuno, Tomoya*; Nakata, Motoki*; Nunami, Masanori*; Maeyama, Shinya*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 92(3), p.157 - 210, 2016/03

The high-performance computer system Helios which is located at The Computational Simulation Centre (CSC) in The International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) started its operation in January 2012 under the Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and the EU. The Helios system has been used for magnetised fusion related simulation studies in the EU and Japan and has kept high average usage rate. As a result, the Helios system has contributed to many research products in a wide range of research areas from core plasma physics to reactor material and reactor engineering. This project review gives a short catalogue of domestic simulation research projects. First, we outline the IFERC-CSC project. After that, shown are objectives of the research projects, numerical schemes used in simulation codes, obtained results and necessary computations in future.

Journal Articles

Terahertz dynamics of water before and after water shedding from reverse micelles

Murakami, Hiroshi

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 210(Part.A), p.37 - 43, 2015/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:33.94(Chemistry, Physical)

Picosecond relaxation dynamics of water before and after water shedding from reverse micelles are studied using temperature-dependent terahertz time-domain spectroscopy measurements to clarify the confinement effect of the reverse micelle on the dynamics of water. Before water shedding, the relaxation process due to the collective motion of bulk-like water in the core of the reverse micelle exhibits a considerable slowing down in comparison with that in liquid water as the temperature decreases. This is attributed to the confinement effect of reverse micelles. Moreover, the time constant abruptly drops at the water shedding, and its temperature behavior is similar to that of liquid water afterwards. These results demonstrate that the water extracted from the reverse micelle attains the property of liquid water by reduction in the confinement imposed on the motion of the water.

JAEA Reports

Preliminary examination about the seal leak using the photocoagulation resin (Joint research)

Ooka, Makoto; Maekawa, Yasunari; Tomizuka, Chiaki; Murakami, Tomoyuki*; Katagiri, Genichi*; Ozaki, Hiroshi*; Kawamura, Hiroshi

JAEA-Technology 2015-003, 31 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Technology-2015-003.pdf:3.95MB

An action for the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (Tokyo Electric Power Company) is pushed forward now. For fuel debris Remove, it is necessary to fill the Primary Containment Vessel (PCV) with water. Because a coolant leaks out from the PCV, it becomes the most important problem to seal leak the coolant. Nuclear Plant Decommissioning Safety Research Establishment has examined the method of seal leak using the photocoagulation resin. However, originally the photocoagulation resin is used as coating or the painting, and the applicability to seal leak water is unknown. This report describes the result that examined the applicability to seal leak using photocoagulation resin.

Journal Articles

Nanometer-scale water droplet free from the constraint of reverse micelles at low temperatures

Murakami, Hiroshi; Sada, Tomoko*; Yamada, Masako*; Harada, Masafumi*

Physical Review E, 88(5), p.052304_1 - 052304_8, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.15(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Protein and water confined in nanometer-scale reverse micelles studied by near infrared, terahertz, and ultrafast visible spectroscopies

Murakami, Hiroshi

Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology, 93, p.183 - 211, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:16.05(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Rail deployment operation test for ITER blanket handling system with positioning misalignment

Takeda, Nobukazu; Aburadani, Atsushi; Tanigawa, Hisashi; Shigematsu, Soichiro; Kozaka, Hiroshi; Murakami, Shin; Kakudate, Satoshi; Nakahira, Masataka; Tesini, A.*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.2186 - 2189, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:21.27(Nuclear Science & Technology)

R&D for rail deployment equipment was performed for the ITER blanket remote handling system. The target torque for the automatic operation was investigated. The result shows that the 20% of the rated torque is adequate as the torque limitation for the automatic operation. A schedule for the procurement of the blanket remote handling system, which will be delivered to the ITER in 2020, was also shown.

Journal Articles

Use of ${it in-vitro}$ experimental results to model ${it in-situ}$ experiments; Bio-denitrification under geological disposal conditions

Masuda, Kaoru*; Murakami, Hiroshi*; Kurimoto, Noritaka*; Kato, Osamu*; Kato, Ko*; Honda, Akira

SpringerPlus (Internet), 2, p.339_1 - 339_13, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:7.15(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Some of the low level radioactive wastes from reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels contain nitrates. Nitrates can be present in the form of soluble salts and be reduced by microorganisms. In this study, ${it in-vitro}$ experiments of the nitrate reduction reaction were conducted using model organic materials purported to exist in underground conditions relevant to geological disposal. A reaction model was developed and verified by running simulations against data obtained from ${it in-situ}$ experiments using actual groundwaters and microorganisms. The simulation showed a good correlation with the experimental data and contributes to the understanding of microbially mediated denitrification in geological disposal systems.

Journal Articles

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution

Li, Z.*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Pershina, V.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 100(3), p.157 - 164, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:65.97(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Terahertz absorption spectroscopy of protein-containing reverse micellar solution

Murakami, Hiroshi; Toyota, Yuji*; Nishi, Takaki*; Nashima, Shigeki*

Chemical Physics Letters, 519-520, p.105 - 109, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:58.69(Chemistry, Physical)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Determination of structural parameters of protein-containing reverse micellar solution by near-infrared absorption spectroscopy

Murakami, Hiroshi; Nishi, Takaki*; Toyota, Yuji*

Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 115(19), p.5877 - 5885, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:29.43(Chemistry, Physical)

We present a method based on near-infrared absorption spectroscopy of the OH stretching vibration band of water around 3400 cm$$^{-1}$$ to examine if the aqueous cavity size of a protein-unfilled reverse micelle is affected by solubilization of protein, and it has been found for AOT (= bis (2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate) reverse micellar solution with myoglobin that it does not change before and after solubilization of the protein in the water-to-surfactant molar ratio ($$w$$$$_{0}$$) from 2 to $$sim$$18, that is, the $$w$$$$_{0}$$ values of the protein-filled and unfilled reverse micelles are the same as that of the reverse micellar solution regardless of size relation between the aqueous cavity of the unfilled reverse micelle and the protein. On the basis of this experimental fact, we propose a model to determine the structural parameters of protein-filled reverse micelles, such as the aqueous cavity radius and the aggregation number of surfactant molecules constituting the micelle, and the molar concentration of the unfilled reverse micelle that exists with the protein-filled reverse micelle in the reverse micellar solution, and derive their values for AOT reverse micellar solution with myoglobin in the $$w$$$$_{0}$$ range from 2 to 24. On the other hand, circular dichroism measurements and UV-visible absorption spectroscopy of myoglobin/AOT reverse micellar solution and myoglobin/AOT aqueous solution were carried out in order to examine the conformational state of myoglobin in the reverse micellar solution. These experimental results lead to the conclusion that myoglobin is located in the aqueous cavity of the reverse micelle, although the conformational state of the protein is to some extent distorted because of the interaction with AOT compared with that of native myoglobin. Finally, it is suggested that the proposed model is appropriate for reverse micellar solution with a hydrophilic protein molecule that is located in the aqueous cavity of the reverse micelle.

165 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)