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Journal Articles

Quantitative micro-X-ray fluorescence scanning spectroscopy of wet sediment based on the X-ray absorption and emission theories; Its application to freshwater lake sedimentary sequences

Katsuta, Nagayoshi*; Takano, Masao*; Sano, Naomi; Tani, Yukinori*; Ochiai, Shinya*; Naito, Sayuri*; Murakami, Takuma*; Niwa, Masakazu; Kawakami, Shinichi*

Sedimentology, 66(6), p.2490 - 2510, 2019/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:39.34(Geology)

Micro-X-ray fluorescence (XRF) scanning spectroscopy of marine and lake sedimentary sequences can provide detailed paleoenvironmental records available through element intensities proxy data. However, problems for effects of interstitial pore water on the micro-XRF intensities have been pointed out so far because of direct measurement on the split wet sediment surfaces. In this study, new methods for the XRF corrections were developed by being considered with the micro-X-ray scanning spectroscopy.

Journal Articles

Hydrological and climate changes in southeast Siberia over the last 33 kyr

Katsuta, Nagayoshi*; Ikeda, Hisashi*; Shibata, Kenji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Murakami, Takuma*; Tani, Yukinori*; Takano, Masao*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Tanaka, Atsushi*; Naito, Sayuri*; et al.

Global and Planetary Change, 164, p.11 - 26, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:46.34(Geography, Physical)

Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimate changes in Siberia were reconstructed by continuous, high-resolution records of chemical compositions from a sediment core retrieved from the Buguldeika Saddle, Lake Baikal, dating back to the last 33 cal. ka BP. The Holocene climate followed by a shift at ca. 6.5 cal. ka BP toward warm and dry, suggesting that the climate system transition from the glacial to interglacial state occurred. In the last glacial period, the deposition of carbonate mud from the Primorsky Range was associated with Heinrich events (H3 and H1) and the Selenga River inflow was caused by meltwater of mountain glaciers in the Khamar-Daban Range. The anoxic bottom-water during Allerod-Younger Dryas was probably a result of weakened ventilation associated with reduced Selenga River inflow and microbial decomposition of organic matters from the Primorsky Range. The rapid decline in precipitation during the early Holocene may have been a response to the 8.2 ka cooling event.

Journal Articles

Characteristics and formation process of fractures in crystalline rocks in northern Kyushu

Murakami, Hiroaki; Ashizawa, Masaomi*; Tanaka, Kazuhiro*

Oyo Chishitsu, 59(1), p.2 - 12, 2018/04

This study describes the features of fractures and their fillings along with the long-term behavior of their hydrogeological structures in an underground environment based on the results of a geological investigation conducted at an underground facility in northern Kyushu. Fractures were classified into five groups on the basis of fracture orientation: A, B, C, D, and low-angle groups. The genesis of all fractures is the cooling process of granodiorite pluton. Almost all of the water-conducting fractures are included in the B group. Because a number of fracture fillings in the B group are filled by prehnite and crushed fragments of epidote and quartz, the fractures in this group alternated sealing and re-opening. The fracture characteristics in the B group are follow as: accompanying many alteration halos, long trace length, and cutting off other fractures. These results indicate that fractures in the B group have possibly functioned as pathways for groundwater flow in the long term.

Journal Articles

Genetic changes in progeny of bystander human fibroblasts after microbeam irradiation with X-rays, protons or carbon ions; The Relevance to cancer risk

Autsavapromporn, N.*; Plante, I.*; Liu, C.*; Konishi, Teruaki*; Usami, Noriko*; Funayama, Tomoo; Azzam, E.*; Murakami, Takeshi*; Suzuki, Masao*

International Journal of Radiation Biology, 91(1), p.62 - 70, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:93.53(Biology)

Radiation-induced bystander effects have important implications in radiotherapy. Their persistence in normal cells may contribute to risk of health hazards, including cancer. This study investigates the role of radiation quality and gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) in the propagation of harmful effects in progeny of bystander cells. Confluent human skin fibroblasts were exposed to microbeam radiations with different linear energy transfer (LET) by which 0.036$$sim$$0.4% of the cells were directly targeted by radiation. Following 20 population doublings, the cells were harvested and assayed for micronucleus formation, gene mutation and protein oxidation. The results showed that expression of stressful effects in the progeny of bystander cells is dependent on LET.

Journal Articles

Radiation-quality-dependent bystander effects induced by the microbeams with different radiation sources

Suzuki, Masao*; Autsavapromporn, N.*; Usami, Noriko*; Funayama, Tomoo; Plante, I.*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Muto, Yasuko*; Suzuki, Michiyo; Ikeda, Hiroko; Hattori, Yuya; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 55(Suppl_1), P. i54, 2014/03

Journal Articles

Experimental study for the production cross sections of positron emitters induced from $$^{12}$$C and $$^{16}$$O nuclei by low-energy proton beams

Akagi, Takashi*; Yagi, Masashi*; Yamashita, Tomohiro*; Murakami, Masao*; Yamakawa, Yoshiyuki*; Kitamura, Keiji*; Ogura, Koichi; Kondo, Kiminori; Kawanishi, Shunichi*

Radiation Measurements, 59, p.262 - 269, 2013/12

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:67.43(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In proton therapy, positron emitters are induced from $$^{12}$$C and$$^{16}$$O nuclei by protons on the beam path in the patient. Many studies for monitoring positron emitters with beam-induced PET technique have been performed by various groups to verify the proton beam range and the dose in the patient for quality assurance. The aim of this study was to develop a method for measuring the production cross sections of positron emitters using standard equipment for proton therapy. The time-activity curve was then obtained with a high-sensitivity PET scanner to extract the number of positron emitters produced in the target. The production cross sections for four reaction channels: $$^{16}$$O(p,pn)$$^{15}$$O, $$^{16}$$O(p,3p3n)$$^{11}$$C, $$^{16}$$O(p,2p2n)$$^{13}$$N, and $$^{12}$$C(p,pn)$$^{11}$$C were then measured. The cross sections for the $$^{16}$$O(p,pn)$$^{15}$$O reaction channel were consistent with data of previous experiments within the uncertainties, while those of $$^{12}$$C(p,pn)$$^{11}$$C were generally lower than data of previous experiments.

Journal Articles

Gap junction communication and the propagation of bystander effects induced by microbeam irradiation in human fibroblast cultures; The Impact of radiation quality

Autsavapromporn, N.*; Suzuki, Masao*; Funayama, Tomoo; Usami, Noriko*; Plante, I.*; Yokota, Yuichiro; Muto, Yasuko*; Ikeda, Hiroko; Kobayashi, Katsumi*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; et al.

Radiation Research, 180(4), p.367 - 375, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:90.17(Biology)

We investigated the role of gapjunction intercellular communication (GJIC) in the propagation of stressful effects in confluent normal human fibroblast cultures wherein only 0.036-0.144% of cells in the population were traversed by primary radiation tracks. Confluent cells were exposed to graded doses from X ray, carbon ion, neon ion or argon ion microbeams in the presence or absence of an inhibitor of GJIC. After 4 h incubation, the cells were assayed for micronucleus (MN) formation. Micronuclei were induced in a greater fraction of cells than expected based on the fraction of cells targeted by primary radiation, and the effect occurred in a dose-dependent manner with any of the radiation sources. Interestingly, the inhibition of GJIC depressed the enhancement of MN formation in bystander cells from cultures exposed to high-LET radiation but not low-LET radiation. The results highlight the important role of radiation quality and dose in the observed effects.

Journal Articles

Chemical forms of uranium, thorium and trace elements in sedimentary rocks distributed in Horonobe area, Hokkaido

Kosemura, Takashi*; Honda, Teruyuki*; Mizuno, Takashi; Murakami, Hiroaki; Nomura, Masao*

Fisshion, Torakku Nyusureta, (26), p.16 - 20, 2013/00

We Analyze existence form of REE in the rock from HDB-6 borehole at the Horonobe Town, Hokkaido. As a result, U and Th is mainly sulfate at fault. REE is mainly silicate at fault.

Journal Articles

Development of laser-driven quasi-monoenergetic proton beam line for radiobiology

Yogo, Akifumi; Maeda, Takuya; Hori, Toshihiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Ogura, Koichi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sagisaka, Akito; Bolton, P.; Murakami, Masao*; Kawanishi, Shunichi; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 653(1), p.189 - 192, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:62.21(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Radiobiology with laser-accelerated quasi-monoenergetic proton beams

Yogo, Akifumi; Maeda, Takuya*; Hori, Toshihiko*; Sakaki, Hironao; Ogura, Koichi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sagisaka, Akito; Bolton, P.; Murakami, Masao*; Kawanishi, Shunichi*; et al.

Proceedings of SPIE Europe Optics + Optoelectronics 2011, Vol.8079, 8 Pages, 2011/04

Journal Articles

Measurement of relative biological effectiveness of protons in human cancer cells using a laser-driven quasimonoenergetic proton beamline

Yogo, Akifumi; Maeda, Takuya; Hori, Toshihiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Ogura, Koichi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sagisaka, Akito; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Okada, Hajime; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 98(5), p.053701_1 - 053701_3, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:82 Percentile:94.07(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

A Parameter study of pencil beam proton dose distributions for the treatment of ocular melanoma utilizing spot scanning

Sutherland, K.*; Miyajima, Satoshi*; Date, Hiroyuki*; Shirato, Hiroki*; Ishikawa, Masayori*; Murakami, Masao*; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Bolton, P.; Tajima, Toshiki

Radiological Physics and Technology, 3(1), p.16 - 22, 2010/01

Journal Articles

Application of laser-accelerated protons to the demonstration of DNA double-strand breaks in human cancer cells

Yogo, Akifumi; Sato, Katsutoshi; Nishikino, Masaharu; Mori, Michiaki; Teshima, Teruki*; Numasaki, Hodaka*; Murakami, Masao*; Demizu, Yusuke*; Akagi, Takashi*; Nagayama, Shinichi*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 94(18), p.181502_1 - 181502_3, 2009/05

 Times Cited Count:95 Percentile:94.5(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Radiotherapy using a laser proton accelerator

Murakami, Masao*; Hishikawa, Yoshio*; Miyajima, Satoshi*; Okazaki, Yoshiko; Sutherland, K.*; Abe, Mitsuyuki*; Bulanov, S. V.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Koga, J. K.; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1024, p.275 - 300, 2008/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Super-parallel simulation systems for sophisticated radiation therapy

Saito, Kimiaki; Saito, Hidetoshi*; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Narita, Yuichiro*; Myojoyama, Atsushi*; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Kawase, Takatsugu*; Kaneko, Katsutaro*; Ozaki, Masahiro*; Deloar, H. M.*; et al.

Joho Shori, 48(10), p.1081 - 1088, 2007/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Simulation studies of high energy particles and neo-classical transport

Okamoto, Masao*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Nakajima, Noriyoshi*

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 77(6), p.536 - 546, 2001/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Coulomb excitation of $$^{174}$$Hf K-isomer; $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy with high-spin isomer beam

Morikawa, Tsuneyasu*; *; Morita, Kosuke*; *; Murakami, Takeshi*; *; *; G.H.Liu*; A.Ferragut*; *; et al.

Physics Letters B, 350, p.169 - 172, 1995/00

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:70.37(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A New high-spin isomer in $$^{145}$$Sm

A.Ferragut*; *; Murakami, Takeshi*; Morikawa, Tsuneyasu*; Y.H.Zhang*; Morita, Kosuke*; *; Oshima, Masumi; Kusakari, Hideshige*; Sugawara, Masahiko*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 62(9), p.3343 - 3344, 1993/09

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:87.21(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High-spin isomeric state in $$^{144}$$Pm

Murakami, Takeshi*; *; A.Ferragut*; Y.H.Zhang*; Morita, Kosuke*; *; Ogawa, Masao*; *; Min, B. J.*; *; et al.

Z. Phys., A, 345, p.123 - 124, 1993/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Experiments for reactor physics training using TCA

Suzaki, Takenori; Murakami, Kiyonobu; Komuro, Yuichi; Yoritsune, Tsutomu; Ouchi, Tadashi; Hashimoto, Masao*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

33 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)