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JAEA Reports

Analysis of the radioactivity concentrations in low-level radioactive waste generated from JRR-3 and JPDR facilities

Tsuchida, Daiki; Haraga, Tomoko; Tobita, Minoru*; Omori, Hiroyuki*; Omori, Takeshi*; Murakami, Hideaki*; Mitsukai, Akina; Aono, Ryuji; Ishimori, Kenichiro; Kameo, Yutaka

JAEA-Data/Code 2020-022, 34 Pages, 2021/03

JAEA-Data-Code-2020-022.pdf:1.74MB

Radioactive wastes generated from nuclear research facilities in Japan Atomic Energy Agency are planning to be buried in the near surface disposal field. Therefore, it is required to establish the method to evaluate the radioactivity concentrations of radioactive wastes until the beginning of disposal. In order to contribute to this work, we collected and analyzed concrete samples generated from JRR-3 and JPDR. In this report, we summarized the radioactivity concentrations of 22 radionuclides($$^{3}$$H, $$^{14}$$C, $$^{36}$$Cl, $$^{41}$$Ca, $$^{60}$$Co, $$^{63}$$Ni, $$^{90}$$Sr, $$^{94}$$Nb, $$^{rm 108m}$$Ag, $$^{133}$$Ba, $$^{137}$$Cs, $$^{152}$$Eu, $$^{154}$$Eu, $$^{rm 166m}$$Ho, $$^{234}$$U, $$^{238}$$U, $$^{238}$$Pu, $$^{239+240}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Am, $$^{243}$$Am, $$^{244}$$Cm) which were obtained from radiochemical analysis of the samples.

Journal Articles

Recent studies for structural integrity evaluation and defect inspection of J-PARC spallation neutron source target vessel

Wakui, Takashi; Wakai, Eiichi; Naoe, Takashi; Shintaku, Yohei*; Li, T.*; Murakami, Kazuya*; Kanomata, Kenichi*; Kogawa, Hiroyuki; Haga, Katsuhiro; Takada, Hiroshi; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 506, p.3 - 11, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.98(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The mercury target vessel is designed as multi-walled structure with thin wall (min. 3 mm), and assembled by welding. In order to estimate the structural integrity of the vessel, it is important to measure the defects in welding accurately. For nondestructive tests of the welding, radiographic testing is applicable but it is difficult to detect for some defect shapes. Therefore it is effective to do ultrasonic testing together with it. Because ultrasonic methods prescribed in JIS inspect on the plate with more than 6 mm in thickness, these methods couldn't be applied as the inspection on the vessel with thin walls. In order to develop effective method, we carried out measurements using some testing method on samples with small defect whose size is specified. In the case of the latest phased array method, measured value agreed with actual size. It was found that this method was applicable to detect defects in the thin-walled structure for which accurate inspection was difficult so far.

Journal Articles

Charge-collection efficiency of single-crystal CVD diamond detector for low-energy charged particles with energies ranging from 100 keV to 2 MeV

Sato, Yuki; Murakami, Hiroyuki*; Shimaoka, Takehiro*; Tsubota, Masakatsu*; Kaneko, Junichi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 834, p.218 - 222, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.63(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Charge-collection efficiency and long-term stability of single-crystal CVD diamond detector under different carrier-drift conditions

Sato, Yuki; Murakami, Hiroyuki*; Shimaoka, Takehiro*; Tsubota, Masakatsu*; Kaneko, Junichi*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(4), p.046401_1 - 046401_5, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:19.63(Physics, Applied)

We investigated the performance of a charged particle detector fabricated using single-crystal diamond grown by chemical vapor deposition. The detector was able to identify four different $$^{241}$$Am $$alpha$$-particle energies (5.389, 5.443, 5.486, and 5.545 MeV) because of its superior intrinsic energy resolution of $$sim$$0.4% (full width at half maximum). The charge collection efficiency inside the diamond crystal was $$sim$$98% for both electrons and holes. The diamond detector also exhibited no significant degradation in terms of pulse height spectra and energy resolution during operation for more than 100 h in the case of mainly electron drift inside the diamond crystal. In contrast, the shapes of the pulse height spectra measured under hole drift condition deteriorated due to the polarization phenomenon.

JAEA Reports

Studies on the reconstruction of the concept of rock mass around the tunnel; Japanese fiscal year, 2014 (Contract research)

Kojima, Keiji*; Onishi, Yuzo*; Aoki, Kenji*; Tochiyama, Osamu*; Nishigaki, Makoto*; Tosaka, Hiroyuki*; Yoshida, Hidekazu*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Sasao, Eiji

JAEA-Research 2015-017, 54 Pages, 2015/12

JAEA-Research-2015-017.pdf:17.3MB

This report is concerned with research to reconstruct more realistic near-field (NF) concept for the geological disposal of radioactive waste. This year is the final year of this committee activities. So we have carried out the summary on Re-thinking of NF concept and its technical basis. Cooperation between the study fields and combination of various science and technology and evaluation methods are one of the important technical bases of NF concept. In addition, since the "Great East Japan Earthquake 2011", the safety paradigm has shifted dramatically. In the reconstruction of realistic NF concept, it is necessary to analyze what security matters whether society has become unacceptable for geological disposal. Committee, we also exchange views on such matters and presented the direction of future research and development for geological disposal.

Journal Articles

Outlines of JAEA'S instructor training program and future prospects

Hidaka, Akihide; Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Watanabe, Yoko; Yabuuchi, Yukiko; Arai, Nobuyoshi; Sawada, Makoto; Yamashita, Kiyonobu; Sawai, Tomotsugu; Murakami, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2015/05

JAEA Reports

Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory Project, Annual report for fiscal year 2013

Hama, Katsuhiro; Mikake, Shinichiro; Nishio, Kazuhisa; Kawamoto, Koji; Yamada, Nobuto; Ishibashi, Masayuki; Murakami, Hiroaki; Matsuoka, Toshiyuki; Sasao, Eiji; Sanada, Hiroyuki; et al.

JAEA-Review 2014-038, 137 Pages, 2014/12

JAEA-Review-2014-038.pdf:162.61MB

Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) at Tono Geoscience Center (TGC) is pursuing a geoscientific research and development project namely the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) Project in crystalline rock environment in order to construct scientific and technological basis for geological disposal of High-level Radioactive Waste (HLW). The MIU Project has three overlapping phases: Surface-based Investigation phase (Phase I), Construction phase (Phase II), and Operation phase (Phase III). The MIU Project has been ongoing the Phase II and the Phase III in fiscal year 2013. This report presents the results of the investigations, construction and collaboration studies in fiscal year 2013, as a part of the Phase II and Phase III based on the MIU Master Plan updated in 2010.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and electronic properties of (LaMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$(SrMnO$$_3$$)$$_5$$ superlattice revealed by resonant soft X-ray scattering

Kubota, Masato; Yamada, Hiroyuki*; Nakao, Hironori*; Okamoto, Jun*; Yamasaki, Yuichi*; Sawa, Akihito*; Murakami, Yoichi*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 53(5S1), p.05FH07_1 - 05FH07_5, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.57(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Fabrication and installation of equilibrium field coils for the JT-60SA

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kashiwa, Yoshitoshi; Yoshizawa, Norio; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Hasegawa, Mitsuru*; Kuno, Kazuo*; Nomoto, Kazuhiro*; Horii, Hiroyuki*

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.551 - 554, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:59.34(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The programme of constructing JT-60SA device is progressing under the framework of the Broader Approach project. Superconducting poloidal field (PF) coil system, which was decided to be procured by Japan, consists of a central solenoid (CS) with four solenoid modules and six equilibrium field (EF) coils. Each of EF coil has individual diameters, 4.5 to 12 m. Fabrication of EF4 coil, which is set at the lowermost of torus, was started from the beginning of 2009 as a first EF coil. EF4 coil has ten double pancake (DP) coils, and sizes of circularity were measured for all DP coil after curing process. Maximum error of circularity was 3.1 mm, which was nearly a half of the design tolerance, 6 mm. After stacking these DP coils, winding pack of EF4 was completed in the spring of 2012. After optimizing the positions of DP coils to cancel the error of circulation which each DP coil has, error of radial current centre of DP coils will be achieved in the range between + 0.2 to - 0.4 mm. Structural analysis of terminal structure was also performed. Terminal part has a pair of conductors bended toward the lower side of winding pack. A side of them (positive terminal) was covered by stainless steel armor to prevent the movement by electromagnetic force because a length of conductor was longer due to starting from the top of winding pack. Another side (negative terminal) was not covered by armor in the first design because this length was relatively short. However, it was clear on the structural analysis that mechanical strength of insulation around this terminal was not sufficient. Therefore, we also reinforced this side with stainless steel. From this April, fabrication of EF coils with large bore (larger than 8 m of diameter) will be started at the facility built in JAEA Naka site. In this paper, we will discuss about technological problem during the fabrication of large bore EF coils, such as temperature control at the winding process.

Journal Articles

Data of heavy elements for light sources in EUV and XUV and for other applications

Koike, Fumihiro*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Goto, Motoshi*; Kato, Daiji*; Kato, Takako*; Morita, Shigeru*; Murakami, Izumi*; Sakaue, Hiroyuki*; Sudo, Shigeru*; Suzuki, Chihiro*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1545, p.202 - 211, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:81.12

Atomic ionic states and transition properties of elements with atomic numbers Z ranging from 50 to 80 are discussed as these are important to the understanding of plasmas containing such heavy elements. As such, data productions and the current status of theoretical calculations in this field are discussed. Further, recent spectroscopic measurements and respective theoretical analyses for W, Gd, and Nd are provided.

Journal Articles

A Study of tungsten spectra using Large Helical Device and Compact Electron Beam Ion Trap in NIFS

Morita, Shigeru*; Dong, C. F.*; Goto, Motoshi*; Kato, Daiji*; Murakami, Izumi*; Sakaue, Hiroyuki*; Hasuo, Masahiro*; Koike, Fumihiro*; Nakamura, Nobuyuki*; Oishi, Tetsutaro*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1545, p.143 - 152, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:99.38

Tungsten spectra have been observed from Large Helical Device (LHD) and Compact electron Beam Ion Trap (CoBIT) in wavelength ranges of visible to EUV. The tungsten spectra from LHD are well analyzed based on the knowledge from CoBIT tungsten spectra. The C-R model code has been developed to explain the UTA spectra in details. Radial profiles of EUV spectra from highly ionized tungsten ions have been measured and analyzed by impurity transport simulation code with ADPAK atomic database code to examine the ionization balance determined by ionization and recombination rate coefficients. The ablation cloud of the impurity pellet is directly measured with visible spectroscopy.

JAEA Reports

The International Atomic Energy Agency Nuclear Energy Management School 2012

Ohgama, Kazuya; Ando, Yoko; Yamaguchi, Mika; Ikuta, Yuko; Shinohara, Nobuo; Murakami, Hiroyuki; Yamashita, Kiyonobu; Uesaka, Mitsuru*; Demachi, Kazuyuki*; Komiyama, Ryoichi*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2013-004, 76 Pages, 2013/05

JAEA-Review-2013-004.pdf:13.53MB

JAEA together with the Japan Nuclear Human Resource Development Network (JN-HRD Net), the University of Tokyo (UT) and the Japan Atomic Industrial Forum (JAIF) cohosted the IAEA-Nuclear Energy Management School in Tokai Village, aiming that Japan will be the center of nuclear HRD in the Asian region. In the school, not only lectures by IAEA experts, but also lectures by Japanese experts and technical visits were included for foreign participants. The school contributed to the internationalization of Japanese young professionals, development of nuclear human resource of other countries, and enhancement of cooperation between IAEA and Japan. Additionally, collaborative relationship within JN-HRD Net was strengthened by the school. In this report, findings obtained during the preparatory work and the school period are reported for future international nuclear HRD activities in Japan.

Journal Articles

Current status and issues of nuclear human resource development/General activities of Japan nuclear human resource development network

Murakami, Hiroyuki; Hino, Sadami; Tsuru, Hisanori*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 55(5), p.265 - 267, 2013/05

The Japan Nuclear Human Resource Development Network (JN-HRD Net) was established in November 2010 with the aim of developing a framework for mutual cooperation and information sharing among nuclear-related organizations. Although the tasks and goals of developing human resources in the nuclear field have been shifted since the accident at the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, the necessity of fostering capable personnel in this field stays unchanged and the importance of our network activities has further emphasized. The meeting of JN-HRD Net was held on the 5th of February 2013, where its activities by each field were reported and views and opinions were actively exchanged between more than 90 participants. This paper briefly describes current status and issues of JN-HRD Net and its general activities conducted by the JN-HRD Net secretariat.

Journal Articles

Development of proposed guideline of flow-induced vibration evaluation for hot-leg piping in a sodium-cooled fast reactor

Sakai, Takaaki; Yamano, Hidemasa; Tanaka, Masaaki; Ono, Ayako; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Kaneko, Tetsuya*; Hirota, Kazuo*; Sago, Hiromi*; Xu, Y.*; Iwamoto, Yukiharu*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-15) (USB Flash Drive), 13 Pages, 2013/05

The development of flow-induced vibration evaluation methodology has reached a milestone that separate-effect experimental data under a high Reynolds number regime including swirl and deflected inflow conditions are available for the validation of the methodology. On the other hand, technical standards are desirable to be documented for designers of sodium-cooled fast reactors. From such a background, the documentation of a flow-induced vibration design guideline has been made for the hot-leg piping of Japan sodium-cooled fast reactor. This paper describes the design guideline of the flow-induced vibration evaluation methodology, which has been informed from main separate-effect experiments, as well as supplemental interpretation for the guideline.

Journal Articles

New result in the production and decay of an isotope, $$^{278}$$113 of the 113th element

Morita, Kosuke*; Morimoto, Koji*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ozeki, Kazutaka*; Kudo, Yuki*; Sumita, Takayuki*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Yoneda, Akira*; Tanaka, Kengo*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(10), p.103201_1 - 103201_4, 2012/10

 Times Cited Count:142 Percentile:97.35(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

An isotope of the 113th element, $$^{278}$$113, was produced in a nuclear reaction with a $$^{70}$$Zn beam on a $$^{209}$$Bi target. We observed six consecutive $$alpha$$ decays following the implantation of a heavy particle in nearly the same position in the semiconductor detector, in extremely low background condition. The fifth and sixth decays are fully consistent with the sequential decays of $$^{262}$$Db and $$^{258}$$Lr both in decay energies and decay times. This indicates that the present decay chain consisted of $$^{278}$$113, $$^{274}$$Rg (Z = 111), $$^{270}$$Mt (Z = 109), $$^{266}$$Bh (Z = 107), $$^{262}$$Db (Z = 105), and $$^{258}$$Lr (Z = 103) with firm connections. This result, together with previously reported results from 2004 and 2007, conclusively leads the unambiguous production and identification of the isotope $$^{278}$$113, of the 113th element.

Journal Articles

Manufacture of the winding pack and development of key parts for the JT-60SA poloidal field coils

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kizu, Kaname; Murakami, Haruyuki; Yoshida, Kiyoshi; Kurihara, Kenichi; Hasegawa, Mitsuru*; Kuno, Kazuo*; Nomoto, Kazuhiro*; Horii, Hiroyuki*

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 22(3), p.4202304_1 - 4202304_4, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:44.38(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Manufacturing of JT-60SA equilibrium field coils

Hasegawa, Mitsuru*; Horii, Hiroyuki*; Nomoto, Kazuhiro*; Imai, Yoshio*; Murai, Takashi*; Minato, Tsuneaki*; Kuno, Kazuo*; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Murakami, Haruyuki; Kizu, Kaname; et al.

Proceedings of 24th International Cryogenic Engineering Conference (ICEC 24) and International Cryogenic Materials Conference 2012 (ICMC 2012) (CD-ROM), p.571 - 574, 2012/05

JT-60U magnet system will be upgraded to the superconducting coils (JT-60SA) in the Broader Approach project. JT-60SA magnet system has 18 Toroidal Field coils, a Central Solenoid with 4 modules and 6 Equilibrium Field (EF) coils. This paper describes the manufacturing procedure of EF4 coil, that is the first manufactured EF coil of JT-60SA. The winding pack of EF4 coil was successfully manufactured within geometrical tolerance requirements.

JAEA Reports

Development of information security and vulnerability risk management system for J-PARC

Ishikawa, Hiroyuki; Tate, Akihiro; Murakami, Tadashi*

JAEA-Technology 2011-030, 62 Pages, 2012/02

JAEA-Technology-2011-030.pdf:4.34MB

In the J-PARC network, yet we already have several kinds of systems to detect and protect network information security threats, it is also important and necessary to countermeasure security vulnerabilities or holes at servers connected to the network. For such purposes, server host vulnerability inspection system is suitable. The system scans target server systems, checks running OS and server software versions on them and warns server administrators against known software vulnerabilities, if there exists. However, we suppose that it is not enough to inspect only at once at the server installation time. Regularly server administrators should do inspection, apply software patches according to its result during the server lives. In this point of view, we developed a web portal system to easily control this continual improve process of server side information security countermeasures by server administrators themselves.

Journal Articles

Establishment of Japan nuclear human resource development network; Towards securing human resource in the nuclear field

Murakami, Hiroyuki

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi ATOMO$$Sigma$$, 53(9), p.649 - 651, 2011/09

It is highly significant to establish all-Japan framework for nuclear HRD based on the mutual beneficial relationship with organizations in charge of nuclear HRD from industries, academia and government. In November 19, 2010, in response to the call from the government (Cabinet Office; Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry; Ministry of Foreign Affairs), "Japan Nuclear HRD Network" was established under mutual support and cooperative partnership with related organizations in Japan, in an integrated manner to promote various HRD actions and projects efficiently and effectively. This paper describes the features and present activities of the Network.

Journal Articles

Numerical simulations of thermal-mixing in T-junction piping system using large eddy simulation approach

Tanaka, Masaaki; Murakami, Satoshi*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Ohshima, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of ASME-JSME-KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference 2011 (AJK 2011-FED) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2011/07

Authors have been developed a numerical simulation code MUGTHES by using the LES to investigate thermal striping phenomena in FBRs. In this paper, numerical simulations by the MUGTHES in T-junction piping system appear. The boundary conditions are chosen from an existing water experiment in JAEA. Numerical results are validated by comparisons with measured velocity and temperature profiles. Through the numerical simulations, generation mechanism of temperature fluctuation in thermal mixing process is revealed in the relation with the large-scale eddy motion.

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